Nahum 3:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You too will become drunk; you will go into hiding and seek refuge from the enemy.

New Living Translation
And you, Nineveh, will also stagger like a drunkard. You will hide for fear of the attacking enemy.

English Standard Version
You also will be drunken; you will go into hiding; you will seek a refuge from the enemy.

New American Standard Bible
You too will become drunk, You will be hidden. You too will search for a refuge from the enemy.

King James Bible
Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You also will become drunk; you will hide yourself. You also will seek refuge from the enemy.

International Standard Version
You will also become drunk. You will disappear, trying to hide from your enemies.

NET Bible
You too will act like drunkards; you will go into hiding; you too will seek refuge from the enemy.

New Heart English Bible
You also will be drunk. You will be hidden. You also will seek a stronghold because of the enemy.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Even you, Nineveh, will stagger like a drunk. You will disappear. Even you will look for a fortress [to escape] from the enemy.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou also shalt be drunken, Thou shalt swoon; Thou also shalt seek a refuge Because of the enemy.

New American Standard 1977
You too will become drunk,
            You will be hidden.
            You too will search for a refuge from the enemy.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou also shalt be drunken; thou shalt be encompassed; thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.

King James 2000 Bible
You also shall be drunk: you shall be hidden, you also shall seek refuge from the enemy.

American King James Version
You also shall be drunken: you shall be hid, you also shall seek strength because of the enemy.

American Standard Version
Thou also shalt be drunken; thou shalt be hid; thou also shalt seek a stronghold because of the enemy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore thou also shalt be made drunk, and shalt be despised: and thou shalt seek help from the enemy.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid; thou also shalt seek a refuge from the enemy.

English Revised Version
Thou also shalt be drunken, thou shalt be hid; thou also shalt seek a strong hold because of the enemy.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.

World English Bible
You also will be drunken. You will be hidden. You also will seek a stronghold because of the enemy.

Young's Literal Translation
Even thou art drunken, thou art hidden, Even thou dost seek a strong place, because of an enemy.
Study Bible
Judgment against Nineveh
10Yet she became an exile, She went into captivity; Also her small children were dashed to pieces At the head of every street; They cast lots for her honorable men, And all her great men were bound with fetters. 11You too will become drunk, You will be hidden. You too will search for a refuge from the enemy. 12All your fortifications are fig trees with ripe fruit-- When shaken, they fall into the eater's mouth.…
Cross References
Isaiah 2:10
Enter the rock and hide in the dust From the terror of the LORD and from the splendor of His majesty.

Isaiah 2:19
Men will go into caves of the rocks And into holes of the ground Before the terror of the LORD And the splendor of His majesty, When He arises to make the earth tremble.

Isaiah 49:26
"I will feed your oppressors with their own flesh, And they will become drunk with their own blood as with sweet wine; And all flesh will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob."

Jeremiah 25:16
"They will drink and stagger and go mad because of the sword that I will send among them."

Jeremiah 25:27
"You shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, "Drink, be drunk, vomit, fall and rise no more because of the sword which I will send among you."'

Hosea 10:8
Also the high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed; Thorn and thistle will grow on their altars; Then they will say to the mountains, "Cover us!" And to the hills, "Fall on us!"

Nahum 1:10
Like tangled thorns, And like those who are drunken with their drink, They are consumed As stubble completely withered.
Treasury of Scripture

You also shall be drunken: you shall be hid, you also shall seek strength because of the enemy.

Thou also. Diodorus relates, that while the Assyrian army were feasting for their former victories, those about Arbaces being informed of their negligence and drunkenness, fell upon them unexpectedly, slew many, and drove the rest into the city.

shalt be drunken.

Nahum 1:10 For while they be entwined together as thorns, and while they are …

Psalm 75:8 For in the hand of the LORD there is a cup, and the wine is red; …

Isaiah 29:9 Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry you out, and cry: they are drunken, …

Isaiah 49:26 And I will feed them that oppress you with their own flesh; and they …

Isaiah 63:6 And I will tread down the people in my anger, and make them drunk …

Jeremiah 25:15-27 For thus said the LORD God of Israel to me; Take the wine cup of …

Jeremiah 51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise men, her captains, …

thou shalt be hid.

1 Samuel 13:6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people …

1 Samuel 14:11 And both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the Philistines: …

Isaiah 2:10,19 Enter into the rock, and hide you in the dust, for fear of the LORD, …

Hosea 10:8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: …

Amos 9:3 And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search …

Micah 7:17 They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their …

Luke 23:30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to …

Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, …

thou also.

Nahum 2:1 He that dashes in pieces is come up before your face: keep the fortification, …

Jeremiah 4:5 Declare you in Judah, and publish in Jerusalem; and say, Blow you …

Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the …

(11, 12) Thou also shalt be drunken.--Nineveh also shall be drunken with the cup of God's wrath (see Habakkuk 2:16), yea, hid from recollection, so that men shall ask, "Where is Nineveh?" (Comp. Nahum 2:11.) She, too, shall vainly seek a fortress (Authorised Version, "strength") to give her shelter, all her own strongholds having fallen as easily as the ripe fruit from the fig-tree.

Verse 11. - Thou also shalt be drunken. Nahum makes the application: The fate of Thebes shall be thine, O Nineveh. Thou shalt drink to the full the cup of God's wrath (see note on Obadiah 1:16; and comp. Jeremiah 25:15, 17, 27). The metaphor indicates the effect of some overwhelming calamity that makes men reel with terror or stupefies them with amazement. Thou shalt be hid; thou shalt be powerless, or reduced to nothing; Ασῃ ὑπερεωραμένη,"Thou shalt be despised" (Septuagint); Eris despecta (Vulgate). Nineveh, which was taken and destroyed between B.C. 626 and 608, was so effectually "hidden" that its very site was discovered only in late years, and its monuments have only been partially disinterred after immense labour. Thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy; or, thou also shalt seek a stronghold from the enemy. As the Egyptians fled for refuge from one place to another (see note on ver. 10), so shall the Assyrians attempt in vain to escape the enemy. History records that they endeavoured to effect a retreat from Nineveh during the siege (see Introduction, § I.). Thou also shalt be drunken,.... This is said to Nineveh, whose turn would be next to drink of the cup of the wrath of God, and be inebriated with it, so that they should not know where they were, or what they did; and be as unable to guide and help themselves as a drunken man. So the Targum,

"thou also shalt be like to a drunken man;''

this was literally true of Nineveh when taken; see Nahum 1:10,

thou shalt be hid; or, "thou shall be", as if thou wast not; as Nineveh is at this day, "hid" from the sight of men, not to be seen any more. So the Targum,

"thou shall be swallowed up or destroyed.''

The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Arabic versions, render it "despised"; or the meaning is, she should "hide herself" (w); or be lurking about through shame, as drunken, or through fear of her enemies:

thou also shall seek strength because of the enemy; seek to others to help them against the enemy, not being able with their own strength to face them: or, seek strength "of the enemy" (x); beg their lives of him, and their bread; pray for quarter, and desire to be taken under his protection; to so low and mean a state and condition should Nineveh and its inhabitants be reduced, who had given laws to all about them, and had been a terror to them.

(w) "latitans", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "abscondes te", Vatablus; "eris abscondita", Burkius. (x) , Sept.; "ab hoste", Montanus, Calvin, Drusius, Grotius, Cocceius. 11. drunken—made to drink of the cup of Jehovah's wrath (Isa 51:17, 21; Jer 25:15).

hid—covered out of sight: a prediction remarkably verified in the state in which the ruins of Nineveh have been found [G. V. Smith]. But as "hid" precedes "seek strength," etc., it rather refers to Nineveh's state when attacked by her foe: "Thou who now so vauntest thyself, shalt be compelled to seek a hiding-place from the foe" [Calvin]; or, shalt be neglected and slighted by all [Maurer].

seek strength because of the enemy—Thou too, like Thebes (Na 3:9), shalt have recourse to other nations for help against thy Medo-Babylonian enemy.3:8-19 Strong-holds, even the strongest, are no defence against the judgments of God. They shall be unable to do any thing for themselves. The Chaldeans and Medes would devour the land like canker-worms. The Assyrians also would be eaten up by their own numerous hired troops, which seem to be meant by the word rendered merchants. Those that have done evil to their neighbours, will find it come home to them. Nineveh, and many other cities, states, and empires, have been ruined, and should be a warning to us. Are we better, except as there are some true Christians amongst us, who are a greater security, and a stronger defence, than all the advantages of situation or strength? When the Lord shows himself against a people, every thing they trust in must fail, or prove a disadvantage; but he continues good to Israel. He is a strong-hold for every believer in time of trouble, that cannot be stormed or taken; and he knoweth those that trust in Him.
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