Hebrews 9:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings--external regulations applying until the time of the new order.

New Living Translation
For that old system deals only with food and drink and various cleansing ceremonies--physical regulations that were in effect only until a better system could be established.

English Standard Version
but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation.

Berean Study Bible
They consist only in food and drink and special washings--external regulations imposed until the time of reform.

Berean Literal Bible
consisting only in foods and drinks and various washings--ordinances of the flesh being imposed until the time of reformation.

New American Standard Bible
since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.

King James Bible
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They are physical regulations and only deal with food, drink, and various washings imposed until the time of restoration.

International Standard Version
since they deal only with food, drink, and various washings, which are required for the body until the time when things would be set right.

NET Bible
They served only for matters of food and drink and various washings; they are external regulations imposed until the new order came.

New Heart English Bible
but deal only with foods and drinks and various washings; they are regulations for the flesh imposed until the time of setting things right.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Except in food and drink only, and in various washings, which are ordinances of the flesh that are established until the time of reformation.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These gifts and sacrifices were meant to be food, drink, and items used in various purification ceremonies. These ceremonies were required for the body until God would establish a new way of doing things.

New American Standard 1977
since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but in foods and drinks and different washings and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of correction.

King James 2000 Bible
Which stood only in foods and drinks, and various washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

American King James Version
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

American Standard Version
being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And divers washings, and justices of the flesh laid on them until the time of correction.

Darby Bible Translation
[consisting] only of meats and drinks and divers washings, ordinances of flesh, imposed until [the] time of setting things right.

English Revised Version
being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Webster's Bible Translation
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Weymouth New Testament
For their efficacy depends only on meats and drinks and various washings, ceremonies pertaining to the body and imposed until a time of reformation.

World English Bible
being only (with meats and drinks and various washings) fleshly ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Young's Literal Translation
only in victuals, and drinks, and different baptisms, and fleshly ordinances -- till the time of reformation imposed upon them.
Study Bible
The Earthly Tabernacle
9It is an illustration for the present time, because the gifts and sacrifices being offered were unable to cleanse the conscience of the worshiper. 10They consist only in food and drink and special washings — external regulations imposed until the time of reform. 11But when Christ came as high priest of the good things that have come, He entered the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made by hands (that is, not of this creation).…
Cross References
Leviticus 11:2
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'These are the creatures which you may eat from all the animals that are on the earth.

Leviticus 11:25
and whoever picks up any of their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.

Numbers 6:3
he shall abstain from wine and strong drink; he shall drink no vinegar, whether made from wine or strong drink, nor shall he drink any grape juice nor eat fresh or dried grapes.

Numbers 19:13
'Anyone who touches a corpse, the body of a man who has died, and does not purify himself, defiles the tabernacle of the LORD; and that person shall be cut off from Israel. Because the water for impurity was not sprinkled on him, he shall be unclean; his uncleanness is still on him.

Mark 7:4
And on returning from the market, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other traditions for them to observe, including the washing of cups, pitchers, kettles, and couches for dining.

Colossians 2:16
Therefore let no one judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a festival, a New Moon, or a Sabbath.

Hebrews 7:12
For when the priesthood is changed, the Law must be changed as well.

Hebrews 7:16
one who has become a priest not by a law of succession, but by the power of an indestructible life.

Hebrews 9:1
Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly sanctuary.

Hebrews 13:9
Do not be carried away by all kinds of strange teachings, for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace and not by ceremonial foods, which are of no value to those devoted to them.
Treasury of Scripture

Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

in meats.

Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is …

Leviticus 11:2 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which …

Deuteronomy 14:3-21 You shall not eat any abominable thing…

Ezekiel 4:14 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul has not been polluted…

Acts 10:13-15 And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat…

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect …

divers.

Hebrews 6:2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection …

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having …

Exodus 29:4 And Aaron and his sons you shall bring to the door of the tabernacle …

Exodus 30:19-21 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat…

Exodus 40:12 And you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle …

Leviticus 14:8,9 And he that is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off …

Leviticus 16:4,24 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen …

Leviticus 17:15,16 And every soul that eats that which died of itself, or that which …

Leviticus 22:6 The soul which has touched any such shall be unclean until even, …

Numbers 19:7-21 Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh …

Deuteronomy 21:6 And all the elders of that city, that are next to the slain man, …

Deuteronomy 23:11 But it shall be, when evening comes on, he shall wash himself with …

carnal.

Hebrews 9:1 Then truly the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, …

Hebrews 7:16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after …

Galatians 4:3,9 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements …

Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments …

Colossians 2:20-22 Why if you be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, …

ordinances. or, rites, or, ceremonies. until.

Hebrews 2:5 For to the angels has he not put in subjection the world to come, …

Hebrews 6:5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, …

Ephesians 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather …

(10) Which stood only in . . .--Better, only joined with meats and drinks and divers washings,--carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation. Here again the best authorities correct the received Greek text, omitting "and" before the word "carnal," and so altering the next word as to make it descriptive of the "gifts and sacrifices" mentioned in Hebrews 9:9. These sacrifices--looked at in themselves, as powerless to attain the end designed (Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 10:4)--are mere appendages of such regulations as deal with meats and drinks and washings. The character of this latter class of ordinances no one could mistake; and what the writer here says is that these powerless sacrifices belong to the same line of things. On the, "washings" see Note on Hebrews 6:2. The preceding words would most naturally refer to meats, &c., of which men were required to partake (as Exodus 12; Leviticus 7:15, et al.); but no doubt include the various restrictions and distinctions of the ceremonial law (Leviticus 11; Numbers 6, et al.). All these are "ordinances of flesh," ordinances which relate to the outward state of things only; closely connected with the maintenance of external privileges and relations, but (in themselves) nothing more. "Imposed," comp. Acts 15:10 : "reformation," Hebrews 8:7-12.

Verse 10. - Rendered in A.V.," Which stood only in (μόνον ἐπὶ) meats and drinks and divers washings, and carnal ordinances [καὶ δικαιώμασι σαρκὸς, Textus Receptus], imposed on them (ἐπικείμενα) until the time of reformation." This is a satisfactory rendering of the Textus Receptus, ἐπὶ before "meats," etc., being taken in the sense of dependence, and ἐπικείμενα necessarily as agreeing with "gifts and sacrifices" (δῶρα τε καὶ θυσίαι) in ver. 9. But there are other readings, though none, any more than that of the Textus Receptus, to be decidedly preferred on the mere ground of manuscript authority. The best sense seems to be given by that of δικαιΩ´ματα instead of καὶ δικαιώματι, so that we may render (ἐπὶ being taken in the sense of addition), Being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until the time of reformation. We thus have an obvious neuter plural (δικαιώματα) for ἐπικείμενα to agree with, and we avoid the assertion that the "gifts and sacrifices" of the Law "stood only" in "meats," etc. This was not so; their essential part was blood-shedding (αἱματεκχύσια ver. 22) the other things here mentioned were but accompaniments and appendages. The "meats and drinks" spoken of may refer mainly to the distinctions between clean and unclean viands, which we know were made such a point of by the Jews of the apostolic ago (cf. Colossians 2:16-23; Romans 14; 1 Corinthians 8; also Mark 7:15). The "diverse washings" (βαπτισμοῖς) may be taken to include both the ablutions of the priests before sacrifice, and those enjoined on the people in many parts of the Law after ceremonial defile-merit, which kind of washings had been further multiplied variously in the traditional law (cf. Mark 7:3, 4, 8). Which stood only in meats and drinks,.... That is, along with the gifts and sacrifices offered, there only were meat offerings and drink offerings; things which only respect the body, and cannot therefore make perfect, as to the conscience; to which may be added, that while the tabernacle was standing, and typical service was in being, there was a prohibition of certain meats, as unclean, and an allowance of others, as clean, Leviticus 11:2 and there were certain drinks which were unlawful to certain persons, at certain times, as to the priests and Nazarites, Leviticus 10:9 and which, for the above reason, could make no man perfect:

and divers washings or "baptisms": the doctrine of which, the apostle would not have laid again, Hebrews 6:2 these were the washings of the priests and of the Israelites, and of sacrifices, and of garments, and of vessels and other things; and which, because they were performed by immersion, they are called "baptisms": and now since these only sanctified to the purifying of the flesh, or what was outward, they could not reach the conscience, or make perfect with respect to that: and

carnal ordinances: which belonged to the flesh, and not the spirit or soul, and therefore could not affect that; besides, these were only

imposed on them until the time of reformation; they were enjoined the Jews only, though by God himself; and were put upon them as a burden, or a yoke, and which was on some accounts intolerable, but were not to continue any longer than the time of the Gospel, here called "the time of reformation", or of "correction", and emendation; in which, things that were faulty and deficient are amended and perfected, and in which burdensome rites and ceremonies are removed, and better ordinances introduced: or rather of direction: in which saints are directed to Christ, the sum and substance of all types, shadows, and sacrifices, and in whom alone perfection is. 10. Which—sacrifices.

stood—consisted in [Alford]; or, "have attached to them" only things which appertain to the use of foods, etc. The rites of meats, etc., go side by side with the sacrifices [Tholuck and Wahl]; compare Col 2:16.

drinks—(Le 10:9; 11:4). Usage subsequently to the law added many observances as to meats and drinks.

washings—(Ex 29:4).

and carnal ordinances—One oldest manuscript, Syriac and Coptic, omit "and." "Carnal ordinances" stand in apposition to "sacrifices" (Heb 9:9). Carnal (outward, affecting only the flesh) is opposed to spiritual. Contrast "flesh" with "conscience" (Heb 9:13, 14).

imposed—as a burden (Ac 15:10, 28) continually pressing heavy.

until the time of reformation—Greek, "the season of rectification," when the reality should supersede the type (Heb 8:8-12). Compare "better," Heb 9:23.9:6-10 The apostle goes on to speak of the Old Testament services. Christ, having undertaken to be our High Priest, could not enter into heaven till he had shed his blood for us; and none of us can enter, either into God's gracious presence here, or his glorious presence hereafter, but by the blood of Jesus. Sins are errors, great errors, both in judgment and practice; and who can understand all his errors? They leave guilt upon the conscience, not to be washed away but by the blood of Christ. We must plead this blood on earth, while he is pleading it for us in heaven. A few believers, under the Divine teaching, saw something of the way of access to God, of communion with him, and of admission into heaven through the promised Redeemer, but the Israelites in general looked no further than the outward forms. These could not take away the defilement or dominion of sin. They could neither discharge the debts, nor resolve the doubts, of him who did the service. Gospel times are, and should be, times of reformation, of clearer light as to all things needful to be known, and of greater love, causing us to bear ill-will to none, but good-will to all. We have greater freedom, both of spirit and speech, in the gospel, and greater obligations to a more holy living.
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