Hebrews 5:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.

King James Bible
But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

Darby Bible Translation
but solid food belongs to full-grown men, who, on account of habit, have their senses exercised for distinguishing both good and evil.

World English Bible
But solid food is for those who are full grown, who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil.

Young's Literal Translation
and of perfect men is the strong food, who because of the use are having the senses exercised, unto the discernment both of good and of evil.

Hebrews 5:14 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But strong meat - The high and sublime doctrines of Christianity; the atonement, justification by faith, the gift of the Holy Ghost, the fullness of Christ dwelling in the souls of men, triumph in and over death, the resurrection of the body, the glorification of both body and soul in the realms of blessedness, and an endless union with Christ in the throne of his glory. This is the strong food which the genuine Christian understands, receives, digests, and by which he grows.

By reason of use - Who, by constant hearing, believing, praying, and obedience, use all the graces of God's Spirit; and, in the faithful use of them, find every one improved, so that they daily grow in grace, and in the knowledge of Jesus Christ our Lord.

Have their senses exercised - The word αισθητηρια signifies the different organs of sense, as the eyes, ears, tongue, and palate, nose, and finger ends, and the nervous surface in general, through which we gain the sensations called seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, and feeling. These organs of sense, being frequently exercised or employed on a variety of subjects, acquire the power to discern the various objects of sense: viz. all objects of light; difference of sounds; of tastes or savours; of odours or smelling; and of hard, soft, wet, dry, cold, hot, rough, smooth, and all other tangible qualities.

There is something in the soul that answers to all these senses in the body. And as universal nature presents to the other senses their different and appropriate objects, so religion presents to these interior senses the objects which are suited to them. Hence in Scripture we are said, even in spiritual things, to see, hear, taste, smell, and touch or feel. These are the means by which the soul is rendered comfortable, and through which it derives its happiness and perfection.

In the adult Christian these senses are said to be γεγυμνασμενα, exercised, a metaphor taken from the athlete or contenders in the Grecian games, who were wont to employ all their powers, skill, and agility in mock fights, running, wrestling, etc., that they might be the better prepared for the actual contests when they took place. So these employ and improve all their powers, and in using grace get more grace; and thus, being able to discern good from evil, they are in little danger of being imposed on by false doctrine, or by the pretensions of hypocrites; or of being deceived by the subtleties of Satan. They feel that their security depends, under God, on this exercise - on the proper use which they make of the grace already given them by God. Can any reader be so dull as not to understand this?

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

of full age. or, perfect.

Matthew 5:48 Be you therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

1 Corinthians 2:6 However, we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world...

Ephesians 4:13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man...

Philippians 3:15 Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing you be otherwise minded...

James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.

*Gr:

use. or, an habit, or, perfection. their

Job 6:30 Is there iniquity in my tongue? cannot my taste discern perverse things?

Job 12:11 Does not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat?

Job 34:3 For the ear tries words, as the mouth tastes meat.

Psalm 119:103 How sweet are your words to my taste! yes, sweeter than honey to my mouth!

Songs 1:3 Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

Songs 2:3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight...

Matthew 6:22,23 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore your eye be single, your whole body shall be full of light...

Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of his calling...

to discern.

Genesis 3:5 For God does know that in the day you eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

2 Samuel 14:17 Then your handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God...

1 Kings 3:9,11 Give therefore your servant an understanding heart to judge your people, that I may discern between good and bad...

Isaiah 7:15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.

Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive you, but not to doubtful disputations.

*Gr:

1 Corinthians 2:14,15 But the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness to him: neither can he know them...

Philippians 1:9,10 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment...

*Gr:

1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.

Library
The Lesson of Life
Fifth Sunday in Lent. Chester Training College, 1870. Windsor Castle, 1871. Hebrews v. 7, 8. "Who in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears, unto Him that was able to save Him from death, and was heard in that He feared; though He were a Son, yet learned He obedience by the things which He suffered." This is the lesson of life. This is God's way of educating us, of making us men and women worthy of the name of men and women, worthy
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Our Compassionate High Priest
"Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity."--Hebrews 5:2 The high priest looked Godward, and therefore he had need to be holy; for he had to deal with things pertaining to God. But at the same time he looked manward; it was for men that he was ordained, that, through him, they might deal with God; and therefore he had need to be tender. It was necessary that he should be one who could have sympathy with men;
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 38: 1892

The Impossibility of Renewal.
"Of Whom we have many things to say, and hard of interpretation, seeing ye are become dull of hearing. For when by reason of the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need again that some one teach you the rudiments of the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of solid food. For every one that partaketh of milk is without experience of the word of righteousness; for he is a babe. But solid food is for full-grown men, even those who by reason of
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

I am first to give you some directions for bringing your people to submit to this course of catechizing and instruction.
I am first to give you some directions for bringing your people to submit to this course of catechizing and instruction. 1. The chief means of all is this, for a minister so to conduct himself in the general course of his life and ministry, as to convince his people of his ability, sincerity, and unfeigned love to them. For if they take him to be ignorant, they will despise his teaching, and think themselves as wise as he; and if they think him self-seeking, or hypocritical, and one that doth not
Richard Baxter—The Reformed Pastor

Cross References
1 Kings 3:9
So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong. For who is able to govern this great people of yours?"

Romans 14:1
Accept the one whose faith is weak, without quarreling over disputable matters.

1 Corinthians 2:6
We do, however, speak a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing.

Ephesians 4:13
until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.

1 Timothy 4:7
Have nothing to do with godless myths and old wives' tales; rather, train yourself to be godly.

Hebrews 6:1
Therefore let us move beyond the elementary teachings about Christ and be taken forward to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, and of faith in God,

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Account Adults Age Babes Belongeth Carefully Constant Discern Distinguish Distinguishing Evil Exercised Faculties Food Full Fullgrown Full-Grown Good Grown Growth Habit Mature Meat Mere Persons Practice Reason Senses Solid Spiritual Strong Themselves Trained Use
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