John 11:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them in the loss of their brother.

New Living Translation
and many of the people had come to console Martha and Mary in their loss.

English Standard Version
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them concerning their brother.

New American Standard Bible
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.

King James Bible
And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them about their brother.

International Standard Version
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them about their brother.

NET Bible
so many of the Jewish people of the region had come to Martha and Mary to console them over the loss of their brother.)

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And many of the Judeans were coming to Martha and Maryam to comfort their hearts concerning their brother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them about their brother.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them concerning their brother.

King James 2000 Bible
And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

American King James Version
And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

American Standard Version
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And many of the Jews were come to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

Darby Bible Translation
and many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, that they might console them concerning their brother.

English Revised Version
and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

Weymouth New Testament
and a considerable number of the Jews were with Martha and Mary, having come to express sympathy with them on the death of their brother.

World English Bible
Many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.

Young's Literal Translation
and many of the Jews had come unto Martha and Mary, that they might comfort them concerning their brother;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:17-32 Here was a house where the fear of God was, and on which his blessing rested; yet it was made a house of mourning. Grace will keep sorrow from the heart, but not from the house. When God, by his grace and providence, is coming towards us in ways of mercy and comfort, we should, like Martha, go forth by faith, hope, and prayer, to meet him. When Martha went to meet Jesus, Mary sat still in the house; this temper formerly had been an advantage to her, when it put her at Christ's feet to hear his word; but in the day of affliction, the same temper disposed her to melancholy. It is our wisdom to watch against the temptations, and to make use of the advantages of our natural tempers. When we know not what in particular to ask or expect, let us refer ourselves to God; let him do as seemeth him good. To enlarge Martha's expectations, our Lord declared himself to be the Resurrection and the Life. In every sense he is the Resurrection; the source, the substance, the first-fruits, the cause of it. The redeemed soul lives after death in happiness; and after the resurrection, both body and soul are kept from all evil for ever. When we have read or heard the word of Christ, about the great things of the other world, we should put it to ourselves, Do we believe this truth? The crosses and comforts of this present time would not make such a deep impression upon us as they do, if we believed the things of eternity as we ought. When Christ our Master comes, he calls for us. He comes in his word and ordinances, and calls us to them, calls us by them, calls us to himself. Those who, in a day of peace, set themselves at Christ's feet to be taught by him, may with comfort, in a day of trouble, cast themselves at his feet, to find favour with him.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary,.... Or "to those that were about Martha and Mary"; in order to have access to them, they came to them, and to the rest of the family; though the phrase may design them only, as the Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions read: these Jews, as appears from the context, John 11:18, came from Jerusalem, and might be some of the principal inhabitants; and it may be concluded, that these persons, Lazarus, Martha, and Mary, were people of note and figure; and indeed all the accounts of them here, and elsewhere, show the same; see Luke 10:38. The end of their coming to them was

to comfort them concerning their brother; by reason of his death, as was usual with the Jews to do, after the dead was buried; for they did not allow of it before: hence that saying (g) of R. Simeon ben Eleazar,

"do not comfort him (thy friend) in the time his dead lies before him.''

The first office of this kind was done when they returned from the grave; for it is said (h), when they return

"from the grave they make rows round about the mourner, "to comfort him", and they make him to sit, and they stand, and there never were less than ten in a row.''

It was an ancient custom for the mourners to stand in their place in a row, and all the people passed by, and every man as he came to the mourner comforted him, and passed on (i). But besides these consolations, there were others administered at their own houses, which were usually done the first week, for it is said (k),

"the mourner the first week does not go out of the door of his house; the second he goes out, but does not sit, or continue in his place; the third he continues in his place, but does not speak; the fourth, lo, he is as every other man. R. Judah says, there is no need to say, the first week he does not go out of the door of his house, for behold, all come to his house, "to comfort him".''

And is was on the third day more particularly on which these consolatory visits were paid (l):

"on the first day he (the mourner) did not wear his phylacteries; on the second, he put them on; on the third day, others come to comfort him.''

This rule the Jews here seem to have observed, since Lazarus had been dead four days; and they were come from Jerusalem hither to comfort his sisters on account of his death. The whole of this ceremony is thus related by Maimonides (m),

"how do they comfort mourners? after they have buried the dead, the mourners gather together, and stand on the side of the grave; and all that accompany the dead stand round about them, one row within another: and there is no row less than ten; and the mourners are not of the number; the mourners stand on the left hand of the comforters; and all the comforters go to the mourners, one by one, and say to them, , "may ye be comforted from heaven": after that the mourner goes to his house, and every day of the seven days of mourning, men come to comfort him; whether new faces come, or do not, the mourner sits down at the head, (or in the chief place,) and no comforters may sit but upon the floor, as it is said, Job 2:13, "and they sat with him on the ground": nor may they say any thing until the mourner has opened his mouth first, as it is said, Job 2:13, "and none spake a word unto him": and it is written afterwards, Job 3:1, "so opened Job his mouth", &c. and Eliphaz answered, Job 4:1, and when he nods with his head, the comforters may not sit with him any longer, that they may not trouble him more than is necessary. If a man dies, and there are no mourners to be comforted, ten worthy men go and sit in his place all the seven days of mourning; and the rest of the people gather to them; and if there are not ten fixed every day, ten of the rest of the people gather together, and sit in his place:''

for this business of comforting mourners was reckoned an act of great piety and mercy (n); and these Jews here might come, not so much out of respect to the dead, or to his sisters, as because it was thought to be a meritorious act.

(g) Pirke Abot, c. 4. sect. 18. (h) Gloss in Cetubot, fol. 8. 2. & in Beracot, fol. 16. 2.((i) Gloss in T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 19. 1.((k) T. Bab. Moed Katon, fol. 23. 1.((l) Massech. Semachot, c. 6. fol. 14. 3.((m) Hilch. Ebel, c. 13. sect. 1, 2, 3, 4. (n) Maimon. in Misn. Peah, c. 1. sect. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19. many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary to comfort them—Thus were provided, in a most natural way, so many witnesses of the glorious miracle that was to follow, as to put the fact beyond possible question.

John 11:19 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus Comforts Martha and Mary
18Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off; 19and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother. 20Martha therefore, when she heard that Jesus was coming, went to meet Him, but Mary stayed at the house.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 31:13
Then they took their bones and buried them under a tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and they fasted seven days.

1 Chronicles 7:22
Their father Ephraim mourned for them many days, and his relatives came to comfort him.

1 Chronicles 10:12
all their valiant men went and took the bodies of Saul and his sons and brought them to Jabesh. Then they buried their bones under the great tree in Jabesh, and they fasted seven days.

Job 2:11
When Job's three friends, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite, heard about all the troubles that had come upon him, they set out from their homes and met together by agreement to go and sympathize with him and comfort him.

Luke 10:39
She had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord's feet listening to what he said.

Luke 10:42
but few things are needed--or indeed only one. Mary has chosen what is better, and it will not be taken away from her."

John 1:19
Now this was John's testimony when the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was.

John 11:1
Now a man named Lazarus was sick. He was from Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha.

John 11:8
"But Rabbi," they said, "a short while ago the Jews there tried to stone you, and yet you are going back?"

John 11:31
When the Jews who had been with Mary in the house, comforting her, noticed how quickly she got up and went out, they followed her, supposing she was going to the tomb to mourn there.

John 11:33
When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled.

John 11:36
Then the Jews said, "See how he loved him!"

John 11:45
Therefore many of the Jews who had come to visit Mary, and had seen what Jesus did, believed in him.
Treasury of Scripture

And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

to comfort.

Genesis 37:35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but …

2 Samuel 10:2 Then said David, I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, …

1 Chronicles 7:21,22 And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom …

Job 2:11 Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come …

Job 42:11 Then came there to him all his brothers, and all his sisters, and …

Ecclesiastes 7:2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house …

Isaiah 51:19 These two things are come to you; who shall be sorry for you? desolation, …

Jeremiah 16:5-7 For thus said the LORD, Enter not into the house of mourning, neither …

Lamentations 1:2,9,16,21 She weeps sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks: among …

Lamentations 2:13 What thing shall I take to witness for you? what thing shall I liken …

Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.

2 Corinthians 1:4 Who comforts us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort …

1 Thessalonians 4:18 Why comfort one another with these words.

1 Thessalonians 5:11 Why comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also you do.

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