Exodus 12:43
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover meal: "No foreigner may eat it.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the instructions for the festival of Passover. No outsiders are allowed to eat the Passover meal.

English Standard Version
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it,

Berean Study Bible
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it.

New American Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it;

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner may eat it.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD gave Moses and Aaron the following instructions for celebrating Passover: Only Israelites may eat the Passover meal.

Good News Translation
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the Passover regulations: No foreigner shall eat the Passover meal,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner may eat it.

International Standard Version
The LORD told Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover: No foreigner is to eat it,

NET Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may share in eating it.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. There shall no foreigner eat of it,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the rules for the Passover: "No foreigner may eat the Passover meal.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron: 'This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no alien eat thereof;

New American Standard 1977
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it;

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This shall be the ordinance of the passover: No stranger shall eat of it,

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no foreigner eat of it:

American King James Version
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no foreigner eat thereof;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the service of the Phase: No foreigner shall eat of it.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: No stranger shall eat of it;

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no alien eat thereof:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no stranger eat of it.

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner shall eat of it,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron, 'This is a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it;
Study Bible
Instructions for the Passover
43And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it. 44But any slave who has been purchased may eat of it, after you have circumcised him.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:11
This is how you are to eat it: You must be fully dressed for travel, with your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. You are to eat in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover.

Exodus 12:48
If a foreigner resides with you and wants to celebrate the LORD’s Passover, all the males in the household must be circumcised; then he may come near to celebrate it, and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised man may eat of it.

Numbers 9:14
If a foreigner dwelling among you wants to observe the Passover to the LORD, he is to do so according to the Passover statute and its ordinances. You are to apply the same statute to both the foreigner and the native of the land.”

1 Samuel 2:27
Then a man of God came to Eli and told him, “This is what the LORD says: ‘Did I not clearly reveal Myself to your father's house when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh's house?

2 Chronicles 30:18
A large number of the people—many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun—had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover, contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah interceded for them, saying, “May the LORD, who is good, provide atonement for everyone

Ezekiel 44:7
In addition to all your other abominations, you brought in foreigners, uncircumcised in both heart and flesh, to occupy My sanctuary; you defiled My temple when you offered My food—the fat and the blood; you broke My covenant.

Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

there shall

Exodus 12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover …

Leviticus 22:10 There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the …

Numbers 9:14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover …

Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the …







FURTHER DIRECTIONS RESPECTING THE PASSOVER.

(43-51) This is the ordinance.--These directions, together with those which follow with respect to the sanctification of the firstborn (Exodus 13:1-16), seem to have been given to Moses at Succoth, and were consequently recorded at this point of the narrative. They comprise three principal points:--(1) The exclusion of all uncircumcised persons from the Passover (Exodus 12:43); (2) the admission of all full proselytes (Exodus 12:48-49); and (3) the injunction that no bone of the lamb should be broken (Exodus 12:46).

(43) No stranger.--Comp, Exodus 12:48 for limitations. If a stranger wished to join, and would accept circumcision for himself and the males of his family, he might partake in the rite.

Verses 43-51. - SUPPLEMENTARY ORDINANCE WITH RESPECT TO THE PASSOVER. The position of these verses is curious. We should have expected them to have followed immediately on ver. 20, or else to have been reserved for the further consideration of the subject in ch. 23. It is suggested, in order to account for their place, that they formed the matter of a special revelation made to Moses at Succoth. They comprise three main points: -

1. The absolute exclusion of all uncircumcised persons from participation in the passover rite;

2. The extension of the rite (implied in ver. 19) to all full proselytes; and,

3. The injunction that not a bone of the lamb should be broken. (This last is repeated in Numbers 9:12) Verses 43. - This is the ordinance of the passover - i.e., "This is the law, in respect of the persons who are to partake of it" - there shall no stranger eat thereof, or literally, "No son of a stranger shall eat thereof." By a "stranger" here is meant one of a foreign race who wishes to retain his foreign character and to remain uncircumcised. Compare ver. 48. And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron,.... At the same time he acquainted them with the above things:

this is the ordinance of the passover; as before delivered, and these the laws and rules, according to which it is to be observed, as now related, both with respect to the lamb, and to the unleavened bread; and the following is an account of the persons that were to partake of it:

there shall no stranger eat thereof, one that is of another country, an entire Heathen, and unacquainted with, and does not profess the Jewish religion, which was the religion of God. 12:43-51 In times to come, all the congregation of Israel must keep the passover. All that share in God's mercies should join in thankful praises for them. The New Testament passover, the Lord's supper, ought not to be neglected by any. Strangers, if circumcised, might eat of the passover. Here is an early indication of favour to the gentiles. This taught the Jews that their being a nation favoured by God, entitled them to their privileges, not their descent from Abraham. Christ our passover is sacrificed for us, 1Co 5:7; his blood is the only ransom for our souls; without the shedding of it there is no remission; without the sprinkling of it there can be no salvation. Have we, by faith in him, sheltered our souls from deserved vengeance under the protection of his atoning blood? Do we keep close to him, constantly depending upon him? Do we so profess our faith in the Redeemer, and our obligations to him, that all who pass by may know to whom we belong? Do we stand prepared for his service, ready to walk in his ways, and to separate ourselves from his enemies? These are questions of vast importance to the soul; may the Lord direct our consciences honestly to answer them.



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