Nahum 2:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
She is pillaged, plundered, stripped! Hearts melt, knees give way, bodies tremble, every face grows pale.

New Living Translation
Soon the city is plundered, empty, and ruined. Hearts melt and knees shake. The people stand aghast, their faces pale and trembling.

English Standard Version
Desolate! Desolation and ruin! Hearts melt and knees tremble; anguish is in all loins; all faces grow pale!

New American Standard Bible
She is emptied! Yes, she is desolate and waste! Hearts are melting and knees knocking! Also anguish is in the whole body And all their faces are grown pale!

King James Bible
She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain is in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Desolation, decimation, devastation! Hearts melt, knees tremble, loins shake, every face grows pale!

International Standard Version
Nineveh is devastated, deserted, and desolate. Her heart melts, her knees knock. Every stomach is upset, every face grows pale.

NET Bible
Destruction, devastation, and desolation! Their hearts faint, their knees tremble, each stomach churns, each face turns pale!

New Heart English Bible
She is empty, void, and waste. The heart melts, the knees knock together, their bodies and faces have grown pale.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Nineveh is destroyed, deserted, demolished. Hearts are melting. Knees are knocking. Every stomach becomes upset. Every face turns pale.

JPS Tanakh 1917
She is empty, and void, and waste; And the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, And convulsion is in all loins, And the faces of them all have gathered blackness.

New American Standard 1977
She is emptied! Yes, she is desolate and waste!
            Hearts are melting and knees knocking!
            Also anguish is in the whole body,
            And all their faces are grown pale!

Jubilee Bible 2000
She is empty and worn out and is in pieces, and the heart melted, the knees smite together, and much pain is in the kidneys, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

King James 2000 Bible
She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melts, and the knees strike together, and much pain is on all sides, and the faces of them all grow pale.

American King James Version
She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melts, and the knees smite together, and much pain is in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

American Standard Version
She is empty, and void, and waste; and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and anguish is in all loins, and the faces of them all are waxed pale.

Douay-Rheims Bible
She is destroyed, and rent, and torn: the heart melteth, and the knees fail, and all the loins lose their strength: and the faces of them all are as the blackness of a kettle.

Darby Bible Translation
She is empty, and void, and waste; and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and writhing pain is in all loins, and all their faces grow pale.

English Revised Version
She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and anguish is in all loins, and the faces of them all are waxed pale.

Webster's Bible Translation
She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain is in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

World English Bible
She is empty, void, and waste. The heart melts, the knees knock together, their bodies and faces have grown pale.

Young's Literal Translation
She is empty, yea, emptiness and waste, And the heart hath melted, And the knees have smitten together, And great pain is in all loins, And the faces of all of them have gathered paleness.
Study Bible
The Overthrow of Nineveh
9Plunder the silver! Plunder the gold! For there is no limit to the treasure-- Wealth from every kind of desirable object. 10She is emptied! Yes, she is desolate and waste! Hearts are melting and knees knocking! Also anguish is in the whole body And all their faces are grown pale! 11Where is the den of the lions And the feeding place of the young lions, Where the lion, lioness and lion's cub prowled, With nothing to disturb them?…
Cross References
Joshua 7:5
The men of Ai struck down about thirty-six of their men, and pursued them from the gate as far as Shebarim and struck them down on the descent, so the hearts of the people melted and became as water.

Psalm 22:14
I am poured out like water, And all my bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; It is melted within me.

Isaiah 13:7
Therefore all hands will fall limp, And every man's heart will melt.

Isaiah 13:8
They will be terrified, Pains and anguish will take hold of them; They will writhe like a woman in labor, They will look at one another in astonishment, Their faces aflame.

Isaiah 24:1
Behold, the LORD lays the earth waste, devastates it, distorts its surface and scatters its inhabitants.

Isaiah 34:10
It will not be quenched night or day; Its smoke will go up forever. From generation to generation it will be desolate; None will pass through it forever and ever.

Jeremiah 8:21
For the brokenness of the daughter of my people I am broken; I mourn, dismay has taken hold of me.

Jeremiah 49:23
Concerning Damascus. "Hamath and Arpad are put to shame, For they have heard bad news; They are disheartened. There is anxiety by the sea, It cannot be calmed.

Ezekiel 21:7
"And when they say to you, 'Why do you groan?' you shall say, 'Because of the news that is coming; and every heart will melt, all hands will be feeble, every spirit will faint and all knees will be weak as water. Behold, it comes and it will happen,' declares the Lord GOD."

Ezekiel 31:15
Thus says the Lord GOD, "On the day when it went down to Sheol I caused lamentations; I closed the deep over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it.
Treasury of Scripture

She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melts, and the knees smite together, and much pain is in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.

She is. Nineveh was taken and utterly ruined by Assuerus, or Cyaxares, king of Media, and Nabuchodonosor, or Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, B.C.

empty.

Nahum 3:7 And it shall come to pass, that all they that look on you shall flee …

Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the …

Isaiah 13:19-22 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, …

Isaiah 14:23 I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: …

Isaiah 24:1 Behold, the LORD makes the earth empty, and makes it waste, and turns …

Isaiah 34:10-15 It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go …

Jeremiah 4:23-26 I beheld the earth, and, see, it was without form, and void; and …

Jeremiah 51:62 Then shall you say, O LORD, you have spoken against this place, to …

Zephaniah 2:13-15 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; …

Zephaniah 3:6 I have cut off the nations: their towers are desolate; I made their …

Revelation 18:21-23 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast …

the heart.

Joshua 2:11 And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither …

Psalm 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my …

Isaiah 13:7,8 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt…

the knees.

Daniel 5:6 Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled …

and much.

Isaiah 21:3 Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold on …

Jeremiah 30:6 Ask you now, and see whether a man does travail with child? why do …

and the faces.

Joel 2:6 Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall …

(10) And the faces of them all gather blackness.--Better, perhaps, and all faces withdraw their brightness. (See Note on Joel 2:6, where the same expression occurs.)

Verse 10. - She is empty, and void, and waste. Bukahum bukah, um bulakah. The three words are of very similar meaning and sound, and express most forcibly the utter ruin of the city. A Latin commentator has endeavoured to imitate the Hebrew paronomasia by rendering them, "vacuitas, evacuatio, evanidatio" - a translation more ingenious than classical. The paronomasia is better rendered by "vastitas, vastitia, vacuitas," and the German, "leer und ausgeleert und verheert." "Sack and sacking and ransacking" (Gandell). An analogous combination of words is found in Isaiah 24:3, 4; Isaiah 29:2, 3; Ezekiel 33:29; Zephaniah 1:15. Septuagint, ἐκτιναγμὸς, καὶ ἀνατιναγμὸς καὶ ἐκβρασμός, "thrusting forth and spurning and tumult." The heart melteth. A common expression for fear and despondency (Joshua 7:5; Isaiah 13:7; Ezekiel 21:7). The knees smite together (Daniel 5:6). So in Homer continually, λύτο γούνατα. Much pain is in all loins. The anguish as of childbirth. Septuagint, ὠδῖνες, "labour pains," in contrast with the injunction in ver. 1 (comp. Isaiah 13:8; Isaiah 21:3; Jeremiah 30:6). Gather blackness (Joel 2:6); or, Withdraw their colour; i.e. wax pale. But the Hebrew rather implies that the faces assume a livid hue, like that of coming death. Hence the LXX. renders, ὡς πρόσκαυμα χύτρας, as the burning of an earthen vessel, which is blackened by the fire; and Jerome, sicut nigredo ollae (comp. Jeremiah 30:6). She is empty, and void, and waste,.... The city of Nineveh, empty of inhabitants, being killed, or having fled; and stripped of all its treasures and riches by the enemies; its walls and houses demolished and pulled down, and laid in ruins, and become a heap of rubbish; See Gill on Nahum 1:8. Various words are here used to ascertain and confirm the thing; and there is an elegant play on words or likeness of sounds, which our language will not express:

and the heart melteth; the heart of every inhabitant of Nineveh melted with fear at the approach of their enemies, their entrance into the city, and plunder of it; flowed like water, or melted like wax; see Psalm 22:14,

and the knees smite together; like people in a fright, and when a panic has seized them; and as it was with Belshazzar, Daniel 5:6,

and much pain is in all loins; like that of women in travail; or of persons in a sudden fright, which gives them a pain in their backs at once:

and the faces of them all gather blackness; like a pot, as the Targum adds; being in great distress and disconsolation, which make men appear in a dismal hue, and their countenances look very dark and gloomy; see Joel 2:6. 10. Literally, "emptiness, and emptiedness, and devastation." The accumulation of substantives without a verb (as in Na 3:2), the two first of the three being derivatives of the same root, and like in sound, and the number of syllables in them increasing in a kind of climax, intensify the gloomy effectiveness of the expression. Hebrew, Bukah, Mebukah, Mebullakah (compare Isa 24:1, 3, 4; Zep 1:15).

faces of all gather blackness—(See on [1159]Joe 2:6). Calvin translates, "withdraw (literally, 'gather up') their glow," or flush, that is, grow pale. This is probably the better rendering. So Maurer.2:1-10 Nineveh shall not put aside this judgment; there is no counsel or strength against the Lord. God looks upon proud cities, and brings them down. Particular account is given of the terrors wherein the invading enemy shall appear against Nineveh. The empire of Assyria is represented as a queen, about to be led captive to Babylon. Guilt in the conscience fills men with terror in an evil day; and what will treasures or glory do for us in times of distress, or in the day of wrath? Yet for such things how many lose their souls!
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Alphabetical: all Also and anguish are bodies body desolate emptied every face faces give grown grows Hearts in is knees knocking melt melting pale pillaged plundered She stripped the their tremble waste way whole Yes

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