Nahum 3:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Cush and Egypt were her boundless strength; Put and Libya were among her allies.

New Living Translation
Ethiopia and the land of Egypt gave unlimited assistance. The nations of Put and Libya were among her allies.

English Standard Version
Cush was her strength; Egypt too, and that without limit; Put and the Libyans were her helpers.

New American Standard Bible
Ethiopia was her might, And Egypt too, without limits. Put and Lubim were among her helpers.

King James Bible
Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Cush and Egypt were her endless source of strength; Put and Libya were among her allies.

International Standard Version
Sudan was her source of strength, along with Egypt— there were no limits. Put and the Libyans were her allies.

NET Bible
Cush and Egypt had limitless strength; Put and the Libyans were among her allies.

New Heart English Bible
Cush and Egypt were her boundless strength. Put and Libya were her helpers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Sudan and Egypt were her endless strength. Put and the Lybians were her help.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ethiopia and Egypt were thy strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.

New American Standard 1977
Ethiopia was her might,
            And Egypt too, without limits.
            Put and Lubim were among her helpers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ethiopia was thy strength and Egypt with no limit; Put and Libia went to thy aid.

King James 2000 Bible
Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was without limit; Put and Lubim were your helpers.

American King James Version
Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were your helpers.

American Standard Version
Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Ethiopia and Egypt were the strength thereof, and there is no end: Africa and the Libyans were thy helpers.

Darby Bible Translation
Ethiopia was her strength, and Egypt, and it was infinite; Phut and the Libyans were her helpers.

English Revised Version
Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.

Webster's Bible Translation
Cush and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.

World English Bible
Cush and Egypt were her boundless strength. Put and Libya were her helpers.

Young's Literal Translation
Cush her might, and Egypt, and there is no end. Put and Lubim have been for thy help.
Study Bible
Judgment against Nineveh
8Are you better than No-amon, Which was situated by the waters of the Nile, With water surrounding her, Whose rampart was the sea, Whose wall consisted of the sea? 9Ethiopia was her might, And Egypt too, without limits. Put and Lubim were among her helpers. 10Yet she became an exile, She went into captivity; Also her small children were dashed to pieces At the head of every street; They cast lots for her honorable men, And all her great men were bound with fetters.…
Cross References
2 Chronicles 12:3
with 1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen. And the people who came with him from Egypt were without number: the Lubim, the Sukkiim and the Ethiopians.

2 Chronicles 16:8
"Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubim an immense army with very many chariots and horsemen? Yet because you relied on the LORD, He delivered them into your hand.

Isaiah 20:5
"Then they will be dismayed and ashamed because of Cush their hope and Egypt their boast.

Jeremiah 46:9
Go up, you horses, and drive madly, you chariots, That the mighty men may march forward: Ethiopia and Put, that handle the shield, And the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.

Ezekiel 27:10
"Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war. They hung shield and helmet in you; they set forth your splendor.

Ezekiel 30:5
"Ethiopia, Put, Lud, all Arabia, Libya and the people of the land that is in league will fall with them by the sword."

Ezekiel 31:2
"Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes, 'Whom are you like in your greatness?

Ezekiel 38:5
Persia, Ethiopia and Put with them, all of them with shield and helmet;

Daniel 11:43
"But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the precious things of Egypt; and Libyans and Ethiopians will follow at his heels.
Treasury of Scripture

Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were your helpers.

Ethiopia.

Isaiah 20:5 And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, …

Jeremiah 46:9 Come up, you horses; and rage, you chariots; and let the mighty men …

Put.

Genesis 10:6 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

1 Chronicles 1:8 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

Ezekiel 27:10 They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in your army, your men …

Ezekiel 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, …

Ezekiel 38:5 Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:

thy helpers. Heb. in thy help.

Verse 9. - Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength. Urdamaneh, or Rudammon, in whose time this capture of No-Amon took place, was son and successor of Tirhalrah, who is called expressly King of Ethiopia (2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9). Egypt. The Egyptians proper, combined with the Ethiopians, formed the kingdom of Egypt under the twenty-fifth, the Ethiopian, dynasty. And it was infinite. The power of Egypt was boundless, its forces in numerable (see 2 Chronicles 12:3). Pusey notes a remark of Cato (in Steph. Byzant. ap. Boch., 4:27) that the Egyptians connected with Thebes amounted to seven millions. In Isaiah 18-20. Ethiopia and Egypt are represented as combined against Assyria, and conquered by it (Wordsworth). Septuagint, Οὐκ ἔστῃ τέρας τῆς φυγῆς, There was no limit of the flight. This is thought by Jerome to be connected with the previous verses, and to refer to Nineveh. Put and Lubim were thy helpers. No- Amon is here suddenly addressed. Put, or Punt, designates either a part of Arabia or that part of the coast of Egypt opposite to it (see Ebers, 'AEgypt. und die Buch. Mos.,' p. 64, etc.). Luhim are the Lybians, dwelling on the west of the Canopic mouth of the Nile. Thus the enumeration of the forces of Thebes is regularly arranged, beginning with the south, Ethiopia, then through Egypt proper to the north, and then to the provinces on the east and west (Knabenbauer). The Vulgate translates the two terms, Africa et Libya. The LXX. combines them in one, Λίβυες. These peoples are named together elsewhere: e.g. Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 30:5; Ezekiel 38:5. Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength,.... That is, the strength, support, protection, and defence of No, whether Alexandria, or Thebes, or Memphis: Egypt was, for these cities were in it, and subject to it; or, if this was a free city, as some think, yet in alliance with Egypt, and under its protection; and in like connection it was with Ethiopia, that is, Arabia, a country that lay near to it; and yet, though it was strengthened by such powerful neighbours and allies, it was not secure from the devastation of the enemy:

and it was infinite; or there was "no end" (o); of its strength, or of the number of its allies, or the forces they were able to bring in its defence. The Ethiopians were very numerous, as may be learnt from 2 Chronicles 14:9 and so were the Egyptians, to whom some interpreters strictly connect this sentence. In the times of Amasis, as Mela (p) relates, there were twenty thousand cities inhabited in it; and Josephus (q) says there were in it seven hundred and fifty myriads of men; as Sethon, king of Egypt, and Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, were about this time the allies of the Jews, in whom they trusted, no doubt they were confederate together, and so both the strength of this city; see Isaiah 36:6,

Put and Lubim, were thy helpers; Put, or the Putim, were the people of the Moors, that dwelt in Mauritania; and Lubim were the Lybians that bordered on Egypt, and whose country is sometimes reckoned a part of it. The Jews (r) say Lybia is Egypt; see Acts 2:10 these several people were the confederates of No; and helped them, not only by their commerce with them, but in time of war assisted them against their enemies; and yet, though so strengthened by alliances, were not safe and secure; and therefore Nineveh could not depend upon such helps and helpers.

(o) "non est finis", Pagninus, Montanus, Munster, Cocceius. (p) De Orbis Situ. l. 1. c. 9. (q) De Bello Jud. l. 2. c. 16. sect. 4. (r) T. Hieros. Celaim, c. 8. fol. 31. 3.9. Ethiopia—Hebrew, Cush. Ethiopia is thought at this time to have been mistress of Upper Egypt.

Egypt—Lower Egypt.

her strength—her safeguard as an ally.

it was infinite—The resources of these, her allies, were endless.

Put—or Phut (Ge 10:6); descended from Ham (Eze 27:10). From a root meaning a bow; as they were famed as archers [Gesenius]. Probably west of Lower Egypt. Josephus [Antiquities, 1:6.2] identifies it with Mauritania (compare Jer 46:9, Margin; Eze 38:5).

Lubim—the Libyans, whose capital was Cyrene; extending along the Mediterranean west of Egypt (2Ch 12:3; 16:8; Ac 2:10). As, however, the Lubim are always connected with the Egyptians and Ethiopians, they are perhaps distinct from the Libyans. The Lubim were probably at first wandering tribes, who afterwards were settled under Carthage in the region of Cyrene, under the name Libyans.

thy—No's.

helpers—literally, "in thy help," that is, among thy auxiliaries.3:8-19 Strong-holds, even the strongest, are no defence against the judgments of God. They shall be unable to do any thing for themselves. The Chaldeans and Medes would devour the land like canker-worms. The Assyrians also would be eaten up by their own numerous hired troops, which seem to be meant by the word rendered merchants. Those that have done evil to their neighbours, will find it come home to them. Nineveh, and many other cities, states, and empires, have been ruined, and should be a warning to us. Are we better, except as there are some true Christians amongst us, who are a greater security, and a stronger defence, than all the advantages of situation or strength? When the Lord shows himself against a people, every thing they trust in must fail, or prove a disadvantage; but he continues good to Israel. He is a strong-hold for every believer in time of trouble, that cannot be stormed or taken; and he knoweth those that trust in Him.
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