1 Timothy 6:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share.

New Living Translation
Tell them to use their money to do good. They should be rich in good works and generous to those in need, always being ready to share with others.

English Standard Version
They are to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share,

New American Standard Bible
Instruct them to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share,

King James Bible
That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Instruct them to do what is good, to be rich in good works, to be generous, willing to share,

International Standard Version
They are to do good, to be rich in good actions, to be generous, and to share.

NET Bible
Tell them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, to be generous givers, sharing with others.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And that they should do good works, should be rich in good deeds, and should be ready to give and to share,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Tell them to do good, to do a lot of good things, to be generous, and to share.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but charge them to do good, that they be rich in good works, liberal to distribute, willing to communicate,

King James 2000 Bible
That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to share;

American King James Version
That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

American Standard Version
that they do good, that they be rich in good works, that they be ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Douay-Rheims Bible
To do good, to be rich in good works, to give easily, to communicate to others,

Darby Bible Translation
to do good, to be rich in good works, to be liberal in distributing, disposed to communicate [of their substance],

English Revised Version
that they do good, that they be rich in good works, that they be ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Webster's Bible Translation
That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Weymouth New Testament
They must be beneficent, rich in noble deeds, open-handed and liberal;

World English Bible
that they do good, that they be rich in good works, that they be ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Young's Literal Translation
to do good, to be rich in good works, to be ready to impart, willing to communicate,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:17-21 Being rich in this world is wholly different from being rich towards God. Nothing is more uncertain than worldly wealth. Those who are rich, must see that God gives them their riches; and he only can give to enjoy them richly; for many have riches, but enjoy them poorly, not having a heart to use them. What is the best estate worth, more than as it gives opportunity of doing the more good? Showing faith in Christ by fruits of love, let us lay hold on eternal life, when the self-indulgent, covetous, and ungodly around, lift up their eyes in torment. That learning which opposes the truth of the gospel, is not true science, or real knowledge, or it would approve the gospel, and consent to it. Those who advance reason above faith, are in danger of leaving faith. Grace includes all that is good, and grace is an earnest, a beginning of glory; wherever God gives grace, he will give glory.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 18. - That they be ready for ready, A.V. Do good (ἀγαθοεργεῖν; here only, for the more common ἀγαθοποιεῖν). That they be rich in good works (1 Timothy 5:10, note); not merely in the perishing riches of this present world - the same sentiment as Matthew 6:19-21; Luke 12:33 and 21. Ready to distribute (εὐμεταδότους); here only in the New Testament, and rarely in later classical Greek. The opposite, "dose-handed," is δυσμετάδοτος The verb μεταδίδωμι means "to give to others a share or portion of what one has" (Luke 3:11; Romans 1:11; Romans 12:8; Ephesians 4:28; 1 Thessalonians 2:8). Willing to communicate (κοινωνίκους); here only in the New Testament, but found in classical Greek in a slightly different sense. "Communicative" is the exact equivalent, though in this wider use it is obsolete. We have the same precept in Hebrews 13:16, "To do good and to communicate forget not." (For κοινωνεῖν in the sense of "giving," see Romans 12:13; Galatians 6:6; Philippians 4:15; and for κοινωνία in the same sense, see Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 9:13; Hebrews 13:16.)

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

That they do good,.... Rich men sometimes do much ill to themselves, to the hurt of their bodies, by luxury, intemperance, and debauchery, and to their souls, to the ruin of them; and to others by fraud, oppression, and violence; for it is in the power of their hands to do much evil, and also to do much good, as they should; and much is required of them, since much is given them to do good with, and for which they are accountable: it becomes them, and especially such as believe in Christ, to do every good work in general, and to do acts of beneficence in particular, both to all men, and to the household of faith.

That they be rich in good works; or abound in the performance of them, as Dorcas is said to be full of good works and alms deeds; and to reckon that their true riches lie more in the exercise of grace, and in the fruits of it, doing good works, than in their worldly enjoyments. The phrase seems to be Rabbinical. Frequent mention is made of , "rich in the law", and , "rich in the commandments" (t); and it is said (u), no man is poor but he that is without the law, and good works, for the riches of a man are the law, and good works.

Ready to distribute; unasked; and when they are asked, do not turn away, and put off, but give at once, and without grief, and with cheerfulness; want no arguments to press them to it, nor use any against it.

Willing to communicate; of their good things to the necessities of the poor, making them common to them, and them partakers of them. Some render the word "sociable", in opposition to that moroseness, stillness, and those haughty and forbidding airs, with which rich men are apt to treat the poor, when they should be affable and courteous to them, and admit them to a free conversation with them.

(t) Zohar in Numb. fol. 91. 3. Vajikra Rabba, sect. 34. fol. 173. 4. & Tzeror Hammaor, fol. 15. 2.((u) Raya Mehimna in Exod. fol 48. 3. Vid. T. Bab. Megilia, fol. 11. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

18. do good—like God Himself (Ps 119:68; Ac 14:17) and Christ (Ac 10:38). Tittmann translates, "to do," or "act well"; as the Greek for "to be beneficent" is a distinct word, agathopoiein.

rich in good works—so "rich in faith," which produces good works (Jas 2:5). Contrasted with "rich in this world," 1Ti 6:17. Literally, it is "rich in honorable (right) works." Greek, "kalois," "ergois," are works good or right in themselves: "agathois," good to another.

ready to distribute—free givers [Alford]; the heart not cleaving to possessions, but ready to impart to others.

willing to communicate—ready contributors [Alford]: liberal in admitting others to share our goods in common with ourselves (Ga 6:6; Heb 13:16).

1 Timothy 6:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Charge to the Rich
17Instruct those who are rich in this present world not to be conceited or to fix their hope on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who richly supplies us with all things to enjoy. 18Instruct them to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share, 19storing up for themselves the treasure of a good foundation for the future, so that they may take hold of that which is life indeed.
Cross References
Ecclesiastes 11:2
Invest in seven ventures, yes, in eight; you do not know what disaster may come upon the land.

Matthew 5:42
Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Luke 3:11
John answered, "Anyone who has two shirts should share with the one who has none, and anyone who has food should do the same."

Romans 12:8
if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully.

Ephesians 4:28
Anyone who has been stealing must steal no longer, but must work, doing something useful with their own hands, that they may have something to share with those in need.

1 Timothy 5:10
and is well known for her good deeds, such as bringing up children, showing hospitality, washing the feet of the Lord's people, helping those in trouble and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.
Treasury of Scripture

That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

they do.

2 Chronicles 24:16 And they buried him in the city of David among the kings, because …

Psalm 37:3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; so shall you dwell in the land, and …

Ecclesiastes 3:12 I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to rejoice, and …

Luke 6:33-35 And if you do good to them which do good to you, what thank have …

Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: …

Galatians 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good to all men, especially …

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices …

1 Peter 3:11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.

3 John 1:11 Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is good. He …

river.

1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, …

Luke 12:21 So is he that lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.

Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by …

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, …

Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that you affirm constantly…

James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, Has not God chosen the poor of this …

ready.

Deuteronomy 15:7-11 If there be among you a poor man of one of your brothers within any …

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures …

Proverbs 11:24,25 There is that scatters, and yet increases; and there is that withholds …

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days…

Isaiah 32:8 But the liberal devises liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.

Isaiah 58:7 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Luke 6:35 But love you your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing …

Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When you make a dinner or …

Acts 2:44,45 And all that believed were together, and had all things common…

Acts 4:34-37 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were …

Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined …

Romans 12:8,13 Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it …

1 Corinthians 16:2 On the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, …

2 Corinthians 8:1,2,9,12 Moreover, brothers, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed …

2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; …

Philippians 4:18,19 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus …

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices …

1 John 3:17 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, …

willing to communicate. or, sociable.

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