Philemon 1:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that any favor you do would not seem forced but would be voluntary.

New Living Translation
But I didn't want to do anything without your consent. I wanted you to help because you were willing, not because you were forced.

English Standard Version
but I preferred to do nothing without your consent in order that your goodness might not be by compulsion but of your own accord.

Berean Study Bible
But I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that your goodness will not be out of compulsion, but by your own free will.

Berean Literal Bible
But I wanted to do nothing apart from your consent, so that your good may be not as according to necessity, but according to willingness.

New American Standard Bible
but without your consent I did not want to do anything, so that your goodness would not be, in effect, by compulsion but of your own free will.

King James Bible
But without thy mind would I do nothing; that thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But I didn't want to do anything without your consent, so that your good deed might not be out of obligation, but of your own free will.

International Standard Version
Yet I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that your good deed might not be something forced, but voluntary.

NET Bible
However, without your consent I did not want to do anything, so that your good deed would not be out of compulsion, but from your own willingness.

New Heart English Bible
But I was willing to do nothing without your consent, that your goodness would not be as of necessity, but of free will.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But I did not want to do anything without your counsel, so that your benefit would not be by necessity, but by your will.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Yet, I didn't want to do anything without your consent. I want you to do this favor for me out of your own free will without feeling forced to do it.

New American Standard 1977
but without your consent I did not want to do anything, that your goodness should not be as it were by compulsion, but of your own free will.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but I did not want to do anything without thy counsel, that thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.

King James 2000 Bible
But without your consent would I do nothing; that your benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.

American King James Version
But without your mind would I do nothing; that your benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.

American Standard Version
but without thy mind I would do nothing; that thy goodness should not be as of necessity, but of free will.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But without thy counsel I would do nothing: that thy good deed might not be as it were of necessity, but voluntary.

Darby Bible Translation
but I have wished to do nothing without thy mind, that thy good might not be as of necessity but of willingness:

English Revised Version
but without thy mind I would do nothing; that thy goodness should not be as of necessity, but of free will.

Webster's Bible Translation
But without thy mind I would do nothing; that thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.

Weymouth New Testament
Only I wished to do nothing without your consent, so that his kind action of yours might not be done under pressure, but might be a voluntary one.

World English Bible
But I was willing to do nothing without your consent, that your goodness would not be as of necessity, but of free will.

Young's Literal Translation
and apart from thy mind I willed to do nothing, that as of necessity thy good deed may not be, but of willingness,
Study Bible
Paul's Appeal for Onesimus
13I would have liked to keep him with me, so that on your behalf he could minister to me in my chains for the gospel. 14But I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that your goodness will not be out of compulsion, but by your own free will. 15For perhaps this is why he was separated from you for a while, so that you might have him back for good—…
Cross References
2 Corinthians 9:7
Each one should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not out of regret or compulsion. For God loves a cheerful giver.

1 Peter 5:2
Be shepherds of God's flock that is among you, watching over them not out of compulsion, but because it is God's will; not out of greed, but out of eagerness;
Treasury of Scripture

But without your mind would I do nothing; that your benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.

without.

Philemon 1:8,9 Why, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin you that which …

2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of …

1 Peter 5:3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

thy benefit.

1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that you try the heart, and have pleasure in …

Psalm 110:3 Your people shall be willing in the day of your power, in the beauties …

1 Corinthians 9:7,17 Who goes a warfare any time at his own charges? who plants a vineyard, …

2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to …

2 Corinthians 9:5,7 Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brothers, that they …

1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, …

(14) That thy benefit should not be . . .--The benefit derived from the service of Onesimus St. Paul acknowledges as coming from Philemon, because given with his consent. He will not keep Onesimus and ask that consent by letter, lest it should be "as it were of necessity:" i.e., lest it should wear even the semblance of constraint.

Verse 14. - But without thy mind I would do nothing. The "would" of Ver. 13 is ἐβουλόμην; the "would" here is ἠθέλησα. The former denoted natural but indeterminate impulse; the latter deliberate conclusion of the will (cf. Romans 7:15, 16). Mind; i.e. knowledge and decision. "Why was he unwilling? For many causes.

(1) Because grave penalties were denounced by Roman law upon those who received or retained fugitive slaves.

(2) That he might not seem to keep back something which was due to Philemon, perhaps to his injury; of which, perhaps, Philemon might have complained.

(3) Because Onesimus himself chose to go back, in order that he might show conclusively that he had net embraced the Christian religion that he might withdraw himself from the power of his lawful lord.

(4) That the gospel might not be by this means slandered, as if under the pretext of it slaves might withdraw themselves with impunity from their lords" (Estius and others). Thy benefit - goodness (Revised Version) - as it were of necessity, but willingly. Philemon would not really have had the choice of granting or refusing given to him, had St. Paul kept Onesimus still at Rome, and merely written to inform him of the fact. His consent might then fairly have been said to be extorted, not freely given. This latter word is an ἅπαξ λεγόμενον (unique phrase) so far as the New Testament is concerned, though it is found in Numbers 15:3 of the LXX., as in Xenophon and other classical writers. In Hebrews 10:26 and 1 Peter 5:2 the adverb ἑκουσίως is found. But without thy mind would I do nothing,.... Which shows great modesty and humility in the apostle, that though as such he had an authority, which he could have used, as well as had understanding and judgment how to have used it without consulting Philemon, or having his sense of this affair, yet chose to consult him: and it also shows the strict regard the apostle had to equity and justice, that he would do nothing with another man's servant without his consent; he would not seem to alienate, or engross another man's right and property, whatever power he might have, as an apostle, to have retained Onesimus as a minister to him,

That thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly; that is, that his goodness in forgiving his servant, and renouncing all claim and property in him, and admitting him to continue in the service of the apostle, might not look like a forced thing; but that it might appear to be a voluntary action, when he should of himself return him, after he had been thus sent to him, and received by him. 14. without thy mind—that is, consent.

should not be as—"should not appear as a matter of necessity, but of free will." Had Paul kept Onesimus, however willing to gratify Paul Philemon might be, he would have no opportunity given him of showing he was so, his leave not having been asked.1:8-14 It does not lower any one to condescend, and sometimes even to beseech, where, in strictness of right, we might command: the apostle argues from love, rather than authority, in behalf of one converted through his means; and this was Onesimus. In allusion to that name, which signifies profitable, the apostle allows that in time past he had been unprofitable to Philemon, but hastens to mention the change by which he had become profitable. Unholy persons are unprofitable; they answer not the great end of their being. But what happy changes conversion makes! of evil, good; of unprofitable, useful. Religious servants are treasures in a family. Such will make conscience of their time and trusts, and manage all they can for the best. No prospect of usefulness should lead any to neglect their obligations, or to fail in obedience to superiors. One great evidence of true repentance consists in returning to practise the duties which have been neglected. In his unconverted state, Onesimus had withdrawn, to his master's injury; but now he had seen his sin and repented, he was willing and desirous to return to his duty. Little do men know for what purposes the Lord leaves some to change their situations, or engage in undertakings, perhaps from evil motives. Had not the Lord overruled some of our ungodly projects, we may reflect upon cases, in which our destruction must have been sure.
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Alphabetical: and any anything be But by compulsion consent did do effect favor forced free goodness I in not of own so spontaneous that to want will without would you your

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