Romans 2:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God's kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?

New Living Translation
Don't you see how wonderfully kind, tolerant, and patient God is with you? Does this mean nothing to you? Can't you see that his kindness is intended to turn you from your sin?

English Standard Version
Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?

Berean Study Bible
Or do you disregard the riches of His kindness, tolerance, and patience, not realizing that God's kindness leads you to repentance?

Berean Literal Bible
Or do you despise the riches of His kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

New American Standard Bible
Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

King James Bible
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Or do you despise the riches of His kindness, restraint, and patience, not recognizing that God's kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?

International Standard Version
Or are you unaware of his rich kindness, forbearance, and patience, that it is God's kindness that is leading you to repent?

NET Bible
Or do you have contempt for the wealth of his kindness, forbearance, and patience, and yet do not know that God's kindness leads you to repentance?

New Heart English Bible
Or do you despise the riches of his goodness, forbearance, and patience, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or do you presume upon the wealth of his sweetness and upon his patience and upon the place that he gave to you, and do not know that the sweetness of God brings conversion to you?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Do you have contempt for God, who is very kind to you, puts up with you, and deals patiently with you? Don't you realize that it is God's kindness that is trying to lead you to him and change the way you think and act?

New American Standard 1977
Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Or dost thou despise the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering, ignoring that the goodness of God leads thee to repentance?

King James 2000 Bible
Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

American King James Version
Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

American Standard Version
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and patience, and longsuffering? Knowest thou not, that the benignity of God leadeth thee to penance?

Darby Bible Translation
or despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads thee to repentance?

English Revised Version
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

Webster's Bible Translation
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

Weymouth New Testament
Or is it that you think slightingly of His infinite goodness, forbearance and patience, unaware that the goodness of God is gently drawing you to repentance?

World English Bible
Or do you despise the riches of his goodness, forbearance, and patience, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

Young's Literal Translation
or the riches of His goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering, dost thou despise? -- not knowing that the goodness of God doth lead thee to reformation!
Study Bible
God's Righteous Judgment
3So when you, O man, pass judgment on others, yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? 4Or do you disregard the riches of His kindness, tolerance, and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness leads you to repentance? 5But because of your hard and unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of wrath, when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed.…
Cross References
Exodus 34:6
Then the LORD passed by in front of him and proclaimed, "The LORD, the LORD God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth;

Psalm 31:19
How great is Your goodness, Which You have stored up for those who fear You, Which You have wrought for those who take refuge in You, Before the sons of men!

Ecclesiastes 8:11
Because the sentence against an evil deed is not executed quickly, therefore the hearts of the sons of men among them are given fully to do evil.

Ezekiel 11:19
"And I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will take the heart of stone out of their flesh and give them a heart of flesh,

Romans 9:22
What if God, intending to show His wrath and make His power known, bore with great patience the vessels of His wrath, prepared for destruction?

Romans 9:23
What if He did this to make the riches of His glory known to the vessels of His mercy, whom He prepared in advance for glory--

2 Corinthians 8:2
In the terrible ordeal they suffered, their abundant joy and deep poverty overflowed into rich generosity.

Ephesians 1:7
In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace,

Ephesians 1:18
I ask that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you may know the hope of His calling, the riches of His glorious inheritance in the saints,

Ephesians 2:7
in order that in the coming ages He might display the surpassing riches of His grace, demonstrated by His kindness to us in Christ Jesus.
Treasury of Scripture

Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

despisest.

Romans 6:1,15 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound…

Psalm 10:11 He has said in his heart, God has forgotten: he hides his face; he …

Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore …

Jeremiah 7:10 And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my …

Ezekiel 12:22,23 Son of man, what is that proverb that you have in the land of Israel, …

Matthew 24:48,49 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delays …

2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, …

riches.

Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels …

Romans 10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the …

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! …

Psalm 86:5 For you, Lord, are good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy …

Psalm 104:24 O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them …

Ephesians 1:7,18 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of …

Ephesians 2:4,7 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us…

Ephesians 3:8,16 To me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given…

Philippians 4:19 But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in …

Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of …

Colossians 2:2 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, …

1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, …

Titus 3:4-6 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared…

forbearance.

Romans 3:25 Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood…

Romans 9:22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known…

Exodus 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The …

Numbers 14:18 The LORD is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity …

Psalm 78:38 But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed …

Psalm 86:15 But you, O Lord, are a God full of compassion, and gracious, long …

Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious to you, …

Isaiah 63:7-10 I will mention the loving kindnesses of the LORD, and the praises …

Jonah 4:2 And he prayed to the LORD, and said, I pray you, O LORD, was not …

1 Timothy 1:16 However, for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus …

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of …

goodness.

Job 33:27-30 He looks on men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that …

Psalm 130:3,4 If you, LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand…

Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious to you, …

Jeremiah 3:12,13,22,23 Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, you …

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth …

Hosea 3:5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD …

Luke 15:17-19 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of …

Luke 19:5-8 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and …

2 Peter 3:9,15 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; …

Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, …

(4, 5) Another alternative is put forward, which has less to do with the distinction of Jew and Gentile, and in which the Apostle keeps more closely to the general form that his argument has assumed: "Or do you think to take refuge in the goodness, the benevolence and long-suffering of God?" True it is that He is good, and "willeth not the death of a sinner," but His goodness is not absolute and unconditional. Its object is not to interfere with the just punishment of sin, but to lead men to repent of their sins, and so to obtain remission.

(4) Riches.--In this metaphorical sense, with reference to the divine attributes, this word is peculiar to and characteristic of St. Paul. It is thus used twelve times in his Epistles, and not besides in the rest of the New Testament, including the Epistle to the Hebrews. This is one of those instances where the evidence of style is important. Of the twelve places where this use occurs, eight are in the Epistles of the Imprisonment, three in the Epistle to the Romans, and one in the Second Epistle to the Corinthians. The later and earlier Epistles are thus linked together. A similar use is not found in the Pastoral Epistles, but it should be remembered that arguments of this kind are more important on the positive side than on the negative. It is an inference of some strength that if a peculiar word or usage is found in two separate books, those books are by the same author, but the absence of such a word or usage goes a very short way towards the opposite negative conclusion if other resemblances on characteristic points are not wanting.

Forbearance and longsuffering.--We may compare with this the Sinaitic revelation given in Exodus 34:6-7, "The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering." The moral character and relation to His people thus attributed to the Deity was a feature which specially distinguished the religion of the Old Testament from that of the surrounding heathen nations.

We may observe that the fallacy against which the Apostle is protesting in these verses is not yet extinct. The goodness of God--i.e., His disposition to promote the happiness of His creatures--is insisted upon as if it were unconditional, as if it were a disposition to promote their happiness simply and without any reference to what they were in themselves. We do not find that this is the case; but rather the constitution of nature, as well as revelation, tells us that happiness is annexed to certain acts and a certain frame of mind, and that it is withheld from all that is not consonant with this. The bliss of the Christian is reserved for the Christian, and is not showered promiscuously upon all men. Otherwise free-will would have no office, and righteous dealing no reward.

Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness,.... The apostle anticipates an objection against what he had said, taken from the prosperity of these persons; who might conclude from thence, that they were not so wicked as he had represented them; and that they should escape the judgment of God, otherwise they would have been punished by God in this life, and not have prospered as they did; which objection is removed by observing, that it was not their innocence, but "the riches of" divine "goodness, and longsuffering and forbearance", which were the causes of their prosperity: by "the riches of God's goodness", are not meant the riches of his special, spiritual, and eternal goodness, which his own people are only partakers of: but the general riches of his temporal and providential goodness, which the men of the world have commonly the greatest share of; they have it in great plenty, which is signified by "riches": and by his "longsuffering and forbearance" are designed, not his forbearance of his chosen ones and his longsuffering to them, which issue in their salvation; but his forbearance of sinners, and longsuffering towards them, in not as yet pouring down his wrath and displeasure on them; all which are "despised" by them; the riches of his goodness, when he is not glorified for his providential mercies, and in them, and when these are abused to the lusts of men. The

forbearance of God is despised, when men on account of it harden themselves in sin; and his

longsuffering, when they deny his concern in Providence, or a future judgment, and promise themselves impunity. Moreover, the apostle obviates the above objection by asserting that God's end in his goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, was not to testify to their innocence, as they imagined, but to lead them to repentance, of which they were ignorant;

not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance. This is to be understood not of a spiritual and evangelical repentance, which is a free grace gift, and which none but the Spirit of God can lead, or bring persons to; but of a natural and legal repentance, which lies in an external sorrow for sin, and in an outward cessation from it, and reformation of life and manners, which the goodness of God to the Jews should have led them to; who had a large share of the good things of life, a land flowing with milk and honey, and many outward privileges which other nations had not, as the giving of the law, the covenant and promises, the word and ordinances; and repentance here chiefly designs, as it may respect the Gentiles, a change of mind and practice in them relating to idolatry and superstition Now the providential goodness of God has a tendency to lead persons to repentance on this account; but of this end of divine goodness the Gentiles were ignorant; nor was this end answered thereby; which shows the wretched depravity of human nature; see Acts 14:15. 4. the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance—that is, is designed and adapted to do so.2:1-16 The Jews thought themselves a holy people, entitled to their privileges by right, while they were unthankful, rebellious, and unrighteous. But all who act thus, of every nation, age, and description, must be reminded that the judgment of God will be according to their real character. The case is so plain, that we may appeal to the sinner's own thoughts. In every wilful sin, there is contempt of the goodness of God. And though the branches of man's disobedience are very various, all spring from the same root. But in true repentance, there must be hatred of former sinfulness, from a change wrought in the state of the mind, which disposes it to choose the good and to refuse the evil. It shows also a sense of inward wretchedness. Such is the great change wrought in repentance, it is conversion, and is needed by every human being. The ruin of sinners is their walking after a hard and impenitent heart. Their sinful doings are expressed by the strong words, treasuring up wrath. In the description of the just man, notice the full demand of the law. It demands that the motives shall be pure, and rejects all actions from earthly ambition or ends. In the description of the unrighteous, contention is held forth as the principle of all evil. The human will is in a state of enmity against God. Even Gentiles, who had not the written law, had that within, which directed them what to do by the light of nature. Conscience is a witness, and first or last will bear witness. As they nature. Conscience is a witness, and first or last will bear witness. As they kept or broke these natural laws and dictates, their consciences either acquitted or condemned them. Nothing speaks more terror to sinners, and more comfort to saints, than that Christ shall be the Judge. Secret services shall be rewarded, secret sins shall be then punished, and brought to light.
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