Matthew 25:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his glorious throne.

New Living Translation
"But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit upon his glorious throne.

English Standard Version
“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne.

New American Standard Bible
"But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne.

King James Bible
When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory.

International Standard Version
"When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels are with him, he will sit on his glorious throne.

NET Bible
"When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But whenever The Son of Man comes in his glory and all his Holy Angels with him, then he will sit upon the throne of his glory.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all his angels are with him, he will sit on his glorious throne.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the Son of man shall come in his glory and all the holy angels with him, then he shall sit upon the throne of his glory,

King James 2000 Bible
When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

American King James Version
When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory:

American Standard Version
But when the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.

Darby Bible Translation
But when the Son of man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit down upon his throne of glory,

English Revised Version
But when the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory:

Webster's Bible Translation
When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then will he sit upon the throne of his glory:

Weymouth New Testament
"When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then will He sit upon His glorious throne,

World English Bible
"But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory.

Young's Literal Translation
'And whenever the Son of Man may come in his glory, and all the holy messengers with him, then he shall sit upon a throne of his glory;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

25:31-46 This is a description of the last judgment. It is as an explanation of the former parables. There is a judgment to come, in which every man shall be sentenced to a state of everlasting happiness, or misery. Christ shall come, not only in the glory of his Father, but in his own glory, as Mediator. The wicked and godly here dwell together, in the same cities, churches, families, and are not always to be known the one from the other; such are the weaknesses of saints, such the hypocrisies of sinners; and death takes both: but in that day they will be parted for ever. Jesus Christ is the great Shepherd; he will shortly distinguish between those that are his, and those that are not. All other distinctions will be done away; but the great one between saints and sinners, holy and unholy, will remain for ever. The happiness the saints shall possess is very great. It is a kingdom; the most valuable possession on earth; yet this is but a faint resemblance of the blessed state of the saints in heaven. It is a kingdom prepared. The Father provided it for them in the greatness of his wisdom and power; the Son purchased it for them; and the blessed Spirit, in preparing them for the kingdom, is preparing it for them. It is prepared for them: it is in all points adapted to the new nature of a sanctified soul. It is prepared from the foundation of the world. This happiness was for the saints, and they for it, from all eternity. They shall come and inherit it. What we inherit is not got by ourselves. It is God that makes heirs of heaven. We are not to suppose that acts of bounty will entitle to eternal happiness. Good works done for God's sake, through Jesus Christ, are here noticed as marking the character of believers made holy by the Spirit of Christ, and as the effects of grace bestowed on those who do them. The wicked in this world were often called to come to Christ for life and rest, but they turned from his calls; and justly are those bid to depart from Christ, that would not come to him. Condemned sinners will in vain offer excuses. The punishment of the wicked will be an everlasting punishment; their state cannot be altered. Thus life and death, good and evil, the blessing and the curse, are set before us, that we may choose our way, and as our way so shall our end be.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 31-46. - The final judgment on all the nations. (Peculiar to St. Matthew.) Before entering upon the exposition of this majestic section, which is a prophecy, not a parable, we have to settle the preliminary question as to who are the subjects of the judgment here so graphically and fearfully delineated. Are they only the heathen, or Christians, or all mankind without exception? The Lord's present utterance is plainly the development of the account of the parousia in Matthew 24:30, 3l. There those that are gathered are "the elect," nothing being said concerning the rest of mankind; here we have the forecast completed, both righteous and unrighteous receiving their sentence. "All the nations" usually represent all Gentiles distinguished from the Jews. But there is nothing to indicate separate judgment for the Jew and Gentile. Equally unlikely is the notion that the transaction is confined to the heathen, whether the opinion is grounded on a supposed extension of the mercies of Christ to those ignorant of him, but having lived according to the laws of natural religion; or whether it assumes as certain that believers will not be judged at all (an erroneous deduction from John 5:24). It seems, on the one hand, incongruous that persons who have never heard of Christ should be addressed as "blessed of my Father," etc., ver. 34: and it seems, on the other hand, monstrous that such, having failed through ignorance and lack of teaching, should be condemned to awful punishment. That Christians alone are the persons who are thus assembled for judgment is not likely. Is there, then, to be no inquisition held on the life and Character of non-Christians? Are they wholly to escape the great assize? If not, where else does Christ refer to their case? What reason can be given for the exclusion of this great majority from the account of the proceedings at the last day? It appears, on the whole, to be safest to consider "all the nations" as meaning the whole race of men, who, dead and living, small and great, Jew and Gentile, shall stand before God to be judged according to their works (Revelation 20:11-13). This is not a parable, but a statement of future proceedings by him who himself shall conduct them. It is not a full account of details, but an indication of the kind of criteria which shall govern the verdicts given. Verse 31. - When (ὅταν δὲ, but when). The particle, unnoticed in the Authorized Version, indicates the distinction between this section and the preceding parables, the latter exemplifying the judgment specially on Christians, this setting forth the judgment on the whole world. Son of man. With his glorified body, such as he was seen at his Transfiguration (Acts 1:11). In his glory. The term occurs twice in this verse, as elsewhere (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 19:28; Matthew 24:30, where see notes) denoting that then his humiliation will have passed away, and he will appear as he is. All the holy angels with him. "Holy" is probably a transcriber's addition, which has crept into the later text. The Vulgate omits it. At this time all the family of heaven and earth shall be assembled (Matthew 16:27; Deuteronomy 33:2). Of angels and men none shall be wanting. "Omnes angeli, omnes nationes. Quanta celebritas!" (Bengel). Then shall he sit, etc. He shall take his seat as Judge on his glorious throne trey. 20:11), surrounded by the angels and the saints (Jude 1:14; Revelation 19:14). Observe, this was spoken three days before his death (comp. Matthew 26:53, 64).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When the son of man shall come in his glory,.... What is before signified in the two preceding parables, is here clearly and distinctly represented without a parable: and it should be observed, that as the foregoing parables only regard the Gospel church state, and the ministers and members of it, good and bad, or all sorts of Christian professors; so this account of the last judgment only concerns them; for though all men that ever have been, are, or shall be in every nation under heaven, from Adam to the last man that will be born, will be judged; yet the part or it here described, though it gives a general and lively idea of the whole, only regards the judgment and final state of such who have made a profession of the Christian religion. The judge himself is first described, who is said to be "the son of man"; a name by which Christ is frequently called, and by which he styles himself in his state of humiliation; expressing both the truth of his human nature, and the meanness of it in that state: but as despicable as he appeared then in human nature, in the form of a servant, a man of sorrows, despised by men, and subject to sufferings and death; yet when he comes again, it will be in another guise manner: he will appear "in his glory"; in the glory of the only begotten of the Father, in the glory of his proper deity, in the glory of all the perfections of the divine nature; which glory was, in a great measure, and from most persons, hid in the days of his flesh, though he was in the form of God, and equal with him. He will also come in his mediatorial glory, which he had with the Father before the world was, and with all the honour, power, and authority of the judge of the whole earth, to execute judgment upon men; and in the glory of his human nature, of which his transfiguration on the mount was a pledge and emblem,

And all the holy angels with him; which splendid retinue will add to the glory of his appearance; and who will accompany him not merely, or only as his attendants, to make the solemnity more grand, pompous, and magnificent; but as ministering spirits, who will be employed by him in gathering all before him, separating the wicked the good, and conducting each to their several apartments of bliss or woe: and when he thus appears,

then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory; or glorious throne, upon the clouds of heaven, where he will sit as judge, and be visible to all.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

Mt 25:31-46. The Last Judgment.

The close connection between this sublime scene—peculiar to Matthew—and the two preceding parables is too obvious to need pointing out.

31. When the Son of man shall come in his glory—His personal glory.

and all the holy angels with him—See De 33:2; Da 7:9, 10; Jude 14; with Heb 1:6; 1Pe 3:22.

then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory—the glory of His judicial authority.

Matthew 25:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sheep and the Goats
31"But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne. 32"All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;…
Cross References
1 Samuel 2:10
those who oppose the LORD will be broken. The Most High will thunder from heaven; the LORD will judge the ends of the earth. "He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed."

Zechariah 14:5
You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.

Matthew 16:27
For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father's glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what they have done.

Matthew 19:28
Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

1 Thessalonians 3:13
May he strengthen your hearts so that you will be blameless and holy in the presence of our God and Father when our Lord Jesus comes with all his holy ones.

1 Thessalonians 4:16
For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first.

2 Thessalonians 1:7
and give relief to you who are troubled, and to us as well. This will happen when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing fire with his powerful angels.

Hebrews 9:28
so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.

Jude 1:14
Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about them: "See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones

Revelation 1:7
"Look, he is coming with the clouds," and "every eye will see him, even those who pierced him"; and all peoples on earth "will mourn because of him." So shall it be! Amen.
Treasury of Scripture

When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory:

the Son.

Matthew 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom comes; …

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his …

Matthew 19:28 And Jesus said to them, Truly I say to you, That you which have followed me…

Matthew 26:64 Jesus said to him, You have said: nevertheless I say to you, Hereafter …

Daniel 7:13,14 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man …

Zechariah 14:5 And you shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley …

Mark 8:38 Whoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this …

Mark 14:62 And Jesus said, I am: and you shall see the Son of man sitting on …

Luke 9:26 For whoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall …

Luke 22:69 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.

John 1:51 And he said to him, Truly, truly, I say to you, Hereafter you shall …

John 5:27-29 And has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he …

Acts 1:11 Which also said, You men of Galilee, why stand you gazing up into …

1 Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with …

2 Thessalonians 1:7,8 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall …

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: …

Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, …

Revelation 1:7 Behold, he comes with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they …

then.

Psalm 9:7 But the LORD shall endure for ever: he has prepared his throne for judgment.

Revelation 3:21 To him that overcomes will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even …

Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose …

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