Luke 14:1
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New International Version
One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched.

New Living Translation
One Sabbath day Jesus went to eat dinner in the home of a leader of the Pharisees, and the people were watching him closely.

English Standard Version
One Sabbath, when he went to dine at the house of a ruler of the Pharisees, they were watching him carefully.

Berean Study Bible
One Sabbath, Jesus went to eat in the home of a leading Pharisee, and those in attendance were watching Him closely.

Berean Literal Bible
And it came to pass, on His going into a house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath, to eat bread, that they were watching Him.

New American Standard Bible
It happened that when He went into the house of one of the leaders of the Pharisees on the Sabbath to eat bread, they were watching Him closely.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
One Sabbath, when He went to eat at the house of one of the leading Pharisees, they were watching Him closely.

International Standard Version
One Sabbath, Jesus went to the house of a leader of the Pharisees to eat a meal. The guests were watching Jesus closely.

NET Bible
Now one Sabbath when Jesus went to dine at the house of a leader of the Pharisees, they were watching him closely.

New Heart English Bible
And it happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And it was that when he entered the house of one of the leaders of the Pharisees to eat bread on the Sabbath day, and they were observing him,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On a day of worship Jesus went to eat at the home of a prominent Pharisee. The guests were watching Jesus very closely.

New American Standard 1977
And it came about when He went into the house of one of the leaders of the Pharisees on the Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching Him closely.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass as he went into the house of one of the princes of the Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day that they watched him.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat on the sabbath day, that they watched him.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND it came to pass, when Jesus went into the house of one of the chief of the Pharisees, on the sabbath day, to eat bread, that they watched him.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the rulers, [who was] of the Pharisees, to eat bread on [the] sabbath, that they were watching him.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath, that they watched him.

Weymouth New Testament
One day--it was a Sabbath--He was taking a meal at the house of one of the Rulers of the Pharisee party, while they were closely watching Him.

World English Bible
It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him.

Young's Literal Translation
And it came to pass, on his going into the house of a certain one of the chiefs of the Pharisees, on a sabbath, to eat bread, that they were watching him,
Study Bible
Jesus Heals a Man with Dropsy
1One Sabbath, Jesus went to eat in the home of a leading Pharisee, and those in attendance were watching Him closely. 2Right there in front of Him was a man with dropsy.…
Cross References
Matthew 12:12
How much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath."

Mark 3:2
In order to accuse Him, they were watching to see if He would heal on the Sabbath.

Luke 14:2
Right there in front of Him was a man with dropsy.

Luke 17:20
When asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, Jesus replied, "The kingdom of God will not come with observable signs.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.

as.

Luke 7:34-36 The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and you say, Behold a …

Luke 11:37 And as he spoke, a certain Pharisee sought him to dine with him: …

1 Corinthians 9:19-22 For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant …

chief.

John 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:

Acts 5:34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, …

they.

Luke 6:7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal …

Luke 11:53,54 And as he said these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees …

Luke 20:20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves …

Psalm 37:32 The wicked watches the righteous, and seeks to slay him.

Psalm 41:6 And if he come to see me, he speaks vanity: his heart gathers iniquity …

Psalm 62:4 They only consult to cast him down from his excellency: they delight …

Psalm 64:5,6 They encourage themselves in an evil matter: they commune of laying …

Proverbs 23:7 For as he thinks in his heart, so is he: Eat and drink, said he to …

Isaiah 29:20 For the terrible one is brought to nothing, and the scorner is consumed, …

Isaiah 29:21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that …

Jeremiah 20:10,11 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say …

Mark 3:2 And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath day; …

XIV.

(1) Into the house of one of the chief Pharisees.--Better, of the rulers of the Pharisees. The meaning of the phrase is probably more definite than that suggested by the English. The man was either a "ruler" in the same sense as Nicodemus (John 3:1), or the rich young man in Luke 18:18 - i.e., a member of the Sanhedrin (which seems most likely)--or else occupied a high position in the lay-hierarchy (if the phrase may be allowed) which had developed itself in the organisation of Pharisaism.

To eat bread on the Sabbath day.--Sabbath feasts were then, as at a later time, part of the social life of the Jews, and were often--subject, of course, to the condition that the food was cold--occasions of great luxury and display. Augustine speaks of them as including dancing and song, and the "Sabbath luxury" of the Jews became a proverb. On the motives of the Pharisee--probably half respect and half curiosity--see Notes on Luke 7:36.

Verses 1-6. - The Pharisee's feast on a sabbath day. The healing of the sick with dropsy. Verse 1. - And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day. Still on the same journey; the Lord was approaching gradually nearer Jerusalem. The house into which he entered this sabbath belonged to one who was a leading member of the Pharisee party, probably an influential rabbi, a man of great wealth, or a member of the Sanhedrim "To eat bread on the sabbath day," as a guest, was a usual practice; such entertainments on the sabbath day were very usual; they were often luxurious and costly. The only rule observed was that all the viands provided were cold,, everything having been cooked on a previous day. Augustine alludes to these sabbath feasts as including at times singing and dancing. They watched him. This explains the reason of the invitation to the great Teacher, on the part of a leading Pharisee, after the Master's bitter denunciation of the party (see Luke 11:39-52). The feast and its attendant circumstances were all arranged, and Jesus' watchful enemies waited to see what he would do. And it came to pass,.... The Persic version adds, "on a certain day"; and it is afterwards said to be the sabbath day. This seems to have been somewhere or other in Galilee; see Luke 17:11.

As he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees; or rather, one of the rulers, and of the sect of the Pharisees: and he might be either a ruler of a synagogue, or a member of one of the lesser or greater sanhedrim; such another as Nicodemus, who was of the Pharisees, and a ruler of the Jews, John 3:1 for that there was any distinction among the Pharisees as a sect, does not appear: to this man's house Christ went, after he came out of the synagogue, being invited by him;

to eat bread on the sabbath day. The sabbath day was a feasting day with the Jews, in which they made very large and magnificent entertainments, for the honour of the sabbath; and he was reckoned the most praiseworthy, that exceeded this way; and no doubt, since this man was a Pharisee, one that was tenacious of the traditions of the elders, and was also a ruler, his table was well spread: the rules concerning this part of keeping the sabbath, are these (g);

"what is this delight? the wise men say, a man ought to prepare abundance of food and spiced liquids, for the sabbath, all according to a man's substance; and whoever multiplies in the expenses of the sabbath, and in preparing food, much and good, lo, he is praiseworthy; and if he is not able, though he only prepares boiled food, and such like, on account of the glory of the sabbath, lo, this is the delight of the sabbath: and he is not obliged to straiten himself, nor to ask of others, to increase the food of the sabbath: the ancient wise men said, make thy sabbath a common day, and do not make thyself necessitous to men; he who is delicate and rich, and lo, all his days are as a sabbath day, ought to have food on a sabbath day, different from that on a weekday; and if it is not possible to change, let him alter the time of eating; if he had been used to have it soon, let him have it late; and if late, let him have it sooner: a man is obliged to eat three meals, or feasts, on a sabbath day; one in the evening, and one in the morning, and one at the time of the meat offering; and he ought to take heed to those three feasts, that he does not diminish them at all; and even a poor man that is maintained by alms, must keep the three feasts.''

And this last canon, or rule, is of the utmost importance with them; for they (h) say,

"whoever keeps the three feasts on the sabbath day, shall be delivered from three punishments, from the sorrows of the Messiah, from the judgment of hell, and from the war of Gog and Magog.''

That they watched him; that is, those that sat down to meat with him, the lawyers and Pharisees: and it is very probable, that it was not out of pure respect to him, that he was asked to eat meat at this ruler's house; but with a design to observe whatever might be said, or done by him, they could take any advantage from, against him.

(g) Maimon. Hilchot Sabbat, c. 30. sect. 7, 8, 9. (h) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 118. 1. Kimchi in Isaiah 58.13. CHAPTER 14

Lu 14:1-24. Healing of a Dropsical Man, and Manifold Teachings at a Sabbath Feast.14:1-6 This Pharisee, as well as others, seems to have had an ill design in entertaining Jesus at his house. But our Lord would not be hindered from healing a man, though he knew a clamour would be raised at his doing it on the sabbath. It requires care to understand the proper connexion between piety and charity in observing the sabbath, and the distinction between works of real necessity and habits of self-indulgence. Wisdom from above, teaches patient perseverance in well-doing.
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