Hebrews 9:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary.

New Living Translation
That first covenant between God and Israel had regulations for worship and a place of worship here on earth.

English Standard Version
Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly place of holiness.

New American Standard Bible
Now even the first covenant had regulations of divine worship and the earthly sanctuary.

King James Bible
Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now the first covenant also had regulations for ministry and an earthly sanctuary.

International Standard Version
Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly sanctuary.

NET Bible
Now the first covenant, in fact, had regulations for worship and its earthly sanctuary.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But in the first there was an order of ministry and a worldly sanctuary.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The first promise had rules for the priests' service. It also had a holy place on earth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Nevertheless the first had its justifications of worship and its worldly sanctuary.

King James 2000 Bible
Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and an earthly sanctuary.

American King James Version
Then truly the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

American Standard Version
Now even a first covenant had ordinances of divine service, and its sanctuary, a sanctuary of this world.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The former indeed had also justifications of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

Darby Bible Translation
The first therefore also indeed had ordinances of service, and the sanctuary, a worldly one.

English Revised Version
Now even the first covenant had ordinances of divine service, and its sanctuary, a sanctuary of this world.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

Weymouth New Testament
Now even the first Covenant had regulations for divine worship, and had also its sanctuary--a sanctuary belonging to this world.

World English Bible
Now indeed even the first covenant had ordinances of divine service, and an earthly sanctuary.

Young's Literal Translation
It had, indeed, then (even the first tabernacle) ordinances of service, also a worldly sanctuary,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:1-5 The apostle shows to the Hebrews the typical reference of their ceremonies to Christ. The tabernacle was a movable temple, shadowing forth the unsettled state of the church upon earth, and the human nature of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom the fulness of the Godhead dwelt bodily. The typical meaning of these things has been shown in former remarks, and the ordinances and articles of the Mosaic covenant point out Christ as our Light, and as the Bread of life to our souls; and remind us of his Divine Person, his holy priesthood, perfect righteousness, and all-prevailing intercession. Thus was the Lord Jesus Christ, all and in all, from the beginning. And as interpreted by the gospel, these things are a glorious representation of the wisdom of God, and confirm faith in Him who was prefigured by them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Then verily (or, now indeed) the first covenant also (or, even the first covenant) had ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary (rather its sanctuary of this world (τὸ ἅγιον κοσμεκόν). The definite article points to the well-known one of the Mosaic dispensation, which, unlike the true one, was in its bearings, as well as locally and materially, of this world only). This sanctuary itself is now first described in necessary preparation for an account of priestly ministrations in it.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then verily the first covenant had ordinances of divine service,.... The design of the apostle in this chapter, as it stands in connection with what goes before, is to show the pre-eminence of Christ, from the tabernacle, and the things in it; as well as from the priesthood and covenant; and as also the abrogation of the Levitical ceremonies in particular, as well as the first covenant in general; and that they were all types and figures of Christ, and had their fulfilment in him: the word "first", here used, designs not the tabernacle, but the covenant; therefore it is rightly thus supplied in our version, as it is in the Arabic and Ethiopic versions: which is said to have "ordinances of divine service"; belonging to the service of God, which was performed both by the priests, and by the people; and these ordinances were no other than the carnal ordinances, or rites of the ceremonial law: the word used signifies "righteousnesses"; and they are so called, because they were appointed by a righteous God; and were imposed on the people of the Jews in a righteous way; and by them men became externally and typically righteous; for they were figures and types of justification by the righteousness of Christ, though no complete, perfect, real righteousness, came by them.

And a worldly sanctuary. Philo the Jew says (l), it was a type of the world, and of the various things in it; though it was rather either a type of the church, or of heaven, or of Christ's human nature: the better reason of its being so called is, because it consisted of earthly matter, and worldly things; it was in the world, and only had its use in the world, and so is opposed to the heavenly sanctuary; for the Jews often speak of , "a sanctuary above", and , "a sanctuary below" (m), and of , "a tabernacle above", and , "a tabernacle below" (n); which answered to one another: the words may be rendered "a beautiful sanctuary", a well adorned one; and such especially was the temple, or sanctuary built by Solomon, rebuilt by Zerubbabel, and repaired and adorned by Herod, Luke 21:5. And the Jews say, that he that never saw Herod's building, meaning the temple, never saw a beautiful building; see Luke 21:5.

(l) De Vita Mosis, p. 667. (m) Jarchi in Genesis 28.17. (n) Zohar in Exod. fol. 65. 4. & 94. 4. & 96. 2. & in Lev. fol. 1. 3.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 9

Heb 9:1-28. Inferiority of the Old to the New Covenant in the Means of Access to God: The Blood of Bulls and Goats of No Real Avail: The Blood of Christ All-sufficient to Purge Away Sin, Whence Flows Our Hope of His Appearing Again for Our Perfect Salvation.

1. Then verily—Greek, "Accordingly then." Resuming the subject from Heb 8:5. In accordance with the command given to Moses, "the first covenant had," &c.

had—not "has," for as a covenant it no longer existed, though its rites were observed till the destruction of Jerusalem.

ordinances—of divine right and institution.

service—worship.

a worldly sanctuary—Greek, "its (literally, 'the') sanctuary worldly," mundane; consisting of the elements of the visible world. Contrasted with the heavenly sanctuary. Compare Heb 9:11, 12, "not of this building," Heb 9:24. Material, outward, perishing (however precious its materials were), and also defective religiously. In Heb 9:2-5, "the worldly sanctuary" is discussed; in Heb 9:6, &c., the "ordinances of worship." The outer tabernacle the Jews believed, signified this world; the Holy of Holies, heaven. Josephus calls the outer, divided into two parts, "a secular and common place," answering to "the earth and sea"; and the inner holiest place, the third part, appropriated to God and not accessible to men.

Hebrews 9:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Earthly Tabernacle
1Now even the first covenant had regulations of divine worship and the earthly sanctuary. 2For there was a tabernacle prepared, the outer one, in which were the lampstand and the table and the sacred bread; this is called the holy place.…
Cross References
Exodus 25:8
"Then have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them.

Romans 9:4
the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises.

Hebrews 8:2
and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by a mere human being.

Hebrews 9:10
They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings--external regulations applying until the time of the new order.

Hebrews 9:11
But when Christ came as high priest of the good things that are now already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not made with human hands, that is to say, is not a part of this creation.

Hebrews 9:24
For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with human hands that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God's presence.
Treasury of Scripture

Then truly the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

the first.

Hebrews 8:7,13 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place …

had.

Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal …

Leviticus 18:3,4,30 After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein you dwelled, shall …

Leviticus 22:9 They shall therefore keep my ordinance, lest they bear sin for it, …

Numbers 9:12 They shall leave none of it to the morning, nor break any bone of it…

Ezekiel 43:11 And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, show them the …

Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments …

ordinances. or, ceremonies. and.

Hebrews 9:10,11 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal …

Hebrews 8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the …

Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, …

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