Nahum 2:6
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The river gates are thrown open and the palace collapses.

New Living Translation
The river gates have been torn open! The palace is about to collapse!

English Standard Version
The river gates are opened; the palace melts away;

New American Standard Bible
The gates of the rivers are opened And the palace is dissolved.

King James Bible
The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The river gates are opened, and the palace erodes away.

International Standard Version
The river gates will be opened, and the palace will collapse.

NET Bible
The sluice gates are opened; the royal palace is deluged and dissolves.

New Heart English Bible
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace is dissolved.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace melts away.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The gates of the rivers are opened, And the palace is dissolved.

New American Standard 1977
The gates of the rivers are opened,
            And the palace is dissolved.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be destroyed.

King James 2000 Bible
The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

American King James Version
The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

American Standard Version
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace is dissolved.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the temple is thrown down to the ground.

Darby Bible Translation
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace melteth away.

English Revised Version
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace is dissolved.

Webster's Bible Translation
The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

World English Bible
The gates of the rivers are opened, and the palace is dissolved.

Young's Literal Translation
Gates of the rivers have been opened, And the palace is dissolved.
Study Bible
The Overthrow of Nineveh
5He remembers his nobles; They stumble in their march, They hurry to her wall, And the mantelet is set up. 6The gates of the rivers are opened And the palace is dissolved. 7It is fixed: She is stripped, she is carried away, And her handmaids are moaning like the sound of doves, Beating on their breasts.…
Cross References
Nahum 2:5
He remembers his nobles; They stumble in their march, They hurry to her wall, And the mantelet is set up.

Nahum 2:7
It is fixed: She is stripped, she is carried away, And her handmaids are moaning like the sound of doves, Beating on their breasts.

Nahum 3:13
Behold, your people are women in your midst! The gates of your land are opened wide to your enemies; Fire consumes your gate bars.
Treasury of Scripture

The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved.

gates.

Isaiah 45:1,2 Thus said the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I …

dissolved. or, molten.

2 Peter 3:10,11 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the …

(6) The gates of the rivers.--This verse is one of great importance. The account of Ctesias, preserved by Diodorus Siculus, tells us that for over two years the immense thickness of the walls of Nineveh baffled the engineering skill of the besiegers; but that "in the third year it happened that by reason of a continual discharge of great storms, the Euphrates (sic) being swollen, both inundated a part of the city and overthrew the wall to the extent of twenty stadia." The king saw in this the fulfilment of an oracle, which had declared that the city should fall when "the river became an enemy to the city." Determined not to fall into the hands of his foes, he shut himself up with all his treasures in the royal citadel, which he then set on fire. We believe that this account, though inaccurate in detail, may be regarded as based on a substratum of historical fact. So gigantic were the fortifications of Nineveh, that of those on the east, where the city was most open to attack, Mr. Layard writes: "The remains still existing . . . almost confirm the statements of Diodorus Siculus that the walls were a hundred feet high, and that three chariots could drive upon them abreast" (Nineveh and Babylon, p. 660). Against ramparts such as these the most elaborate testudo of ancient times may well have been comparatively powerless. On the other hand, the force of a swollen river has often proved suddenly fatal to the strongest modern masonry. It would be specially destructive where, as in the case of Nineveh, the walls inundated were of sun-dried brick or "clay-bat." Thus the fate of the city may well have been precipitated in accordance with the terse prediction of this verse. The "gates of the rivers" (i.e., the dams which fenced the Khausser, which ran through Nineveh, and the Tigris, which was outside it) are forced open by the swelling torrents, and lo, the fate of the city is sealed! ramparts against which the battering-ram might have plied in vain are sapped at the very foundation; palace walls are undermined, and literally "dissolve;" the besieger hastens to avail himself of the disaster, and (in the single word of Nahum 2:7) it-is-decided. It is unnecessary to identify the "palace" which thus succumbs. Neither is it a reasonable objection that the palaces of Khorsabad and Kouyunjik, lying near the Khausser, bear the marks of fire, not water. If Nahum must have in mind some particular palace, it may be fairly argued that water is not such a demonstrative agency as the sister element; and that nothing would so effectively conceal the damage done by the inundation as the subsequent conflagrations effected by the victorious besieger. The verb nmg, "dissolved," we thus take in its literal signification of the dissolution of a solid substance by the action of water; not as Dr. Pusey, figuratively, of the "dissolution of the empire itself.

Verse 6. - All defence is vain. The prophet describes the last scene. The gates of the rivers shall be (are) opened. The simplest explanation of this much disputed clause is, according to Strauss and others, the following: The gates intended are those adjacent to the streams which encircled the city, and which were therefore the best defended and the hardest to capture. When these were carried, there was no way of escape for the besieged. But, as Rosenmuller remarks, it would have been an act of folly in the enemy to attack just that part of the city which was most strongly defended by nature and art. We are, therefore, induced to take "the gates of the rivers," not literally, but as a metaphorical expression (like "the windows of heaven," Genesis 7:1 l; Isaiah 24:18) for an overwhelming flood, and to see in this a reference to the fact mentioned by Diod. Sic. (2:27), that the capture of Nineveh was owing to a great and unprecedented inundation, which destroyed a large portion of the fortifications, and laid the city open to the enemy. "At the northwest angle of Nineveh," says Professor Rawlinson, "there was a sluice or flood gate, intended mainly to keep the water of the Khosr-su, which ordinarily filled the city moat, from flowing off too rapidly into the Tigris, but probably intended also to keep back the water of the Tigris, when that stream rose above its common level. A sudden and great rise in the Tigris would necessarily endanger this gate, and if it gave way beneath the pressure, a vast torrent of water would rush up the moat along and against the northern wall, which may have been undermined by its force, and have fallen in" (Rawlinson, 'Ancient Monarchies,' 2. p. 397, edit. 1871). The suggestion that the course of its rivers was diverted, and that the enemy entered the town through the dried channels, has no historical basis. Dr. Pusey explains the term to mean the gates by which the inhabitants had access to the rivers. But these would be well guarded, and the open. ing of them would not involve the capture of the city, which the expression in the text seems to imply. The LXX. gives, πόλεων διηνοίχθησαν, "The gates of the cities were opened." The palace shall be (is) dissolved; or, melteth away. Some take this to signify that the hearts of the in. habitants melt with fear, or the royal power vanishes in terror. That the clause is to be taken literally, to denote the destruction of the royal palace by the action of the waters, seems to be negatived by the fact that the Assyrian palaces were built on artificial mounds of some thirty or forty feet in elevation, composed of sun-dried bricks united into a solid mass, and were thus secured from the effects of an inundation (see Bosoms, 'Nineveh and its Discoveries,' p. 129, etc.). There is evidence, too, that fire played a great part in the destruction of the temples and palaces (see note on Nahum 3:13). The gates of the rivers shall be opened,.... Of Diava and Adiava, or Lycus and Caprus, between which, according to some writers (i), Nineveh was situated; or the gates of the city, which lay nearest to the river Tigris, are meant; or that river itself, the plural for the singular, which overflowing, broke down the walls of the city for two and a half miles, and opened a way for the Medes and Chaldeans to enter in; of which see Nahum 1:8,

and the palace shall be dissolved; by the inundation, or destroyed by the enemy; meaning the palace of the king, which might be situated near the river; or the temple of Nisroch the Assyrian deity, or Jupiter Belus; for the same word (k) signifies a temple as well as palace.

(i) Vid. Fuller. Miscel. Sacr. l. 3. c. 6. (k) "templum", V. L. Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Drusius, Cocceius. 6. The gates of the rivers … opened—The river wall on the Tigris (the west defense of Nineveh) was 4,530 yards long. On the north, south, and east sides, there were large moats, capable of being easily filled with water from the Khosru. Traces of dams ("gates," or sluices) for regulating the supply are still visible, so that the whole city could be surrounded with a water barrier (Na 2:8). Besides, on the east, the weakest side, it was further protected by a lofty double rampart with a moat two hundred feet wide between its two parts, cut in the rocky ground. The moats or canals, flooded by the Ninevites before the siege to repel the foe, were made a dry bed to march into the city, by the foe turning the waters into a different channel: as Cyrus did in the siege of Babylon [Maurer]. In the earlier capture of Nineveh by Arbaces the Mede, and Belesis the Babylonian, Diodorus Siculus, [1.2.80], states that there was an old prophecy that it should not be taken till the river became its enemy; so in the third year of the siege, the river by a flood broke down the walls twenty furlongs, and the king thereupon burnt himself and his palace and all his concubines and wealth together, and the enemy entered by the breach in the wall. Fire and water were doubtless the means of the second destruction here foretold, as of the first.

dissolved—by the inundation [Henderson]. Or, those in the palace shall melt with fear, namely, the king and his nobles [Grotius].2:1-10 Nineveh shall not put aside this judgment; there is no counsel or strength against the Lord. God looks upon proud cities, and brings them down. Particular account is given of the terrors wherein the invading enemy shall appear against Nineveh. The empire of Assyria is represented as a queen, about to be led captive to Babylon. Guilt in the conscience fills men with terror in an evil day; and what will treasures or glory do for us in times of distress, or in the day of wrath? Yet for such things how many lose their souls!
Jump to Previous
Collapses Dismay Dissolved Doorways Flowing Forced Gates House King's Melteth Open Opened Palace River Rivers Thrown
Jump to Next
Collapses Dismay Dissolved Doorways Flowing Forced Gates House King's Melteth Open Opened Palace River Rivers Thrown
Links
Nahum 2:6 NIV
Nahum 2:6 NLT
Nahum 2:6 ESV
Nahum 2:6 NASB
Nahum 2:6 KJV

Nahum 2:6 Biblia Paralela
Nahum 2:6 Chinese Bible
Nahum 2:6 French Bible
Nahum 2:6 German Bible

Alphabetical: and are collapses dissolved gates is of open opened palace river rivers The thrown

OT Prophets: Nahum 2:6 The gates of the rivers are opened (Nah. Na) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Nahum 2:5
Top of Page
Top of Page