Exodus 12:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

New Living Translation
The animal you select must be a one-year-old male, either a sheep or a goat, with no defects.

English Standard Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats,

New American Standard Bible
'Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

King James Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must have an unblemished animal, a year-old male; you may take it from either the sheep or the goats.

International Standard Version
Your lamb is to be a year old male without blemish. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

NET Bible
Your lamb must be perfect, a male, one year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your animal must be a one-year-old male that has no defects. You may choose a lamb or a young goat.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The lamb shall be without blemish, a male of one year; ye shall take it out from the sheep or from the goats;

King James 2000 Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

American King James Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

American Standard Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it shall be a lamb without blemish, a male, of one year: according to which rite also you shall take a kid.

Darby Bible Translation
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a yearling male; ye shall take [it] from the sheep, or from the goats.

English Revised Version
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Webster's Bible Translation
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it from the sheep or from the goats:

World English Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Young's Literal Translation
a lamb, a perfect one, a male, a son of a year, let be to you; from the sheep or from the goats ye do take it.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:1-20 The Lord makes all things new to those whom he delivers from the bondage of Satan, and takes to himself to be his people. The time when he does this is to them the beginning of a new life. God appointed that, on the night wherein they were to go out of Egypt, each family should kill a lamb, or that two or three families, if small, should kill one lamb. This lamb was to be eaten in the manner here directed, and the blood to be sprinkled on the door-posts, to mark the houses of the Israelites from those of the Egyptians. The angel of the Lord, when destroying the first-born of the Egyptians, would pass over the houses marked by the blood of the lamb: hence the name of this holy feast or ordinance. The passover was to be kept every year, both as a remembrance of Israel's preservation and deliverance out of Egypt, and as a remarkable type of Christ. Their safety and deliverance were not a reward of their own righteousness, but the gift of mercy. Of this they were reminded, and by this ordinance they were taught, that all blessings came to them through the shedding and sprinkling of blood. Observe, 1. The paschal lamb was typical. Christ is our passover, 1Co 5:7. Christ is the Lamb of God, Joh 1:29; often in the Revelation he is called the Lamb. It was to be in its prime; Christ offered up himself in the midst of his days, not when a babe at Bethlehem. It was to be without blemish; the Lord Jesus was a Lamb without spot: the judge who condemned Christ declared him innocent. It was to be set apart four days before, denoting the marking out of the Lord Jesus to be a Saviour, both in the purpose and in the promise. It was to be slain, and roasted with fire, denoting the painful sufferings of the Lord Jesus, even unto death, the death of the cross. The wrath of God is as fire, and Christ was made a curse for us. Not a bone of it must be broken, which was fulfilled in Christ, Joh 19:33, denoting the unbroken strength of the Lord Jesus. 2. The sprinkling of the blood was typical. The blood of the lamb must be sprinkled, denoting the applying of the merits of Christ's death to our souls; we must receive the atonement, Ro 5:11. Faith is the bunch of hyssop, by which we apply the promises, and the benefits of the blood of Christ laid up in them, to ourselves. It was to be sprinkled on the door-posts, denoting the open profession we are to make of faith in Christ. It was not to be sprinkled upon the threshold; which cautions us to take heed of trampling under foot the blood of the covenant. It is precious blood, and must be precious to us. The blood, thus sprinkled, was a means of preserving the Israelites from the destroying angel, who had nothing to do where the blood was. The blood of Christ is the believer's protection from the wrath of God, the curse of the law, and the damnation of hell, Ro 8:1. 3. The solemn eating of the lamb was typical of our gospel duty to Christ. The paschal lamb was not to be looked upon only, but to be fed upon. So we must by faith make Christ our own; and we must receive spiritual strength and nourishment from him, as from our food, see Joh 6:53,55. It was all to be eaten; those who by faith feed upon Christ, must feed upon a whole Christ; they must take Christ and his yoke, Christ and his cross, as well as Christ and his crown. It was to be eaten at once, not put by till morning. To-day Christ is offered, and is to be accepted while it is called to-day, before we sleep the sleep of death. It was to be eaten with bitter herbs, in remembrance of the bitterness of their bondage in Egypt; we must feed upon Christ with sorrow and brokenness of heart, in remembrance of sin. Christ will be sweet to us, if sin be bitter. It was to be eaten standing, with their staves in their hands, as being ready to depart. When we feed upon Christ by faith, we must forsake the rule and the dominion of sin; sit loose to the world, and every thing in it; forsake all for Christ, and reckon it no bad bargain, Heb 13:13,14. 4. The feast of unleavened bread was typical of the Christian life, 1Co 5:7,8. Having received Christ Jesus the Lord, we must continually delight ourselves in Christ Jesus. No manner of work must be done, that is, no care admitted and indulged, which does not agree with, or would lessen this holy joy. The Jews were very strict as to the passover, so that no leaven should be found in their houses. It must be a feast kept in charity, without the leaven of malice; and in sincerity, without the leaven of hypocrisy. It was by an ordinance for ever; so long as we live we must continue feeding upon Christ, rejoicing in him always, with thankful mention of the great things he has done for us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. Your lamb shall be without blemish. Natural piety would teach that "the blind, the lame, and the sick" should not be selected for sacrifice (Malachi 1:8). The Law afterwards expressly forbade any blemished animals - "blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed" - to be offered for any of the stated sacrifices, though they might be given as free-will offerings (Leviticus 22:20-25). The absence of blemish was especially important in a victim which was to typify One "holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners." A male. As standing in place of and redeeming the first-born of the males in each family. Of the first year. Perhaps as then more approaching to the ideal of perfect innocence. The requirement was not a usual one. Or from the goats. Theodoret says the proviso was made for the relief of the poorer class of persons; but practically it seems not to have taken effect. When people were poor, their richer neighbours supplied them with lambs (Kalisch).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Your lamb shall be without blemish,.... Without any spot or defect in it. Maimonides (h) reckons no less than fifty blemishes in a creature, anyone of which makes it unfit for sacrifice, see Leviticus 21:21. This lamb was a type of Christ, who is therefore said to be our passover sacrificed for us, 1 Corinthians 5:7 comparable to a lamb for his innocence and harmlessness, for his meekness, humility, and patience, for usefulness both for food and raiment, as well as for being fit for sacrifice; and who is a lamb without spot and blemish, either of original sin, or actual transgression, holy in his nature, harmless in his life:

a male of the first year; anyone within that time, but not beyond it; denoting the strength and vigour of Christ, in the flower of his age, his short continuance among men, and his being tender and savoury food for the faith of his people:

ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats; it might be either a lamb, or a kid of the goats; for the most part, or generally, it was a lamb that was taken; so the Jewish canon runs (i),"he that says to his servant, go and slay for me the passover, if he slays a kid he may eat it; if he slays a lamb he may eat of it; if he slays a kid and a lamb, he may eat of the first.''The goat being of an ill smell may denote Christ being made sin, and a sin offering for his people; and the taking of a lamb from these may signify the choice of Christ from among the people in the council and covenant of God; the preordination of him to be the lamb slain from the foundation of the world; the preservation of him from the infection of sin in his incarnation, and the separation of him from sinners in his conversation.

(h) Hilchot Biath Hamikdash, c. 7. sect. 1.((i) Misn. Pesach. c. 8. sect. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. lamb … without blemish—The smallest deformity or defect made a lamb unfit for sacrifice—a type of Christ (Heb 7:26; 1Pe 1:19).

a male of the first year—Christ in the prime of life.

Exodus 12:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
The First Passover
4Now if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the number of persons in them; according to what each man should eat, you are to divide the lamb. 5'Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6'You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:14
How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

1 Peter 1:19
but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.

Exodus 12:4
If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.

Leviticus 1:3
"'If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd, you are to offer a male without defect. You must present it at the entrance to the tent of meeting so that it will be acceptable to the LORD.

Leviticus 1:10
"'If the offering is a burnt offering from the flock, from either the sheep or the goats, you are to offer a male without defect.

Leviticus 22:18
"Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: 'If any of you--whether an Israelite or a foreigner residing in Israel--presents a gift for a burnt offering to the LORD, either to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering,

Leviticus 23:12
On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb a year old without defect,

Numbers 7:57
one young bull, one ram and one male lamb a year old for a burnt offering;
Treasury of Scripture

Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

be without

Leviticus 1:3,10 If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a …

Leviticus 22:19-24 You shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, …

Deuteronomy 17:1 You shall not sacrifice to the LORD your God any bullock, or sheep, …

Malachi 1:7,8,14 You offer polluted bread on my altar; and you say, Wherein have we …

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, …

Hebrews 9:13,14 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer …

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible …

a male of the first year. Heb. son of a year

Leviticus 23:12 And you shall offer that day when you wave the sheaf an he lamb without …

1 Samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

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