Matthew 26:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas,

New Living Translation
At that same time the leading priests and elders were meeting at the residence of Caiaphas, the high priest,

English Standard Version
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas,

Berean Study Bible
At that time, the chief priests and elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas,

Berean Literal Bible
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the courtyard of the high priest, who is called Caiaphas,

New American Standard Bible
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, named Caiaphas;

King James Bible
Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

International Standard Version
Then the high priests and the elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest, who was named Caiaphas.

NET Bible
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people met together in the palace of the high priest, who was named Caiaphas.

New Heart English Bible
Then the chief priests and the scribes and the elders of the people gathered together in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Then the Chief Priests and the Scribes and the Elders of the people were gathered together to the court of The High Priest, who is called Qaiapha,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the chief priests and the leaders of the people gathered in the palace of the chief priest Caiaphas.

New American Standard 1977
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, named Caiaphas;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the princes of the priests and the scribes and the elders of the people assembled together in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

King James 2000 Bible
Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

American King James Version
Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, to the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

American Standard Version
Then were gathered together the chief priests, and the elders of the people, unto the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then were gathered together the chief priests and ancients of the people into the court of the high priest, who was called Caiphas:

Darby Bible Translation
Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together to the palace of the high priest who was called Caiaphas,

English Revised Version
Then were gathered together the chief priests, and the elders of the people, unto the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas;

Webster's Bible Translation
Then assembled the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

Weymouth New Testament
Then the High Priests and Elders of the People assembled in the court of the palace of the High Priest Caiaphas,

World English Bible
Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas.

Young's Literal Translation
Then were gathered together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, to the court of the chief priest who was called Caiaphas;
Study Bible
The Plot to Kill Jesus
2“You know that the Passover begins in two days, and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.” 3At that time, the chief priests and elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, 4and they conspired to arrest Jesus covertly and kill Him.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:57
Those who had arrested Jesus led Him away to the house of Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and elders had gathered.

Matthew 26:58
But Peter followed Him at a distance, right up to the courtyard of the high priest. And he went in and sat down with the guards to see the outcome.

Matthew 26:69
Meanwhile, Peter was sitting out in the courtyard, and a servant girl came up to him. "You were also with Jesus the Galilean," she said.

Matthew 27:27
Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company around Him.

Mark 14:54
Peter followed Him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. And he sat with the officers to warm himself by the fire.

Mark 14:66
While Peter was in the courtyard below, one of the high priest's servant girls came down

Mark 15:16
Then the soldiers led Jesus away into the palace (that is, the Praetorium) and called the whole company together.

Luke 3:2
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

Luke 22:55
When those present had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down among them.

John 11:47
Then the chief priests and Pharisees convened the Sanhedrin and said, "What are we to do? This man is performing many signs.
Treasury of Scripture

Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, to the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

assembled.

Matthew 21:45,46 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, …

Psalm 2:1,2 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing…

Psalm 56:6 They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark …

Psalm 64:4-6 That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot …

Psalm 94:20,21 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with you, which frames …

Jeremiah 11:19 But I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; …

Jeremiah 18:18-20 Then said they, Come and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; …

John 11:47-53,57 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and …

Acts 4:25-28 Who by the mouth of your servant David have said, Why did the heathen …

the palace.

Matthew 26:58 But Peter followed him afar off to the high priest's palace, and …

Jeremiah 17:27 But if you will not listen to me to hallow the sabbath day, and not …

Mark 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high …

Caiaphas. This was Joseph, surnamed Caiaphas, who succeeded Simon son of Camith, in the high-priesthood, about A.D.

Matthew 26:25 Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it …

John 11:49 And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same …

John 18:13,14,24 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, …

Acts 4:5,6 And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes…

(3) Then assembled together.--We learn from John 11:49-50. that the plan, as far as Caiaphas was concerned, had been formed before, immediately after the raising of Lazarus. What had happened since--the kingly entry, the expulsion of the money-changers, the way in which our Lord had baffled their attempt to entrap Him in His speech--would all work as so many motives to immediate action. The meeting now assembled may have been either a formal session of the Sanhedrin, or an informal conference of its chief members prior to the regular meeting. The former seems, on the whole, the more probable. The "chief priests" were the heads of the twenty-four courses; the elders of the people were the representatives--how elected or selected we do not know--of the citizens of Jerusalem. St. Mark and St. Luke name "scribes" instead of "elders." These two bodies may have been identical, but more probably the scribes of the Council represented the whole class of interpreters of the Law, who bore that name in its wider sense.

The high priest, who was called Caiaphas.--The name was a distinctive one added to his proper name of Joseph. Of his previous history we know that he had married the daughter of Annas, who had filled the office of high priest before him (John 18:13), and who still occupied, possibly as Nasi or President, an influential position in the Council and retained his titular pre-eminence. (See Note on Luke 3:2.) He had been high priest from the commencement of our Lord's ministry, and had, therefore, watched His ministry in Jerusalem with a jealous fear. We may probably trace his influence in the mission of the scribes from Jerusalem, whom we have seen as opponents of that ministry in Galilee (Mark 3:22; Luke 5:17). The meeting in his house implied a coalition of parties commonly opposed, for Caiaphas and his personal adherents were Sadducees (Acts 5:17), and as such, courted the favour of their Roman rulers (John 11:48), while the scribes were, for the most part, Pharisees, and assertors of national independence.

Verses 3-5. - Conspiracy of the Jewish rulers. (Mark 14:1; Luke 22:2.) Verse 3. - Then. While Christ was announcing his approaching death, the rulers were plotting its accomplishment. He was certain; they were in doubt and perplexity about it. The chief priests (see on Matthew 16:21). The office of high priest had originally been held for life; but of late the civil power had often deposed one and appointed another, so that there were at times many who had held the post, and who, as well as their deputies, and the heads of the courses, claimed the title of chief priest. These were all members of the Sanhedrim And the scribes, These words are omitted on very good authority by many modern editors. They are not found in the Vulgate, though they occur in the parallel passages in the other synoptists. If genuine, they, in connection with "elders" and "priests," would signify that all the elements of the Sanhedrin were present at this council. The palace (αὐλὴν) of the high priest. This, then, was not a formal meeting, or it would have been held in the hall Gazith, "the hall of hewn stones," on the south side of the court of the priests. It was assembled in the court of the high priest's house, because it comprised persons who were not Sanhedrists, such as temple officials, and connections of the high priest, forming what was known as the priestly council, which was the official medium between the Roman authorities and the people. Who was called Caiaphas. Josephus ('Ant.,' 18:02. 2) speaks of him as "Joseph, who is also Caiaphas;" hence the way in which he is introduced in the present passage. He had been elevated to his high post by the Romans, who found in him a submissive tool. His father-in-law. Annas had been appointed by Quirinius, but after nine years had been deposed; he was succeeded in turn by Ismael, Eleazar son of Annas, Simon, and fourthly by Caiaphas, who superseded his immediate predecessor by the favour of the procurator Valerius Gratus, the tenant of the office before Pontius Pilate. The ex-high priest, Annas, was counted still by some rigorists as holding the office, and he appears to have possessed high authority (see John 18:13; Acts 4:6). Then assembled together the chief priests,.... About the same time, two days before the passover, that Jesus said these things to his disciples, as is plain from Mark 14:1. By "the chief priests" are meant, either such who had been high priests, or such as were the heads of the twenty four courses of the priests; or rather, the principal men of the priesthood, who were chosen out of the rest, to be members of the great sanhedrim:

and the Scribes; the doctors, of the law, who wrote out copies of the law for the people, and interpreted it to them in a literal way: this clause is left out in the Vulgate Latin, and in Munster's Hebrew Gospel, and in the Arabic and Ethiopic versions, and in the Alexandrian copy, and some others, but is retained in, the Syriac version; and no doubt, but these men had a place in this grand council:

and the elders of the people; these were the civil magistrates; so that this assembly consisted both of ecclesiastics and laymen, as the sanhedrim did, of priests, Levites, and Israelites (t): these came

unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas; his name was Joseph, but his surname Caiaphas; a word not of the same original with Cephas, as Camero thought; for these two words begin with different letters, nor are the rest the same. Now, though a king of Israel might not sit in the sanhedrim, yet an high priest might, provided he was sufficiently qualified with wisdom (u). The president of this grand council at this time, should be Rabban Gamaliel, Paul's master; unless it was Caiaphas, at whose house they were: how they came to meet at the high priest's palace, deserves inquiry; since their proper and usual place of meeting, was a chamber in the temple, called Gazith (w), or the paved chamber: now let it be observed, that according to the accounts the Jews themselves give, the sanhedrim removed from this chamber, forty years before the destruction of the temple (x); and which, as Dr. Lightfoot conjectures, was about a year and a half before the death of Christ; and as others say (y), four years; at least three years and a half before that time: but then, though the sanhedrim removed from the paved chamber, they met at Chanoth, "the sheds", which was a place within the bounds of the temple, in the mountain of the house; and the question still returns, how came it to pass they did not meet there? To me the reason seems to be, that they chose not to meet there, but at the high priest's palace, because of privacy, that it might not be known they were together, and about any affair of moment; and particularly this: the high priest's house was always in Jerusalem, and he never removed from thence; nor did he go from the temple thither only in the night, or an hour or two in the day; for he had an apartment in the temple, which was called the chamber of the high priest, where he was the whole day (z).

(t) Maimon. Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 2. sect. 1.((u) lb. sect. 4. (w) Misn. Middot c. 5. sect. 3.((x) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 15. 1. Avoda Zara, fol. 8. 2. Sanhedrin, fol. 41. 1. Maimon. Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 14. sect. 13. Juchasin, fol. 21. 1.((y) Edzard. not. in Avoda Zara, c. 1. p. 236. (z) Maimon. Cele Hamikdash, c. 5. sect. 7. 26:1-5 Our Lord had often told of his sufferings as at a distance, now he speaks of them as at hand. At the same time the Jewish council consulted how they might put him to death secretly. But it pleased God to defeat their intention. Jesus, the true paschal Lamb, was to be sacrificed for us at that very time, and his death and resurrection rendered public.
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