Romans 2:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God;

New Living Translation
You who call yourselves Jews are relying on God's law, and you boast about your special relationship with him.

English Standard Version
But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God

Berean Study Bible
Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the Law and boast in God;

Berean Literal Bible
But if you are called a Jew and rely on the Law and boast in God,

New American Standard Bible
But if you bear the name "Jew " and rely upon the Law and boast in God,

King James Bible
Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now if you call yourself a Jew, and rest in the law, boast in God,

International Standard Version
Now if you call yourself a Jew, and rely on the Law, and boast about God,

NET Bible
But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast of your relationship to God

New Heart English Bible
But if you call yourself a Jew, and rely on the law, and boast in God,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But if you are called from the Jews and are comforted by The Written Law and are boasting in God,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You call yourself a Jew, rely on the laws in Moses' Teachings, brag about your God,

New American Standard 1977
But if you bear the name “Jew,” and rely upon the Law, and boast in God,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, thou doth call thyself a Jew and art supported by the law and doth glory in God

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God,

American King James Version
Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God,

American Standard Version
But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and gloriest in God,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou art called a Jew and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,

Darby Bible Translation
But if thou art named a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast in God,

English Revised Version
But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and gloriest in God,

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,

Weymouth New Testament
And since you claim the name of Jew, and find rest and satisfaction in the Law, and make your boast in God,

World English Bible
Indeed you bear the name of a Jew, and rest on the law, and glory in God,

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, thou art named a Jew, and dost rest upon the law, and dost boast in God,
Study Bible
The Jews and the Law
16This will come to pass on that day when God will judge men’s secrets through Christ Jesus, as proclaimed by my gospel. 17Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the Law and boast in God; 18if you know His will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the Law;…
Cross References
Isaiah 48:2
"For they call themselves after the holy city And lean on the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is His name.

Micah 3:11
Her leaders pronounce judgment for a bribe, Her priests instruct for a price And her prophets divine for money. Yet they lean on the LORD saying, "Is not the LORD in our midst? Calamity will not come upon us."

John 5:39
You pore over the Scriptures because you presume that by them you possess eternal life. These are the very words that testify about Me,

John 5:45
Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, in whom you have put your hope.

John 9:28
Then they heaped insults on him and said, "You are His disciple; we are disciples of Moses.

Romans 2:23
You who boast in the Law, do you dishonor God by breaking the Law?

Romans 2:28
A man is not a Jew because he is one outwardly, nor is circumcision only outward and physical.

Romans 3:27
Where, then, is boasting? It is excluded. On what principle? On that of works? No, but on that of faith.

Romans 9:4
the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption as sons; theirs the divine glory and the covenants; theirs the giving of the Law, the temple worship, and the promises.
Treasury of Scripture

Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God,

thou art.

Romans 2:28,29 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, …

Romans 9:4-7 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, …

Psalm 135:4 For the LORD has chosen Jacob to himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.

Isaiah 48:1,2 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of …

Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: …

Matthew 8:11,12 And I say to you, That many shall come from the east and west, and …

John 8:33 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage …

2 Corinthians 11:22 Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they …

Galatians 2:15 We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,

Ephesians 2:11 Why remember, that you being in time past Gentiles in the flesh…

Philippians 3:3-7 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and …

Revelation 2:9 I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) …

Revelation 3:1,9 And to the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things said …

restest.

Romans 2:23 You that make your boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonor you God?

Romans 9:4,32 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, …

Jeremiah 7:4-10 Trust you not in lying words, saying, The temple of the LORD, The …

Zephaniah 3:11 In that day shall you not be ashamed for all your doings, wherein …

Luke 10:28 And he said to him, You have answered right: this do, and you shall live.

John 5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that …

John 7:19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keeps the law? …

John 9:28,29 Then they reviled him, and said, You are his disciple; but we are …

makest.

Isaiah 45:25 In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.

Isaiah 48:2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves on …

Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach …

John 8:41 You do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not …

(17) Behold.--An interesting case of a corrupt reading which has found its way into the Authorised version. For "behold," a decisive consensus of the best MSS. has "but if." The corruption was very obvious and easy. Adopting "but if," the answering clause of the sentence is to be found in the question, "Teachest thou not thyself?" Romans 2:21. The connecting particle "therefore" at the beginning of the same verse is merely resumptive, or, as it is technically called, "epanaleptic."

Turning to the Jew, the Apostle breaks out into indignant and vehement apostrophe, "If you have the name of Jew, and repose upon the Law, and make your boast in God, and do all these other things--why then, while you profess to teach others, do you not teach yourself?" A fine specimen of the natural eloquence which the Apostle derives from intense feeling. The different features of the picture crowd into his mind to point the contrast between what the Jew claimed to be and what he was.

Restest in.--Reposest or reliest upon a law. A passive confidence in something external. "In the Law the Jew saw the Magna Charta which gave him his assurance of salvation" (Meyer).

Makest thy boast of God--i.e., of a peculiar and exclusive claim to His favour. (Comp. Deuteronomy 4:7; Psalm 147:19-20.)

Verse 17. - But if (the true reading being certainly εἰ δὲ, not ἰδὲ, as in the Textus Receptus) thou (σὺ, emphatic) art named a Jew. The Israelites who had remained in Palestine, or who returned to it after the Captivity, seem thenceforth to have been designated Jews (Ἰουδαῖοι, though they included some of other tribes than that of Judah, notably that of Benjamin, of which St. Paul himself was, and of course of Levi. They are so called, whether resident in Palestine or elsewhere, throughout the New Testament, as well as by Roman writers. the term Ἑβραῖοι being applied in the New Testament (usually at least) to distinguish those Jews who adhered to the Hebrew language in public worship, and to national customs and traditions, from those who Hellenized (Ἑλληυισταί). It was the name on which the people prided themselves at that time, as expressing their peculiar privileges. The apostle, having at the beginning of this chapter addressed himself generally to "whosoever thou art that judgest," now summons the Jew exclusively to the bar of judgment, whose claims to exemption from the general condemnation have come to the front in the preceding verses. By the emphatic σὺ, he calls on him now to give an account of himself, and justify his pretensions if he can. The point of the argument is that the Jews were notoriously at that time no better than other nations in moral conduct - nay, their national character was such as to bring their very religion into disrepute among the heathen - and therefore doing, and not either privilege, knowledge, or profession, being according to the very Law on which they rested the test required, their whole ground for national exemption was taken away. And retest on law (νόμῳ, here without the article, so as to emphasize the principle on which the Jew professed to rest for acceptance), and makest thy boast of God. The Jew gloried, as against the heathen, in his knowledge and worship of the one true God. Behold, thou art called a Jew,.... From hence to the end of the chapter the Jews are particularly addressed; their several privileges and characters are commemorated, which by an ironical concession are allowed them; several charges are brought against them, even against their principal men; and the plea in favour of them, from their circumcision, is considered; and the apostle's view in the whole, is to show that they could not be justified before God by their obedience to the law of Moses: "behold"; take notice, observe it, this will be granted: "thou art called a Jew"; thou art one by name, by nation, and by religion; but no name, nor outward religion, nor a mere profession, will justify before God:

and restest in the law; which may be understood of their having the law and the knowledge of it, what is to be done and avoided easily, without any fatigue and labour; of their pleasing and applauding themselves with the bare having and hearing of it; of their trust and confidence in it; and of their inactivity and security in it, as persons asleep; and so of their coming short of the knowledge of the Gospel, and of Christ the end of the law for righteousness, their whole confidence being placed in that: so the Targumist in Jeremiah 8:8 paraphrases the words,

"we are wise, "and in the law of the Lord", , do we trust;''

and makest thy boast of God. There is a right boasting of God in opposition to boasting in the creature, when men ascribe all the blessings of nature and grace to the Lord alone, and praise him for all their enjoyments, temporal and spiritual; and when they trust in, and glory, and make their boast of Christ as the Lord their righteousness, in whom alone they are, and can be justified. But the boasting here spoken of, was such that was not right; these men boasted of their bare external knowledge of the one God, when the Gentiles around them were ignorant of him; of their being the covenant people of God, when others were aliens and strangers; and of their having the word and worship of the true God, which other nations were unacquainted with; and, on these external things they depended, which was their fault. 17-24. Behold—"But if" is, beyond doubt, the true reading here. (It differs but in a single letter from the received reading, and the sense is the same).2:17-24 The apostle directs his discourse to the Jews, and shows of what sins they were guilty, notwithstanding their profession and vain pretensions. A believing, humble, thankful glorying in God, is the root and sum of all religion. But proud, vain-glorious boasting in God, and in the outward profession of his name, is the root and sum of all hypocrisy. Spiritual pride is the most dangerous of all kinds of pride. A great evil of the sins professors is, the dishonour done to God and religion, by their not living according to their profession. Many despise their more ignorant neighbours who rest in a dead form of godliness; yet themselves trust in a form of knowledge, equally void of life and power, while some glory in the gospel, whose unholy lives dishonour God, and cause his name to be blasphemed.
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