Romans 5:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
perseverance, character; and character, hope.

New Living Translation
And endurance develops strength of character, and character strengthens our confident hope of salvation.

English Standard Version
and endurance produces character, and character produces hope,

New American Standard Bible
and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope;

King James Bible
And patience, experience; and experience, hope:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
endurance produces proven character, and proven character produces hope.

International Standard Version
endurance produces character, and character produces hope.

NET Bible
and endurance, character, and character, hope.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And patience, experience and experience, hope,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
endurance creates character, and character creates confidence.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and patience, experience; and experience, hope;

King James 2000 Bible
And patience, experience; and experience, hope:

American King James Version
And patience, experience; and experience, hope:

American Standard Version
and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And patience trial; and trial hope;

Darby Bible Translation
and endurance, experience; and experience, hope;

English Revised Version
and patience, probation; and probation, hope:

Webster's Bible Translation
And patience, experience; and experience, hope:

Weymouth New Testament
fortitude, ripeness of character; and ripeness of character, hope;

World English Bible
and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope:

Young's Literal Translation
and the endurance, experience; and the experience, hope;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:1-5 A blessed change takes place in the sinner's state, when he becomes a true believer, whatever he has been. Being justified by faith he has peace with God. The holy, righteous God, cannot be at peace with a sinner, while under the guilt of sin. Justification takes away the guilt, and so makes way for peace. This is through our Lord Jesus Christ; through him as the great Peace-maker, the Mediator between God and man. The saints' happy state is a state of grace. Into this grace we are brought, which teaches that we were not born in this state. We could not have got into it of ourselves, but we are led into it, as pardoned offenders. Therein we stand, a posture that denotes perseverance; we stand firm and safe, upheld by the power of the enemy. And those who have hope for the glory of God hereafter, have enough to rejoice in now. Tribulation worketh patience, not in and of itself, but the powerful grace of God working in and with the tribulation. Patient sufferers have most of the Divine consolations, which abound as afflictions abound. It works needful experience of ourselves. This hope will not disappoint, because it is sealed with the Holy Spirit as a Spirit of love. It is the gracious work of the blessed Spirit to shed abroad the love of God in the hearts of all the saints. A right sense of God's love to us, will make us not ashamed, either of our hope, or of our sufferings for him.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And patience experience,.... As tribulations tend to exercise and increase patience, so patience being exercised and increased, enlarges the saints' stock and fund of experience; of the love and grace of God communicated to them at such seasons; of his faithfulness in fulfilling his promises; of his power in supporting them; and of their own frailty and weakness; and so are taught humility, thankfulness, and resignation to the will of God:

and experience, hope; hope is a gift of God's grace, and is implanted in regeneration, but abounds, increases, and becomes more strong and lively by experience of the love, grace, mercy, power, and faithfulness of God.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. patience worketh experience—rather, "proof," as the same word is rendered in 2Co 2:9; 13:3; Php 2:22; that is, experimental evidence that we have "believed through grace."

and experience—"proof."

hope—"of the glory of God," as prepared for us. Thus have we hope in two distinct ways, and at two successive stages of the Christian life: first, immediately on believing, along with the sense of peace and abiding access to God (Ro 5:1); next, after the reality of this faith has been "proved," particularly by the patient endurance of trials sent to test it. We first get it by looking away from ourselves to the Lamb of God; next by looking into or upon ourselves as transformed by that "looking unto Jesus." In the one case, the mind acts (as they say) objectively; in the other, subjectively. The one is (as divines say) the assurance of faith; the other, the assurance of sense.

Romans 5:4 Additional Commentaries
Faith Brings Peace and Joy
3And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; 4and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; 5and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.
Cross References
Luke 21:19
Stand firm, and you will win life.

Philippians 2:22
But you know that Timothy has proved himself, because as a son with his father he has served with me in the work of the gospel.

Hebrews 6:19
We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain,

James 1:12
Blessed is the one who perseveres under trial because, having stood the test, that person will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.
Treasury of Scripture

And patience, experience; and experience, hope:


Romans 15:4 For whatever things were written aforetime were written for our learning…

2 Corinthians 1:4-6 Who comforts us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort …

2 Corinthians 4:8-12 We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, …

2 Corinthians 6:9,10 As unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as …

James 1:12 Blessed is the man that endures temptation: for when he is tried, …

1 Peter 1:6,7 Wherein you greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, …

1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who has called us to his eternal glory …

and experience.

Joshua 10:24,25 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings to Joshua, …

1 Samuel 17:34-37 And David said to Saul, Your servant kept his father's sheep, and …

Psalm 27:2,3 When the wicked, even my enemies and my foes, came on me to eat up …

Psalm 42:4,5 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had …

Psalm 71:14,18-24 But I will hope continually, and will yet praise you more and more…

2 Corinthians 4:8-10 We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, …

2 Timothy 4:16-18 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: …

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