2 Corinthians 8:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
In the midst of a very severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.

New Living Translation
They are being tested by many troubles, and they are very poor. But they are also filled with abundant joy, which has overflowed in rich generosity.

English Standard Version
for in a severe test of affliction, their abundance of joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of generosity on their part.

New American Standard Bible
that in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the wealth of their liberality.

King James Bible
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
During a severe testing by affliction, their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed into the wealth of their generosity.

International Standard Version
In spite of their terrible ordeal of suffering, their abundant joy and deep poverty have led them to be abundantly generous.

NET Bible
that during a severe ordeal of suffering, their abundant joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in the wealth of their generosity.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For in the many trials of their afflictions there was an abundance to their joy, and the depth of their poverty was made to superabound in the wealth of their generosity.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While they were being severely tested by suffering, their overflowing joy, along with their extreme poverty, has made them even more generous.

Jubilee Bible 2000
how that in a great trial of tribulation the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

King James 2000 Bible
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

American King James Version
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

American Standard Version
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That in much experience of tribulation, they have had abundance of joy; and their very deep poverty hath abounded unto the riches of their simplicity.

Darby Bible Translation
that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty has abounded to the riches of their [free-hearted] liberality.

English Revised Version
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

Webster's Bible Translation
That in a great trial of affliction, the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, abounded to the riches of their liberality.

Weymouth New Testament
how, while passing through great trouble, their boundless joy even amid their deep poverty has overflowed to increase their generous liberality.

World English Bible
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

Young's Literal Translation
because in much trial of tribulation the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, did abound to the riches of their liberality;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

8:1-6 The grace of God must be owned as the root and fountain of all the good in us, or done by us, at any time. It is great grace and favour from God, if we are made useful to others, and forward to any good work. He commends the charity of the Macedonians. So far from needing that Paul should urge them, they prayed him to receive the gift. Whatever we use or lay out for God, it is only giving him what is his own. All we give for charitable uses, will not be accepted of God, nor turn to our advantage, unless we first give ourselves to the Lord. By ascribing all really good works to the grace of God, we not only give the glory to him whose due it is, but also show men where their strength is. Abundant spiritual joy enlarges men's hearts in the work and labour of love. How different this from the conduct of those who will not join in any good work, unless urged into it!

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - In a great trial of affliction; rather, in much testing of affliction; i.e. in an affliction which put to the proof their Christian character. "They were not simply afflicted," says St. Chrysostom, "but in such a way as also to become approved by their endurance." (For the word rendered "trial," see Romans 5:4, and in this Epistle, 2 Corinthians 2:9; 2 Corinthians 9:13; 2 Corinthians 13:3.) "Affliction" seems to have befallen the Churches of Macedonia very heavily (1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:14), chiefly through the jealousy of the Jews, who excited the hatred of the Gentiles (Acts 16:20; Acts 17:5, 13). The abundance of their joy. Another reference to joy in sadness (see on 2 Corinthians 7:4). There is not the least necessity to understand the verb "is" or "was" after this clause. "The abundance... abounded" is indeed a pleonasm, but is not at all unlike the style of St. Paul. He means to say that their joy overflowed their affliction, and their liberality overflowed their poverty (Mark 12:44). Their deep poverty; literally, their pauperism to the depth; their abysmal penury. Though they were βαθύπτωχοι, they showed themselves in generosity to be βαθυπλουτοι. Stanley refers to Arnold's 'Roman Commonwealth,' where he mentions that the provinces of Macedonia and Achaia, which had suffered greatly in the three civil wars, appealed successfully to Tiberius for a diminution of their burdens. The gift of the Macedonians was like the widow's mite (Luke 21:3, 4, where similar words occur - perisseuo, husterema). Of their liberality; rather, of their singleness of purpose or simplicity (Ephesians 6:5). The "grace" and single-heartedness to which he alludes showed themselves in liberality.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

How that in a great trial of affliction,.... The apostle proceeds to show the condition these churches were in when, and the manner in which, they contributed to the relief of others. They were in affliction: they received the Gospel at first in much affliction, as did the church at Thessalonica, which was one of them; and afterwards suffered much from their countrymen for the profession of it, by reproaches, persecutions, imprisonments, confiscation of goods, &c. They were under trying afflictions, which tried their faith and patience, and in many of them. Now for persons in prosperity, when all things go well with them, to be liberal is no such great matter; but for persons in adversity, under trying dispensations of Providence, amidst many afflictive ones to communicate generously to the relief of others, is something very remarkable, and worthy of notice and imitation, which was the case of these churches: for notwithstanding this,

the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, abounded unto the riches of their liberality; so that it appears likewise that they were not only in great afflictions, but in deep poverty; had but an handful of meal in the barrel, and a little oil in the cruse, their purses almost empty, and their coffers almost exhausted; they had gotten to the bottom of their substance, had but very little left; and yet freely gave, with joy, even with an abundance of it. The allusion seems to be to the words of David, in 1 Chronicles 22:14 now behold, which the Septuagint render by , "according to my poverty, I have prepared for the house of the Lord an hundred thousand talents of gold", &c. for by "the abundance of their joy", is not so much meant the joy they felt in the midst of their afflictions, so that they could glory in them, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God, as the cheerfulness of their spirits in contributing to the necessities of others; glad at heart they were that they had hearts to do good, and an opportunity of doing it; which they gladly laid hold on, observing the divine rule, "he that sheweth mercy", let him do it "with cheerfulness": and this they did, considering the small pittance they were possessed of, very largely; for though their poverty was deep, and their purses low, their hearts were large and full, and their hands ready to communicate; so that their poverty "abounded to the riches of their liberality": though their poverty was great, their liberality was rich and large; though it might be but little they gave in quantity, it was much in quality, much in liberality; like the poor widow, who, of her want and penury, cast in more than all the rich besides, not in quantity, but in liberality; they only giving some, and a disproportionate part, she her all.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. trial of affliction—The Greek expresses, "in affliction (or, 'tribulation') which tested them"; literally, "in a great testing of affliction."

abundance of their joy—The greater was the depth of their poverty, the greater was the abundance of their joy. A delightful contrast in terms, and triumph, in fact, of spirit over flesh.

their deep poverty—Greek, "their poverty down to the death of it."

abounded unto the riches of their liberality—another beautiful contrast in terms: their poverty had the effect, not of producing stinted gifts, but of "abounding in the riches of liberality" (not as Margin, "simplicity"; though the idea of singleness of motive to God's glory and man's good, probably enters into the idea); (compare Ro 12:8, and Margin; 2Co 9:11, Margin; see on [2316]2Co 9:13; Jas 1:5).

2 Corinthians 8:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Generosity Commended
1Now, brethren, we wish to make known to you the grace of God which has been given in the churches of Macedonia, 2that in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the wealth of their liberality. 3For I testify that according to their ability, and beyond their ability, they gave of their own accord,…
Cross References
Matthew 20:15
Don't I have the right to do what I want with my own money? Or are you envious because I am generous?'

Romans 2:4
Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God's kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?

Romans 12:8
if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully.

2 Corinthians 2:9
Another reason I wrote you was to see if you would stand the test and be obedient in everything.
Treasury of Scripture

How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

in.

1 Thessalonians 1:6 And you became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received …

1 Thessalonians 2:14 For you, brothers, became followers of the churches of God which …

1 Thessalonians 3:3,4 That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves …

the abundance.

Nehemiah 8:10-12 Then he said to them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, …

Acts 2:45,46 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, …

their deep.

Mark 12:42-44 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, …

Luke 21:1-4 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury…

James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, Has not God chosen the poor of this …

Revelation 2:9 I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) …

the riches.

2 Corinthians 6:10 As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; …

2 Corinthians 9:11,13 Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causes …

Deuteronomy 15:4 Save when there shall be no poor among you…

Proverbs 11:25 The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that waters shall be watered …

Isaiah 32:5-8 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said …

liberality. Gr. simplicity.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it …

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Alphabetical: a abundance affliction and deep extreme generosity great in joy liberality most of ordeal Out overflowed overflowing poverty rich severe that the their trial up wealth welled

NT Letters: 2 Corinthians 8:2 How that in much proof of affliction (2 Cor. 2C iiC 2Cor ii cor iicor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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