Luke 9:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They spoke about his departure, which he was about to bring to fulfillment at Jerusalem.

New Living Translation
They were glorious to see. And they were speaking about his exodus from this world, which was about to be fulfilled in Jerusalem.

English Standard Version
who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

New American Standard Bible
who, appearing in glory, were speaking of His departure which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

King James Bible
Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They appeared in glory and were speaking of His death, which He was about to accomplish in Jerusalem.

International Standard Version
They had a glorified appearance, and were discussing Jesus' departure that he would shortly bring about in Jerusalem.

NET Bible
They appeared in glorious splendor and spoke about his departure that he was about to carry out at Jerusalem.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Who appeared in glory, but they were speaking about his exodus which was going to be fulfilled in Jerusalem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They appeared in heavenly glory and were discussing Jesus' approaching death and what he was about to fulfill in Jerusalem.

Jubilee Bible 2000
who appeared in majesty and spoke of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

King James 2000 Bible
Who appeared in glory, and spoke of his death which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

American King James Version
Who appeared in glory, and spoke of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

American Standard Version
who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Appearing in majesty. And they spoke of his decease that he should accomplish in Jerusalem.

Darby Bible Translation
who, appearing in glory, spoke of his departure which he was about to accomplish in Jerusalem.

English Revised Version
who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who appeared in glory, and spoke of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

Weymouth New Testament
They came in glory, and kept speaking about His death, which He was so soon to undergo in Jerusalem.

World English Bible
who appeared in glory, and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

Young's Literal Translation
who having appeared in glory, spake of his outgoing that he was about to fulfil in Jerusalem,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:28-36 Christ's transfiguration was a specimen of that glory in which he will come to judge the world; and was an encouragement to his disciples to suffer for him. Prayer is a transfiguring, transforming duty, which makes the face to shine. Our Lord Jesus, even in his transfiguration, was willing to speak concerning his death and sufferings. In our greatest glories on earth, let us remember that in this world we have no continuing city. What need we have to pray to God for quickening grace, to make us lively! Yet that the disciples might be witnesses of this sign from heaven, after awhile they became awake, so that they were able to give a full account of what passed. But those know not what they say, that talk of making tabernacles on earth for glorified saints in heaven.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - Who appeared in glory. Why were these two chosen as the Lord's companions on that solemn night? Probably

(1) because they were what may be termed the two great representative men of the chosen race of Israel. The one was the human author of the Divine Law which for so many centuries had been the guide and teacher of the covenant people. The other had been the most illustrious of that great order of prophets who, during the centuries of their eventful history as a nation, had, under the commission of the Most Highest, kept alight the torch of the knowledge of the one true God. And

(2) because these men alone of the race of Israel apparently had kept their earthly bodies as the shrines of their immortal spirits. Elijah, we know, was translated alive into the other and the grander world; and as for Moses, God, his heavenly Friend, closed his eyes, and then hid his body from mortal sight, and, the mysterious words of Jude (ver. 9) would seem to tell us, from mortal corruption. And spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. Why was this the chosen subject of the august conference between the Lord and the heavenly pair?

(1) In all reverence we may feel that one reason for the visit of these blessed spirits on that solemn night was the strengthening the sinless Sufferer himself. The vista which lay immediately before Jesus, of rejection, desertion, the death of agony, and the dreadful sufferings which preceded it, - all this had been very present before him lately. He had dwelt upon these things, we know, to his own. He had pondered over them, no doubt, often when alone. It was not only in Gethsemane that his "soul was sorrowful even unto death." As in the garden-agony "appeared to him an angel from heaven strengthening him," so here on the mount came to him these glorified spirits for the same blessed purpose of ministering. And

(2) it was to help the three disciples. Their wavering faith would surely be strengthened if the words which they heard from those heavenly visitants dwelt with reverent awe and admiration on the circumstances of their Master's self-sacrificing career of agony and suffering. It must be remembered that a few days earlier they had listened to him, when he spoke to them of these things, with shrink-iv g terror and incredulous amazement. They would now know what was thought of all this in the courts of heaven.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Who appeared in glory,.... In a very glorious manner, in most divine and beautiful forms to Christ, and to his disciples:

and spake of his decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem; the word, rendered "decease", is "Exodus", the name of the second book of Moses; so called from the departure of the children of Israel out of Egypt, it gives an account of; and which departure is expressed by this word, in Hebrews 11:22 and to which the allusion is here. Death is a departure out of this world, and goes by this name, 2 Peter 1:15 and so here it signifies Christ's death, or exit, which he was to make at Jerusalem; and Moses and Elias talk with him about this; the nature, manner, use, and near approach of it; and to which they might encourage him, as man. The sufferings and death of Christ were what Moses and the prophets had foretold; and these two speak of the same things now; and which must serve to confirm what Christ a few, days ago had showed his disciples, that he must go to Jerusalem, and there suffer and die. Dr. Lightfoot thinks that the ascension of Christ to heaven is contained in the word "Exodus", which was his final departure out of this world, as well as his sufferings and death; and especially if there is any, allusion to the Israelites' departure out of Egypt, which was in victory and triumph; and the rather, because "the time of his receiving up", Luke 9:51 may be thought to refer to this; and so Moses and Elias conversed with him, not only about, his sufferings and death; but his ascension, and of which also the "Exodus", or going of Elias out of this world to heaven, which was by a translation and ascension, was a figure. Some render this word, "Expedition", and think it refers to the whole affair of the redemption of Christ's people by him, from the bondage of sin, Satan, and the law, by his sufferings and death; of which the deliverance of the people of Israel out of Egypt was a lively representation: an expedition which Moses was sent upon, and accomplished: but now the discourse turns upon an expedition of greater importance, which shortly was to be accomplished at Jerusalem, where Christ was to be arraigned, and condemned, and then suffer without the gates of it, in order to obtain eternal redemption for the whole Israel of God.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. spake—"were speaking."

of his decease—"departure"; beautiful euphemism (softened term) for death, which Peter, who witnessed the scene, uses to express his own expected death, and the use of which single term seems to have recalled the whole by a sudden rush of recollection, and occasioned that delightful allusion to this scene which we find in 2Pe 1:15-18.

which he should accomplish—"was to fulfil."

at Jerusalem—Mark the historical character and local features which Christ's death assumed to these glorified men—as important as it is charming—and see on [1611]Lu 2:11. What now may be gathered from this statement? (1) That a dying Messiah is the great article of the true Jewish theology. For a long time the Church had fallen clean away from the faith of this article, and even from a preparedness to receive it. But here we have that jewel raked out of the dunghill of Jewish traditions, and by the true representatives of the Church of old made the one subject of talk with Christ Himself. (2) The adoring gratitude of glorified men for His undertaking to accomplish such a decease; their felt dependence upon it for the glory in which they appeared; their profound interest in the progress of it, their humble solaces and encouragements to go through with it; and their sense of its peerless and overwhelming glory. "Go, matchless, adored One, a Lamb to the slaughter! rejected of men, but chosen of God and precious; dishonored, abhorred, and soon to be slain by men, but worshipped by cherubim, ready to be greeted by all heaven. In virtue of that decease we are here; our all is suspended on it and wrapped up in it. Thine every step is watched by us with ineffable interest; and though it were too high an honor to us to be permitted to drop a word of cheer into that precious but now clouded spirit, yet, as the first-fruits of harvest; the very joy set before Him, we cannot choose but tell Him that what is the depth of shame to Him is covered with glory in the eyes of Heaven, that the Cross to Him is the Crown to us, that that 'decease' is all our salvation and all our desire." And who can doubt that such a scene did minister deep cheer to that spirit? It is said they "talked" not to Him, but "with Him"; and if they told Him how glorious His decease was, might He not fitly reply, "I know it, but your voice, as messengers from heaven come down to tell it Me, is music in Mine ears."

Luke 9:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Transfiguration
30And behold, two men were talking with Him; and they were Moses and Elijah, 31who, appearing in glory, were speaking of His departure which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. 32Now Peter and his companions had been overcome with sleep; but when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men standing with Him.…
Cross References
Luke 9:30
Two men, Moses and Elijah, appeared in glorious splendor, talking with Jesus.

Hebrews 11:22
By faith Joseph, when his end was near, spoke about the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt and gave instructions concerning the burial of his bones.

2 Peter 1:15
And I will make every effort to see that after my departure you will always be able to remember these things.
Treasury of Scripture

Who appeared in glory, and spoke of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

appeared.

2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the …

Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to …

Colossians 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall you also …

1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who has called us to his eternal glory …

spake.

Luke 9:22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of …

Luke 13:32-34 And he said to them, Go you, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out …

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the …

1 Corinthians 1:23,24 But we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block, and …

1 Peter 1:11,12 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which …

Revelation 5:6-12 And I beheld, and, see, in the middle of the throne and of the four …

Revelation 7:14 And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are they …

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