Ezekiel 20:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Also I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so they would know that I the LORD made them holy.

New Living Translation
And I gave them my Sabbath days of rest as a sign between them and me. It was to remind them that I am the LORD, who had set them apart to be holy.

English Standard Version
Moreover, I gave them my Sabbaths, as a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD who sanctifies them.

New American Standard Bible
"Also I gave them My sabbaths to be a sign between Me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD who sanctifies them.

King James Bible
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I also gave them My Sabbaths to serve as a sign between Me and them, so they will know that I am Yahweh who sets them apart as holy."

International Standard Version
Also, I instituted my Sabbath for them as a sign between me and them, so they would know that I am the LORD, who has set them apart."

NET Bible
I also gave them my Sabbaths as a reminder of our relationship, so that they would know that I, the LORD, sanctify them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I also gave them certain days to worship me as a sign between us so that they would know that I, the LORD, made them holy.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And I also gave them my sabbaths to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctifies them.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctifies them.

American King James Version
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

American Standard Version
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am Jehovah that sanctifieth them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moreover I gave them also my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them: and that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them.

Darby Bible Translation
And I also gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I [am] Jehovah that hallow them.

English Revised Version
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

World English Bible
Moreover also I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am Yahweh who sanctifies them.

Young's Literal Translation
And also My sabbaths I have given to them, To be for a sign between Me and them, To know that I am Jehovah their sanctifier.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

20:10-26. The history of Israel in the wilderness is referred to in the new Testament as well as in the Old, for warning. God did great things for them. He gave them the law, and revived the ancient keeping of the sabbath day. Sabbaths are privileges; they are signs of our being his people. If we do the duty of the day, we shall find, to our comfort, it is the Lord that makes us holy, that is, truly happy, here; and prepares us to be happy, that is, perfectly holy, hereafter. The Israelites rebelled, and were left to the judgments they brought upon themselves. God sometimes makes sin to be its own punishment, yet he is not the Author of sin: there needs no more to make men miserable, than to give them up to their own evil desires and passions.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - I gave them my sabbaths, etc. As in Exodus 31:12-17, the sabbath is treated as the central sign (we might almost say sacrament) of the Jewish Church, not only as a mark differencing them from other nations, but as between Jehovah and them, a witness of their ideal relation to each other, a means of making that ideal relation a reality.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Moreover, also, I gave them my sabbaths,.... The Targum is,

"the days of the sabbaths;''

or sabbath days, the seventh day sabbaths, which recurring throughout the year are many; but, besides these, there were the year of remission, for the seventh year sabbath; and the jubilee year, the great sabbath of all, once in fifty years; yea, Kimchi thinks the feasts, such as the passover, &c. are included: now these are distinguished from the statutes and judgments, or the precepts of the law, which were of a moral nature; these being ritual and ceremonial, and were peculiar to the Jews, and continued but for a while; however, they were gifts, and valuable ones, of considerable use and significance:

to be a sign between me and them; of his being their God, and they being his people; of his favour and good will to them, and of the, obligations they were under to him; of his having separated and distinguished them from all other nations of the world; these sabbaths being only given to them as a memorial of their deliverance out of Egypt, and as a pledge of their entering into the land of rest; and of the future rest to be enjoyed by Christ, and in heaven, to all eternity; for these were shadows of things to come, Colossians 2:16;

that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them; separate them from other nations, and, by such means and opportunities, begin and carry on the work of sanctification in them; for the sabbaths, and the services of them, were useful to such purposes; as Lord's days, and the work of them, are now.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. sabbaths, … a sign between me and them—a kind of sacramental pledge of the covenant of adoption between God and His people. The Sabbath is specified as a sample of the whole law, to show that the law is not merely precepts, but privileges, of which the Sabbath is one of the highest. Not that the Sabbath was first instituted at Sinai, as if it were an exclusively Jewish ordinance (Ge 2:2, 3), but it was then more formally enacted, when, owing to the apostasy of the world from the original revelation, one people was called out (De 5:15) to be the covenant-people of God.

sanctify them—The observance of the Sabbath contemplated by God was not a mere outward rest, but a spiritual dedication of the day to the glory of God and the good of man. Otherwise it would not be, as it is made, the pledge of universal sanctification (Ex 31:13-17; Isa 58:13, 14). Virtually it is said, all sanctity will flourish or decay, according as this ordinance is observed in its full spirituality or not.

Ezekiel 20:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Rebellion in Egypt
11"I gave them My statutes and informed them of My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live. 12"Also I gave them My sabbaths to be a sign between Me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD who sanctifies them. 13"But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not walk in My statutes and they rejected My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live; and My sabbaths they greatly profaned. Then I resolved to pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to annihilate them.…
Cross References
Exodus 31:13
"Say to the Israelites, 'You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am the LORD, who makes you holy.

Exodus 31:17
It will be a sign between me and the Israelites forever, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'"

Isaiah 56:2
Blessed is the one who does this-- the person who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath without desecrating it, and keeps their hands from doing any evil."

Jeremiah 17:22
Do not bring a load out of your houses or do any work on the Sabbath, but keep the Sabbath day holy, as I commanded your ancestors.

Ezekiel 20:20
Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God."

Ezekiel 20:26
I defiled them through their gifts--the sacrifice of every firstborn--that I might fill them with horror so they would know that I am the LORD.'

Ezekiel 37:28
Then the nations will know that I the LORD make Israel holy, when my sanctuary is among them forever.'"

Ezekiel 44:24
"'In any dispute, the priests are to serve as judges and decide it according to my ordinances. They are to keep my laws and my decrees for all my appointed festivals, and they are to keep my Sabbaths holy.
Treasury of Scripture

Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

I gave

Genesis 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that …

Exodus 16:29 See, for that the LORD has given you the sabbath, therefore he gives …

Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy…

Exodus 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be …

Leviticus 23:3,24,32,39 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of …

Leviticus 25:4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest to the land, a …

Deuteronomy 5:12-15 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you…

Nehemiah 9:14 And made known to them your holy sabbath, and commanded them precepts, …

Mark 2:27,28 And he said to them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for …

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect …

to be

Ezekiel 20:20 And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, …

Exodus 31:13-17 Speak you also to the children of Israel, saying, Truly my sabbaths …

I am

Ezekiel 37:28 And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when …

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, …

Leviticus 20:8 And you shall keep my statutes, and do them: I am the LORD which sanctify you.

Leviticus 21:8,15,23 You shall sanctify him therefore; for he offers the bread of your …

John 17:17-19 Sanctify them through your truth: your word is truth…

1 Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly…

Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them …

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