Matthew 12:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Or haven't you read in the Law that the priests on Sabbath duty in the temple desecrate the Sabbath and yet are innocent?

New Living Translation
And haven't you read in the law of Moses that the priests on duty in the Temple may work on the Sabbath?

English Standard Version
Or have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are guiltless?

Berean Study Bible
Or haven't you read in the Law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and yet are innocent?

Berean Literal Bible
Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are guiltless?

New American Standard Bible
"Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and are innocent?

King James Bible
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Or haven't you read in the Law that on Sabbath days the priests in the temple violate the Sabbath and are innocent?

International Standard Version
Or haven't you read in the Law that on every Sabbath the priests in the Temple violate the Sabbath and yet are innocent?

NET Bible
Or have you not read in the law that the priests in the temple desecrate the Sabbath and yet are not guilty?

New Heart English Bible
Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are blameless?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or have you not read in The Written Law that the priests in The Temple profane the Sabbath and are blameless?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Or haven't you read in Moses' Teachings that on the day of worship the priests in the temple do things they shouldn't on the day of worship yet remain innocent?

New American Standard 1977
“Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath, and are innocent?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath and are blameless?

King James 2000 Bible
Or have you not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

American King James Version
Or have you not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

American Standard Version
Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple break the sabbath, and are without blame?

Darby Bible Translation
Or have ye not read in the law that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

English Revised Version
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?

Webster's Bible Translation
Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

Weymouth New Testament
And have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the Temple break the Sabbath without incurring guilt?

World English Bible
Or have you not read in the law, that on the Sabbath day, the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are guiltless?

Young's Literal Translation
'Or did ye not read in the Law, that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple do profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
Study Bible
The Lord of the Sabbath
4He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests. 5Or haven’t you read in the Law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and yet are innocent? 6But I tell you, something greater than the temple is here.…
Cross References
Leviticus 24:8
"Every sabbath day he shall set it in order before the LORD continually; it is an everlasting covenant for the sons of Israel.

Matthew 12:4
He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.

Matthew 12:6
But I tell you, something greater than the temple is here.
Treasury of Scripture

Or have you not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

on.

Numbers 28:9,10 And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, …

John 7:22,23 Moses therefore gave to you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses…

profane.

Nehemiah 13:17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, What …

Ezekiel 24:21 Speak to the house of Israel, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I will …

(5) The priests in the temple profane the sabbath.--The work of the priests, as described, e.g., in Numbers 28:9, viz., slaying victims, placing the shewbread, involved an amount of labour which, in work of any other kind, would have broken the Sabbath rest; yet no one blamed the priests, for they were serving in the Temple of Jehovah.

Verse 5. - Matthew only. Or. A second example, if the first does not convince you. Have ye not read in the Law. Beyond which there is no appeal. Jewish authors often appeal to Scripture in the order of Hagio-graphs, Prophets, and, last of all, Law. He here refers to Leviticus 24:8 (cf. also 1 Chronicles 9:32), but Bengel's suggestive remark that Leviticus was read in the services at that very time of year is vitiated by the double uncertainty, first, what time of year it really was; and secondly, what is the antiquity of the present custom of reading the whole Law every year (cf. Dr. Lumby on Acts 13, 'Add. Note'). According to the express orders of the Law, the priests put in fresh shewbread on the sabbath day. How that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple. The word of wider import is used (ἱερόν, not σκηνή), because the Law still holds good. Profane the sabbath. If their work is regarded in itself, as the action of my disciples is now regarded. And are blameless? (guiltless, Revised Version, as also the Authorized Version in ver. 7); i.e. in the eyes of the Law. This you will all grant (cf. Schurer, II. 2:103). Lightfoot's ('Her. Hebr.') attractive quotation from Maimonides in ' Pesachim,' 1. (i.e. 'Hilkoth Korban Pesach,' § 1.), "There is no sabbatism at all in the temple," appears to rest on a misunderstanding. Or have ye not read in the law,.... Numbers 28:9 by which law the priests were obliged, every sabbath day, to offer up two lambs for a burnt offering; to which were annexed many servile works, as killing the sacrifice, flaying it, cutting it in pieces, and laying it on the altar, cutting of wood, and putting that in order, and kindling the fire: from all which, it might be observed,

how that on the sabbath days, the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless. There were many things, which, according to the Jewish canons, the priests might do on the sabbath day; particularly they might slay the sacrifice: it was a rule with them, , "that slaying drives away the sabbath" (u). They might also knead, make, and bake the showbread on the sabbath day: their general rule was, as R. Akiba says, that what was possible to be done on the evening of the sabbath, did not drive away the sabbath; but what was not possible to be done on the sabbath eve, did drive away the sabbath (w): so they might kill the passover, sprinkle its blood, wipe its inwards, and burn the fat on the sabbath day (x), with many other things. What exculpated these men was, that what they did was done in the temple, and for the service of it, upon which an emphasis is put; and agrees with their canons, which say, that there is no prohibition in the sanctuary; , "that which is forbidden to be done on the sabbath, is lawful to be done in the sanctuary" (y): and whereas, it might be objected to the disciples of Christ, that they were not priests; and what they did was not in the temple, but in the fields; to this it is replied, in the following words:

(u) T. Bab. Menachot, fol. 72. 2.((w) Misn. Menachot, c. 11. sect. 3.((x) Misn. Pesachim, c. 6. sect. 1. Maimon. Pesach. c. 1. sect. 18. (y) lb. sect. 16. & Hilchot Sabbat, c. 21. sect. 27. 5. Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath—by doing "servile work."

and are blameless?—The double offerings required on the sabbath day (Nu 28:9) could not be presented, and the new-baked showbread (Le 24:5; 1Ch 9:32) could not be prepared and presented every sabbath morning, without a good deal of servile work on the part of the priests; not to speak of circumcision, which, when the child's eighth day happened to fall on a sabbath, had to be performed by the priests on that day. (See on [1269]Joh 7:22, 23).12:1-8 Being in the corn-fields, the disciples began to pluck the ears of corn: the law of God allowed it, De 23:25. This was slender provision for Christ and his disciples; but they were content with it. The Pharisees did not quarrel with them for taking another man's corn, but for doing it on the sabbath day. Christ came to free his followers, not only from the corruptions of the Pharisees, but from their unscriptural rules, and justified what they did. The greatest shall not have their lusts indulged, but the meanest shall have their wants considered. Those labours are lawful on the sabbath day which are necessary, and sabbath rest is to froward, not to hinder sabbath worship. Needful provision for health and food is to be made; but when servants are kept at home, and families become a scene of hurry and confusion on the Lord's day, to furnish a feast for visitors, or for indulgence, the case is very different. Such things as these, and many others common among professors, are to be blamed. The resting on the sabbath was ordained for man's good, De 5:14. No law must be understood so as to contradict its own end. And as Christ is the Lord of the sabbath, it is fit the day and the work of it should be dedicated to him.
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