Romans 2:28
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A person is not a Jew who is one only outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical.

New Living Translation
For you are not a true Jew just because you were born of Jewish parents or because you have gone through the ceremony of circumcision.

English Standard Version
For no one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical.

New American Standard Bible
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh.

King James Bible
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly, and true circumcision is not something visible in the flesh.

International Standard Version
For a person is not a Jew because of his appearance, nor is circumcision something just external and physical.

NET Bible
For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision something that is outward in the flesh,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither is that which is seen in the flesh circumcision.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A person is not a Jew because of his appearance, nor is circumcision a matter of how the body looks.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither is circumcision that which is done outwardly in the flesh;

King James 2000 Bible
For he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

American King James Version
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

American Standard Version
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh:

Douay-Rheims Bible
For it is not he is a Jew, who is so outwardly; nor is that circumcision which is outwardly in the flesh:

Darby Bible Translation
For he is not a Jew who [is] one outwardly, neither that circumcision which is outward in flesh;

English Revised Version
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

Webster's Bible Translation
For he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

Weymouth New Testament
For the true Jew is not the man who is simply a Jew outwardly, and true circumcision is not that which is outward and bodily.

World English Bible
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh;

Young's Literal Translation
For he is not a Jew who is so outwardly, neither is circumcision that which is outward in flesh;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:25-29 No forms, ordinances, or notions can profit, without regenerating grace, which will always lead to seeking an interest in the righteousness of God by faith. For he is no more a Christian now, than he was really a Jew of old, who is only one outwardly: neither is that baptism, which is outward in the flesh: but he is the real Christian, who is inwardly a true believer, with an obedient faith. And the true baptism is that of the heart, by the washing of regeneration and the renewal of the Holy Ghost; bringing a spiritual frame of mind, and a willing following of truth in its holy ways. Let us pray that we may be made real Christians, not outwardly, but inwardly; in the heart and spirit, not in the letter; baptized, not with water only, but with the Holy Ghost; and let our praise be, not of men, but of God.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For he is not a Jew which is one outwardly,.... The apostle removes the plea in favour of the Jews, taken from their name and privilege, by distinguishing between a Jew and a Jew, and between circumcision and circumcision: "he is not a Jew which is one outwardly"; by mere name, nature, nation, religion, and profession:

neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh; which takes away the flesh of the foreskin, but not the carnality of the heart; leaves a mark upon the flesh, but no impression on the mind. This is nothing, is not the true, solid, substantial, spiritual circumcision, which only avails in the sight of God.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

28. he is not a Jew which is one outwardly, &c.—In other words, the name of "Jew" and the rite of "circumcision" were designed but as outward symbols of a separation from the irreligious and ungodly world unto holy devotedness in heart and life to the God of salvation. Where this is realized, the signs are full of significance; but where it is not, they are worse than useless.

Note, (1) It is a sad mark of depravity when all that is designed and fitted to melt only hardens the heart (Ro 2:4, and compare 2Pe 3:9; Ec 8:11). (2) Amidst all the inequalities of religious opportunity measured out to men, and the mysterious bearing of this upon their character and destiny for eternity, the same great principles of judgment, in a form suited to their respective discipline, will be applied to all, and perfect equity will be seen to reign throughout every stage of the divine administration (Ro 2:11-16). (3) "The law written on the heart" (Ro 2:14, 15)—or the Ethics of Natural Theology—may be said to be the one deep foundation on which all revealed religion reposes; and see on [2185]Ro 1:19, 20, where we have what we may call its other foundation—the Physics and Metaphysics of Natural Theology. The testimony of these two passages is to the theologian invaluable, while in the breast of every teachable Christian it wakens such deep echoes as are inexpressibly solemn and precious. (4) High religious professions are a fearful aggravation of the inconsistencies of such as make them (Ro 2:17-24). See 2Sa 12:14. (5) As no external privileges, or badge of discipleship, will shield the unholy from the wrath of God, so neither will the want of them shut out from the kingdom of heaven such as have experienced without them that change of heart which the seals of God's covenant were designed to mark. In the sight of the great Searcher of hearts, the Judge of quick and dead, the renovation of the character in heart and life is all in all. In view of this, have not all baptized, sacramented disciples of the Lord Jesus, who "profess that they know God, but in works deny Him," need to tremble—who, under the guise of friends, are "the enemies of the cross of Christ?"

Romans 2:28 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Jews and the Law
27And he who is physically uncircumcised, if he keeps the Law, will he not judge you who though having the letter of the Law and circumcision are a transgressor of the Law? 28For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. 29But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.
Cross References
Jeremiah 4:4
Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, circumcise your hearts, you people of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem, or my wrath will flare up and burn like fire because of the evil you have done-- burn with no one to quench it.

Jeremiah 9:25
"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will punish all who are circumcised only in the flesh--

Jeremiah 9:26
Egypt, Judah, Edom, Ammon, Moab and all who live in the wilderness in distant places. For all these nations are really uncircumcised, and even the whole house of Israel is uncircumcised in heart."

John 8:39
"Abraham is our father," they answered. "If you were Abraham's children," said Jesus, "then you would do what Abraham did.

Romans 2:17
Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God;

Romans 9:6
It is not as though God's word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.

Galatians 6:15
Neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything; what counts is the new creation.

Ephesians 2:11
Therefore, remember that formerly you who are Gentiles by birth and called "uncircumcised" by those who call themselves "the circumcision" (which is done in the body by human hands)--
Treasury of Scripture

For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

For he.

Romans 9:6-8 Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are …

Psalm 73:1 Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.

Isaiah 1:9-15 Except the LORD of hosts had left to us a very small remnant, we …

Isaiah 48:1,2 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of …

Hosea 1:6-9 And she conceived again, and bore a daughter. And God said to him, …

Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: …

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite …

John 8:37-39 I know that you are Abraham's seed; but you seek to kill me, because …

Galatians 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision, …

Revelation 2:9 I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) …

neither.

Jeremiah 9:26 Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, …

Romans 4:10-12 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? …

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism does also now save us (not …

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