James 1:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.

New Living Translation
These desires give birth to sinful actions. And when sin is allowed to grow, it gives birth to death.

English Standard Version
Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

New American Standard Bible
Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.

King James Bible
Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin, and when sin is fully grown, it gives birth to death.

International Standard Version
When that desire becomes pregnant, it gives birth to sin; and when that sin grows up, it gives birth to death.

NET Bible
Then when desire conceives, it gives birth to sin, and when sin is full grown, it gives birth to death.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And this desire becomes pregnant and gives birth to sin, but sin, when it has matured, gives birth to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then desire becomes pregnant and gives birth to sin. When sin grows up, it gives birth to death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, brings forth death.

King James 2000 Bible
Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, brings forth death.

American King James Version
Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, brings forth death.

American Standard Version
Then the lust, when it hath conceived, beareth sin: and the sin, when it is fullgrown, bringeth forth death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then when concupiscence hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin. But sin, when it is completed, begetteth death.

Darby Bible Translation
then lust, having conceived, gives birth to sin; but sin fully completed brings forth death.

English Revised Version
Then the lust, when it hath conceived, beareth sin: and the sin, when it is fullgrown, bringeth forth death.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

Weymouth New Testament
Then the passion conceives, and becomes the parent of sin; and sin, when fully matured, gives birth to death.

World English Bible
Then the lust, when it has conceived, bears sin; and the sin, when it is full grown, brings forth death.

Young's Literal Translation
afterward the desire having conceived, doth give birth to sin, and the sin having been perfected, doth bring forth death.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:12-18 It is not every man who suffers, that is blessed; but he who with patience and constancy goes through all difficulties in the way of duty. Afflictions cannot make us miserable, if it be not our own fault. The tried Christian shall be a crowned one. The crown of life is promised to all who have the love of God reigning in their hearts. Every soul that truly loves God, shall have its trials in this world fully recompensed in that world above, where love is made perfect. The commands of God, and the dealings of his providence, try men's hearts, and show the dispositions which prevail in them. But nothing sinful in the heart or conduct can be ascribed to God. He is not the author of the dross, though his fiery trial exposes it. Those who lay the blame of sin, either upon their constitution, or upon their condition in the world, or pretend they cannot keep from sinning, wrong God as if he were the author of sin. Afflictions, as sent by God, are designed to draw out our graces, but not our corruptions. The origin of evil and temptation is in our own hearts. Stop the beginnings of sin, or all the evils that follow must be wholly charged upon us. God has no pleasure in the death of men, as he has no hand in their sin; but both sin and misery are owing to themselves. As the sun is the same in nature and influences, though the earth and clouds, often coming between, make it seem to us to vary, so God is unchangeable, and our changes and shadows are not from any changes or alterations in him. What the sun is in nature, God is in grace, providence, and glory; and infinitely more. As every good gift is from God, so particularly our being born again, and all its holy, happy consequences come from him. A true Christian becomes as different a person from what he was before the renewing influences of Divine grace, as if he were formed over again. We should devote all our faculties to God's service, that we may be a kind of first-fruits of his creatures.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15 shows where temptation passes into sin. Ἐπιθυμία, lust, is clearly not in itself "true and proper sin," but it is no less clear that, as our Article IX. says it "hath of itself the nature of sin." With this whole passage we should compare St. Paul's teaching on ἐπιθυμία, ἀμαρτιὰ, and θανατός, in Romans 7:7-11. Ἀποκύειν occurs only here and in ver. 18; translate, gendereth.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then when lust hath conceived,.... A proposal of pleasure or profit being made, agreeable to lust, or the principle of corrupt nature, sinful man is pleased with it; and instead of resisting and rejecting the motion made, he admits of it, and receives it, and cherishes it in his mind; he dallies and plays with it; he dwells upon it in his thoughts, and hides it under his tongue, and in his heart, as a sweet morsel, and forsakes it not, but contrives ways and means how to bring it about; and this is lust's conceiving. The figure is used in Psalm 7:14 on which Kimchi, a Jewish commentator, has this note;

"he (the psalmist) compares the thoughts of the heart "to a conception", and when they go out in word, this is "travail", and in work or act, this is "bringing forth".''

And so it follows here,

it bringeth forth sin; into act, not only by consenting to it, but by performing it:

and sin, when it is finished: being solicited, is agreed to, and actually committed:

bringeth forth death; as the first sin of man brought death into the world, brought a spiritual death, or moral death upon man, subjected him to a corporeal death, and made him liable to an eternal one; so every sin is deserving of death, death is the just wages of it; yea, even the motions of sin work in men to bring forth fruit unto death. Something like these several gradual steps, in which sin proceeds, is observed by the Jews, and expressed in much the like language, in allegorizing the case of Lot, and his two daughters (i);

"the concupiscent soul (or "lust") stirs up the evil figment, and imagines by it, and it cleaves to every evil imagination, "until it conceives a little", and produces in the heart of man the evil thought, and cleaves to it; and as yet it is in his heart, and is not "finished" to do it, until this desire or lust stirs up the strength of the body, first to cleave to the evil figment, and then , "sin is finished"; as it is said, Genesis 19:36.''

(i) Midrash Haneelam in Zohar in Gen. fol. 67. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. The guilty union is committed by the will embracing the temptress. "Lust," the harlot, then, "brings forth sin," namely, of that kind to which the temptation inclines. Then the particular sin (so the Greek implies), "when it is completed, brings forth death," with which it was all along pregnant [Alford]. This "death" stands in striking contrast to the "crown of life" (Jas 1:12) which "patience" or endurance ends in, when it has its "perfect work" (Jas 1:4). He who will fight Satan with Satan's own weapons, must not wonder if he finds himself overmatched. Nip sin in the bud of lust.

James 1:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
Perseverance in Temptation
14But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. 15Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. 16Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren.…
Cross References
Genesis 2:17
but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die."

Genesis 3:6
When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

2 Samuel 11:4
Then David sent messengers to get her. She came to him, and he slept with her. (Now she was purifying herself from her monthly uncleanness.) Then she went back home.

Job 15:35
They conceive trouble and give birth to evil; their womb fashions deceit."

Psalm 7:14
Whoever is pregnant with evil conceives trouble and gives birth to disillusionment.

Proverbs 11:19
Truly the righteous attain life, but whoever pursues evil finds death.

Isaiah 33:11
You conceive chaff, you give birth to straw; your breath is a fire that consumes you.

Isaiah 59:4
No one calls for justice; no one pleads a case with integrity. They rely on empty arguments, they utter lies; they conceive trouble and give birth to evil.

Matthew 5:28
But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Romans 5:12
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned--

Romans 6:23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

James 1:14
but each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed.

James 1:18
He chose to give us birth through the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.
Treasury of Scripture

Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, brings forth death.

when.

Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that …

Genesis 4:5-8 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was …

Job 15:35 They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepares deceit.

Psalm 7:14 Behold, he travails with iniquity, and has conceived mischief, and …

Isaiah 59:4 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, …

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Matthew 26:14,48-59 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests…

Acts 5:1-3 But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession…

sin, when.

Genesis 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not …

Genesis 3:17-19 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your …

Psalm 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

Romans 5:12-21 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

Romans 6:21-23 What fruit had you then in those things whereof you are now ashamed? …

Revelation 20:14,15 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death…

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