4521. sabbaton
Strong's Concordance
sabbaton: the Sabbath, i.e. the seventh day (of the week)
Original Word: σάββατον, ου, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Transliteration: sabbaton
Phonetic Spelling: (sab'-bat-on)
Short Definition: the Sabbath, a week
Definition: the Sabbath, a week.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of Hebrew origin shabbath
Definition
the Sabbath, i.e. the seventh day (of the week)
NASB Translation
Sabbath (58), Sabbaths (1), week (9).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 4521: σάββατον

σάββατον, σαββάτου, τό (Hebrew שַׁבָּת), found in the N. T. only in the historical books except twice in Paul's Epistles; sabbath; i. e.:

1. the seventh day of each week, which was a sacred festival on which the Israelites were required to abstain from all work (Exodus 20:10; Exodus 31:13; Deuteronomy 5:14);

a. singular σάββατον and τό σάββατον: Mark 6:2; ( L Tr); Mark 16:1; John 5:9f, etc.; equivalent to the institution of the sabbath, the law for keeping holy every seventh day of the week: Matthew 12:8; Mark 2:27; Luke 6:5; λύειν, John 5:18; τηρεῖν, John 9:16; ἡμέρα τοῦ σαββάτου (הַשַּׁבָּת יום, Exodus 20:8 and often), the day of the sabbath, sabbath-day, Luke 13:16; Luke 14:5; ὁδός σαββάτου, a sabbath-day's journey, the distance it is lawful to travel on the sabbath-day, i. e. according to the Talmud two thousand cubits or paces, according to Epiphanius (haer. 66, 82) six stadia: Acts 1:12, cf. Matthew 24:20 (the regulation was derived from Exodus 16:29); cf. Winers RWB, under the word Sabbathsweg; Oehler in Herzog xiii., 203f (cf. Leyrer in Herzog edition 2 vol. 9:379); Mangold in Sehenkel v., 127f; (Ginsburg in Alexander's Kitto under the word Sabbath Day's Journey; Lumby on Acts 1:12 (in Cambr. Bible for Schools)). as dative of time (Winers Grammar, § 31, 9 b.; Buttmann, § 133, 26): σαββάτῳ, Matthew 24:20 (G L T Tr WH); Luke 14:1; τῷ σαββάτῳ, Luke 6:9 L text T Tr WH; Luke 13:14; Luke 14:3; Acts 13:44; ἐν σαββάτῳ, Matthew 12:2; John 5:16; John 7:22 (here L WH brackets ἐν),23; ἐν τῷ σαββάτῳ, Luke 6:7; John 19:31, accusative τό σάββατον during (on) the sabbath (cf. Buttmann, § 131, 11; Winer's Grammar, § 32,6): Luke 23:56; κατά πᾶν σάββατον every sabbath, Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21; Acts 18:4. plural τά σάββατα, of several sabbaths, Acts 17:2 (some refer this to 2).

b. plural, τά σαββάτων (for the singular) of a single sabbath, sabbath-day (the use of the plural being occasioned either by the plural names of festivals, as τά ἐγκαίνια, ἄζυμα, γενέσια, or by the Chaldaic form שַׁבָּתָא (Winers Grammar, 177 (167); Buttmann, 23 (21))): Matthew 28:1; Colossians 2:16 (Exodus 20:10; Leviticus 23:32 etc.; τήν ἑβδόμην σάββατα καλουμεν, Josephus, Antiquities 3, 6, 6; add, 1, 1, 1; (14, 10, 25; Philo de Abrah. § 5; de cherub. § 26; Plutarch, de superstitione 8); τήν τῶν σαββάτων ἑορτήν, Plutarch, symp. 4, 6, 2; hodie tricesima sabbata, Horace sat. 1, 9, 69; nowhere so used by John except in the phrase μία τῶν σαββάτων, on which see 2 below); ἡμέρα τῶν σαββάτων, Luke 4:16; Acts 13:14; Acts 16:13 (Exodus 20:8; Exodus 35:3; Deuteronomy 5:12; Jeremiah 17:21f); τοῖς σάββασιν and ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν (so constantly (except Lachmann in Matthew 12:1, 12) by metaplasm for σαββάτοις, cf. Winers Grammar, 63 (62); (Buttmann, 23 (21))) on the sabbath-day: Matthew 12:1(see above),5, 10-12 (see above); Mark 1:21; Mark 2:23; Mark 3:2, 4; Luke 4:31; Luke 6:9 (R G L marginal reading) (1 Macc. 2:38; the Sept. uses the form σαββάτοις, and Josephus both forms). On the precepts of the Jews with regard to the observance of the sabbath, which were for the most part extremely punctilious and minute, cf. Winers RWB, under the word Sabbath; Oehler in Herzog xiii. 192ff (revised by Orelli in edition 2 vol. xiii. 156ff); Schürer, Zeitgesch. 2te Aufl. § 28 II.; Mangold in Schenkel see, p. 123f; (BB. DD., under the word; Geikie, Life and Words of Christ, chapter xxxviii. vol. ii: p. 95ff; Farrar, Life of Christ, chapter xxxi. vol. i., p. 432f; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, vol. ii., p. 56ff and Appendix, xvii.).

2. seven days, a week: πρώτη σαββάτου, Mark 16:9; δίς τοῦ σαββάτου, twice in the week, Luke 18:12. The plural is used in the same sense in the phrase μία τῶν σαββάτων, the first day of the week (see εἷς, 5) (Prof. Sophocles regards the genitive (dependent on ἡμέρα) in such examples as those that follow (cf. Mark 16:9 above) as equivalent to μετά with an accusative, the first day after the sabbath; see his Lex., p. 43 par. 6): Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1, 19; Acts 20:7; κατά μίαν σαββάτων (L T Tr WH σαββάτου), on the first day of every week, 1 Corinthians 16:2.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
Sabbath day

Of Hebrew origin (shabbath); the Sabbath (i.e. Shabbath), or day of weekly repose from secular avocations (also the observance or institution itself); by extension, a se'nnight, i.e. The interval between two Sabbaths; likewise the plural in all the above applications -- sabbath (day), week.

see HEBREW shabbath

Forms and Transliterations
σάββασι σαββασιν σάββασιν σαββατα σάββατα σάββατά σαββάτοις σαββατον σάββατον Σάββατόν σαββατου σαββάτου σάββατου σαββατω σαββάτω σαββάτῳ σαββατων σαββάτων σαβεί σαβέκ sabbasin sábbasin sabbata sábbata sabbato sabbatō sabbátoi sabbátōi sabbaton sabbatōn sabbáton sabbátōn sábbaton Sábbatón sabbatou sabbátou
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 4521
68 Occurrences


σάββασιν — 13 Occ.
σάββατα — 1 Occ.
σαββάτῳ — 16 Occ.
σαββάτων — 11 Occ.
σάββατον — 14 Occ.
σαββάτου — 13 Occ.

Matthew 12:1 N-DNP
GRK: Ἰησοῦς τοῖς σάββασιν διὰ τῶν
NAS: the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples
KJV: went on the sabbath day through
INT: Jesus on the Sabbath through the

Matthew 12:2 N-DNS
GRK: ποιεῖν ἐν σαββάτῳ
NAS: is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.
KJV: to do upon the sabbath day.
INT: to do on Sabbath

Matthew 12:5 N-DNP
GRK: ὅτι τοῖς σάββασιν οἱ ἱερεῖς
NAS: in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests
KJV: how that on the sabbath days the priests
INT: that on the Sabbath the priests

Matthew 12:5 N-ANS
GRK: ἱερῷ τὸ σάββατον βεβηλοῦσιν καὶ
NAS: break the Sabbath and are innocent?
KJV: profane the sabbath, and
INT: temple the Sabbath break and

Matthew 12:8 N-GNS
GRK: ἐστιν τοῦ σαββάτου ὁ υἱὸς
NAS: of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.
KJV: Lord even of the sabbath day.
INT: is of the Sabbath the son

Matthew 12:10 N-DNP
GRK: ἔξεστιν τοῖς σάββασιν θεραπεῦσαι ἵνα
NAS: to heal on the Sabbath? -- so
KJV: to heal on the sabbath days? that
INT: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to heal that

Matthew 12:11 N-DNP
GRK: τοῦτο τοῖς σάββασιν εἰς βόθυνον
NAS: into a pit on the Sabbath, will he not take hold
KJV: a pit on the sabbath day, will he
INT: this on the Sabbath into a pit

Matthew 12:12 N-DNP
GRK: ἔξεστιν τοῖς σάββασιν καλῶς ποιεῖν
NAS: to do good on the Sabbath.
KJV: to do well on the sabbath days.
INT: it is lawful on the Sabbath good to do

Matthew 24:20 N-DNS
GRK: χειμῶνος μηδὲ σαββάτῳ
NAS: or on a Sabbath.
KJV: neither on the sabbath day:
INT: in winter nor on a Sabbath

Matthew 28:1 N-GNP
GRK: Ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ
NAS: after the Sabbath, as it began to dawn
KJV: In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn
INT: after moreover Sabbath it being dawn

Matthew 28:1 N-GNP
GRK: εἰς μίαν σαββάτων ἦλθεν Μαριὰμ
NAS: the first [day] of the week, Mary
KJV: the first [day] of the week, came
INT: toward [the] first [day] of [the] week came Mary

Mark 1:21 N-DNP
GRK: εὐθὺς τοῖς σάββασιν εἰσελθὼν εἰς
NAS: and immediately on the Sabbath He entered
KJV: straightway on the sabbath day he entered
INT: immediately on the Sabbath having entered into

Mark 2:23 N-DNP
GRK: ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν παραπορεύεσθαι διὰ
NAS: the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples
KJV: on the sabbath day; and
INT: on the Sabbath is passing through

Mark 2:24 N-DNP
GRK: ποιοῦσιν τοῖς σάββασιν ὃ οὐκ
NAS: what is not lawful on the Sabbath?
KJV: on the sabbath day that which
INT: do they on the Sabbath that which not

Mark 2:27 N-NNS
GRK: αὐτοῖς Τὸ σάββατον διὰ τὸν
NAS: Jesus said to them, The Sabbath was made
KJV: unto them, The sabbath was made
INT: to them The Sabbath on account of the

Mark 2:27 N-ANS
GRK: διὰ τὸ σάββατον
NAS: for man, and not man for the Sabbath.
KJV: man for the sabbath:
INT: on account of the Sabbath

Mark 2:28 N-GNS
GRK: καὶ τοῦ σαββάτου
NAS: is Lord even of the Sabbath.
KJV: Lord also of the sabbath.
INT: also even of the Sabbath

Mark 3:2 N-DNP
GRK: εἰ τοῖς σάββασιν θεραπεύσει αὐτόν
NAS: He would heal him on the Sabbath, so
KJV: him on the sabbath day; that
INT: whether on the Sabbath he will heal him

Mark 3:4 N-DNP
GRK: Ἔξεστιν τοῖς σάββασιν ἀγαθο¦ποιῆσαι ἢ
NAS: to do harm on the Sabbath, to save
KJV: to do good on the sabbath days, or
INT: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or

Mark 6:2 N-GNS
GRK: Καὶ γενομένου σαββάτου ἤρξατο διδάσκειν
NAS: When the Sabbath came, He began
KJV: And when the sabbath day was come,
INT: And having come [the] Sabbath he began to teach

Mark 16:1 N-GNS
GRK: διαγενομένου τοῦ σαββάτου ἡ Μαρία
NAS: When the Sabbath was over, Mary
KJV: And when the sabbath was past, Mary
INT: having been past the Sabbath Mary

Mark 16:2 N-GNP
GRK: μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων ἔρχονται ἐπὶ
NAS: on the first day of the week, they came
KJV: the first [day] of the week, they came
INT: first [day] the of the week they come to

Mark 16:9 N-GNS
GRK: πρωὶ πρώτῃ σαββάτου ἐφάνη πρῶτον
NAS: on the first day of the week, He first
KJV: the first [day] of the week, he appeared
INT: early [the] first [day] of the week he appeared first

Luke 4:16 N-GNP
GRK: ἡμέρᾳ τῶν σαββάτων εἰς τὴν
NAS: the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood
KJV: the synagogue on the sabbath day, and
INT: day of the Sabbath into the

Luke 4:31 N-DNP
GRK: ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν
NAS: and He was teaching them on the Sabbath;
KJV: them on the sabbath days.
INT: on the Sabbath

68 Occurrences

4520
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