Luke 11:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But the Pharisee was surprised when he noticed that Jesus did not first wash before the meal.

New Living Translation
His host was amazed to see that he sat down to eat without first performing the hand-washing ceremony required by Jewish custom.

English Standard Version
The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner.

New American Standard Bible
When the Pharisee saw it, he was surprised that He had not first ceremonially washed before the meal.

King James Bible
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Pharisee saw this, he was amazed that He did not first perform the ritual washing before dinner.

International Standard Version
The Pharisee was surprised to see that he didn't first wash before the meal.

NET Bible
The Pharisee was astonished when he saw that Jesus did not first wash his hands before the meal.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But that Pharisee when he saw him, he was amazed that he did not wash before his dinner.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Pharisee was surprised to see that Jesus didn't wash before the meal.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.

American King James Version
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.

American Standard Version
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first bathed himself before dinner.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Pharisee began to say, thinking within himself, why he was not washed before dinner.

Darby Bible Translation
But the Pharisee seeing [it] wondered that he had not first washed before dinner.

English Revised Version
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.

Weymouth New Testament
Now the Pharisee saw to his surprise that He did not wash His hands before breakfasting.

World English Bible
When the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed himself before dinner.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Pharisee having seen, did wonder that he did not first baptize himself before the dinner.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:37-54 We should all look to our hearts, that they may be cleansed and new-created; and while we attend to the great things of the law and of the gospel, we must not neglect the smallest matter God has appointed. When any wait to catch something out of our mouths, that they may insnare us, O Lord, give us thy prudence and thy patience, and disappoint their evil purposes. Furnish us with such meekness and patience that we may glory in reproaches, for Christ's sake, and that thy Holy Spirit may rest upon us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 38. - He marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner. An elaborate system of utter meaningless ablutions, each carried out with particular gestures, had been instituted by the rabbinical schools. All these senseless forms and ceremonies had been developed out of the original simple directions to secure cleanliness in the Levitical Law. It is probable that our Lord, intending to bring about this discussion. pointedly abstained from even the ordinary ablution on this occasion. The language of ver. 37 seems to point to his entering the house and at once sitting down at the table. The Talmud has many references to these practices. R. Akhibha, it proudly relates, died of thirst rather than pass over these preliminary washings. In the same compilation we read that it was currently supposed that a demon sat on hands unwashed.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And when the Pharisee saw it,.... That Christ laid himself down on one of the couches and began to eat:

he marvelled; that so great a prophet as he was, and a man of so much religion and holiness, should show no regard to a common custom with them, and which was one of the traditions of their elders, and which they put upon a level with the commands of God. The Vulgate Latin version, and so Beza's most ancient copy, and another exemplar, read, "he began to say, thinking" (or judging) "within himself": he was "moved" at it, as the Persic version renders it; he was filled with astonishment and indignation,

that he had not first washed before dinner; especially since he had been in a crowd of people, Luke 11:29 for the Pharisees not only washed their hands, by immersing them up to the elbow before eating; but when they had been at market, or among any large number of people, or had reason to think they had, or feared they had touched any unclean person or thing, they immersed themselves all over in water: and which is the sense of the word here used; See Gill on Mark 7:2, Mark 7:3 and See Gill on Mark 7:4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

38. marvelled, &c.—(See Mr 7:2-4).

Luke 11:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
Woes to Pharisees and Experts in Law
37Now when He had spoken, a Pharisee asked Him to have lunch with him; and He went in, and reclined at the table. 38When the Pharisee saw it, he was surprised that He had not first ceremonially washed before the meal. 39But the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and of the platter; but inside of you, you are full of robbery and wickedness.…
Cross References
Matthew 8:10
When Jesus heard this, he was amazed and said to those following him, "Truly I tell you, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith.

Matthew 15:2
"Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? They don't wash their hands before they eat!"

Mark 7:2
and saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed.

Mark 7:3
(The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders.

Luke 11:37
When Jesus had finished speaking, a Pharisee invited him to eat with him; so he went in and reclined at the table.
Treasury of Scripture

And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.

he marvelled.

Matthew 15:2,3 Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for …

Mark 7:2-5 And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that …

John 3:25 Then there arose a question between some of John's disciples and …

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