Genesis 14:3
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New International Version
All these latter kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea Valley).

New Living Translation
This second group of kings joined forces in Siddim Valley (that is, the valley of the Dead Sea).

English Standard Version
And all these joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

New American Standard Bible
All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

King James Bible
All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All of these came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea).

International Standard Version
All of this latter group of kings allied together in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea ).

NET Bible
These last five kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

New Heart English Bible
All these joined together in the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The five kings joined forces and met in the valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea).

JPS Tanakh 1917
All these came as allies unto the vale of Siddim--the same is the Salt Sea.

New American Standard 1977
All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).

Jubilee Bible 2000
All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

King James 2000 Bible
All these were joined together in the Valley of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

American King James Version
All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

American Standard Version
All these joined together in the vale of Siddim (the same is the Salt Sea).

Douay-Rheims Bible
All these came together into the woodland vale, which now is the salt sea.

Darby Bible Translation
All these were joined in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

English Revised Version
All these joined together in the vale of Siddim (the same is the Salt Sea).

Webster's Bible Translation
All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

World English Bible
All these joined together in the valley of Siddim (the same is the Salt Sea).

Young's Literal Translation
All these have been joined together unto the valley of Siddim, which is the Salt Sea;
Study Bible
The War of the Kings
2that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 3All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 4Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but the thirteenth year they rebelled.…
Cross References
Genesis 10:19
The territory of the Canaanite extended from Sidon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; as you go toward Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.

Genesis 14:4
Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but the thirteenth year they rebelled.

Genesis 14:8
And the king of Sodom and the king of Gomorrah and the king of Admah and the king of Zeboiim and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) came out; and they arrayed for battle against them in the valley of Siddim,

Genesis 14:10
Now the valley of Siddim was full of tar pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell into them. But those who survived fled to the hill country.

Numbers 34:12
'And the border shall go down to the Jordan and its termination shall be at the Salt Sea. This shall be your land according to its borders all around.'"

Deuteronomy 3:17
the Arabah also, with the Jordan as a border, from Chinnereth even as far as the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, at the foot of the slopes of Pisgah on the east.

Joshua 3:16
the waters which were flowing down from above stood and rose up in one heap, a great distance away at Adam, the city that is beside Zarethan; and those which were flowing down toward the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, were completely cut off. So the people crossed opposite Jericho.

Psalm 107:34
A fruitful land into a salt waste, Because of the wickedness of those who dwell in it.
Treasury of Scripture

All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

salt sea.

Genesis 19:24 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire …

Numbers 34:12 And the border shall go down to Jordan, and the goings out of it …

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth …

Joshua 3:16 That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up on an …

Psalm 107:34 A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.

(3) All these were joined together.--Were united in a confederacy, and so formed a pentapolis, or group of five allied towns, like the Philistine league with its five lords (1Samuel 6:16-18).

The vale of Siddim.--Mr. Conder (Tent-work, ii. 16) says that the name Sidd is still given by the Arabs to the cliffs or banks of marl which run along the southern edge of the plain of Jericho; and with this agrees Aben-Ezra's explanation, who derives the word from the Hebrew sid, chalk. Mr. Conder searched throughout the Ciccar for traces of the ruined cities, but in vain; and "the gradual rise of the level of the plain, caused by the constant washing down of the soft marl from the western hills, would effectually," he thinks, "cover over any such ruins." He found, however, copious springs of water upon the north-western side of the lake, and considers that the five cities were in their neighbourhood.

Which is the salt sea.--From these words commentators have rashly concluded that the vale of Sodom was swallowed up by the Dead Sea; but not only is no such convulsion of nature mentioned in Genesis 19, but Abram is described as seeing the Ciccar-land not submerged, but smoking like a furnace (Genesis 19:28). Probably "the vale of Siddim" was the name of the whole district in which these sidds, or bluffs, are situated, and which extend round all the northern shores of the lake. Mr. Conder, after tracing the lines of former beaches, which show that the Dead Sea has long been shrinking in extent, tells us (Tent-work, ii. 43) that geologists hold that it had reached its present condition long before the days of Abram. It still, indeed, covered a much larger space, for the rains at that time were far more copious in Palestine than at present; but it no longer extended over the whole Arabah, as, by the evidence of these beaches, was once the case.

(3) The Horites.--Cave-men, the aboriginal inhabitants of Mount Seir, subsequently conquered by the Edomites (Deuteronomy 2:12; Deuteronomy 2:22). The miserable condition of these earth-men is described in Job 30:3-8.

El-paran.--This forest of oaks (or terebinths) was on the edge of the great wilderness, and reached to within three days' journey of Sinai (Numbers 10:12; Numbers 10:33).

Verse 3. - All these - the last-named princes - were joined together - i.e. as confederates (so. and came with their forces) - in (literally, to) the vale of Siddim. The salt valley (LXX.); a wooded vale (Vulgate); a plain filled with rocky hollows (Gesenius), with which Ver. 10 agrees; the valley of plains or fields (Onkelos, Raschi, Keil, Murphy). Which is the salt sea. i.e. where the salt sea afterwards arose, on the destruction of the cities of the plain - Genesis 19:24, 25 (Keil, Havernick; cf. Josephus, ' Bell. Jud.,' 4:08, 4); but the text scarcely implies that the cities were submerged-only the valley (cf. Quarry, p. 207). The extreme depression of the Dead Sea, being 1300 feet below the level of the Mediterranean ("the most depressed sheet of water in the world:" Stanley's 'Sinai and Palestine,' Genesis 7.), conjoined with its excessive saltness (containing 26.25 per cent of saline particles), renders it one of the most remarkable of inland lakes. Its shores are clothed with loom and desolation. Within a mile from northern embouchure the verdure of the rich Jordan valley dies away. Strewn along its desolate margin lie broken canes and willow branches, with trunks of palms, poplars, and other trees, half embedded in slimy mud, and all covered with incrustations of salt. At its south-western corner stands the mountain of rock salt, with its columnar fragments, which Josephus says, in his day was regarded as the pillar of Lot s wife. All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim,.... Or "of fields", or "ploughed lands" (b), a fruitful vale abounding with corn; or of gardens or paradises, as the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem, being full of gardens and orchards, and was as the garden of the Lord, even as Eden, see Genesis 13:10; though Aben Ezra thinks it had its name from the slime or bitumen, of which there was great plenty in it, see Genesis 14:10. Now the above five kings, as they all dwelt in the plain, they entered into a confederacy, met together, and joined their forces in this vale, to oppose the four kings that were come to make war with them, as being an advantageous place, as they judged, perhaps on more accounts than one; and here they stayed to receive the enemy, and give him battle, see Genesis 14:8,

which is the salt sea; afterwards so called, not at this time, for then it would not have been fit for armies to be drawn up in battle array in it; but it was so called in the times of Moses, and after this fine vale was turned into a bituminous lake, and had its name from the saltness of the waters of the lake, or from the city Melach, or city of salt, which was near it, Joshua 15:62.

(b) "valle amaenissimorum agrorum", Munster; "in planitie agrorum", Fagius; so Jarchi; "in valle occationum", Hiller. Onomastic. Sacr. p. 937. "dicta ab agris occatis", Schmidt. 14:1-12 The wars of nations make great figure in history, but we should not have had the record of this war if Abram and Lot had not been concerned. Out of covetousness, Lot had settled in fruitful, but wicked Sodom. Its inhabitants were the most ripe for vengeance of all the descendants of Canaan. The invaders were from Chaldea and Persia, then only small kingdoms. They took Lot among the rest, and his goods. Though he was righteous, and Abram's brother's son, yet he was with the rest in this trouble. Neither our own piety, nor our relation to the favourites of Heaven, will be our security when God's judgments are abroad. Many an honest man fares the worse for his wicked neighbours: it is our wisdom to separate, or at least to distinguish ourselves from them, 2Co 6:17. So near a relation of Abram should have been a companion and a disciple of Abram. If he chose to dwell in Sodom, he must thank himself if he share in Sodom's losses. When we go out of the way of our duty, we put ourselves from under God's protection, and cannot expect that the choice made by our lusts, should end to our comfort. They took Lot's goods; it is just with God to deprive us of enjoyments, by which we suffer ourselves to be deprived of the enjoyment of him.
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