Deuteronomy 5:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

New Living Translation
"Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

English Standard Version
“‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

New American Standard Bible
'Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

King James Bible
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Be careful to remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy as the LORD your God has commanded you.

International Standard Version
"'You are to keep the Sabbath day holy, just as the LORD your God commanded.

NET Bible
Be careful to observe the Sabbath day just as the LORD your God has commanded you.

New Heart English Bible
"Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Observe the day of worship as a holy day. This is what the LORD your God has commanded you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD thy God commanded thee.

New American Standard 1977
‘Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God has commanded thee.

King James 2000 Bible
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

American King James Version
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

American Standard Version
Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as Jehovah thy God commanded thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Observe the day of the sabbath, to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep the sabbath day to hallow it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee.

English Revised Version
Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD thy God commanded thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
Keep the sabbath-day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee.

World English Bible
"Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as Yahweh your God commanded you.

Young's Literal Translation
'Observe the day of the sabbath -- to sanctify it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee;
Study Bible
The Ten Commandments
11'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. 12Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. 13'Six days you shall labor and do all your work,…
Cross References
Mark 2:27
Then Jesus told them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.

Exodus 16:23
then he said to them, "This is what the LORD meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning."

Exodus 20:8
"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Exodus 31:13
"But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.

Exodus 31:15
'For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the LORD; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death.

Deuteronomy 5:13
'Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Nehemiah 13:15
In those days I saw in Judah some who were treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading them on donkeys, as well as wine, grapes, figs and all kinds of loads, and they brought them into Jerusalem on the sabbath day. So I admonished them on the day they sold food.

Jeremiah 17:22
"You shall not bring a load out of your houses on the sabbath day nor do any work, but keep the sabbath day holy, as I commanded your forefathers.
Treasury of Scripture

Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy…

Isaiah 56:6 Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, …

Isaiah 58:13 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure …

(12-15) The language of this commandment is identical with the form it takes in Exodus only so far as the 13th and 14th verses are concerned; and even here the special mention of the ox and the ass is confined to Deuteronomy. The introduction and the close of the command, which gives the reason for it, are different here. The reason drawn from the creation is not mentioned; the reason drawn from the exodus is. This fact illustrates the observation that in Deuteronomy we find "the Gospel of the Pentateuch." If for the exodus of Israel we substitute here "the exodus of Christ, which He accomplished at Jerusalem," not so much by His death as by His resurrection, we have a reason for keeping not the Sabbath, but the Lord's Day.

It is worth while to observe that the Israelites had express authority given them to enforce the observance of the Sabbath upon Gentiles, when these could be regarded as "strangers within their gates." The words Isaiah 56:6 seem to show that "strangers" who "took hold of the covenant" of Jehovah were expected to "keep His sabbath from polluting it." For an example of its enforcement, see Nehemiah 13:16; Nehemiah 13:20-21.

If any difficulty is felt at the variation of the form of the commandment from that which we have in Exodus, it should be observed, first, that the command itself is not altered, as appears by Deuteronomy 5:13-14, compared with Exodus 20:9-10; and secondly, that in this exhortation Moses calls Israel to hear the statutes and judgments which he, as their mediator, commands them, and that he is free to enforce them by such reasons as may seem to him best.

Verses 12-14. - Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. This phraseology implies that the Sabbath institute was already well known to the people of Israel; so that this commandment was intended, not to enact a new observance, but to enforce the continuance of an observance which had come down to them from earlier times. The Sabbath was to be kept by being sanctified. This means that it was to be consecrated to God to be used as he had appointed. The sanctification of any object "always goes back to an act of the Divine will, to Divine election and institution. In other words, it is always a state in which the creature [or institute] is bound to God by the appointment of God himself, which is expressed by קֹדֶשׁ הִקְדִישׁ קִדֵּשׁ קָדושׁ, XXX" (Oehler, 'Theology of the Old Testament,' vol. 1. p. 155). The sanctification of the Sabbath, accordingly, was the consecration of that day to the Lord, to be observed as he had enjoined, that is, as a day of rest from all servile work and ordinary occupations. Among the Jews, those who were careful to keep this law "rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment" (Luke 23:56). Not, however, in mere indolence and idle vacancy, unworthy of a man. Not thus could the day be sanctified to the Lord. Man had to "release his soul and body from all their burdens, with all the professions and pursuits of ordinary life, only in order to gather himself together again in God with greater purity and fewer disturbing elements, and renew in him the might of his own better powers" (Ewald, 'Antiquities of Israel,' p. 102). In the Sabbath institute, therefore, lies the basis of spiritual worship and pious service in Israel. Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it,.... Or observe it, by setting it apart as a time of natural rest, and for the performance of holy and religious exercises; see Exodus 20:8, where the phrase is a little varied, "remember the sabbath day to keep it holy"; it having been instituted before:

as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; not at Sinai only, for the same might then have been observed of all the rest of the commands, but before the giving of the law, at the first of the manna; see Exodus 16:23. 12. Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee—that is, keep it in mind as a sacred institution of former enactment and perpetual obligation. [See on [116]Ex 20:8].5:6-22 There is some variation here from Ex 20 as between the Lord's prayer in Mt 6 and Lu 11. It is more necessary that we tie ourselves to the things, than to the words unalterably. The original reason for hallowing the sabbath, taken from God's resting from the work of creation on the seventh day, is not here mentioned. Though this ever remains in force, it is not the only reason. Here it is taken from Israel's deliverance out of Egypt; for that was typical of our redemption by Jesus Christ, in remembrance of which the Christian sabbath was to be observed. In the resurrection of Christ we were brought into the glorious liberty of the children of God, with a mighty hand, and an outstretched arm. How sweet is it to a soul truly distressed under the terrors of a broken law, to hear the mild and soul-reviving language of the gospel!
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