Deuteronomy 5:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

New Living Translation
"Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

English Standard Version
“‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

New American Standard Bible
'Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

King James Bible
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Be careful to remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy as the LORD your God has commanded you.

International Standard Version
"'You are to keep the Sabbath day holy, just as the LORD your God commanded.

NET Bible
Be careful to observe the Sabbath day just as the LORD your God has commanded you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Observe the day of worship as a holy day. This is what the LORD your God has commanded you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God has commanded thee.

King James 2000 Bible
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

American King James Version
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

American Standard Version
Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as Jehovah thy God commanded thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Observe the day of the sabbath, to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep the sabbath day to hallow it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee.

English Revised Version
Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD thy God commanded thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
Keep the sabbath-day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee.

World English Bible
"Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as Yahweh your God commanded you.

Young's Literal Translation
'Observe the day of the sabbath -- to sanctify it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:6-22 There is some variation here from Ex 20 as between the Lord's prayer in Mt 6 and Lu 11. It is more necessary that we tie ourselves to the things, than to the words unalterably. The original reason for hallowing the sabbath, taken from God's resting from the work of creation on the seventh day, is not here mentioned. Though this ever remains in force, it is not the only reason. Here it is taken from Israel's deliverance out of Egypt; for that was typical of our redemption by Jesus Christ, in remembrance of which the Christian sabbath was to be observed. In the resurrection of Christ we were brought into the glorious liberty of the children of God, with a mighty hand, and an outstretched arm. How sweet is it to a soul truly distressed under the terrors of a broken law, to hear the mild and soul-reviving language of the gospel!

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 12-14. - Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. This phraseology implies that the Sabbath institute was already well known to the people of Israel; so that this commandment was intended, not to enact a new observance, but to enforce the continuance of an observance which had come down to them from earlier times. The Sabbath was to be kept by being sanctified. This means that it was to be consecrated to God to be used as he had appointed. The sanctification of any object "always goes back to an act of the Divine will, to Divine election and institution. In other words, it is always a state in which the creature [or institute] is bound to God by the appointment of God himself, which is expressed by קֹדֶשׁ הִקְדִישׁ קִדֵּשׁ קָדושׁ, XXX" (Oehler, 'Theology of the Old Testament,' vol. 1. p. 155). The sanctification of the Sabbath, accordingly, was the consecration of that day to the Lord, to be observed as he had enjoined, that is, as a day of rest from all servile work and ordinary occupations. Among the Jews, those who were careful to keep this law "rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment" (Luke 23:56). Not, however, in mere indolence and idle vacancy, unworthy of a man. Not thus could the day be sanctified to the Lord. Man had to "release his soul and body from all their burdens, with all the professions and pursuits of ordinary life, only in order to gather himself together again in God with greater purity and fewer disturbing elements, and renew in him the might of his own better powers" (Ewald, 'Antiquities of Israel,' p. 102). In the Sabbath institute, therefore, lies the basis of spiritual worship and pious service in Israel.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it,.... Or observe it, by setting it apart as a time of natural rest, and for the performance of holy and religious exercises; see Exodus 20:8, where the phrase is a little varied, "remember the sabbath day to keep it holy"; it having been instituted before:

as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; not at Sinai only, for the same might then have been observed of all the rest of the commands, but before the giving of the law, at the first of the manna; see Exodus 16:23.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee—that is, keep it in mind as a sacred institution of former enactment and perpetual obligation. [See on [116]Ex 20:8].

Deuteronomy 5:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Ten Commandments
11'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. 12'Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. 13'Six days you shall labor and do all your work,…
Cross References
Mark 2:27
Then he said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.

Exodus 16:23
He said to them, "This is what the LORD commanded: 'Tomorrow is to be a day of sabbath rest, a holy sabbath to the LORD. So bake what you want to bake and boil what you want to boil. Save whatever is left and keep it until morning.'"

Exodus 20:8
"Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

Exodus 31:13
"Say to the Israelites, 'You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am the LORD, who makes you holy.

Exodus 31:15
For six days work is to be done, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day is to be put to death.

Deuteronomy 5:13
Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Nehemiah 13:15
In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses on the Sabbath and bringing in grain and loading it on donkeys, together with wine, grapes, figs and all other kinds of loads. And they were bringing all this into Jerusalem on the Sabbath. Therefore I warned them against selling food on that day.

Jeremiah 17:22
Do not bring a load out of your houses or do any work on the Sabbath, but keep the Sabbath day holy, as I commanded your ancestors.
Treasury of Scripture

Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you.

Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy…

Isaiah 56:6 Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, …

Isaiah 58:13 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure …

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