1 Peter 2:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Dear friends, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from sinful desires, which wage war against your soul.

New Living Translation
Dear friends, I warn you as "temporary residents and foreigners" to keep away from worldly desires that wage war against your very souls.

English Standard Version
Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul.

Berean Study Bible
Beloved, I urge you as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from the desires of the flesh, which war against your soul.

Berean Literal Bible
Beloved, I exhort you as aliens and sojourners, to abstain from fleshly desires, which war against the soul,

New American Standard Bible
Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.

King James Bible
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Dear friends, I urge you as strangers and temporary residents to abstain from fleshly desires that war against you.

International Standard Version
Dear friends, I urge you as aliens and exiles to keep on abstaining from the desires of the flesh that wage war against the soul.

NET Bible
Dear friends, I urge you as foreigners and exiles to keep away from fleshly desires that do battle against the soul,

New Heart English Bible
Beloved, I beg you as foreigners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Beloved, I beg of you, as wayfarers and as foreigners, depart from all these desires of the body that make war against the soul,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Dear friends, since you are foreigners and temporary residents [in the world], I'm encouraging you to keep away from the desires of your corrupt nature. These desires constantly attack you.

New American Standard 1977
Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts, which wage war against the soul.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from the carnal desires which war against the soul

King James 2000 Bible
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as aliens and exiles, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

American King James Version
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

American Standard Version
Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lust, which war against the soul;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, to refrain yourselves from carnal desires which war against the soul,

Darby Bible Translation
Beloved, I exhort [you], as strangers and sojourners, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

English Revised Version
Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Webster's Bible Translation
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Weymouth New Testament
Dear friends, I entreat you as pilgrims and foreigners not to indulge the cravings of your lower natures: for all such cravings wage war upon the soul.

World English Bible
Beloved, I beg you as foreigners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Young's Literal Translation
Beloved, I call upon you, as strangers and sojourners, to keep from the fleshly desires, that war against the soul,
Study Bible
The Living Stone
10Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. 11Beloved, I urge you as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from the desires of the flesh, which war against your soul. 12Conduct yourselves with such honor among the Gentiles that, though they slander you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day He visits us.…
Cross References
Leviticus 25:23
The land, moreover, shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are but aliens and sojourners with Me.

Psalm 39:12
"Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry; Do not be silent at my tears; For I am a stranger with You, A sojourner like all my fathers.

Romans 7:23
But I see another law at work in my body, warring against the law of my mind and holding me captive to the law of sin that dwells within me.

Romans 12:1
Therefore I urge you, brothers, on account of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God, which is your spiritual service of worship.

Romans 13:14
Instead, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the desires of the flesh.

Galatians 5:16
So I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh.

Galatians 5:24
Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.

Ephesians 2:19
Therefore you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens of the saints and members of God's household,

Hebrews 6:9
Even though we speak like this, beloved, we are convinced of better things in your case--of things that accompany salvation.

Hebrews 11:13
All these people died in faith, without having received the things they were promised. However, they saw them and welcomed them from afar. And they acknowledged that they were strangers and exiles on the earth.
Treasury of Scripture

Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

I beseech.

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, that you …

2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech …

2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, as workers together with him, beseech you also that you …

Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that you walk …

Philemon 1:9,10 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech you, being such an one as Paul …

as.

1 Peter 1:1,17 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout …

Genesis 23:4 I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of …

Genesis 47:9 And Jacob said to Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage …

Leviticus 25:23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine, for you …

1 Chronicles 29:15 For we are strangers before you, and sojourners, as were all our …

Psalm 39:12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry; hold not your peace …

Psalm 119:19,54 I am a stranger in the earth: hide not your commandments from me…

Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having …

abstain.

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to …

Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged …

Acts 15:20,29 But that we write to them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, …

Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you shall die: but if you through …

Romans 13:13,14 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, …

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves …

Galatians 5:16-21 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the …

2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, …

1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If …

war.

Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind…

Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you shall die: but if you through …

Galatians 5:17,24 For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the …

1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and …

James 4:1 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even …

PRUDENTIAL RULES OF CONDUCT IN VIEW OF THE HOSTILE ATTITUDE OF THE HEATHEN.--As slanders against the Christian name are rife, and bringing practical persecution on the Church, they are exhorted to extreme care about their conduct, especially in regard (1) to purity, and (2) to due subordination, whether as subjects to the officers of state, or as slaves to their masters, or as wives to their husbands (1Peter 2:11 to 1Peter 3:12.)

(11) Dearly beloved.--"Affectionate and pressing exhortation," says Bengel. "That which is known to come from love," says Leighton, "cannot readily but be so received too, and it is thus expressed for that very purpose, that the request may be the more welcome. Beloved, it is the advice of a friend, one that truly loves-you, and aims at nothing but your good; it is because I love you that I intreat you, and intreat you, as you love yourselves, to abstain from fleshly lusts."

As strangers and pilgrims.--The exhortation will be felt with the more force if we turn to the Psalm from which St. Peter draws the phrase (Psalm 39:12, LXX.). The words, especially when compared with that Psalm, prepare for the description of distress which is to follow. (Comp. also Psalm 119:19.) The word "pilgrim" (which comes to us through the French form pelerin, from the Latin peregrinus) does not originally, or in this place, mean one on a pilgrimage. It implies no journeying, but simply residence in a foreign country. Here it represents the same Greek word which is rendered "strangers" in 1Peter 1:1, but is used in a metaphorical and not literal sense. Though no longer "scattered," but gathered mercifully once more into "a people," they were still far from home--unprotected residents in an alien and hostile world, which scrutinised their conduct and was anxious for an opportunity to get rid of them.

Abstain from fleshly lusts.--First prudential rule. Although all bad desires might be described as fleshly, the word seems here to mean what we usually understand by it, the lusts which lead to drunkenness, gluttony, and uncleanness. And though such sins are usually characteristic of the Gentile, not of the Jew, yet see our Note on 1Peter 1:14. Jews were not impeccable in such matters, and here the Apostle has a special reason for insisting on the observance of the seventh commandment. It may even be said that his mode of insistence recognises that his readers usually do observe it. He appeals to them as "Israelites from home" to be on their guard in such matters, as Leonidas might exhort Spartans going into battle not to flinch, or Nelson tell English sailors that "England expects every man to do his duty." There was special reason for these Hebrew Christians to be more than ever vigilant, because (see Note on next verse) of the calumnies which the heathen were beginning to circulate about the Christians.

Which war against the soul.--This clause is no specifying of the particular fleshly lusts to be guarded against, as though there were some of them which did not war against the soul; but it is a description of the way in which all fleshly lusts alike act. It means not merely a general antagonism between soul and body, but that the lusts are on active service, engaged in a definite campaign against the immortal part of the man. St. Peter has probably forgotten for the moment his metaphor of strangers and sojourners, and we are not to put the two things together too closely, as though their position of strangers rendered them more liable to the attack of the hostile lusts. "Abstain" cannot mean merely "be on your guard against." It runs rather thus: "You Christian Jews are dwelling as sojourners in the midst of jealous Gentile foreigners, and must, therefore, be particularly observant of moral conduct; for though I know that you usually are so, yet the fleshly appetites are actively engaged against your soul all the time; and if you should in any degree let them get the better of you, the heathen neighbours will at once take advantage of you." As the expression might have been drawn equally well from St. Paul or from St. James, it is perhaps the easiest thing to suppose that (like the metaphors of building or of giving milk) it was part of the common property of Christians, and not consciously traceable to any originator.

Verse 11. - Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims. St. Peter returns to practical topics: he begins his exhortation in the affectionate manner common in Holy Scripture. He calls his readers "strangers and pilgrims." The word here rendered "strangers" (πάροικοι) is equivalent to the classical μέτοικοι, and means "foreign set-tiers, dwellers in a strange land." The second word (παρεοίδημοι, translated "strangers" in 1 Peter 1.) means "visitors" who tarry for a time in a foreign country, not permanently settling in it. It does not contain the ideas associated with the modern use of "pilgrim;" though that word, derived kern the Latin peregrinus, originally meant no more than "sojourner." St. Peter is plainly using the words metaphorically his readers were citizens of the heavenly country; on earth they were sojourners. Both words occur in the Septuagint Version of Psalm 39:12 (38:13 in the Greek), with the same metaphorical meaning. Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. Strangers and pilgrims should remember their distant home, and not follow the practices of the strange land in which they sojourn. The lusts of the flesh are all those desires which issue out of our corrupt nature (temp. Galatians 5:16-21). They "war against the soul." "Non mode impediunt," says Bengel, "sod oppugnant; grande verbum" (comp. Romans 7:23). St. Peter uses the word "soul" here for the whole spiritual nature of man, as in 1 Peter 1:9, 22. Dearly beloved, I beseech you,.... The apostle, from characters of the saints, and which express their blessings and privileges, with great beauty, propriety, and pertinency, passes to exhortations to duties; he addresses the saints under this affectionate appellation, "dearly beloved", to express his great love to them, and to show that what he was about to exhort them to sprung from sincere and hearty affection for them, and was with a view to their real good; nor does he in an authoritative way command, as he might have done, as an apostle, but, as a friend, he entreats and beseeches them:

as strangers and pilgrims; not in a literal sense, though they were in a foreign country, in a strange land, and sojourners there, but in a spiritual and mystical sense; they were "strangers", not to God and Christ, and to the Spirit, to themselves, to the saints, and to all that is good, as they had formerly been, but to the world, the men of it, and the things in it; and therefore it became them to separate from it, and not conform to it; to abstain from all appearance of evil, to have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but to deny ungodliness and worldly lusts: and they were "pilgrims"; whose habit is Christ and his righteousness; whose food is Christ and his fulness; whose staff is Christ and the promises; whose guide is the blessed Spirit; the place for which they are bound is heaven, the better country, where is their Father's house, their friends, and their inheritance; this world not being their country, nor their resting place, it became them to have their conversation in heaven, and to

abstain from fleshly lusts; which spring from the flesh, and are concerned about fleshly things, and are exercised in and by the members of the flesh, or body; hence, in the Syriac version, they are called, "the lusts of the body": these are to be abstained from; not that the apostle thought that they could be without them; for while the saints are in the body, flesh, or corrupt nature will be in them, and the lusts thereof; but then these are not to be indulged, or provision to be made for them, to fulfil them; they are not to be obeyed and served, or lived unto, but to be denied and crucified, being unsuitable to the character of strangers and pilgrims, and also because of their hurtful and pernicious nature:

which war against the soul; see Romans 7:23, these are enemies to the spiritual peace, comfort, and welfare of the soul; and being of a man's household, and in his heart, are the worst enemies he has; and are to be treated as such, to be shunned and avoided, watched and guarded against; for though they cannot destroy the souls of true believers, they may bring much leanness upon them, and greatly distress them, and spoil them of their inward joy, and spiritual pleasure. 11. As heretofore he exhorted them to walk worthily of their calling, in contradistinction to their own former walk, so now he exhorts them to glorify God before unbelievers.

Dearly beloved—He gains their attention to his exhortation by assuring them of his love.

strangers and pilgrims—(1Pe 1:17). Sojourners, literally, settlers having a house in a city without being citizens in respect to the rights of citizenship; a picture of the Christian's position on earth; and pilgrims, staying for a time in a foreign land. Flacius thus analyzes the exhortation: (1) Purify your souls (a) as strangers on earth who must not allow yourselves to be kept back by earthly lusts, and (b) because these lusts war against the soul's salvation. (2) Walk piously among unbelievers (a) so that they may cease to calumniate Christians, and (b) may themselves be converted to Christ.

fleshly lusts—enumerated in Ga 5:19, etc. Not only the gross appetites which we have in common with the brutes, but all the thoughts of the unrenewed mind.

which—Greek, "the which," that is, inasmuch as being such as "war." etc. Not only do they impede, but they assail [Bengel].

the soul—that is, against the regenerated soul; such as were those now addressed. The regenerated soul is besieged by sinful lusts. Like Samson in the lap of Delilah, the believer, the moment that he gives way to fleshly lusts, has the locks of his strength shorn, and ceases to maintain that spiritual separation from the world and the flesh of which the Nazarite vow was the type.2:11,12 Even the best of men, the chosen generation, the people of God, need to be exhorted to keep from the worst sins. And fleshly lusts are most destructive to man's soul. It is a sore judgment to be given up to them. There is a day of visitation coming, wherein God may call to repentance by his word and his grace; then many will glorify God, and the holy lives of his people will have promoted the happy change.
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