Matthew 25:32
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

New Living Translation
All the nations will be gathered in his presence, and he will separate the people as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

English Standard Version
Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

New American Standard Bible
"All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;

King James Bible
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, just as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

International Standard Version
All the nations will be assembled in front of him, and he will cull them out, one from another, like a shepherd separates sheep from goats.

NET Bible
All the nations will be assembled before him, and he will separate people one from another like a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And all the nations will be assembled before him and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd who separates sheep from goats.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The people of every nation will be gathered in front of him. He will separate them as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and before him shall be gathered all nations; and he shall separate them one from another as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats,

King James 2000 Bible
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats:

American King James Version
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats:

American Standard Version
and before him shall be gathered all the nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:

Darby Bible Translation
and all the nations shall be gathered before him; and he shall separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;

English Revised Version
and before him shall be gathered all the nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:

Webster's Bible Translation
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:

Weymouth New Testament
and all the nations will be gathered into His presence. And He will separate them from one another, just as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;

World English Bible
Before him all the nations will be gathered, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

Young's Literal Translation
and gathered together before him shall be all the nations, and he shall separate them from one another, as the shepherd doth separate the sheep from the goats,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

25:31-46 This is a description of the last judgment. It is as an explanation of the former parables. There is a judgment to come, in which every man shall be sentenced to a state of everlasting happiness, or misery. Christ shall come, not only in the glory of his Father, but in his own glory, as Mediator. The wicked and godly here dwell together, in the same cities, churches, families, and are not always to be known the one from the other; such are the weaknesses of saints, such the hypocrisies of sinners; and death takes both: but in that day they will be parted for ever. Jesus Christ is the great Shepherd; he will shortly distinguish between those that are his, and those that are not. All other distinctions will be done away; but the great one between saints and sinners, holy and unholy, will remain for ever. The happiness the saints shall possess is very great. It is a kingdom; the most valuable possession on earth; yet this is but a faint resemblance of the blessed state of the saints in heaven. It is a kingdom prepared. The Father provided it for them in the greatness of his wisdom and power; the Son purchased it for them; and the blessed Spirit, in preparing them for the kingdom, is preparing it for them. It is prepared for them: it is in all points adapted to the new nature of a sanctified soul. It is prepared from the foundation of the world. This happiness was for the saints, and they for it, from all eternity. They shall come and inherit it. What we inherit is not got by ourselves. It is God that makes heirs of heaven. We are not to suppose that acts of bounty will entitle to eternal happiness. Good works done for God's sake, through Jesus Christ, are here noticed as marking the character of believers made holy by the Spirit of Christ, and as the effects of grace bestowed on those who do them. The wicked in this world were often called to come to Christ for life and rest, but they turned from his calls; and justly are those bid to depart from Christ, that would not come to him. Condemned sinners will in vain offer excuses. The punishment of the wicked will be an everlasting punishment; their state cannot be altered. Thus life and death, good and evil, the blessing and the curse, are set before us, that we may choose our way, and as our way so shall our end be.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 32. - Shall be gathered (Matthew 24:31). The angels shall gather them, the dead being first raised to life. All (τὰ, the) nations. Not the heathen only, but all mankind (see preliminary note). The criteria upon which the judgment proceeds, in the following verses, seem to imply that all men have the opportunity of receiving or rejecting the gospel (Matthew 24:14; Mark 13:10; Romans 11:32). How this can apply to those who died before the incarnation of Christ and the consequent evangelization of the world, we know not, though we may believe that, ere the end comes, Christ will have been preached in every quarter of the globe. That some process of enlightenment goes on in the unseen world we learn from the mysterious passage, 1 Peter 3:18-20; but we have no reason to suppose that probation is extended to the other life, or that souls will there have the offer of accepting or repelling the claims of Jesus (but see Philippians 2:10; 1 Peter 4:6). By describing mankind as "all the nations," Christ shows the minute particularity of the judgment, which will enter into distinctions of country, race, etc., and while it is universal will be strictly impartial. He is the Shepherd of all mankind, whether considered as sheep or goats, and can therefore distinguish and class them perfectly. Those who have never heard of Christ (if such there shall be) can be tried only by the standard of natural religion (Romans 1:20). Shall separate them (αὐτοὺς). Individuals of all the nations. Hitherto good and bad had been mingled together, often indistinguishable by man's eye or judgment; now an eternal distinction is made by an unerring hand (Matthew 13:49). The ideals already found in Ezekiel 34:17, "Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats." As a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats. The flocks of sheep and goats generally keep together during the day (Genesis 30:33), but are separated at night or when being driven. The Syrian goat is usually black. The Lord delights in employing simple pastoral illustrations in his teaching.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And before him shall be gathered all nations..... That is, all that have professed the Christian religion in all the nations of the world, whether Jews or Gentiles, high or low, rich or poor, wise and foolish, such as have had greater or lesser talents; though it is also true of every individual of mankind of every nation, tribe and family, of every sex, age, and state, that ever has been, is, or will be. Yet Christian professors seem only here intended, as the following distinction of them, their final state, and the reasons of it show. This collection of them before Christ, the righteous judge, will be made by the holy angels, who will come with him for this purpose; and being mighty, as they are, will be able to accomplish great a work; and especially as being under the direction, influence, and authority of so divine, glorious, and illustrious a person, as the son of man will then to all appear to be,

And he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: they shall be gathered before him, as they were together in their visible church state, as being all under a profession of religion; some wise, some foolish virgins; some sheep, and others goats; some industrious, diligent, faithful, and laborious servants; others wicked, slothful, and unprofitable ones; many of whom pass undistinguished and undiscovered now: but then the judge, who is of quick understanding, will easily discern the one from the other; such as have the oil of grace in the vessels of their hearts, together with their lamps, from such as have only the outward visible lamp of a profession, but destitute of the grace of God; and good and faithful servants, who have made a right use of their gifts, from such who have been negligent, careless, and remiss; and though these have been folded together, sheep and goats, in the sheepfold of the church, where they have all bore the character of the sheep of Christ; yet now when the chief shepherd appears, who knows his own sheep, and calls them by name, he will as easily separate the one from the other, and more so, than any shepherd, among men, can part a flock consisting of sheep and goats. Hypocrites in Zion shall now be no more, nor sinners stand any longer in the congregation of the righteous, nor both together as one body, and on one side in judgment.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

32. And before him shall be gathered all nations—or, "all the nations." That this should be understood to mean the heathen nations, or all except believers in Christ, will seem amazing to any simple reader. Yet this is the exposition of Olshausen, Stier, Keil, Alford (though latterly with some diffidence), and of a number, though not all, of those who hold that Christ will come the second time before the millennium, and that the saints will be caught up to meet Him in the air before His appearing. Their chief argument is, the impossibility of any that ever knew the Lord Jesus wondering, at the Judgment Day, that they should be thought to have done—or left undone—anything "unto Christ." To that we shall advert when we come to it. But here we may just say, that if this scene does not describe a personal, public, final judgment on men, according to the treatment they have given to Christ—and consequently men within the Christian pale—we shall have to consider again whether our Lord's teaching on the greatest themes of human interest does indeed possess that incomparable simplicity and transparency of meaning which, by universal consent, has been ascribed to it. If it be said, But how can this be the general judgment, if only those within the Christian pale be embraced by it?—we answer, What is here described, as it certainly does not meet the case of all the family of Adam, is of course so far not general. But we have no right to conclude that the whole "judgment of the great day" will be limited to the point of view here presented. Other explanations will come up in the course of our exposition.

and he shall separate them—now for the first time; the two classes having been mingled all along up to this awful moment.

as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats—(See Eze 34:17).

Matthew 25:32 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sheep and the Goats
31"But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne. 32"All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 2:10
those who oppose the LORD will be broken. The Most High will thunder from heaven; the LORD will judge the ends of the earth. "He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed."

Ezekiel 34:17
"'As for you, my flock, this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I will judge between one sheep and another, and between rams and goats.

Ezekiel 34:20
"'Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says to them: See, I myself will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep.

Matthew 13:49
This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous

Matthew 28:19
Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

2 Corinthians 5:10
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.
Treasury of Scripture

And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats:

before.

Psalm 96:13 Before the LORD: for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth: he …

Psalm 98:9 Before the LORD; for he comes to judge the earth: with righteousness …

Acts 17:30,31 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commands all …

Romans 2:12,16 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without …

Romans 14:10-12 But why do you judge your brother? or why do you set at nothing your brother…

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every …

Revelation 20:12-15 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books …

he shall separate.

Matthew 3:12 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, …

Matthew 13:42,43,49 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing …

Psalm 1:5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners …

Psalm 50:3-5 Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour …

Ezekiel 20:38 And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress …

Ezekiel 34:17-22 And as for you, O my flock, thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge …

Malachi 3:18 Then shall you return, and discern between the righteous and the …

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who …

as.

Psalm 78:52 But made his own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in …

John 10:14,27 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine…

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