Romans 12:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully.

New Living Translation
If your gift is to encourage others, be encouraging. If it is giving, give generously. If God has given you leadership ability, take the responsibility seriously. And if you have a gift for showing kindness to others, do it gladly.

English Standard Version
the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.

New American Standard Bible
or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

King James Bible
Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
if exhorting, in exhortation; giving, with generosity; leading, with diligence; showing mercy, with cheerfulness.

International Standard Version
If it is encouraging, devote yourself to encouraging others. If it is sharing, share generously. If it is leading, lead enthusiastically. If it is helping, help cheerfully.

NET Bible
if it is exhortation, he must exhort; if it is contributing, he must do so with sincerity; if it is leadership, he must do so with diligence; if it is showing mercy, he must do so with cheerfulness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
One has that of a comforter, which is in his comforting, and a giver in generosity, and a top leader with diligence, and that of caregiver with cheerfulness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If it is encouraging others, devote yourself to giving encouragement. If it is sharing, be generous. If it is leadership, lead enthusiastically. If it is helping people in need, help them cheerfully.

Jubilee Bible 2000
he that exhorts, in exhortation; he that gives, let him do it in simplicity; he that presides, in earnest care; he that shows mercy, in cheerfulness.

King James 2000 Bible
Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it in simplicity; he that rules, with diligence; he that shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

American King James Version
Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it with simplicity; he that rules, with diligence; he that shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

American Standard Version
or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, let him do it with liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Darby Bible Translation
or he that exhorts, in exhortation; he that gives, in simplicity; he that leads, with diligence; he that shews mercy, with cheerfulness.

English Revised Version
or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, let him do it with liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Weymouth New Testament
The teacher must do the same in his teaching; and he who exhorts others, in his exhortation. He who gives should be liberal; he who is in authority should be energetic and alert; and he who succours the afflicted should do it cheerfully.

World English Bible
or he who exhorts, to his exhorting: he who gives, let him do it with liberality; he who rules, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

Young's Literal Translation
or he who is exhorting -- 'In the exhortation!' he who is sharing -- 'In simplicity!' he who is leading -- 'In diligence?' he who is doing kindness -- 'In cheerfulness.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:3-8 Pride is a sin in us by nature; we need to be cautioned and armed against it. All the saints make up one body in Christ, who is the Head of the body, and the common Centre of their unity. In the spiritual body, some are fitted for and called to one sort of work; others for another sort of work. We are to do all the good we can, one to another, and for the common benefit. If we duly thought about the powers we have, and how far we fail properly to improve them, it would humble us. But as we must not be proud of our talents, so we must take heed lest, under a pretence of humility and self-denial, we are slothful in laying out ourselves for the good of others. We must not say, I am nothing, therefore I will sit still, and do nothing; but, I am nothing in myself, and therefore I will lay out myself to the utmost, in the strength of the grace of Christ. Whatever our gifts or situations may be, let us try to employ ourselves humbly, diligently, cheerfully, and in simplicity; not seeking our own credit or profit, but the good of many, for this world and that which is to come.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation,.... This is the other branch of prophesying or preaching, and which is more practical, and lies in giving a word of exhortation to the saints, as their particular cases call for; for as prophets were teachers, Acts 13:1; so also exhorters, Acts 15:32; and one considerable branch of the ministry, and which is more principally the pastor's work, as well as to teach, is to exhort all sorts of persons, young and old, rich and poor, high and low, bond and free, under his care, with all longsuffering and doctrine. The words will bear to be read, "he that comforteth, on consolation"; and so the Syriac version renders them, , "and another who is a comforter, in his consolation". Though all the ministers of the Gospel are to speak comfortably to the saints, by preaching the doctrines of free justification by Christ's righteousness, and remission of sins by his blood, by bringing the good news of salvation by him, and by opening the exceeding great and precious promises of the Gospel; yet some have a greater talent this way than others; some are "Boanergeses", sons of thunder, Mark 3:17, and others "Barnabases", sons of consolation, Acts 4:36; and each should attend to that with all diligence and humility, he is best qualified for.

He that giveth, let him do it with simplicity. Here begins the subdivision of the deacon's office into its several branches, "giving", "ruling", and "showing mercy": by "giving" is meant, not giving of his own, or performing: acts of charity, which is common to all the members of the church, who ought liberally to contribute to the relief of the poor; but imparting or distributing the church's money to proper objects, which is to be done "with simplicity"; with all faithfulness and integrity, without fraud or embezzling the church's stock, with impartiality, and without respect of persons, and liberally and bountifully, as the word here used signifies; see 2 Corinthians 8:2;

he that ruleth, with diligence; deacons are the "helps, governments", mentioned in 1 Corinthians 12:28, who are assisting to the pastor in the government of the church; their business is, to observe the conversations of the members of the church, and to warn them that are unruly and walk disorderly, to compose differences, and prepare matters to lay before the church; a deacon is "one that goes before"; and leads on others by way of example in his conduct and conversation; or as the Syriac renders it, , "that stands at the head" of affairs in the church; in the management of which he ought to use all study, thoughtfulness, care and diligence:

he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness; which is not to be understood of showing compassion to miserable objects in common, or of giving alms to necessitous persons, and which ought to be done according to the Jewish (l) canons, , "with a cheerful countenance"; and is what is highly pleasing to God, who "loves a cheerful giver": but of a branch of the deacon's office, whose work, among other things, is to visit the sick and distressed, and communicate to them as their wants require; all which should be done, not in a morose and frowning manner, but with a pleasant look and cheerful countenance, which makes the visit and the gift more welcome, acceptable, and useful.

(l) Maimon. Hilch. Mattanot Anayim, c. 10. sect. 4. 13.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. Or he that exhorteth—Since all preaching, whether by apostles, prophets, or teachers, was followed up by exhortation (Ac 11:23; 14:22; 15:32, &c.), many think that no specific class is here in view. But if liberty was given to others to exercise themselves occasionally in exhorting the brethren, generally, or small parties of the less instructed, the reference may be to them.

he that giveth—in the exercise of private benevolence probably, rather than in the discharge of diaconal duty.

with simplicity—so the word probably means. But as simplicity seems enjoined in the next clause but one of this same verse, perhaps the meaning here is, "with liberality," as the same word is rendered in 2Co 8:2; 9:11.

he that ruleth—whether in the Church or his own household. See 1Ti 3:4, 5, where the same word is applied to both.

with diligence—with earnest purpose.

he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness—not only without grudging either trouble or pecuniary relief, but feeling it to be "more blessed to give than to receive," and to help than be helped.

Romans 12:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
Living Sacrifices
7if service, in his serving; or he who teaches, in his teaching; 8or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.
Cross References
Acts 4:36
Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (which means "son of encouragement"),

Acts 11:23
When he arrived and saw what the grace of God had done, he was glad and encouraged them all to remain true to the Lord with all their hearts.

Acts 13:15
After the reading from the Law and the Prophets, the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them, saying, "Brothers, if you have a word of exhortation for the people, please speak."

1 Corinthians 12:28
And God has placed in the church first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, of helping, of guidance, and of different kinds of tongues.

2 Corinthians 8:2
In the midst of a very severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.

2 Corinthians 9:7
Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.

2 Corinthians 9:11
You will be enriched in every way so that you can be generous on every occasion, and through us your generosity will result in thanksgiving to God.

2 Corinthians 9:13
Because of the service by which you have proved yourselves, others will praise God for the obedience that accompanies your confession of the gospel of Christ, and for your generosity in sharing with them and with everyone else.

1 Timothy 5:17
The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching.

1 Timothy 6:18
Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share.
Treasury of Scripture

Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it with simplicity; he that rules, with diligence; he that shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

exhorteth.

Acts 13:15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the …

Acts 15:32 And Judas and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the …

Acts 20:2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, …

1 Corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesies speaks to men to edification, and exhortation, …

1 Thessalonians 2:3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

Hebrews 10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner …

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brothers, suffer the word of exhortation: for …

giveth. or, imparteth.

Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.

Deuteronomy 15:8-11,14 But you shall open your hand wide to him, and shall surely lend him …

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures …

Proverbs 22:9 He that has a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he gives of his …

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days…

Isaiah 32:5,8 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said …

Isaiah 58:7-11 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Matthew 6:2-4 Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, …

Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch …

Luke 21:1-4 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury…

Acts 2:44-46 And all that believed were together, and had all things common…

Acts 4:33-35 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection …

Acts 11:28-30 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the …

2 Corinthians 8:1-9,12 Moreover, brothers, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed …

1 Thessalonians 2:8 So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have …

1 Peter 4:9-11 Use hospitality one to another without grudging…

with simplicity. or, liberally.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

2 Corinthians 8:2 How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy …

2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through …

Ephesians 6:5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to …

Colossians 3:22 Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh; …

ruleth.

Romans 13:6 For for this cause pay you tribute also: for they are God's ministers, …

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household …

Psalm 101:1-8 I will sing of mercy and judgment: to you, O LORD, will I sing…

Acts 13:12 Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished …

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the …

1 Corinthians 12:28 And God has set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, …

1 Thessalonians 5:12-14 And we beseech you, brothers, to know them which labor among you, …

1 Timothy 3:4,5 One that rules well his own house, having his children in subjection …

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, …

Hebrews 13:7,17,24 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken to you …

1 Peter 5:2,3 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, …

with diligence.

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might; for there …

shewth.

Deuteronomy 16:11,14,15 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, …

Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, …

Isaiah 64:5 You meet him that rejoices and works righteousness, those that remember …

2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposes in his heart, so let him give; …

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Alphabetical: cheerfully cheerfulness contributing diligence diligently do encourage encouraging exhortation exhorts generously give gives govern he him his if in is it leadership leads let liberality mercy needs of or others showing shows the to who with

NT Letters: Romans 12:8 Or he who exhorts to his exhorting: (Rom. Ro) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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