Zephaniah 3:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
From beyond the rivers of Cush my worshipers, my scattered people, will bring me offerings.

New Living Translation
My scattered people who live beyond the rivers of Ethiopia will come to present their offerings.

English Standard Version
From beyond the rivers of Cush my worshipers, the daughter of my dispersed ones, shall bring my offering.

New American Standard Bible
"From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia My worshipers, My dispersed ones, Will bring My offerings.

King James Bible
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
From beyond the rivers of Cush My supplicants, My dispersed people, will bring an offering to Me.

International Standard Version
"From beyond the rivers of Sudan my worshipers — including my dispersed people— will present offerings to me.

NET Bible
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, those who pray to me will bring me tribute.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
From beyond the rivers of Sudan my worshipers, my scattered people, will bring my offering.

Jubilee Bible 2000
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring me an offering.

King James 2000 Bible
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my worshipers, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring my offering.

American King James Version
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring my offering.

American Standard Version
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.

Douay-Rheims Bible
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, shall my suppliants the children of my dispersed people bring me an offering.

Darby Bible Translation
From beyond the rivers of Cush my suppliants, the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine oblation.

English Revised Version
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.

Webster's Bible Translation
From beyond the rivers of Cush my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring my offering.

World English Bible
From beyond the rivers of Cush, my worshipers, even the daughter of my dispersed people, will bring my offering.

Young's Literal Translation
From beyond the rivers of Cush, my supplicants, The daughter of My scattered ones, Do bring My present.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:8-13 The preaching of the gospel is predicted, when vengeance would be executed on the Jewish nation. The purifying doctrines of the gospel, or the pure language of the grace of the Lord, would teach men to use the language of humility, repentance, and faith. Purity and piety in common conversation is good. The pure and happy state of the church in the latter days seems intended. The Lord will shut out boasting, and leave men nothing to glory in, save the Lord Jesus, as made of God to them wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption. Humiliation for sin, and obligations to the Redeemer, will make true believers upright and sincere, whatever may be the case among mere professors.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia (Cush); i.e. from the distant south, a type of the remotest parts of the world (Zephaniah 2:12). The rivers of Cush (Isaiah 18:1), are the Nile, the Atbara, and their affluents. My suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering. From the ends of the earth, the Jews who have continued faithful to Jehovah, and have not lost their nationality among the Gentiles, but have considered themselves as belonging to "the dispersion," shall be again received of the Lord, and bring their oblations unto him. This may be the sense intended: but looking to the thought in Isaiah 66:20 (where it is said that the Gentiles shall bring the Israelites out of all nations as a meat offering unto the Lord), we had better render the passage as the Revised Version margin, "They shall bring my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, for an offering unto me." The remote Gentiles shall show their faith in God by aiding the Hebrews among them to turn to the Lord; this shall be their offering to the true God, whom they have learned to adore. When they themselves are converted, they shall be evangelists to the Hebrews of the Dispersion. For this work of the Gentiles in converting the Hebrews, Wordsworth compares Song of Solomon 3:4; Song of Solomon 8:8, 9; Isaiah 61:5, 6; Isaiah 65:18-21. St. Paul speaks to the same effect in Romans 6. Offering (minehah). The pure meal offering (Malachi 1:10, 11, where see notes; comp. Romans 15:16; Philippians 2:17). Dr. Briggs renders, "From beyond the rivers of Gush will be my incense (athar); the daughter of Phut will bring a minchah." This brings out the parallelism. The universal worship of Messianic times is expressed in the ceremonial terms of the old dispensation, but has a very real applicableness to the Christian religion (see note on Malachi 1:11).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,.... Either the African Ethiopia, or Arabia Chusea, which lay between Judea and Egypt: here some particular places and people are mentioned, in whom the preceding prophecy would be fulfilled. If these rivers of Ethiopia are such as ran in the midst of the country, and so point at some parts of it, though on the other side of them, then this prophecy might have its accomplishment, at least when the Evangelist Matthew went thither, and preached the Gospel, and very likely the Apostle Paul; as also when the Ethiopian eunuch was converted, who doubtless did what in him lay to promote the interest of Christ in those parts. Ben Melech makes this parallel with and illustrates it by Isaiah 18:1; see Gill on Isaiah 18:1, Isaiah 18:7; but if these design rivers on the furthermost borders of the country, which divided it from others, then Egypt, which lay beyond it, seems to be intended; and so the prophecy, in connection with the foregoing verse Zephaniah 3:9, is the same with Isaiah 19:18 "in that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan"; of these rivers of Ethiopia, whether in Africa or Arabia Chusea; see Gill on Isaiah 18:1. The Targum renders it

"beyond the rivers of India:''

my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed: Aben Ezra, Kimchi, Abarbinel, and Ben Melech, take the words "Atharai Bathpusai" to be the proper name of a nation or family beyond the rivers of Ethiopia (l); whereas they are characters which describe persons there, who should have the pure language turned to them, and call on the name of the Lord; even such, who, being made sensible of sin, and of their danger, would be humble supplicants at the throne of grace, and pray to the Lord for the discovery and application of pardoning grace and mercy to them, agreeably to the prophecy in Psalm 68:31 "princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God"; that is, in prayer: and these are the sons and daughters of the Almighty, who are scattered abroad in the several parts of the world, and among the rest here; but as they are gathered together by Christ in redemption, so they are found out and reached by efficacious grace in calling, whether Jews or Gentiles. Some think the Jews are here meant, even the elect of God among them, who were dispersed in several nations, and particularly in Egypt and Ethiopia; who were met with by the Gospel, and converted in the first times of it; to these Peter and James direct their epistles: and of whom, being called by grace, it is said, they

shall bring mine offering; themselves as an offering to the Lord, souls and bodies, with all other spiritual sacrifices of prayer, praise, and well doing; and likewise such persons they may be the instruments of the conversion of, called the offering of the Gentiles, Romans 15:16.

(l) So Menasseh ben Israel. Spes Israelis, p. 57.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. From beyond … Ethiopia my suppliants—literally, "burners of incense" (compare Ps 141:2; Re 5:8; 8:3, 4). The Israelites are meant, called "the daughter of My dispersed," a Hebrew idiom for My dispersed people. "The rivers of Ethiopia" are those which enclose it on the north. In the west of Abyssinia there has long existed a people called Falashas, or "emigrants" (akin to the synonym "Philistine"). These trace their origin to Palestine and profess the Jewish religion. In physical traits they resemble the Arabs. When Bruce was there, they had a Jewish king, Gideon, and his queen, Judith. Probably the Abyssinian Christians were originally in part converted Jews. They are here made the representatives of all Israel which is to be restored.

shall bring mine offering—that is, the offering that is My right. I prefer, with De Wette and Chaldee Version, making "suppliants" the objective case, not the nominative. The peoples: (Zep 3:8, 9), brought to fear Me by My judgments, "shall bring as Mine offering My suppliants (an appropriate term for the Jews, on whom then there shall have been poured the spirit of supplications, Zec 12:10), the daughter of My dispersed." So Isa 66:20, "they shall bring all your brethren for an offering unto the Lord." Compare Horsley's view of Isa 18:1, 2, 7. England in this view may be the naval power to restore Israel to Palestine (Isa 60:9). The Hebrew for "Ethiopia" is Cush, which may include not only Ethiopia, but also the region of the Tigris and Babylon, where Nimrod, Cush's son (Ge 10:8-12), founded Nineveh and acquired Babylon, and where the ten tribes are mentioned as being scattered (1Pe 1:1; 5:13; compare Isa 11:11). The restoration under Cyrus of the Jews transported under Pharaoh-necho to Egypt and Ethiopia, was an earnest of the future restoration under Christ.

Zephaniah 3:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Purification of the Nations
9"For then I will give to the peoples purified lips, That all of them may call on the name of the LORD, To serve Him shoulder to shoulder. 10"From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia My worshipers, My dispersed ones, Will bring My offerings. 11"In that day you will feel no shame Because of all your deeds By which you have rebelled against Me; For then I will remove from your midst Your proud, exulting ones, And you will never again be haughty On My holy mountain.…
Cross References
John 7:35
The Jews said to one another, "Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks?

Psalm 68:31
Envoys will come from Egypt; Cush will submit herself to God.

Isaiah 11:12
He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth.

Isaiah 18:1
Woe to the land of whirring wings along the rivers of Cush,

Isaiah 18:7
At that time gifts will be brought to the LORD Almighty from a people tall and smooth-skinned, from a people feared far and wide, an aggressive nation of strange speech, whose land is divided by rivers-- the gifts will be brought to Mount Zion, the place of the Name of the LORD Almighty.

Isaiah 60:6
Herds of camels will cover your land, young camels of Midian and Ephah. And all from Sheba will come, bearing gold and incense and proclaiming the praise of the LORD.

Isaiah 60:7
All Kedar's flocks will be gathered to you, the rams of Nebaioth will serve you; they will be accepted as offerings on my altar, and I will adorn my glorious temple.
Treasury of Scripture

From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring my offering.

Psalm 68:31 Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out …

Psalm 72:8-11 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river to …

Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his …

Isaiah 18:1,7-19:15 Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia…

Isaiah 27:12,13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off …

Isaiah 49:20-23 The children which you shall have, after you have lost the other, …

Isaiah 60:4-12 Lift up your eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves …

Isaiah 66:18-21 For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I …

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same …

Acts 8:27 And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch …

Acts 24:17 Now after many years I came to bring alms to my nation, and offerings.

Romans 11:11,12 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: …

Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering …

1 Peter 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout …

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