Hebrews 5:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.

New Living Translation
Solid food is for those who are mature, who through training have the skill to recognize the difference between right and wrong.

English Standard Version
But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.

New American Standard Bible
But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.

King James Bible
But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But solid food is for the mature--for those whose senses have been trained to distinguish between good and evil.

International Standard Version
But solid food is for mature people, whose minds are trained by practice to distinguish good from evil.

NET Bible
But solid food is for the mature, whose perceptions are trained by practice to discern both good and evil.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But solid food is for the mature, those whose senses are instructed to distinguish good and evil, because they practice.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, solid food is for mature people, whose minds are trained by practice to know the difference between good and evil.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But strong food belongs to those that are perfect, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

King James 2000 Bible
But solid food belongs to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

American King James Version
But strong meat belongs to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

American Standard Version
But solid food is for fullgrown men, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But strong meat is for the perfect; for them who by custom have their senses exercised to the discerning of good and evil.

Darby Bible Translation
but solid food belongs to full-grown men, who, on account of habit, have their senses exercised for distinguishing both good and evil.

English Revised Version
But solid food is for fullgrown men, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil.

Webster's Bible Translation
But strong food belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

Weymouth New Testament
Such persons are mere babes. But solid food is for adults--that is, for those who through constant practice have their spiritual faculties carefully trained to distinguish good from evil.

World English Bible
But solid food is for those who are full grown, who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil.

Young's Literal Translation
and of perfect men is the strong food, who because of the use are having the senses exercised, unto the discernment both of good and of evil.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:11-14 Dull hearers make the preaching of the gospel difficult, and even those who have some faith may be dull hearers, and slow to believe. Much is looked for from those to whom much is given. To be unskilful, denotes want of experience in the things of the gospel. Christian experience is a spiritual sense, taste, or relish of the goodness, sweetness, and excellence of the truths of the gospel. And no tongue can express the satisfaction which the soul receives, from a sense of Divine goodness, grace, and love to it in Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - But solid food is for them that are of full age (τελείων, equivalent to "perfect;" but in the sense of maturity of age or growth, in contrast with νήπιοι; as in 1 Corinthians 14:20; cf. 1 Corinthians 2:6; Ephesians 4:13; Philippians 3:15), those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil. Here the comparison is carried out with peculiar aptness. Τὰ αἰσθητήρια in the illustration are the organs of sense. In the infant the digestive organs, in the first place, exercised in the beginning on milk, acquire through that exercise the power of assimilating more solid and more complex food, while at the same time its sensitive organs generally, also through exercise, become consciously discriminative of "good and evil" (cf. Isaiah 7:15, 16, where "to know to refuse the evil and choose the good" denotes, as if proverbially, the age after early childhood). So, in the spiritual sphere, the mental faculties, exercised at first on simple truths, should acquire by practice the power of apprehending and distinguishing' between higher and more recondite ones. It was because the Hebrew Christians had failed thus to bring out their faculties that they were open to the charge of being still in a state of infancy.





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age,.... Or perfect; see 1 Corinthians 2:6. This does not intend a perfection of justification; for though some have a greater degree of faith than others, and a clearer discovery of their justification, yet babes in Christ are as perfectly justified as more grown and experienced believers; nor a perfection of sanctification, for there is no perfection of holiness but in Christ; and though the work of sanctification may be in greater perfection in one saint than in another, yet all are imperfect in this life; and as to a perfection of parts, babes have this as well as adult persons: but it designs a perfection of knowledge; for though none are entirely perfect, yet some have arrived to a greater degree of the knowledge of Gospel mysteries than others, and to these the strong meat of the Gospel belongs; they are capable of understanding the more mysterious parts of the Gospel; of searching into the deep things of God; and of receiving and digesting the more sublime truths of the Christian religion:

even those who by reason of use, have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil; that is, their spiritual senses, the internal senses of the understanding and judgment, signified by external ones; as by seeing the Son; hearing the voice of Christ; savouring or smelling a sweet odour in the things of God, and Christ; tasting that the Lord is gracious; feeling and handling the word of life, as these are held forth in the everlasting Gospel: and these being exercised on their proper object, by use, an habit is contracted; and such are qualified for discerning, as between moral good and evil, and the worse and better state of the church, and between law and Gospel, so between the doctrines of Christ, and the doctrines of men; who find they differ: the doctrines of Christ such experienced persons find to be good, wholesome, nourishing, and salutary; and the doctrines of men to be evil, to eat, as does a canker, and to be pernicious, poisonous, and damnable; and the discernment they make, and the judgment they form, are not according to the dictates of carnal reason, but according to the Scriptures of truth, and their own experience.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14. strong meat—"solid food."

them … of full age—literally, "perfect": akin to "perfection" (Heb 6:1).

by reason of use—Greek, "habit."

senses—organs of sense.

exercised—similarly connected with "righteousness" in Heb 12:11.

to discern both good and evil—as a child no longer an infant (Isa 7:16): so able to distinguish between sound and unsound doctrine. The mere child puts into its mouth things hurtful and things nutritious, without discrimination: but not so the adult. Paul again alludes to their tendency not to discriminate, but to be carried about by strange doctrines, in Heb 13:9.

Hebrews 5:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
Warning against Drifting Away
13For everyone who partakes only of milk is not accustomed to the word of righteousness, for he is an infant. 14But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.
Cross References
1 Kings 3:9
So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong. For who is able to govern this great people of yours?"

Romans 14:1
Accept the one whose faith is weak, without quarreling over disputable matters.

1 Corinthians 2:6
We do, however, speak a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing.

Ephesians 4:13
until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.

1 Timothy 4:7
Have nothing to do with godless myths and old wives' tales; rather, train yourself to be godly.

Hebrews 6:1
Therefore let us move beyond the elementary teachings about Christ and be taken forward to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, and of faith in God,
Treasury of Scripture

But strong meat belongs to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

of full age. or, perfect.

Matthew 5:48 Be you therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

1 Corinthians 2:6 However, we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the …

Ephesians 4:13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge …

Philippians 3:15 Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in …

James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, …

use. or, an habit, or, perfection. their

Job 6:30 Is there iniquity in my tongue? cannot my taste discern perverse things?

Job 12:11 Does not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat?

Job 34:3 For the ear tries words, as the mouth tastes meat.

Psalm 119:103 How sweet are your words to my taste! yes, sweeter than honey to my mouth!

Songs 1:3 Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment …

Songs 2:3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among …

Matthew 6:22,23 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore your eye be single, …

Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know …

to discern.

Genesis 3:5 For God does know that in the day you eat thereof, then your eyes …

2 Samuel 14:17 Then your handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be …

1 Kings 3:9,11 Give therefore your servant an understanding heart to judge your …

Isaiah 7:15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, …

Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive you, but not to doubtful disputations.

1 Corinthians 2:14,15 But the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God: …

Philippians 1:9,10 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge …

1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.

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Account Adults Age Babes Belongeth Carefully Constant Discern Distinguish Distinguishing Evil Exercised Faculties Food Full Fullgrown Full-Grown Good Grown Growth Habit Mature Meat Mere Persons Practice Reason Senses Solid Spiritual Strong Themselves Trained Use
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Account Adults Age Babes Belongeth Carefully Constant Discern Distinguish Distinguishing Evil Exercised Faculties Food Full Fullgrown Full-Grown Good Grown Growth Habit Mature Meat Mere Persons Practice Reason Senses Solid Spiritual Strong Themselves Trained Use
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