Genesis 2:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die."

New Living Translation
except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. If you eat its fruit, you are sure to die."

English Standard Version
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

New American Standard Bible
but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die."

King James Bible
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will certainly die."

International Standard Version
but you are not to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, because you will certainly die during the day that you eat from it."

NET Bible
but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will surely die."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But you must never eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil because when you eat from it, you will certainly die."

Jubilee Bible 2000
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou dost eat of it thou shalt surely die.

King James 2000 Bible
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

American King James Version
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

American Standard Version
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat. for in what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death.

Darby Bible Translation
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest of it thou shalt certainly die.

English Revised Version
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Webster's Bible Translation
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest of it thou shalt surely die.

World English Bible
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it; for in the day that you eat of it you will surely die."

Young's Literal Translation
and of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou dost not eat of it, for in the day of thine eating of it -- dying thou dost die.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:16,17 Let us never set up our own will against the holy will of God. There was not only liberty allowed to man, in taking the fruits of paradise, but everlasting life made sure to him upon his obedience. There was a trial appointed of his obedience. By transgression he would forfeit his Maker's favour, and deserve his displeasure, with all its awful effects; so that he would become liable to pain, disease, and death. Worse than that, he would lose the holy image of God, and all the comfort of his favour; and feel the torment of sinful passions, and the terror of his Maker's vengeance, which must endure for ever with his never dying soul. The forbidding to eat of the fruit of a particular tree was wisely suited to the state of our first parents. In their state of innocence, and separated from any others, what opportunity or what temptation had they to break any of the ten commandments? The event proves that the whole human race were concerned in the trial and fall of our first parents. To argue against these things is to strive against stubborn facts, as well as Divine revelation; for man is sinful, and shows by his first actions, and his conduct ever afterwards, that he is ready to do evil. He is under the Divine displeasure, exposed to sufferings and death. The Scriptures always speak of man as of this sinful character, and in this miserable state; and these things are true of men in all ages, and of all nations.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil,.... Of the name of this tree, and the reasons of it; see Gill on Genesis 2:9.

thou shalt not eat of it; not that this tree had any efficacy in it to increase knowledge, and improve in science and understanding, as Satan suggested God knew; and therefore forbid the eating of it out of envy to man, which the divine Being is capable of; or that there was anything hurtful in it to the bodies of men, if they had eaten of it; or that it was unlawful and evil of itself, if it had not been expressly prohibited: but it was, previous to this injunction, a quite indifferent thing whether man ate of it or not; and therefore was pitched upon as a trial of man's obedience to God, under whose government he was, and whom it was fit he should obey in all things; and since he had a grant of all the trees of the garden but this, it was the greater aggravation of his offence that he should not abstain from it:

for in the day thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die; or "in dying, die" (z); which denotes the certainty of it, as our version expresses it; and may have regard to more deaths than one; not only a corporeal one, which in some sense immediately took place, man became at once a mortal creature, who otherwise continuing in a state of innocence, and by eating of the tree of life, he was allowed to do, would have lived an immortal life; of the eating of which tree, by sinning he was debarred, his natural life not now to be continued long, at least not for ever; he was immediately arraigned, tried, and condemned to death, was found guilty of it, and became obnoxious to it, and death at once began to work in him; sin sowed the seeds of it in his body, and a train of miseries, afflictions, and diseases, began to appear, which at length issued in death. Moreover, a spiritual or moral death immediately ensued; he lost his original righteousness, in which he was created; the image of God in him was deformed; the powers and faculties of his soul were corrupted, and he became dead in sins and trespasses; the consequence of which, had it not been for the interposition of a surety and Saviour, who engaged to make satisfaction to law and justice, must have been eternal death, or an everlasting separation from God, to him and all his posterity; for the wages of sin is death, even death eternal, Romans 6:23. So the Jews (a) interpret this of death, both in this world and in the world to come.

(z) Pagninus, Montanus, &c. (a) Tikkune Zohar, correct. 24. fol. 68. 1. correct. 54. fol. 90. 2. correct. 66. fol. 100. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

17. thou shalt not eat of it … thou shalt surely die—no reason assigned for the prohibition, but death was to be the punishment of disobedience. A positive command like this was not only the simplest and easiest, but the only trial to which their fidelity could be exposed.

Genesis 2:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Forbidden Fruit
16The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die."
Cross References
Romans 5:12
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned--

Romans 5:17
For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God's abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

Romans 6:23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

1 Timothy 5:6
But the widow who lives for pleasure is dead even while she lives.

James 1:15
Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.

Genesis 3:2
The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,

Deuteronomy 30:15
See, I set before you today life and prosperity, death and destruction.

Deuteronomy 30:19
This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live
Treasury of Scripture

But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

of the tree.

Genesis 2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is …

Genesis 3:1-3,11,17,19 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which …

thou shalt surely die. Heb. dying thou shalt die. surely. ch.

Genesis 3:3,4,19 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, …

Genesis 20:7 Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and …

Numbers 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. …

Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed be he that confirms not all the words of this law to do them. …

1 Samuel 14:39,44 For, as the LORD lives, which saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan …

1 Samuel 20:31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the ground, you shall not …

1 Samuel 22:16 And the king said, You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you, and all …

1 Kings 2:37,42 For it shall be, that on the day you go out, and pass over the brook …

Jeremiah 26:8 Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all …

Ezekiel 3:18-20 When I say to the wicked, You shall surely die; and you give him …

Ezekiel 18:4,13,32 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the …

Ezekiel 33:8,14 When I say to the wicked, O wicked man, you shall surely die; if …

Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things …

Romans 5:12-21 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

Romans 6:16,23 Know you not, that to whom you yield yourselves servants to obey, …

Romans 7:10-13 And the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to be to death…

Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free …

1 Corinthians 15:22,56 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive…

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for …

Ephesians 2:1-6 And you has he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins…

Ephesians 5:14 Why he said, Awake you that sleep, and arise from the dead, and Christ …

Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your …

1 Timothy 5:6 But she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives.

James 1:15 Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when …

1 John 5:16 If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not to death, he shall …

Revelation 2:11 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit said to the churches; …

Revelation 20:6,14 Blessed and holy is he that has part in the first resurrection: on …

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, …

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