kakos: bad, evilOriginal Word: κακός, ή, όνPart of Speech:
bad, evil, in the widest sense.
2556 kakós (an adjective, and the root of 2549 /kakía, "inner malice") – properly, inwardly foul, rotten (poisoned); (figuratively) inner malice flowing out of a morally-rotten character (= the "rot is already in the wood").
[2556 /kakós is often a pronominal adjective (i.e. used as a substantive) meaning, "wickedness, inner evil."]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. wordDefinition
bad, evilNASB Translation
bad (1), bad things (1), evil (32), evil men (1), evil things (1), evildoer (1), harm (4), loathsome (1), wretches (1), wrong (5).
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 2556: κακόςκακός
, the Sept.
(almost uniformly) evil
1. universally, of a bad nature; not such as it ought to be.
2. (morally, i. e.) of a mode of thinking, feeling, acting; base, wrong, wicked: of persons, Matthew 21:41 (cf. Winers Grammar, 637 (592); also Buttmann, 143 (126)); ; Philippians 3:2; Revelation 2:2. διαλογισμοί;, Mark 7:21; ὁμιλίαι, 1 Corinthians 15:33; ἐπιθυμία, Colossians 3:5 (Proverbs 12:12); ἔργα (better ἔργον), Romans 13:3. neuter κακόν, τό κακόν, evil i. e. what is contrary to law, either divine or human, wrong, crime: (John 18:23); Acts 23:9; Romans 7:21; Romans 14:20; Romans 16:19; 1 Corinthians 13:5; Hebrews 5:14; 1 Peter 3:10; 3 John 1:11; plural (evil things): Romans 1:30; 1 Corinthians 10:6; 1 Timothy 6:10 (πάντα τά κακά all kinds of evil); James 1:13 (Winers Grammar, § 30, 4; Buttmann, § 132, 24); κακόν ποιεῖν, to do, commit evil: Matthew 27:23; Mark 15:14; Luke 23:22; 2 Corinthians 13:7; 1 Peter 3:12; τό κακόν, Romans 13:4; τά κακά, ; κακόν, τό κακόν πράσσειν, Romans 7:19; Romans 9:11. (Rec.); ; (2 Corinthians 5:10 R G L Tr marginal reading); τό κακόν κατεργάζεσθαι, Romans 2:9. specifically of wrongs inflicted: Romans 12:21; κακόν ἐργάζομαι τίνι (to work ill to one), Romans 13:10; ἐνδείκνυμι, 2 Timothy 4:14; ποιῶ, Acts 9:13; ἀποδίδωμι κακόν ἀντί κακοῦ, Romans 12:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 3:9.
3. troublesome, injurious, pernicious, destructive, baneful: neuter κακόν, an evil, that which injures, James 3:8 (Winers Grammar, § 59, 8 b.; Buttmann, 79 (69)); with the suggestion of wildness and ferocity, θηρία, Titus 1:12; substantially equivalent to bad, i. e. distressing, whether to mind or to body: ἕλκος κακόν καί πονηρόν (A. V. a noisome and grievous sore), Revelation 16:2; κακόν πράσσω ἐμαυτῷ, Latinvim mihi infero, to do harm to oneself, Acts 16:28; κακόν τί πάσχω, to suffer some harm, Acts 28:5; τά κακά, evil things, the discomforts which plague one, Luke 16:25 (opposed to τά ἀγαθά, the good things, from which pleasure is derived). (Synonym: cf. κακία.)<1>
Strong's Exhaustive Concordancebad, evil, harm, ill
Apparently a primary word; worthless (intrinsically, such; whereas poneros properly refers to effects), i.e. (subjectively) depraved, or (objectively) injurious -- bad, evil, harm, ill, noisome, wicked.
see GREEK poneros
Forms and Transliterationsκακα κακά κακὰ κακαι κακαί κακάς κακή κακην κακήν κακής κακοι κακοί κακοὶ κακοίς κακον κακόν κακὸν κακος κακός κακὸς κακου κακού κακοῦ κακουργίας κακους κακούς Κακοὺς κακω κακώ κακῷ κακων κακών κακῶν kaka kaká kakà kakai kakaí kaken kakēn kakḗn kako kakō kakoi kakoì kakôi kakō̂i kakon kakón kakòn kakôn kakōn kakō̂n kakos kakòs kakou kakoû kakous kakoús Kakoùs
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Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 2556
50 Occurrencesκακά — 6 Occ.κακαί — 1 Occ.κακήν — 1 Occ.κακῷ — 1 Occ.κακῶν — 4 Occ.κακοὶ — 1 Occ.κακὸν — 24 Occ.κακὸς — 1 Occ.κακοῦ — 8 Occ.Κακοὺς — 3 Occ.Matthew 21:41 Adj-AMPGRK: λέγουσιν αὐτῷ Κακοὺς κακῶς ἀπολέσειNAS:
to a wretchedKJV:
those wicked men,
They say to him wretches
miserably he will destroy
Matthew 24:48 Adj-NMS
GRK: εἴπῃ ὁ κακὸς δοῦλος ἐκεῖνος
NAS: But if that evil slave says
KJV: if that evil servant shall say
INT: should say the evil servant that
Matthew 27:23 Adj-ANS
GRK: Τί γὰρ κακὸν ἐποίησεν οἱ
NAS: what evil has He done?
KJV: Why, what evil hath he done? But
INT: What indeed evil did he commit
Mark 7:21 Adj-NMP
GRK: διαλογισμοὶ οἱ κακοὶ ἐκπορεύονται πορνεῖαι
NAS: proceed the evil thoughts,
KJV: proceed evil thoughts,
INT: thoughts evil go forth sexual immorality
Mark 15:14 Adj-ANS
GRK: γὰρ ἐποίησεν κακόν οἱ δὲ
NAS: what evil has He done?
KJV: Why, what evil hath he done? And
INT: then did he commit evil but
Luke 16:25 Adj-ANP
GRK: ὁμοίως τὰ κακά νῦν δὲ
NAS: Lazarus bad things; but now
KJV: likewise Lazarus evil things: but now
INT: likewise the [things] evil now however
Luke 23:22 Adj-ANS
GRK: Τί γὰρ κακὸν ἐποίησεν οὗτος
NAS: Why, what evil has this man done?
KJV: Why, what evil hath he
INT: What indeed evil did commit this [man]
John 18:23 Adj-GNS
GRK: περὶ τοῦ κακοῦ εἰ δὲ
NAS: testify of the wrong; but if
KJV: bear witness of the evil: but if
INT: concerning the evil if however
John 18:30 Adj-ANS
GRK: ἦν οὗτος κακὸν ποιῶν οὐκ
NAS: this Man were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered
INT: were he an evildoer make not
Acts 9:13 Adj-ANP
GRK: τούτου ὅσα κακὰ τοῖς ἁγίοις
NAS: how much harm he did
KJV: man, how much evil he hath done to thy
INT: this how many evils to saints
Acts 16:28 Adj-ANS
GRK: πράξῃς σεαυτῷ κακόν ἅπαντες γάρ
NAS: Do not harm yourself,
KJV: thyself no harm: for we are
INT: do to yourself injury all indeed
Acts 23:9 Adj-ANS
GRK: λέγοντες Οὐδὲν κακὸν εὑρίσκομεν ἐν
NAS: We find nothing wrong with this man;
KJV: We find no evil in this
INT: saying Nothing evil we find in
Acts 28:5 Adj-ANS
GRK: ἔπαθεν οὐδὲν κακόν
NAS: and suffered no harm.
KJV: and felt no harm.
INT: suffered no injury
Romans 1:30 Adj-GNP
GRK: ἀλαζόνας ἐφευρετὰς κακῶν γονεῦσιν ἀπειθεῖς
NAS: inventors of evil, disobedient
KJV: inventors of evil things, disobedient
INT: boastful inventors of evil things to parents disobedient
Romans 2:9 Adj-ANS
GRK: κατεργαζομένου τὸ κακόν Ἰουδαίου τε
NAS: of man who does evil, of the Jew first
KJV: that doeth evil, of the Jew
INT: produces evil of Jewish both
Romans 3:8 Adj-ANP
GRK: Ποιήσωμεν τὰ κακὰ ἵνα ἔλθῃ
NAS: Let us do evil that good
KJV: Let us do evil, that good
INT: Let us practice things evil that might come
Romans 7:19 Adj-ANS
GRK: οὐ θέλω κακὸν τοῦτο πράσσω
NAS: the very evil that I do not want.
KJV: not: but the evil which I would
INT: not I do want evil this I do
Romans 7:21 Adj-NNS
GRK: ἐμοὶ τὸ κακὸν παράκειται
NAS: the principle that evil is present
KJV: do good, evil is present with me.
INT: me evil is present with
Romans 12:17 Adj-ANS
GRK: μηδενὶ κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ
NAS: pay back evil for evil
KJV: Recompense to no man evil for evil.
INT: to no one evil for evil
Romans 12:17 Adj-GNS
GRK: κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ ἀποδιδόντες προνοούμενοι
NAS: evil for evil to anyone.
KJV: evil for evil. Provide things honest
INT: evil for evil repay providing
Romans 12:21 Adj-GNS
GRK: ὑπὸ τοῦ κακοῦ ἀλλὰ νίκα
NAS: Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome
KJV: overcome of evil, but overcome
INT: by evil but overcome
Romans 12:21 Adj-ANS
GRK: ἀγαθῷ τὸ κακόν
NAS: by evil, but overcome evil with good.
KJV: but overcome evil with good.
INT: good evil
Romans 13:3 Adj-DNS
GRK: ἀλλὰ τῷ κακῷ θέλεις δὲ
NAS: behavior, but for evil. Do you want
KJV: works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then
INT: but to evil Do you desire moreover
Romans 13:4 Adj-ANS
GRK: δὲ τὸ κακὸν ποιῇς φοβοῦ
NAS: But if you do what is evil, be afraid;
KJV: thou do that which is evil, be afraid;
INT: however evil you practice fear
Romans 13:4 Adj-ANS
GRK: τῷ τὸ κακὸν πράσσοντι
NAS: what is evil, be afraid;
KJV: upon him that doeth evil.
INT: to him that evil does