Hebrews 5:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.

New Living Translation
For someone who lives on milk is still an infant and doesn't know how to do what is right.

English Standard Version
for everyone who lives on milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, since he is a child.

New American Standard Bible
For everyone who partakes only of milk is not accustomed to the word of righteousness, for he is an infant.

King James Bible
For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now everyone who lives on milk is inexperienced with the message about righteousness, because he is an infant.

International Standard Version
For everyone who lives on milk is still a baby and does not yet know the difference between right and wrong.

NET Bible
For everyone who lives on milk is inexperienced in the message of righteousness, because he is an infant.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But every person whose food is milk is unacquainted with the word of righteousness, because he is an infant.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All those who live on milk lack the experience to talk about what is right. They are still babies.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For any one that uses milk is not qualified in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe.

King James 2000 Bible
For every one that uses milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

American King James Version
For every one that uses milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

American Standard Version
For every one that partaketh of milk is without experience of the word of righteousness; for he is a babe.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For every one that is a partaker of milk, is unskillful in the word of justice: for he is a little child.

Darby Bible Translation
For every one that partakes of milk [is] unskilled in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe;

English Revised Version
For every one that partaketh of milk is without experience of the word of righteousness; for he is a babe.

Webster's Bible Translation
For every one that useth milk, is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

Weymouth New Testament
By people who live on milk I mean those who are imperfectly acquainted with the teaching concerning righteousness.

World English Bible
For everyone who lives on milk is not experienced in the word of righteousness, for he is a baby.

Young's Literal Translation
for every one who is partaking of milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness -- for he is an infant,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:11-14 Dull hearers make the preaching of the gospel difficult, and even those who have some faith may be dull hearers, and slow to believe. Much is looked for from those to whom much is given. To be unskilful, denotes want of experience in the things of the gospel. Christian experience is a spiritual sense, taste, or relish of the goodness, sweetness, and excellence of the truths of the gospel. And no tongue can express the satisfaction which the soul receives, from a sense of Divine goodness, grace, and love to it in Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - For every one that partaketh of milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. Reason for saying that they are such as have need of milk; for milk is the nourishment of infants, and he that is an infant in respect of spiritual growth is ἄπειρος λόγου δικαιοσύνης: not of necessity unacquainted with it altogether, but still not versed in it; he is but a tyro. "Word of righteousness" may be taken as a general term to denote what we might call religious lore; referring here especially to the gospel, which is eminently the revelation of the "righteousness of God" (Romans 1:17; cf. 2 Corinthians 3:9, ἡ διακονία τῆς δικαιοσύνης: and 2 Cor 11:15, διάκονοι δικαιοσύνης); but not excluding a more general conception. There is no need to suppose an exclusive reference to the more perfect doctrine in opposition to the elements, since, of the whole subject of religious knowledge, the νήπιος may be said to be ἄπειρος in the sense of being without the matured skill that experience gives. Hence, too, we are certainly not justified in finding in the phrase a specific allusion to the Pauline doctrine of justification by faith only, which is not suggested by the context or by what follows. Still less may we (with Delitzsch) so ignore the notable significance of δικαιοσύνη as to reduce the expression to a synonym for "rightly framed, that is sound and orthodox discourse."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For everyone that useth milk,.... And sits down contented with the first principles of the Gospel, such as are easily taken in and digested; or makes use of the ceremonial law, as a schoolmaster to teach him the Gospel:

is unskilful in the word of righteousness; the Gospel, which is a doctrine of righteousness; not of works of righteousness done by men, and of justification by them, or of a man's own righteousness; but of the pure, perfect, and everlasting righteousness of Christ: and it is called so, because it is the means of stripping a man of his own righteousness; and of revealing the righteousness of Christ unto him; and of working faith in him to lay hold upon it; and of discovering the agreement there is between the righteousness of Christ, and the justice of God; and of teaching men to live soberly, righteously, and godly: and such are unskilful in it, who either have no knowledge of the doctrine of justification; of the matter of it, Christ's righteousness; of the form of it, by imputation; and of the date of it, before faith: or have a very confused notion of it, joining their own works with Christ's righteousness, for justification, as many judaizing professors did; or who, if they have a notional knowledge of it, have no practical concern in it; do not believe with the heart unto righteousness; have not the experience, sweetness, and power of this doctrine upon them; and do not live lives agreeable to it:

for he is a babe. This word is used sometimes by way of commendation, and is expressive of some good characters of the saints; such as harmlessness and inoffensiveness, humility, and meekness, a desire after the sincere milk of the word, freedom from rancour and malice, hypocrisy and guile; but here it is used by way of reproach, and denotes levity and inconstancy, ignorance and non-proficiency, want of digestion of strong meat, and incapacity to take care of themselves, as standing in need of tutors and governors.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. useth—Greek, "partaketh," that is, taketh as his portion. Even strong men partake of milk, but do not make milk their chief, much less their sole, diet.

the word of righteousness—the Gospel wherein "the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith" (Ro 1:17), and which is called "the ministration of righteousness" (2Co 3:9). This includes the doctrine of justification and sanctification: the first principles, as well as the perfection, of the doctrine of Christ: the nature of the offices and person of Christ as the true Melchisedec, that is, "King of righteousness" (compare Mt 3:15).

Hebrews 5:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Warning against Drifting Away
12For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you have need again for someone to teach you the elementary principles of the oracles of God, and you have come to need milk and not solid food. 13For everyone who partakes only of milk is not accustomed to the word of righteousness, for he is an infant. 14But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.
Cross References
1 Corinthians 3:1
Brothers and sisters, I could not address you as people who live by the Spirit but as people who are still worldly--mere infants in Christ.

1 Corinthians 14:20
Brothers and sisters, stop thinking like children. In regard to evil be infants, but in your thinking be adults.

1 Peter 2:2
Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation,

2 John 1:11
Anyone who welcomes them shares in their wicked work.
Treasury of Scripture

For every one that uses milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

is unskilful. Gr. hath no experience. the word.

Psalm 119:123 My eyes fail for your salvation, and for the word of your righteousness.

Romans 1:17,18 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: …

Romans 10:5,6 For Moses describes the righteousness which is of the law, That the …

2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more does …

2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for …

he.

Isaiah 28:9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand …

Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord …

Mark 10:15 Truly I say to you, Whoever shall not receive the kingdom of God …

Romans 2:20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which have the …

1 Corinthians 13:11 When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, …

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brothers, be not children in understanding: however, in malice be …

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried …

1 Peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that you may …

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