1 Peter 1:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.

New Living Translation
It was the precious blood of Christ, the sinless, spotless Lamb of God.

English Standard Version
but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot.

Berean Study Bible
but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or spot.

Berean Literal Bible
but by the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot,

New American Standard Bible
but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.

King James Bible
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without defect or blemish.

International Standard Version
but with the precious blood of the Messiah, like that of a lamb without blemish or defect.

NET Bible
but by precious blood like that of an unblemished and spotless lamb, namely Christ.

New Heart English Bible
but with precious blood, as of a faultless and pure lamb, namely Christ;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But with the precious blood of The Lamb, who has no blemish or defilement in him, who is The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Rather, the payment that freed you was the precious blood of Christ, the lamb with no defects or imperfections.

New American Standard 1977
but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but with the precious blood of the Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without contamination,

King James 2000 Bible
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

American King James Version
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

American Standard Version
but with precious blood, as of a lamb without spot, even the blood of Christ:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb unspotted and undefiled,

Darby Bible Translation
but by precious blood, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot, [the blood] of Christ,

English Revised Version
but with precious blood, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot, even the blood of Christ:

Webster's Bible Translation
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

Weymouth New Testament
but with the precious blood of Christ--as of an unblemished and spotless lamb.

World English Bible
but with precious blood, as of a faultless and pure lamb, the blood of Christ;

Young's Literal Translation
but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and unspotted -- Christ's --
Study Bible
A Call to Holiness
18For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life you inherited from your forefathers, 19but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or spot. 20He was known before the foundation of the world, but was revealed in the last times for your sake.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:5
'Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

Leviticus 1:10
'But if his offering is from the flock, of the sheep or of the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer it a male without defect.

Leviticus 22:20
'Whatever has a defect, you shall not offer, for it will not be accepted for you.

Numbers 7:27
one young bull, one ram, one male lamb one year old, for a burnt offering;

Isaiah 44:22
"I have wiped out your transgressions like a thick cloud And your sins like a heavy mist. Return to Me, for I have redeemed you."

John 1:29
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, "Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.

Acts 20:28
Keep watch over yourselves and the entire flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which He purchased with His own blood.

Romans 3:25
God presented Him as an atoning sacrifice through faith in His blood, in order to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance He had passed over the sins committed beforehand.

1 Corinthians 5:7
Get rid of the old yeast, that you may be a new unleavened batch, as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

1 Peter 1:2
chosen by the foreknowledge of God the Father and sanctified by the Spirit for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by His blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance.
Treasury of Scripture

But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

with.

1 Peter 2:22-24 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth…

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, …

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is …

Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, …

Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many …

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the …

Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of …

Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Hebrews 9:12-14 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he …

1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship …

1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but …

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first …

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, …

as.

Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you …

Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: …

John 1:29,36 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the …

Acts 8:32-35 The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as …

1 Corinthians 5:7,8 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as …

Revelation 5:6 And I beheld, and, see, in the middle of the throne and of the four …

Revelation 7:14 And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are they …

Revelation 14:1 And I looked, and, see, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with …

(19) With the precious blood of Christ.--"Precious" means, not "much prized by us," but costly, precious in itself; opposed to the perishableness of gold and silver. Notice that it is not "Jesus," but "Christ," i.e., the Messiah. No price short of the "blood," i.e., the death, of the Messiah could free the Jews from the thraldom of their "vain conversation." (Comp. 1Peter 1:2 and Note.) How Christ's death freed them from it is not explained here; but we may give a twofold explanation, as we did of His resurrection being our regeneration, in 1Peter 1:3. Historically it did so, because when they came to realise that their Messiah could only reach His glories through suffering it gave them a new insight into the whole meaning of the system under which they had been brought up. It did also, however, doubtless, in a more mysterious way, such as we cannot imagine, procure in God's sight their emancipation; and the following verses show that again St. Peter is thinking more of the theological than of the phenomenal side of the occurrence.

As of a lamb without blemish and without spot.--We might roughly paraphrase it by, "as of a sacrificial victim, to the sufficiency of whose offering no exception can be taken." The word "as" shows that in St. Peter's mind the notion of a "sacrifice," in reference to the atonement, was only a simile, or metaphor, just as it was with the notion of "ransom." Once more observe that the sacrifice was offered to effect a redemption which for the readers had already taken place. (Comp. Hebrews 9:14.) The primary thought in mentioning a "lamb" is, of course, that of sacrifice; but when we come to consider why that particular sacrificial animal was named rather than another, it is, no doubt, for two reasons. First, because of the whiteness, the helplessness, the youth, the innocence, and patience, which make it a natural symbol of our Lord. (Comp. Ecce Homo, p. 6, ed. 3.) The second reason is to be found in St. Peter's own life. The first thing that we know in his history was a putting together of those two words--Messiah, and the Lamb (John 1:36; John 1:40-41). Neither he nor St. John (see Revelation 5:6, et al.) ever forgot that cry of the Baptist. They, no doubt, understood that cry to refer, not primarily to the Paschal, or any other sacrifice, but to Isaiah 53:7, and perhaps to Genesis 22:8. A word in the next verse will make it clearer that St. Peter really had the Baptist consciously before his mind when he thus wrote.

Verse 19. - But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot; rather, as in the Revised Version, but with precious blood, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot, (even the blood) of Christ. Precious, as opposed to the "corruptible things" of ver. 18; it is precious, because it is the blood of Christ. Christ's holy body saw not corruption; gold and silver must perish at last; the precious blood in its virtue and efficacy abideth evermore. The blood of Christ is compared with that of a lamb. The lambs and other animals offered as sacrifices were to be without blemish (Exodus 12:5; Leviticus 22:19, 20, 21); Christ was without sin, pure, harmless, undefiled. The blood of animals could never take away sin; yet it is written, "The life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh atonement for the soul" (Leviticus 17:11). That blood prefigured the precious blood of Christ, which cleanseth from all sin. The sacrifices of the Law directed the faith of the pious Israelite to the one great Sacrifice, the Propitiation for the sins of the whole world. Probably St. Peter derived the comparison from the well-remembered words of the Baptist, reported by his brother Andrew, "Behold the Lamb of God!" The reference may be to the Paschal lamb ("Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us," 1 Corinthians 5:7) - the blood of that lamb cannot, indeed, be regarded as a ransom from Egyptian bondage, but it saved the Israelites from the destroying angel - or to any sacrificial lamb. The apostle seems to be passing from the idea of ransom or price to that of expiation. The verb "ye were redeemed," the silver and gold, direct the thoughts to price; the blood and the lamb, to expiation. The two ideas are closely connected; the two illustrations combined give a fuller view of the blessed meaning of the Savior's death than either of them alone could do. But with the precious blood of Christ,.... Christ was prophesied of as a Redeemer under the Old Testament, Isaiah 59:20 and the Jews frequently ascribe redemption to the word of the Lord God (f); and which the apostle here attributes to the blood of Christ; whose blood is the same with ours, only not tainted with sin; the blood of an innocent person, and of one who is God, as well as man, and was freely shed in the room and stead of his people, and so a sufficient price for their redemption: and it may truly be said to be "precious": as it is to God, to whom it is a sweet smelling sacrifice, and with which he is well pleased; not that he takes delight in the mere effusion of his blood, but as this is the ransom price, and the atonement of his chosen ones; and so it is to all them that believe, since by it they are justified; through it they have the forgiveness of their sins; their peace and reconciliation with God is made by it; and by it they are sanctified, and have boldness to enter into the holiest of all: and this blood of Christ, by which they are redeemed,

is of a lamb without spot and blemish; Christ is comparable to any lamb, for the innocence of his nature, the meekness of his disposition and deportment, and for his patience under sufferings and in death; and to the lambs of the daily sacrifice, which were typical of the continual and constant virtue and efficacy of his sacrifice to take away sin; and particularly to the paschal lamb, he being the true passover sacrificed for us; and which, as also the lambs of the daily sacrifice, and all others, were to be without spot and blemish: and in which they prefigured Christ, who is without the stain of original, and the spot and blemish of actual sin; and so was a very fit person to be a sacrifice for sin, and a Redeemer of his people. The Jews have a notion, that the redemption of the Israelites out of Egypt, when a lamb without blemish was taken, and sacrificed and eaten, had a respect to the future redemption by the Messiah; and which, they say (g), was to be in the same time of the year; that as they were redeemed in Nisan, the month in which the passover was kept, so they were to be redeemed in the same month: and indeed at that time, and in that month, was redemption obtained by the blood of Christ. Of the former, the Targumist in Hosea 3:2 says,

"I have redeemed them by my word, on the fifteenth day of the month Nisan, and have given silver shekels, the atonement of their souls.

It is observable that the Hebrew word signifies both "blood" and "money", or price; whether some reference may not be had to this here, since both are included here, may be considered,

(f) Targum in Hos. i. 7. & iii. 2. & in Joel ii. 17. (g) Zohar in Numb. fol. 102. 3.19. precious—of inestimable value. The Greek order is, "With precious blood, as of a lamb without blemish (in itself) and without spot (contracted by contact with others), (even the blood) of Christ." Though very man, He remained pure in Himself ("without blemish"), and uninfected by any impression of sin from without ("without spot"), which would have unfitted Him for being our atoning Redeemer: so the passover lamb, and every sacrificial victim; so too, the Church, the Bride, by her union with Him. As Israel's redemption from Egypt required the blood of the paschal lamb, so our redemption from sin and the curse required the blood of Christ; "foreordained" (1Pe 1:20) from eternity, as the passover lamb was taken up on the tenth day of the month.1:17-25 Holy confidence in God as a Father, and awful fear of him as a Judge, agree together; and to regard God always as a Judge, makes him dear to us as a Father. If believers do evil, God will visit them with corrections. Then, let Christians not doubt God's faithfulness to his promises, nor give way to enslaving dread of his wrath, but let them reverence his holiness. The fearless professor is defenceless, and Satan takes him captive at his will; the desponding professor has no heart to avail himself of his advantages, and is easily brought to surrender. The price paid for man's redemption was the precious blood of Christ. Not only openly wicked, but unprofitable conversation is highly dangerous, though it may plead custom. It is folly to resolve, I will live and die in such a way, because my forefathers did so. God had purposes of special favour toward his people, long before he made manifest such grace unto them. But the clearness of light, the supports of faith, the power of ordinances, are all much greater since Christ came upon earth, than they were before. The comfort is, that being by faith made one with Christ, his present glory is an assurance that where he is we shall be also, Joh 14:3. The soul must be purified, before it can give up its own desires and indulgences. And the word of God planted in the heart by the Holy Ghost, is a means of spiritual life, stirring up to our duty, working a total change in the dispositions and affections of the soul, till it brings to eternal life. In contrast with the excellence of the renewed spiritual man, as born again, observe the vanity of the natural man. In his life, and in his fall, he is like grass, the flower of grass, which soon withers and dies away. We should hear, and thus receive and love, the holy, living word, and rather hazard all than lose it; and we must banish all other things from the place due to it. We should lodge it in our hearts as our only treasures here, and the certain pledge of the treasure of glory laid up for believers in heaven.
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