1 Peter 2:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
As you come to him, the living Stone--rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him--

New Living Translation
You are coming to Christ, who is the living cornerstone of God's temple. He was rejected by people, but he was chosen by God for great honor.

English Standard Version
As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious,

New American Standard Bible
And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God,

King James Bible
To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Coming to Him, a living stone--rejected by men but chosen and valuable to God--

International Standard Version
As you come to him, the living stone who was rejected by people but was chosen and precious in God's sight,

NET Bible
So as you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but chosen and priceless in God's sight,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He to whom you draw near, The Living Stone, whom the children of men have rejected, and is chosen and precious to God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You are coming to Christ, the living stone who was rejected by humans but was chosen as precious by God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
coming unto whom (is the living Stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious),

King James 2000 Bible
To whom coming, as unto a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

American King James Version
To whom coming, as to a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

American Standard Version
unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, precious,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto whom coming, as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen and made honourable by God:

Darby Bible Translation
To whom coming, a living stone, cast away indeed as worthless by men, but with God chosen, precious,

English Revised Version
unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, precious,

Webster's Bible Translation
To whom coming as to a living stone, disallowed indeed by men, but chosen by God, and precious,

Weymouth New Testament
Come to Him, the ever-living Stone, rejected indeed by men as worthless, but in God's esteem chosen and held in honour.

World English Bible
coming to him, a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God, precious.

Young's Literal Translation
to whom coming -- a living stone -- by men, indeed, having been disapproved of, but with God choice, precious,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-10 Evil-speaking is a sign of malice and guile in the heart; and hinders our profiting by the word of God. A new life needs suitable food. Infants desire milk, and make the best endeavours for it which they are able to do; such must be a Christian's desires after the word of God. Our Lord Jesus Christ is very merciful to us miserable sinners; and he has a fulness of grace. But even the best of God's servants, in this life, have only a taste of the consolations of God. Christ is called a Stone, to teach his servants that he is their protection and security, the foundation on which they are built. He is precious in the excellence of his nature, the dignity of his office, and the glory of his services. All true believers are a holy priesthood; sacred to God, serviceable to others, endowed with heavenly gifts and graces. But the most spiritual sacrifices of the best in prayer and praise are not acceptable, except through Jesus Christ. Christ is the chief Corner-stone, that unites the whole number of believers into one everlasting temple, and bears the weight of the whole fabric. Elected, or chosen, for a foundation that is everlasting. Precious beyond compare, by all that can give worth. To be built on Christ means, to believe in him; but in this many deceive themselves, they consider not what it is, nor the necessity of it, to partake of the salvation he has wrought. Though the frame of the world were falling to pieces, that man who is built on this foundation may hear it without fear. He shall not be confounded. The believing soul makes haste to Christ, but it never finds cause to hasten from him. All true Christians are a chosen generation; they make one family, a people distinct from the world: of another spirit, principle, and practice; which they could never be, if they were not chosen in Christ to be such, and sanctified by his Spirit. Their first state is a state of gross darkness, but they are called out of darkness into a state of joy, pleasure, and prosperity; that they should show forth the praises of the Lord by their profession of his truth, and their good conduct. How vast their obligations to Him who has made them his people, and has shown mercy to them! To be without this mercy is a woful state, though a man have all worldly enjoyments. And there is nothing that so kindly works repentance, as right thoughts of the mercy and love of God. Let us not dare to abuse and affront the free grace of God, if we mean to be saved by it; but let all who would be found among those who obtain mercy, walk as his people.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - To whom coming as unto a living stone. Omit the words, "as unto," which are not in the Greek, and weaken the sense. The participle is present; the Christian must be ever coming to Christ, riot only once for all, but always, every day. The ', living Stone" is Christ; the "Lord" of Psalm 34:8 is Jehovah. St. Peter passes from the figure of milk to that of a chief cornerstone. So St. Paul, in 1 Corinthians 3, after saying that he had fed his Corinthian converts "with milk, and not with meat," passes first to the figure of laborers on the land, and then to that of builders upon the one foundation "which is Jesus Christ." This, like so many other coincidences, indicates St. Peter's knowledge of St. Paul's Epistles. St. Peter may have been thinking of his own name, the name which Christ gave him when Andrew brought him to the Lord; though the Greek word here is not πέτρα or πέτρος, but λίθος ( νοτ the solid native rock on which the temple is built, nor a piece of rock, an unhewn stone, but a stone shaped and wrought, chosen for a chief corner-stone. But the apostle does not mention himself; he omits all reference to his own position in the spiritual building; he wishes to direct his readers only to Christ. He is plainly referring to the Lord's own words in Matthew 21:42, where Christ applies to himself the language of Psalm 118, He described himself as a Stone; St. Peter adds the epithet "living" (λίθον ζῶντα). The figure of a stone is inadequate, all figures are inadequate, to represent heavenly mysteries. This stone is not, like the stones of earth, an inert mass; it is living, full of life; nay, it gives life, as well as strength and coherence, to the stones which are built upon it: for the Lord hath life in himself - he is risen from the dead, and is alive for evermore. Disallowed indeed of men. St. Peter slightly varies the quotation, and attributes to men in general the rejection ascribed in the psalm and in the Gospel to the "builders." "He was despised and rejected of men." In his speech before the Sanhedrin (Acts 4:11), he had directly applied the prophecy to the chief priests. But chosen of God, and precious; rather, as the Revised Version, with God elect, precious, or perhaps better, honored; a reference to Isaiah 28:16. He was rejected of the builders, but chosen of God; despised of men, but with God held in honor. The adjective is not the same as that rendered "precious" in 1 Peter 1:19: τίμος there marks the preciousness of the blood of Christ in itself; ἔντιμος here, the honor with which God "hath highly exalted him."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

To whom coming, as unto a living stone,.... Christ here, as often elsewhere, is compared to a "stone"; and Peter, by the use of this metaphor, shows that he is not the rock, but Christ is the rock on which the church is built, and he is the foundation stone on which every believer is laid; and it is chiefly with respect to the usefulness of a stone in building, that Christ is compared to one, who is the foundation and cornerstone, as well as for strength and duration; and he is called a "living" one, because he has life in himself, as God, as Mediator, and as man; and communicates life to others, as natural life to all creatures, and spiritual and eternal life to his people, whose great privilege it is to come to him: and by coming to him is meant believing in him; and it does not design the first act of faith on Christ, or a soul's first coming to Christ, but an after and continued exercise of faith on him; and it supposes Christ to be come at, notwithstanding he is in heaven, and saints on earth, for their faith and hope can enter into, and reach him within the vail, and notwithstanding their many transgressions and backslidings; it supposes life in them, or they could not come; and a sense of their need of him, of his righteousness to justify them, of his blood for pardoning and cleansing, of his fulness to supply their want of food, rest, peace, comfort, and salvation in him; and a persuasion of his ability and willingness to relieve them: and they are encouraged to come to him under the above considerations, as a stone, a foundation stone; believing that he is laid as a foundation, and that he is the only foundation, and therefore they lay the whole stress of their salvation, and build all their hopes of happiness on him; and as a living stone, deriving grace, life, and strength from him; exercising faith on him for all the mercies, blessings, and comforts of a spiritual life, and looking to his mercy for eternal life,

Disallowed indeed of men; by the Jewish builders, high priests, Scribes, and Pharisees, and the body and bulk of that nation; who rejected him as the Messiah, and stone of Israel, refused him as a foundation stone, and left him out of the building; and laid another foundation, even their own works of righteousness, on which sandy foundation they built themselves, and directed others to do so likewise; and set him, at nought, as a living stone, would not come to him for life, but sought it in the law, the killing letter, and among their dead works; but though Christ was thus disallowed and disesteemed of by men, yet was he highly valued and esteemed by God:

but chosen of God, and precious; his human nature was "chosen" from among, and above all other individuals of mankind; to be united to the Son of God; as God-man and Mediator, he was chosen to that high office, to be the head of the church, and the Saviour of the body; to be the foundation in the spiritual building, and to be the author and giver of spiritual and eternal life to as many as were given him. Moreover, this phrase denotes the superior excellency of Christ to angels and men in the account of God; being the brightness of his glory, the express image of his person, the Son of his love, in whom he was always well pleased, and in whom he took infinite delight, considered both as his Son, and the surety of his people; and to whom he was

precious, and by him highly honoured, made higher than the kings of the earth, than the angels in heaven, than the heavens themselves, being set down at God's right hand, and a name given him above every name in this world, or that to come; and who is precious to the saints too, more so than rubies, or any precious stones, or any thing or creature whatever; his person is precious, and so are his name, his blood, his righteousness, his truths, his ordinances, and his people.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. coming—drawing near (same Greek as here, Heb 10:22) by faith continually; present tense: not having come once for all at conversion.

stone—Peter (that is, a stone, named so by Christ) desires that all similarly should be living stones BUILT ON Christ, the true foundation-stone; compare his speech in Ac 4:11. An undesigned coincidence and mark of genuineness. The Spirit foreseeing the Romanist perversion of Mt 16:18 (compare Mt 16:16, "Son of the Living God," which coincides with his language here, "the LIVING stone"), presciently makes Peter himself to refuse it. He herein confirms Paul's teaching. Omit the as unto of English Version. Christ is positively termed the "living stone"; living, as having life in Himself from the beginning, and as raised from the dead to live evermore (Re 1:18) after His rejection by men, and so the source of life to us. Like no earthly rock, He lives and gives life. Compare 1Co 10:4, and the type, Ex 17:6; Nu 20:11.

disallowed—rejected, reprobated; referred to also by Christ Himself: also by Paul; compare the kindred prophecies, Isa 8:14; Lu 2:34.

chosen of God—literally, "with (or 'in the presence and judgment of') God elect," or, "chosen out" (1Pe 2:6). Many are alienated from the Gospel, because it is not everywhere in favor, but is on the contrary rejected by most men. Peter answers that, though rejected by men, Christ is peculiarly the stone of salvation honored by God, first so designated by Jacob in his deathbed prophecy.

1 Peter 2:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Living Stone
4And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God, 5you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.…
Cross References
Isaiah 42:1
"Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will bring justice to the nations.

1 Corinthians 3:11
For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 2:7
Now to you who believe, this stone is precious. But to those who do not believe, "The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,"
Treasury of Scripture

To whom coming, as to a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

To.

Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come to me: hear, and your soul shall live; …

Jeremiah 3:22 Return, you backsliding children, and I will heal your backslidings. …

Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

John 5:40 And you will not come to me, that you might have life.

John 6:37 All that the Father gives me shall come to me; and him that comes …

a living.

John 5:26 For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son …

John 6:57 As the living Father has sent me, and I live by the Father: so he …

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

John 14:6,19 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man …

Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death …

Colossians 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall you also …

stone.

Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation …

Daniel 2:34,45 You saw till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote …

Zechariah 3:9 For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; on one stone …

Zechariah 4:7 Who are you, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel you shall become …

disallowed.

Psalm 118:22,23 The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner…

Isaiah 8:14,15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and …

Matthew 21:42 Jesus said to them, Did you never read in the scriptures, The stone …

Mark 12:10,11 And have you not read this scripture; The stone which the builders …

Luke 20:17,18 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, …

Acts 4:11,12 This is the stone which was set at nothing of you builders, which …

chosen.

Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; my elect, in whom my soul delights; …

Matthew 12:18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul …

precious.

1 Peter 2:7 To you therefore which believe he is precious: but to them which …

1 Peter 1:7,19 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold …

2 Peter 1:1,4 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ…

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