Matthew 19:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Haven't you read," he replied, "that at the beginning the Creator 'made them male and female,'

New Living Translation
"Haven't you read the Scriptures?" Jesus replied. "They record that from the beginning 'God made them male and female.'

English Standard Version
He answered, “Have you not read that he who created them from the beginning made them male and female,

New American Standard Bible
And He answered and said, "Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning MADE THEM MALE AND FEMALE,

King James Bible
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Haven't you read," He replied, "that He who created them in the beginning made them male and female,"

International Standard Version
He answered them, "Haven't you read that the one who made them at the beginning 'made them male and female'

NET Bible
He answered, "Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator made them male and female,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But he answered and said to them, “Have you not read that he who made from the beginning, made them male and female?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus answered, "Haven't you read that the Creator made them male and female in the beginning

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he who made them at the beginning made them male and female?

King James 2000 Bible
And he answered and said unto them, Have you not read, that he who made them at the beginning made them male and female,

American King James Version
And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

American Standard Version
And he answered and said, Have ye not read, that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who answering, said to them: Have ye not read, that he who made man from the beginning, Made them male and female? And he said:

Darby Bible Translation
But he answering said [to them], Have ye not read that he who made [them], from the beginning made them male and female,

English Revised Version
And he answered and said, Have ye not read, that he which made them from the beginning made them male and female,

Webster's Bible Translation
And he answered and said to them, Have ye not read, that he who made them, at the beginning made them male and female,

Weymouth New Testament
"Have you not read," He replied, "that He who made them 'made them' from the beginning 'male and female,

World English Bible
He answered, "Haven't you read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female,

Young's Literal Translation
And he answering said to them, 'Did ye not read, that He who made them, from the beginning a male and a female made them,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:3-12 The Pharisees were desirous of drawing something from Jesus which they might represent as contrary to the law of Moses. Cases about marriage have been numerous, and sometimes perplexed; made so, not by the law of God, but by the lusts and follies of men; and often people fix what they will do, before they ask for advice. Jesus replied by asking whether they had not read the account of the creation, and the first example of marriage; thus pointing out that every departure therefrom was wrong. That condition is best for us, and to be chosen and kept to accordingly, which is best for our souls, and tends most to prepare us for, and preserve us to, the kingdom of heaven. When the gospel is really embraced, it makes men kind relatives and faithful friends; it teaches them to bear the burdens, and to bear with the infirmities of those with whom they are connected, to consider their peace and happiness more than their own. As to ungodly persons, it is proper that they should be restrained by laws, from breaking the peace of society. And we learn that the married state should be entered upon with great seriousness and earnest prayer.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - He answered and said. Our Lord does not directly reply in the negative, but refers to the original institution of marriage. All his auditors agreed in holding the legality of divorce, though they differed in their estimation of the causes that warranted separation. It was quite a new idea to find the propriety of divorce questioned, and to have their captious question met by an appeal to Scripture which they could not gainsay, and an enunciation of a high ideal of matrimony which their glosses and laxity had miserably perverted or obscured. He which made them. Manuscripts vary between ὁ ποιήσας and ὁ κτίσας. The latter is approved by Westcott and Hort. It is best translated, the Creator. The Vulgate gives, qui fecit hominem. At the beginning (ἀπ ἀρχῆς). These words should be joined to the following verb made (ἐποίησεν), and not with the preceding participle, as it is intended to show the primordial design in the creation of man and woman. God made the first members of the human family a male and a female, not a male and females. The lower animals were created separately, male and female; "mankind was created in one person in Adam, and when there was found no help meet for Adam, no companion in body, soul, or spirit, fit for him, then God, instead of creating a wholly new thing, made Eve out of Adam" (Sadler). Two individuals of opposite sexes were thus formed for each other; one was the complement of the other, and the union was perfect and lasted, as long as life. There was in this original institution no room for polygamy, no room for divorce. It was a concrete example of the way in which God unites man and wife.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he answered and said unto them,.... Not by replying directly to the question, but by referring them to the original creation of man, and to the first institution of marriage, previous to the law of Moses;

have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning, made them male and female? This may be read in Genesis 1:27 and from thence this sense of things collected; that God, who in the beginning of time, or of the creation, as Mark expresses it, made all things, the heavens, and the earth, and all that is therein, and particularly "man", as the Vulgate Latin, and Munster's Hebrew Gospel supply it here, made the first parents of mankind, male and female; not male and females, but one male, and one female; first, one male, and then, of him one female, who, upon her creation, was brought and married to him; so that in this original constitution, no provision was made for divorce, or polygamy. Adam could not marry more wives than one, nor could he put away Eve for every cause, and marry another: now either the Pharisees had read this account, or they had not; if they had not, they were guilty of great negligence and sloth; if they had, they either understood it or not; if they did not understand it, it was greatly to their reproach, who pretended to great knowledge of the Scriptures, and to be able to explain them to others; and if they did understand it, there was no need for this question, which therefore must be put with an evil design.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female—or better, perhaps, "He that made them made them from the beginning a male and a female."

Matthew 19:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus' Teaching about Divorce
3Some Pharisees came to Jesus, testing Him and asking, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?" 4And He answered and said, "Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning MADE THEM MALE AND FEMALE, 5and said, 'FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND MOTHER AND BE JOINED TO HIS WIFE, AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH '?…
Cross References
Genesis 1:27
So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.

Genesis 5:2
He created them male and female and blessed them. And he named them "Mankind" when they were created.

Malachi 2:15
Has not the one God made you? You belong to him in body and spirit. And what does the one God seek? Godly offspring. So be on your guard, and do not be unfaithful to the wife of your youth.
Treasury of Scripture

And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Have.

Matthew 12:3 But he said to them, Have you not read what David did, when he was …

Matthew 21:6,42 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them…

Matthew 22:31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have you not read that …

Mark 2:25 And he said to them, Have you never read what David did, when he …

Mark 12:10,26 And have you not read this scripture; The stone which the builders …

Luke 6:3 And Jesus answering them said, Have you not read so much as this, …

Luke 10:26 He said to him, What is written in the law? how read you?

that.

Genesis 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created …

Genesis 5:2 Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their …

Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And …

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