7676. shabbath
Strong's Concordance
shabbath: sabbath
Original Word: שַׁבָּת
Part of Speech: Noun
Transliteration: shabbath
Phonetic Spelling: (shab-bawth')
Short Definition: sabbath
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from shabath
Definition
sabbath
NASB Translation
every sabbath (2), sabbath (73), sabbaths (32).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
שַׁבָּת111 noun feminineEx 31:41+ and masculineIsaiah 66:2,6 (under influence of יוֺם in frequent ׳יוֺם הַשּׁ, AlbrZAW xvi (1896), 47) sabbath ( = ת + שׁבת; Late Hebrew שַׁבָּת, Aramaic שַׁבְּתָא, ; perhaps Assyrian šabattum (""um nu— libbi, day of rest of heart (i.e. propitiation) [of deity]: only in lexical Tablets); compare LotzQuaest. de hist. Sabbati, 1883 JenZA iv (1889), 274 ff. (doubts connection of Assyrian word with Hebrew Sabbath) IdS. S. Times, Jan. 16, 1892, 35 f. Muss-ArnJBL xi (1892), 93 SchwIdioticon 127; see (more recently) JastrAmos. J. Theol. ii (1898), 332 ff. ToyTBL xviii (1899), 190 ff. DrHast. DB SABBATH (1902) ZimKAT 3. 592 ff.; ZMG 1904, 199 ff. [15th day of month so called]458ff.); — absolute ׳שׁ Exodus 16:25 64t.; construct שַׁבַּת Exodus 16:23 10t.; suffix שַׁבַּתּוֺ Numbers 28:10 3t. suffix; plural שַׁבָּתוֺת Leviticus 23:15 7t.; construct שַׁבְּתתֹ Leviticus 23:38; Leviticus 25:3,8; suffix שַׁבְּתוֺתַי Isaiah 56:4 +, etc.; —

1 sabbath:

a. primitive ליהוה ׳שׁ Exodus 16:25 (J), Exodus 20:10 = Deuteronomy 5:14 (ten words) Leviticus 23:3 (P); ׳הַשּׁ Exodus 16:29 (J); בַּיוֺם ׳הַשְּׁבִיעִי שׁ Exodus 16:26 (J); on seventh day יוֺם הַשַּׁבָּת Exodus 20:8,11 = Deuteronomy 5:12,15 (ten words), so throughout; Exodus 31:15 3t. P, Jeremiah 17:21; Ezekiel 46:4; Nehemiah 10:32 9t., + ("" new moon) Isaiah 1:13; Ezekiel 46:1; 2 Kings 4:23; Amos 8:5, compare Isaiah 66:23 (twice in verse), also חג and מועד Hosea 2:13; time of change of watch in temple 2 Kings 11:5,7,9 (twice in verse) = 2Chronicles 23:4,8 (twice in verse); מיסך ׳הַשּׁ (in temple) 2 Kings 16:18; originally observed simply by abstinence from labour Exodus 20:9,10 = Deuteronomy 5:12-14; Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 34:21 (J; BrHex. 181-195).

b. Deuteronomic reason for day is deliverance from Egypt Deuteronomy 5:15, hence its consecration, לְקַדְּשׁוֺ Deuteronomy 5:12 = Exodus 20:8; ׳קדּשׁ יום השׁ Jeremiah 17:22,24,27 (especially no load carried), Ezekiel 20:20; Ezekiel 44:24.

c. intensified by anith. ׳חלּל שׁ Ezekiel 20:13 5t. Ezekiel; compare Nehemiah 13:18. Phrases in H: ׳שׁמר (ה)שׁ Leviticus 19:3,10; Leviticus 26:2, then P Exodus 31:13,14,16; compare Isaiah 56:2,4,6; יוֺם קָדְשִׁי, ׳קדושׁ י: Isaiah 58:13 (twice in verse) (with כבּד). H also שַׁבְּתֹתֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:35; ׳מִמָּחֳרַת הַשּׁ Leviticus 23:11,15,16; שַׁבְּתוֺתַי Leviticus 19:3,30; Leviticus 26:2; Isaiah 56:4; Ezekiel 20:12; Ezekiel 22:26, +8 t. Ezekiel; "" מוֺעֵד Lamentations 2:6.

d. P gives as basis God's resting Exodus 20:11; Exodus 31:17; ׳שׁבתות י Leviticus 23:38; קדשׁ ׳שׁ ליהוה Exodus 16:23, compare Nehemiah 9:14, שׁבתון ׳שׁ Exodus 31:15; Exodus 35:2; Leviticus 23:3; ׳עשׂה השׁ Exodus 31:16, בְּשַׁבַּתּוֺ ׳עֹלַת שׁ Numbers 28:10, compare Isaiah 66:23; ׳בְּיוֺם הַשּׁ ׳בְּיוֺם הַשּׁ Leviticus 24:8 on every sabbath, abbreviation שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּת 1 Chronicles 9:32; לַשַּׁבָּתוֺת "" חֳדָשִׁים + מועדים 1 Chronicles 23:31 3t. Chronicles, Nehemiah 10:34 (ל omitted by error); work punished by stoning Numbers 15:32,36; trade prohibited Nehemiah 10:32; Nehemiah 13:15-21.

2 day of atonement is a שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֺן Leviticus 16:31; Leviticus 23:32 (P), compare שָׁבַת שַׁבָּת Leviticus 23:32 (P).

3 sabbath year, שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֺן Leviticus 25:4 (H); שַׁבָּת ליהוה Leviticus 25:2; Leviticus 25:4 (H), שַׁבְּתוֺתֶיהָ רצה (הארץׅ Leviticus 26:34 (twice in verse); Leviticus 26:43 (H), 2 Chronicles 36:21.

4 = week(?): שֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֺת Leviticus 23:15 (H), seven sabbaths or weeks; שֶׁבַע שַׁבְּתתֹ (ה)שָּׁנִים Leviticus 25:8; Lev 28:8 (H) seven sabbaths or weeks (of years), uncertain (see Mark 16:2,9; Luke 18:12; Matthew 28:1, compare Jewish-Aramaic usage); possibly שַׁבָּת Isaiah 66:23 = week (Du).

5 שַׁבַּת הָאָ֫רֶץ Leviticus 25:6 (H) = produce in sabbath year (growing of itself).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
every Sabbath

Intensive from shabath; intermission, i.e (specifically) the Sabbath -- (+ every) sabbath.

see HEBREW shabath

Forms and Transliterations
בְּשַׁבְּתֹתֵיכֶ֖ם בְּשַׁבַּתּ֑וֹ בַּשַּׁבָּ֖ת בַּשַּׁבָּ֛ת בַּשַּׁבָּ֡ת בַּשַּׁבָּֽת׃ בַּשַּׁבָּת֖וֹת בשבת בשבת׃ בשבתו בשבתות בשבתתיכם הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת הַשַּׁבָּ֖֜ת הַשַּׁבָּ֖֨ת הַשַּׁבָּ֖ת הַשַּׁבָּ֗ת הַשַּׁבָּ֛ת הַשַּׁבָּ֜ת הַשַּׁבָּֽת׃ הַשַּׁבָּת֒ הַשַּׁבָּת֙ הַשַּׁבָּת֨וֹת השבת השבת׃ השבתות וְהַשַּׁבָּ֖ת וְשַׁבַּתָּ֑הּ וְשַׁבָּ֔ת וְשַׁבָּת֙ וּבַשַּׁבָּת֔וֹת וּמִשַׁבְּתוֹתַי֙ ובשבתות והשבת ומשבתותי ושבת ושבתה לַשַּׁבָּ֜ת לַשַּׁבָּת֔וֹת לַשַּׁבָּת֖וֹת לַשַּׁבָּתוֹת֙ לשבת לשבתות מִשַּׁבָּת֙ משבת שַׁבְּתֹ֣ת שַׁבְּתֹתֶ֗יהָ שַׁבְּתֹתֶֽיהָ׃ שַׁבְּתֹתַ֖י שַׁבְּתֹתַ֣י שַׁבְּתוֹתֶ֑יהָ שַׁבְּתוֹתַ֔י שַׁבְּתוֹתַ֖י שַׁבְּתוֹתַי֙ שַׁבַּ֖ת שַׁבַּ֤ת שַׁבַּ֥ת שַׁבַּ֧ת שַׁבַּ֨ת שַׁבַּתְּכֶֽם׃ שַׁבַּת־ שַׁבָּ֑ת שַׁבָּ֖֣ת ׀ שַׁבָּ֖ת שַׁבָּ֥ת שַׁבָּֽת׃ שַׁבָּת֖וֹת שַׁבָּת֙ שבת שבת־ שבת׃ שבתות שבתותי שבתותיה שבתכם׃ שבתת שבתתי שבתתיה שבתתיה׃ baš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ baš·šab·bāṯ bashshabBat bashshabbaTot baššabbāṯ baššabbāṯōwṯ bə·šab·bat·tōw bə·šab·bə·ṯō·ṯê·ḵem bəšabbattōw bəšabbəṯōṯêḵem beshabbatTo beshabbetoteiChem haš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ haš·šab·bāṯ hashshabBat hashshabbaTot haššabbāṯ haššabbāṯōwṯ laš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ laš·šab·bāṯ lashshabBat lashshabbaTot laššabbāṯ laššabbāṯōwṯ miš·šab·bāṯ mishshabBat miššabbāṯ šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ šab·baṯ šab·bāṯ šab·baṯ- šab·bat·tə·ḵem šab·bə·ṯō·ṯay šab·bə·ṯō·ṯe·hā šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯay šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯe·hā šab·bə·ṯōṯ šabbaṯ šabbāṯ šabbaṯ- šabbāṯōwṯ šabbattəḵem šabbəṯōṯ šabbəṯōṯay šabbəṯōṯehā šabbəṯōwṯay šabbəṯōwṯehā shabbat shabbaTot shabbatteChem shabbeTot shabbetoTai shabbetoTeiha ū·ḇaš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ ū·mi·šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯay ūḇaššabbāṯōwṯ ūmišabbəṯōwṯay umishabbetoTai uvashshabbaTot vehashshabBat veshabBat veshabbatTah wə·haš·šab·bāṯ wə·šab·bāṯ wə·šab·bat·tāh wəhaššabbāṯ wəšabbāṯ wəšabbattāh
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 7676
111 Occurrences


baš·šab·bāṯ — 4 Occ.
baš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
bə·šab·bat·tōw — 2 Occ.
bə·šab·bə·ṯō·ṯê·ḵem — 1 Occ.
haš·šab·bāṯ — 44 Occ.
haš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
laš·šab·bāṯ — 1 Occ.
laš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ — 4 Occ.
miš·šab·bāṯ — 1 Occ.
šab·baṯ- — 23 Occ.
šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
šab·bat·tə·ḵem — 1 Occ.
šab·bə·ṯōṯ — 3 Occ.
šab·bə·ṯō·ṯay — 14 Occ.
šab·bə·ṯō·ṯe·hā — 4 Occ.
ū·mi·šab·bə·ṯō·w·ṯay — 1 Occ.
ū·ḇaš·šab·bā·ṯō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
wə·haš·šab·bāṯ — 1 Occ.
wə·šab·bāṯ — 2 Occ.
wə·šab·bat·tāh — 1 Occ.

Exodus 16:23
HEB: יְהוָ֔ה שַׁבָּת֧וֹן שַׁבַּת־ קֹ֛דֶשׁ לַֽיהוָ֖ה
NAS: a holy sabbath to the LORD.
KJV: of the holy sabbath unto the LORD:
INT: the LORD sabbath sabbath A holy to the LORD

Exodus 16:25
HEB: הַיּ֔וֹם כִּֽי־ שַׁבָּ֥ת הַיּ֖וֹם לַיהוָ֑ה
NAS: for today is a sabbath to the LORD;
KJV: for to day [is] a sabbath unto the LORD:
INT: today is a sabbath today to the LORD

Exodus 16:26
HEB: וּבַיּ֧וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֛י שַׁבָּ֖ת לֹ֥א יִֽהְיֶה־
NAS: day, [the] sabbath, there will be none.
KJV: day, [which is] the sabbath, in it there shall be none.
INT: day the seventh sabbath will be none become

Exodus 16:29
HEB: נָתַ֣ן לָכֶ֣ם הַשַּׁבָּת֒ עַל־ כֵּ֠ן
NAS: has given you the sabbath; therefore
KJV: hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth
INT: the LORD has given the sabbath and after that

Exodus 20:8
HEB: אֶת־ י֥֨וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֖֜ת לְקַדְּשֽׁ֗וֹ
NAS: Remember the sabbath day,
KJV: Remember the sabbath day,
INT: Remember day the sabbath to keep

Exodus 20:10
HEB: וְי֙וֹם֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔֜י שַׁבָּ֖֣ת ׀ לַיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑֗יךָ
NAS: day is a sabbath of the LORD
KJV: day [is] the sabbath of the LORD
INT: day the seventh sabbath of the LORD your God

Exodus 20:11
HEB: אֶת־ י֥וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֖ת וַֽיְקַדְּשֵֽׁהוּ׃ ס
NAS: blessed the sabbath day
KJV: blessed the sabbath day,
INT: the LORD day the sabbath and made

Exodus 31:13
HEB: אַ֥ךְ אֶת־ שַׁבְּתֹתַ֖י תִּשְׁמֹ֑רוּ כִּי֩
NAS: observe My sabbaths; for [this] is a sign
KJV: Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep:
INT: saying shall surely my sabbaths observe for is a

Exodus 31:14
HEB: וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֙ אֶת־ הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת כִּ֛י קֹ֥דֶשׁ
NAS: Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy
KJV: Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it [is] holy
INT: observe the sabbath for is holy

Exodus 31:15
HEB: וּבַיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י שַׁבַּ֧ת שַׁבָּת֛וֹן קֹ֖דֶשׁ
NAS: day there is a sabbath of complete rest,
KJV: but in the seventh [is] the sabbath of rest,
INT: day the seventh sabbath of complete holy

Exodus 31:15
HEB: מְלָאכָ֛ה בְּי֥וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֖ת מ֥וֹת יוּמָֽת׃
NAS: work on the sabbath day
KJV: [any] work in the sabbath day,
INT: work day the sabbath shall surely be put

Exodus 31:16
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶת־ הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת לַעֲשׂ֧וֹת אֶת־
NAS: shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate
KJV: shall keep the sabbath, to observe
INT: the sons of Israel the sabbath to celebrate the sabbath

Exodus 31:16
HEB: לַעֲשׂ֧וֹת אֶת־ הַשַּׁבָּ֛ת לְדֹרֹתָ֖ם בְּרִ֥ית
NAS: to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations
KJV: to observe the sabbath throughout their generations,
INT: the sabbath to celebrate the sabbath their generations covenant

Exodus 35:2
HEB: לָכֶ֥ם קֹ֛דֶשׁ שַׁבַּ֥ת שַׁבָּת֖וֹן לַיהוָ֑ה
NAS: a holy [day], a sabbath of complete rest
KJV: there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest
INT: shall have A holy a sabbath of complete to the LORD

Exodus 35:3
HEB: מֹשְׁבֹֽתֵיכֶ֑ם בְּי֖וֹם הַשַּׁבָּֽת׃ פ
NAS: of your dwellings on the sabbath day.
KJV: throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
INT: of your dwellings day the sabbath

Leviticus 16:31
HEB: שַׁבַּ֨ת שַׁבָּת֥וֹן הִיא֙
NAS: It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest
KJV: It [shall be] a sabbath of rest
INT: sabbath of solemn he

Leviticus 19:3
HEB: תִּירָ֔אוּ וְאֶת־ שַׁבְּתֹתַ֖י תִּשְׁמֹ֑רוּ אֲנִ֖י
NAS: and you shall keep My sabbaths; I am the LORD
KJV: and keep my sabbaths: I [am] the LORD
INT: and his father shall reverence my sabbaths shall keep I am

Leviticus 19:30
HEB: אֶת־ שַׁבְּתֹתַ֣י תִּשְׁמֹ֔רוּ וּמִקְדָּשִׁ֖י
NAS: You shall keep My sabbaths and revere
KJV: Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence
INT: my sabbaths shall keep my sanctuary

Leviticus 23:3
HEB: וּבַיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י שַׁבַּ֤ת שַׁבָּתוֹן֙ מִקְרָא־
NAS: day there is a sabbath of complete rest,
KJV: day [is] the sabbath of rest,
INT: day the seventh sabbath of complete convocation

Leviticus 23:3
HEB: לֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֑וּ שַׁבָּ֥ת הִוא֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה
NAS: work; it is a sabbath to the LORD
KJV: no work [therein]: it [is] the sabbath of the LORD
INT: shall not do sabbath he to the LORD

Leviticus 23:11
HEB: לִֽרְצֹנְכֶ֑ם מִֽמָּחֳרַת֙ הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת יְנִיפֶ֖נּוּ הַכֹּהֵֽן׃
NAS: on the day after the sabbath the priest
KJV: for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest
INT: to be accepted the day the sabbath shall wave the priest

Leviticus 23:15
HEB: לָכֶם֙ מִמָּחֳרַ֣ת הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת מִיּוֹם֙ הֲבִ֣יאֲכֶ֔ם
NAS: for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day
KJV: unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day
INT: count the day the sabbath the day brought

Leviticus 23:15
HEB: הַתְּנוּפָ֑ה שֶׁ֥בַע שַׁבָּת֖וֹת תְּמִימֹ֥ת תִּהְיֶֽינָה׃
NAS: complete sabbaths.
KJV: seven sabbaths shall be
INT: of the wave shall be seven sabbaths complete shall be

Leviticus 23:16
HEB: עַ֣ד מִֽמָּחֳרַ֤ת הַשַּׁבָּת֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔ת תִּסְפְּר֖וּ
NAS: the seventh sabbath; then you shall present
KJV: after the seventh sabbath shall ye number
INT: unto to the day sabbath the seventh shall count

Leviticus 23:32
HEB: שַׁבַּ֨ת שַׁבָּת֥וֹן הוּא֙
NAS: It is to be a sabbath of complete rest
KJV: It [shall be] unto you a sabbath of rest,
INT: sabbath of complete he

111 Occurrences

7675
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