Luke 1:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside.

New Living Translation
While the incense was being burned, a great crowd stood outside, praying.

English Standard Version
And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense.

New American Standard Bible
And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer outside at the hour of the incense offering.

King James Bible
And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At the hour of incense the whole assembly of the people was praying outside.

International Standard Version
And the entire congregation of people was praying outside at the time when the incense was burned.

NET Bible
Now the whole crowd of people were praying outside at the hour of the incense offering.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And all the crowds of the people were praying outside at the time of incense.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All the people were praying outside while he was burning incense.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the time of incense.

King James 2000 Bible
And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the time of incense.

American King James Version
And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.

American Standard Version
And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all the multitude of the people was praying without, at the hour of incense.

Darby Bible Translation
And all the multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense.

English Revised Version
And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the whole multitude of the people were praying without, at the time of incense.

Weymouth New Testament
and the whole multitude of the people were outside praying, at the hour of incense.

World English Bible
The whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense.

Young's Literal Translation
and all the multitude of the people were praying without, at the hour of the perfume.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:5-25 The father and mother of John the Baptist were sinners as all are, and were justified and saved in the same way as others; but they were eminent for piety and integrity. They had no children, and it could not be expected that Elisabeth should have any in her old age. While Zacharias was burning incense in the temple, the whole multitude of the people were praying without. All the prayers we offer up to God, are acceptable and successful only by Christ's intercession in the temple of God above. We cannot expect an interest therein if we do not pray, and pray with our spirits, and are not earnest in prayer. Nor can we expect that the best of our prayers should gain acceptance, and bring an answer of peace, but through the mediation of Christ, who ever lives, making intercession. The prayers Zacharias often made, received an answer of peace. Prayers of faith are filed in heaven, and are not forgotten. Prayers made when we were young and entering into the world, may be answered when we are old and going out of the world. Mercies are doubly sweet that are given in answer to prayer. Zacharias shall have a son in his old age, who shall be instrumental in the conversion of many souls to God, and preparing them to receive the gospel of Christ. He shall go before Him with courage, zeal, holiness, and a mind dead to earthly interests and pleasures. The disobedient and rebellious would be brought back to the wisdom of their righteous forefathers, or rather, brought to attend to the wisdom of that Just One who was coming among them. Zacharias heard all that the angel said; but his unbelief spake. In striking him dumb, God dealt justly with him, because he had objected against God's word. We may admire the patience of God towards us. God dealt kindly with him, for thus he prevented his speaking any more distrustful, unbelieving words. Thus also God confirmed his faith. If by the rebukes we are under for our sin, we are brought to give the more credit to the word of God, we have no reason to complain. Even real believers are apt to dishonour God by unbelief; and their mouths are stopped in silence and confusion, when otherwise they would have been praising God with joy and gratitude. In God's gracious dealings with us we ought to observe his gracious regards to us. He has looked on us with compassion and favour, and therefore has thus dealt with us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense. This would indicate that the day in question was a sabbath or some high day. Dean Plumptre suggests that, lost among that praying crowd, were, "we may well believe, the aged Simeon (Luke 2:25) and Anna the prophetess (Luke 2:36), and many others who waited for redemption in Jerusalem."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the whole multitude of the people were praying without,.... In the court of the Israelites, whilst Zacharias was in the holy place; though not in the holy of holies, where only the high priest entered: it looks, as Dr. Lightfoot conjectures, as if this was on a sabbath day, since there was such a multitude of people together; for on the weekday, there were only the priests and Levites of the course, and the stationary men, which represented the Israelites, and some of the more devout sort of the people; but here was the whole multitude of the people; or as the Ethiopic version renders it, "all the people were in a full congregation praying": prayer, was wont to be made at the time of incense; hence it is compared to it, Psalm 141:2. And hence it is, that Christ is said to offer up the prayers of all saints, with his much incense, Revelation 8:3.

in the time of incense: whether it was morning or evening, the people were obliged to be at a distance, whilst that was burning; the Jewish canons confirm this (i):

"in the time they burn the incense in the temple every day, , "they separate all the people", from the temple, and from between the porch and the altar; there is not a man there, till he comes out that burns the incense.

(i) Maimon. Hilch. Tamidin, c. 3. sect. 3. 9. & Yore. haccipurim, c. 4. sect. 2. Vid. T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 44. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. praying without—outside the court in front of the temple, where stood the altar of burnt offering; the men and women in separate courts, but the altar visible to all.

the time of incense—which was offered along with the morning and evening sacrifice of every day; a beautiful symbol of the acceptableness of the sacrifice offered on the altar of burnt offering, with coals from whose altar the incense was burnt (Le 16:12, 13). This again was a symbol of the "living sacrifice" of themselves and their services offered daily to God by the worshippers. Hence the language of Ps 141:2; Re 8:3. But that the acceptance of this daily offering depended on the expiatory virtue presupposed in the burnt offering, and pointing to the one "sacrifice of a sweet-smelling savor" (Eph 5:2), is evident from Isa 6:6, 7.

Luke 1:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold
9according to the custom of the priestly office, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer outside at the hour of the incense offering. 11And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense.…
Cross References
Leviticus 16:17
No one is to be in the tent of meeting from the time Aaron goes in to make atonement in the Most Holy Place until he comes out, having made atonement for himself, his household and the whole community of Israel.

Numbers 7:50
one gold dish weighing ten shekels, filled with incense;

Psalm 141:2
May my prayer be set before you like incense; may the lifting up of my hands be like the evening sacrifice.

Ezekiel 46:3
On the Sabbaths and New Moons the people of the land are to worship in the presence of the LORD at the entrance of that gateway.
Treasury of Scripture

And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.

Leviticus 16:17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when …

Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into …

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which …

Revelation 8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; …

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