Deuteronomy 16:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Observe the month of Aviv and celebrate the Passover of the LORD your God, because in the month of Aviv he brought you out of Egypt by night.

New Living Translation
"In honor of the LORD your God, celebrate the Passover each year in the early spring, in the month of Abib, for that was the month in which the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

English Standard Version
“Observe the month of Abib and keep the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

New American Standard Bible
"Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

King James Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, because the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night in the month of Abib.

International Standard Version
"Observe the month of Abib, keeping the Passover to the LORD your God, because the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt during the night in the month of Abib.

NET Bible
Observe the month Abib and keep the Passover to the LORD your God, for in that month he brought you out of Egypt by night.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Honor the LORD your God by celebrating Passover in the month of Abib. In the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt at night.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Keep the month of the new fruit, {Heb. of Abib} and thou shalt do the passover unto the LORD thy God; for in the month of the new fruit the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

King James 2000 Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

American King James Version
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

American Standard Version
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto Jehovah thy God; for in the month of Abib Jehovah thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Observe the month of new corn, which is the first of the spring, that thou mayst celebrate the phase to the Lord thy God: because in this month the Lord thy God brought thee out of Egypt by night.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep the month of Abib, and celebrate the passover to Jehovah thy God; for in the month of Abib Jehovah thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

English Revised Version
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Webster's Bible Translation
Observe the month Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth from Egypt by night.

World English Bible
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to Yahweh your God; for in the month of Abib Yahweh your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

Young's Literal Translation
'Observe the month of Abib -- and thou hast made a passover to Jehovah thy God, for in the month of Abib hath Jehovah thy God brought thee out of Egypt by night;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

16:1-17 The laws for the three yearly feasts are here repeated; that of the Passover, that of the Pentecost, that of Tabernacles; and the general law concerning the people's attendance. Never should a believer forget his low estate of guilt and misery, his deliverance, and the price it cost the Redeemer; that gratitude and joy in the Lord may be mingled with sorrow for sin, and patience under the tribulations in his way to the kingdom of heaven. They must rejoice in their receivings from God, and in their returns of service and sacrifice to him; our duty must be our delight, as well as our enjoyment. If those who were under the law must rejoice before God, much more we that are under the grace of the gospel; which makes it our duty to rejoice evermore, to rejoice in the Lord always. When we rejoice in God ourselves, we should do what we can to assist others also to rejoice in him, by comforting the mourners, and supplying those who are in want. All who make God their joy, may rejoice in hope, for He is faithful that has promised.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 1, 2. - The month of Abib (cf. Exodus 41:2; 23. 15). The time is referred to as a date well known to the people. Keep the passover; make (עַשִׂיתָ) or prepare the passover. This injunction refers primarily to the preparation of the Paschal lamb for a festal meal (Numbers 9:5); but here it is used in a wider sense as referring to the whole Paschal observance, which lasted for seven days. Hence the mention of sheep (צאֹן) and oxen (בְקָר) in ver. 2, and the reference to the eating of unleavened bread for seven days "therewith," i.e. with the Passover. The animal for the Paschal supper was expressly prescribed to be a yearling of the sheep or of the goats (שֶׂה), and this was to be consumed at one meal; but on the other days of the festival the flesh of other animals offered in sacrifice might be eaten. The term "Passover" here, accordingly, embraces the whole of the festive meals connected with the Passover proper - what the rabbins call chagigah (Maimon., in 'Kor-ban Pesach,' c. 10. § 12; cf. 2 Chronicles 35:7, etc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Observe the month of Abib,.... Sometimes called Nisan; it answered to part, of our March, and part of April; it was an observable month, to be taken notice of; it was called Abib, from the corn then appearing in ear, and beginning to ripen, and all things being in their verdure; the Septuagint calls it the month of new fruit; it was appointed the first of the months for ecclesiastic things, and was the month in which the Israelites went out of Egypt, and the first passover was kept in it, and therefore deserving of regard; see Exodus 12:2.

for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night; for though they did not set out until morning, when it was day light, and are said to come out in the day, yet it was in the night the Lord did wonders for them, as Onkelos paraphrases this clause; that he smote all the firstborn in Egypt, and passed over the houses of the Israelites, the door posts being sprinkled with the blood of the passover lamb slain that night, and therefore was a night much to be observed; and it was in the night Pharaoh arose and gave them leave to go; and from that time they were no more under his power, and from thence may be reckoned their coming out of bondage; see Exodus 12:12.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 16

De 16:1-22. The Feast of the Passover.

1. Observe the month of Abib—or first-fruits. It comprehended the latter part of our March and the beginning of April. Green ears of the barley, which were then full, were offered as first-fruits, on the second day of the passover.

for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee out of Egypt by night—This statement is apparently at variance with the prohibition (Ex 12:22) as well as with the recorded fact that their departure took place in the morning (Ex 13:3; Nu 33:3). But it is susceptible of easy reconciliation. Pharaoh's permission, the first step of emancipation, was extorted during the night, the preparations for departure commenced, the rendezvous at Rameses made, and the march entered on in the morning.

Deuteronomy 16:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Feast of the Passover
1"Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night. 2"You shall sacrifice the Passover to the LORD your God from the flock and the herd, in the place where the LORD chooses to establish His name.…
Cross References
Luke 2:41
Every year Jesus' parents went to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Passover.

John 2:13
When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

John 5:1
Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals.

John 6:4
The Jewish Passover Festival was near.

Exodus 12:2
"This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.

Exodus 12:42
Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.

Exodus 13:4
Today, in the month of Aviv, you are leaving.

Leviticus 23:5
The LORD's Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.

Numbers 9:2
"Have the Israelites celebrate the Passover at the appointed time.

Numbers 28:16
"'On the fourteenth day of the first month the LORD's Passover is to be held.

Deuteronomy 16:2
Sacrifice as the Passover to the LORD your God an animal from your flock or herd at the place the LORD will choose as a dwelling for his Name.
Treasury of Scripture

Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.

the month

Exodus 12:2 This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the …

Exodus 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shall you keep. Seven days you shall …

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover.

Numbers 9:2-5 Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season…

Numbers 28:16 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD.

the passover This word comes from the hebrew verb {pasach}, to pass, to leap or skip over. The destroying angel {passed over} the houses marked with the blood of the Paschal Lamb, so the wrath of God passes over those whose souls sprinkled with the blood of Christ.

1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as …

As the paschal lamb was killed before Israel was delivered, so by the death of Christ, we have redemption through his blood. It was killed before the tables of the law were delivered to Moses, or Aaron's sacrifices were enjoined; thus deliverance come to men, not by the works of the law, but by the only true passover, the {Lamb of God}.

Romans 3:25 Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood…

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal …

It was killed the first month of the year, which prefigured that Christ should suffer death in that month.

John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment: and it …

it was killed in the evening

Exodus 12:6 And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month…

Christ suffered at that time of day.

Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, …

Hebrews 1:2 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed …

At even the sun sets; at Christ's passion, universal darkness was upon the whole earth. The passover was roasted with fire, denoting the sharp and dreadful pains that Christ should suffer, not only from men, but God also. It was to be eaten with bitter herbs

Exodus 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and …

Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which …

and likewise to teach us the absolute necessity of true repentance in all that would profitably feed by faith on Christ, the true paschal lamb

for in

Exodus 12:29-42 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn …

Exodus 13:4 This day came you out in the month Abib.

Exodus 23:15 You shall keep the feast of unleavened bread: (you shall eat unleavened …

Exodus 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shall you keep. Seven days you shall …

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