Nahum 1:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They will be entangled among thorns and drunk from their wine; they will be consumed like dry stubble.

New Living Translation
His enemies, tangled like thornbushes and staggering like drunks, will be burned up like dry stubble in a field.

English Standard Version
For they are like entangled thorns, like drunkards as they drink; they are consumed like stubble fully dried.

New American Standard Bible
Like tangled thorns, And like those who are drunken with their drink, They are consumed As stubble completely withered.

King James Bible
For while they be folden together as thorns, and while they are drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For they will be consumed like entangled thorns, like the drink of a drunkard and like straw that is fully dry.

International Standard Version
Indeed, while tangled as by a thorn bush, while drunken as by a strong drink, the Ninevites will be burned like dry straw.

NET Bible
Surely they will be totally consumed like entangled thorn bushes, like the drink of drunkards, like very dry stubble.

New Heart English Bible
For entangled like thorns, and drunk as with their drink, they are consumed utterly like dry stubble.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The people of Nineveh will be] like tangled thorns and like people drunk on their own drink. They will be completely burned up like very dry straw.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For though they be like tangled thorns, And be drunken according to their drink, They shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

New American Standard 1977
Like tangled thorns,
            And like those who are drunken with their drink,
            They are consumed
            As stubble completely withered.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For while they are entwined together as thorns, and while the drunkards shall be drinking, they shall be devoured as stubble full of dryness.

King James 2000 Bible
For while they are entangled together as thorns, and while they are drunk as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

American King James Version
For while they be entwined together as thorns, and while they are drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

American Standard Version
For entangled like thorns, and drunken as with their drink, they are consumed utterly as dry stubble.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For as thorns embrace one another: so while they are feasting and drinking together, they shall be consumed as stubble that is fully dry.

Darby Bible Translation
Though they be tangled together [as] thorns, and be as drenched from their drink, they shall be devoured as dry stubble, completely.

English Revised Version
For though they be like tangled thorns, told be drenched as it were in their drink, they shall be devoured utterly as dry stubble.

Webster's Bible Translation
For while they are folded together as thorns, and while they are drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

World English Bible
For entangled like thorns, and drunken as with their drink, they are consumed utterly like dry stubble.

Young's Literal Translation
For while princes are perplexed, And with their drink are drunken, They have been consumed as stubble fully dried.
Study Bible
The Burden of Nineveh
9Whatever you devise against the LORD, He will make a complete end of it. Distress will not rise up twice. 10Like tangled thorns, And like those who are drunken with their drink, They are consumed As stubble completely withered. 11From you has gone forth One who plotted evil against the LORD, A wicked counselor.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 23:6
"But the worthless, every one of them will be thrust away like thorns, Because they cannot be taken in hand;

Psalm 118:12
They surrounded me like bees; They were extinguished as a fire of thorns; In the name of the LORD I will surely cut them off.

Isaiah 5:24
Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes stubble And dry grass collapses into the flame, So their root will become like rot and their blossom blow away as dust; For they have rejected the law of the LORD of hosts And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 9:18
For wickedness burns like a fire; It consumes briars and thorns; It even sets the thickets of the forest aflame And they roll upward in a column of smoke.

Isaiah 10:17
And the light of Israel will become a fire and his Holy One a flame, And it will burn and devour his thorns and his briars in a single day.

Isaiah 47:14
"Behold, they have become like stubble, Fire burns them; They cannot deliver themselves from the power of the flame; There will be no coal to warm by Nor a fire to sit before!

Isaiah 56:12
"Come," they say, "let us get wine, and let us drink heavily of strong drink; And tomorrow will be like today, only more so."

Micah 7:4
The best of them is like a briar, The most upright like a thorn hedge. The day when you post your watchmen, Your punishment will come. Then their confusion will occur.

Nahum 3:11
You too will become drunk, You will be hidden. You too will search for a refuge from the enemy.

Malachi 4:1
"For behold, the day is coming, burning like a furnace; and all the arrogant and every evildoer will be chaff; and the day that is coming will set them ablaze," says the LORD of hosts, "so that it will leave them neither root nor branch."
Treasury of Scripture

For while they be entwined together as thorns, and while they are drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

while they be.

2 Samuel 23:6,7 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, …

Micah 7:4 The best of them is as a brier: the most upright is sharper than …

1 Thessalonians 5:2,3 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as …

drunken.

Nahum 3:11 You also shall be drunken: you shall be hid, you also shall seek …

1 Samuel 25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, …

2 Samuel 13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark you now when …

Jeremiah 51:39,57 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, …

they shall.

Psalm 68:2 As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melts before …

Isaiah 9:18 For wickedness burns as the fire: it shall devour the briers and …

Isaiah 10:17-19 And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame…

Isaiah 27:4 Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me …

Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the …

(10) For while.--Better, For they shall be even as bundles of thorn fagots, and even while steeped in their drink they shall be burnt up like stubble fully dry. Dry thorn cuttings were commonly used as fuel. (See Psalm 58:9; Psalm 118:12; Ecclesiastes 7:6.) The verse compares the victims of Jehovah's wrath, first, to a compact bundle of thorn fagots; secondly, to a material equally combustible, the dry straw and stubble of the threshing-floor. With regard to the words "while steeped in their drink," it may be remarked that in the final siege of Nineveh a great defeat of its forces was effected by a surprise while the king and his captains were sunk in revelry (Diod. Sic. ii. 26). Benhadad, king of Syria, and Belshazzar, king of Babylon, were overcome under similar circumstances (1Kings 1:16; Daniel 5:1-30). Feasting and revelry may have gone on in Sennacherib's camp at the moment when the sudden visitation of the "angel of the Lord" was impending; but on this point we have no information. The introduction of this detail adds to the metaphor a certain grim humour. Soaked in wine though the enemy be, he shall surely burn like driest fuel in the day of Jehovah's fiery wrath. The opening clause of the verse is beset with difficulties, both grammatical and lexical. Kleinert renders "For in thorns they shall be entangled," &c.; Ewald and Hitzig, "For even though they be compact as a wickerwork of thorns," &c.

Verse 10. - While they be folden together as thorns. The clause is conditional: "Though they be interwined as thorns." Though the Assyrians present an impenetrable front, which seems to defy attack. (For the comparison of a hostile army to briers and thorns, see Isaiah 10:17; Isaiah 27:4; Henderson.) And while they are drunken as drunkards; and though they be drunken with their drink, regarding themselves as invincible, and drenched with wine, and given up to luxury and excess. There may be an allusion to the legend current concerning the destruction of Nineveh. Diodorus (2:26) relates that, after the enemy had been thrice repulsed, the King of Nineveh was so elated that he gave himself up to festivity, and allowed all his army to indulge in the utmost licence, and that it was while they were occupied in drunkenness and feasting they were surprised by the Medes under Cyaxares, and their city taken. An account of such a feast, accompanied with sketehes from the monuments, is given in Bonomi, 'Nineveh and its Discoveries,' p. 187, etc. We may compare the fate of Belshazzar (Daniel 5:1, etc.). They shall be devoured as stubble fully dry; like worthless refuse, fit only for burning (Exodus 15:7; Isaiah 5:24; Joel 2:5; Obadiah 1:18). The LXX. renders this verse differently, "Because to its foundation it shall be dried up (χερσωθήσεται: redigentur in vepres, Jerome), and as bind weed (σμῖλαξ) intertwined it shall be devoured, and as stubble fully dry." For while they be folden together as thorns,.... Like them, useless and unprofitable, harmful and pernicious, fit only for burning, and, being bundled together, are prepared for it; and which is not only expressive of the bad qualities of the Ninevites, and of the danger they were in, and what they deserved; but of the certainty of their ruin, no more being able to save themselves from it, than a bundle of thorns from the devouring fire:

and while they are drunken as drunkards; dead drunk, no more able to help themselves than a drunken man that is fallen; or who were as easily thrown down as a drunken man is with the least touch; though there is no need to have recourse to a figurative sense, since the Ninevites were actually drunk when they were attacked by their enemy, as the historian relates (i); that the king of Assyria being elated with his fortune, and thinking himself secure, feasted his army, and gave them large quantities of wine; and while the whole army were indulging themselves, the enemy, having notice of their negligence and drunkenness by deserters, fell upon them unawares in the night, when disordered and unprepared, and made a great slaughter among them, and forced the rest into the city, and in a little time took it:

they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry; as easily, and as inevitably and irrecoverably.

(i) Diodor. Sicul. l. 2. p. 112. 10. while they are folden together as thorns—literally, "to the same degree as thorns" (compare 1Ch 4:27, Margin). As thorns, so folded together and entangled that they cannot be loosed asunder without trouble, are thrown by the husbandmen all in a mass into the fire, so the Assyrians shall all be given together to destruction. Compare 2Sa 23:6, 7, where also "thorns" are the image of the wicked. As this image represents the speediness of their destruction in a mass, so that of "drunkards," their rushing as it were of their own accord into it; for drunkards fall down without any one pushing them [Kimchi]. Calvin explains, Although ye be dangerous to touch as thorns (that is, full of rage and violence), yet the Lord can easily consume you. But "although" will hardly apply to the next clause. English Version and Kimchi, therefore, are to be preferred. The comparison to drunkards is appropriate. For drunkards, though exulting and bold, are weak and easily thrown down by even a finger touching them. So the insolent self-confidence of the Assyrians shall precipitate their overthrow by God. The Hebrew is "soaked," or "drunken as with their own wine." Their drunken revelries are perhaps alluded to, during which the foe (according to Diodorus Siculus [2]) broke into their city, and Sardanapalus burned his palace; though the main and ultimate destruction of Nineveh referred to by Nahum was long subsequent to that under Sardanapalus.1:9-15 There is a great deal plotted against the Lord by the gates of hell, and against his kingdom in the world; but it will prove in vain. With some sinners God makes quick despatch; and one way or other, he will make an utter end of all his enemies. Though they are quiet, and many very secure, and not in fear, they shall be cut down as grass and corn, when the destroying angel passes through. God would hereby work great deliverance for his own people. But those who make themselves vile by scandalous sins, God will make vile by shameful punishments. The tidings of this great deliverance shall be welcomed with abundant joy. These words are applied to the great redemption wrought out by our Lord Jesus and the everlasting gospel, Ro 10:15. Christ's ministers are messengers of good tidings, that preach peace by Jesus Christ. How welcome to those who see their misery and danger by sin! And the promise they made in the day of trouble must be made good. Let us be thankful for God's ordinances, and gladly attend them. Let us look forward with cheerful hope to a world where the wicked never can enter, and sin and temptation will no more be known.
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