Matthew 19:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, "Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?"

New Living Translation
Someone came to Jesus with this question: "Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?"

English Standard Version
And behold, a man came up to him, saying, “Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?”

New American Standard Bible
And someone came to Him and said, "Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?"

King James Bible
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Just then someone came up and asked Him, "Teacher, what good must I do to have eternal life?"

International Standard Version
Just then a man came up to Jesus. "Teacher," he asked, "what good deed should I do to have eternal life?"

NET Bible
Now someone came up to him and said, "Teacher, what good thing must I do to gain eternal life?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And one came near and said to him, “Good teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then a man came to Jesus and said, "Teacher, what good deed should I do to gain eternal life?"

Jubilee Bible 2000
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?

King James 2000 Bible
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

American King James Version
And, behold, one came and said to him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

American Standard Version
And behold, one came to him and said, Teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And behold one came and said to him: Good master, what good shall I do that I may have life everlasting?

Darby Bible Translation
And lo, one coming up said to him, Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have life eternal?

English Revised Version
And behold, one came to him and said, Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

Webster's Bible Translation
And behold, one came and said to him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?

Weymouth New Testament
"Teacher," said one man, coming up to Him, "what that is good shall I do in order to win the Life of the Ages?"

World English Bible
Behold, one came to him and said, "Good teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?"

Young's Literal Translation
And lo, one having come near, said to him, 'Good teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have life age-during?'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:16-22 Christ knew that covetousness was the sin which most easily beset this young man; though he had got honestly what he possessed, yet he could not cheerfully part with it, and by this his want of sincerity was shown. Christ's promises make his precepts easy, and his yoke pleasant and very comfortable; yet this promise was as much a trial of the young man's faith, as the precept was of his charity and contempt of the world. It is required of us in following Christ, that we duly attend his ordinances, strictly follow his pattern, and cheerfully submit to his disposals; and this from love to him, and in dependence on him. To sell all, and give to the poor, will not serve, but we are to follow Christ. The gospel is the only remedy for lost sinners. Many abstain from gross vices who do not attend to their obligations to God. Thousands of instances of disobedience in thought, word, and deed, are marked against them in the book of God. Thus numbers forsake Christ, loving this present world: they feel convictions and desires, but they depart sorrowful, perhaps trembling. It behoves us to try ourselves in these matters, for the Lord will try us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 16-22. - Answer to the inquiry of the rich young ruler concerning eternal life. (Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23.) Verse 16. - And, behold. The exclamation, as usual, denotes the suddenness and unexpected nature of the occurrence. It took place probably on the next day after the blessing of the children. One came (εϊς προσελθών). This is more emphatic than the enclitic τις, and we learn from St. Luke that he was "a ruler," i.e. of the synagogue, and he must have been of noted piety and worth to have arrived at this dignity while still a youth (ver. 22). St. Mark gives more details - he "came running, and kneeled to him." He was eager for an answer to his question, and recognized in Jesus a Rabbi worthy of all honour and veneration, though he saw in him nothing more. lie comes with no sinister intention, as the Pharisees did, but in all good faith, hoping to have a religious difficulty solved. Good Master. Thus the received text in the three synoptists. The epithet "good" is omitted by many excellent manuscripts, and has been expunged by most modern editors. It is required if the received text of the next verse is retained. It occurs in Mark and Luke without variation. The young man may have used the expression with the view of winning Christ's favour, or, at any rate, with the idea of showing the light in which he regarded him. What good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? His notion was that eternal happiness was obtained by the performance of certain acts, and he is not sure that he has done enough for the reward, and wishes to know particularly what further good work will secure it. The other synoptists have merely, "What shall I do? but of course, good work is implied, if not expressed. This was a question much mooted in the rabbinical schools, and one to which the answers were as various as they were puerile. Some taught that the commandments were not equally important, and that what they deemed the lesser might be violated with impunity, if the others were observed. Some made the gift of perfection to depend on the daily recitation of certain prayers or psalms, others on giving due honour to the aged. Amid such perplexing rules, the youth desires an authoritative decision, which he may put in practice, and thus be sure of a happy place in Messiah's kingdom - be, as the Jews termed it, "a son of the age to come."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And behold, one came,.... The Persic version reads, "a rich man"; and so he was, as appears from what follows: Luke calls him, "a certain ruler"; not of a synagogue, an ecclesiastical ruler, but a civil magistrate: perhaps he might be one of the sanhedrim, which consisted of "twenty one" persons; or of that which consisted only of "three", as in some small towns and villages Mark represents him as "running"; for Christ was departed out of the house, and was gone into the way, the high road, and was on his journey to some other place, when this man ran after him with great eagerness; and, as the same evangelist adds, "kneeled to him"; thereby paying him civil respect, and honour; believing him to be a worthy good man, and deserving of esteem and veneration:

and said unto him, good master: some say, that this was a title which the Jewish doctors were fond of, and gave to each other, but I have not observed it; he seems by this to intimate, that he thought him not only to be a good man, but a good teacher; that he was one that came from God, and taught good doctrine, which induced him to run after him, and put the following question to him:

what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? Or, as in the other evangelists, "inherit eternal life"; a phrase much in use with the Jewish Rabbins (a):

"Judah confessed, and was not ashamed, and what is his end? , "he inherits the life of the world to come" (i.e. eternal life); Reuben confessed, and was not ashamed, and what is his end? "he inherits the life of the world to come".''

This man was no Sadducee, he believed a future state; was a serious man, thoughtful about another world, and concerned how he should enjoy everlasting life; but was entirely upon a legal bottom, and under a covenant of works; and speaks in the language and strain of the nation of Israel, who were seeking for righteousness and life by the works of the law: he expected eternal life by doing some good thing, or things; and hoped, as the sequel shows, that he had done every good thing necessary to the obtaining it.

(a) T. Bab. Sota, fol. 7. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

Mt 19:16-30. The Rich Young Ruler. ( = Mr 10:17-31; Lu 18:18-30).

For the exposition, see on [1330]Lu 18:18-30.

Matthew 19:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Rich Young Man
16And someone came to Him and said, "Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?" 17And He said to him, "Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments."…
Cross References
Matthew 19:15
When he had placed his hands on them, he went on from there.

Matthew 25:46
"Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life."

Mark 10:17
As Jesus started on his way, a man ran up to him and fell on his knees before him. "Good teacher," he asked, "what must I do to inherit eternal life?"

Luke 10:25
On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. "Teacher," he asked, "what must I do to inherit eternal life?"

Luke 18:18
A certain ruler asked him, "Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?"
Treasury of Scripture

And, behold, one came and said to him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

one.

Mark 10:17 And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, …

Luke 18:18 And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I …

what.

Luke 10:25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, …

John 6:27-29 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures …

Acts 16:30 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?

eternal.

Matthew 25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous …

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, …

John 3:15 That whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

John 4:14 But whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst…

John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them you think you have eternal life: …

John 6:47,68 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that believes on me has everlasting life…

John 10:28 And I give to them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither …

John 12:25 He that loves his life shall lose it; and he that hates his life …

John 17:2,3 As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal …

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and …

Romans 5:21 That as sin has reigned to death, even so might grace reign through …

Romans 6:22,23 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, you …

1 Timothy 1:16 However, for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus …

1 Timothy 6:12,19 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto …

Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before …

Titus 3:7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according …

1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, …

1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he has promised us, even eternal life.

1 John 5:11-13,20 And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and …

Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our …

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