Exodus 12:43
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover meal: "No foreigner may eat it.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the instructions for the festival of Passover. No outsiders are allowed to eat the Passover meal.

English Standard Version
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it,

New American Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it;

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner may eat it.

International Standard Version
The LORD told Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover: No foreigner is to eat it,

NET Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may share in eating it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the rules for the Passover: "No foreigner may eat the Passover meal.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This shall be the ordinance of the passover: No stranger shall eat of it,

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no foreigner eat of it:

American King James Version
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no foreigner eat thereof;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the service of the Phase: No foreigner shall eat of it.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: No stranger shall eat of it;

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no alien eat thereof:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no stranger eat of it.

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner shall eat of it,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron, 'This is a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:43-51 In times to come, all the congregation of Israel must keep the passover. All that share in God's mercies should join in thankful praises for them. The New Testament passover, the Lord's supper, ought not to be neglected by any. Strangers, if circumcised, might eat of the passover. Here is an early indication of favour to the gentiles. This taught the Jews that their being a nation favoured by God, entitled them to their privileges, not their descent from Abraham. Christ our passover is sacrificed for us, 1Co 5:7; his blood is the only ransom for our souls; without the shedding of it there is no remission; without the sprinkling of it there can be no salvation. Have we, by faith in him, sheltered our souls from deserved vengeance under the protection of his atoning blood? Do we keep close to him, constantly depending upon him? Do we so profess our faith in the Redeemer, and our obligations to him, that all who pass by may know to whom we belong? Do we stand prepared for his service, ready to walk in his ways, and to separate ourselves from his enemies? These are questions of vast importance to the soul; may the Lord direct our consciences honestly to answer them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 43-51. - SUPPLEMENTARY ORDINANCE WITH RESPECT TO THE PASSOVER. The position of these verses is curious. We should have expected them to have followed immediately on ver. 20, or else to have been reserved for the further consideration of the subject in ch. 23. It is suggested, in order to account for their place, that they formed the matter of a special revelation made to Moses at Succoth. They comprise three main points: -

1. The absolute exclusion of all uncircumcised persons from participation in the passover rite;

2. The extension of the rite (implied in ver. 19) to all full proselytes; and,

3. The injunction that not a bone of the lamb should be broken. (This last is repeated in Numbers 9:12) Verses 43. - This is the ordinance of the passover - i.e., "This is the law, in respect of the persons who are to partake of it" - there shall no stranger eat thereof, or literally, "No son of a stranger shall eat thereof." By a "stranger" here is meant one of a foreign race who wishes to retain his foreign character and to remain uncircumcised. Compare ver. 48.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron,.... At the same time he acquainted them with the above things:

this is the ordinance of the passover; as before delivered, and these the laws and rules, according to which it is to be observed, as now related, both with respect to the lamb, and to the unleavened bread; and the following is an account of the persons that were to partake of it:

there shall no stranger eat thereof, one that is of another country, an entire Heathen, and unacquainted with, and does not profess the Jewish religion, which was the religion of God.



Exodus 12:43 Additional Commentaries
Context
Instructions for the Passover
43The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it; 44but every man's slave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:11
This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD's Passover.

Exodus 12:48
"A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the LORD's Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land. No uncircumcised male may eat it.

Numbers 9:14
"'A foreigner residing among you is also to celebrate the LORD's Passover in accordance with its rules and regulations. You must have the same regulations for both the foreigner and the native-born.'"

1 Samuel 2:27
Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him, "This is what the LORD says: 'Did I not clearly reveal myself to your ancestor's family when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh?

2 Chronicles 30:18
Although most of the many people who came from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover, contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, "May the LORD, who is good, pardon everyone

Ezekiel 44:7
In addition to all your other detestable practices, you brought foreigners uncircumcised in heart and flesh into my sanctuary, desecrating my temple while you offered me food, fat and blood, and you broke my covenant.
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

there shall

Exodus 12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover …

Leviticus 22:10 There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the …

Numbers 9:14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover …

Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the …

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