Genesis 19:24
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then the LORD rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah--from the LORD out of the heavens.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD rained down fire and burning sulfur from the sky on Sodom and Gomorrah.

English Standard Version
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of heaven.

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven,

King James Bible
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then out of the sky the LORD rained burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah from the LORD.

International Standard Version
Then the LORD rained sulfur and fire out of the sky from the LORD on Sodom and Gomorrah,

NET Bible
Then the LORD rained down sulfur and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah. It was sent down from the sky by the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of the sky.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the LORD made burning sulfur and fire rain out of heaven on Sodom and Gomorrah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then the LORD caused to rain upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

New American Standard 1977
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of the heavens;

King James 2000 Bible
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

American King James Version
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

American Standard Version
Then Jehovah rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah out of heaven;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrha brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah out of heaven,

English Revised Version
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Webster's Bible Translation
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

World English Bible
Then Yahweh rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah sulfur and fire from Yahweh out of the sky.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jehovah hath rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah, from the heavens;
Study Bible
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
23The sun had risen over the earth when Lot came to Zoar. 24Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven, 25and He overthrew those cities, and all the valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.…
Cross References
Luke 10:12
I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.

Luke 17:29
But on the day Lot left Sodom, fire and brimstone rained down from heaven and destroyed them all.

2 Peter 2:6
if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction, reducing them to ashes as an example of what is coming on the ungodly;

Jude 1:7
In like manner, Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, who indulged in sexual immorality and pursued strange flesh, are on display as an example of those who sustain the punishment of eternal fire.

Revelation 14:10
he too will drink the wine of God's anger, poured undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he will be tormented in fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and of the Lamb.

Genesis 13:10
Lot lifted up his eyes and saw all the valley of the Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere-- this was before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah-- like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt as you go to Zoar.

Genesis 13:12
Abram settled in the land of Canaan, while Lot settled in the cities of the valley, and moved his tents as far as Sodom.

Genesis 18:17
The LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do,

Genesis 19:23
The sun had risen over the earth when Lot came to Zoar.

Exodus 9:23
Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and fire ran down to the earth. And the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt.
Treasury of Scripture

Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

the Lord.

Deuteronomy 29:23 And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, …

Job 18:15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone …

Psalm 11:6 On the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible …

Isaiah 1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left to us a very small remnant, we …

Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, …

Jeremiah 20:16 And let that man be as the cities which the LORD overthrew, and repented …

Jeremiah 49:18 As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbor cities …

Jeremiah 50:40 As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbor cities thereof, …

Lamentations 4:6 For the punishment of the iniquity of the daughter of my people is …

Ezekiel 16:49,50 Behold, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom, pride, fullness …

Hosea 11:8 How shall I give you up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver you, Israel? …

Amos 4:11 I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, …

Zephaniah 2:9 Therefore as I live, said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Surely …

Matthew 11:23,24 And you, Capernaum, which are exalted to heaven, shall be brought …

Luke 17:28,29 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, …

2 Peter 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned …

Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, …

brimstone. The word rendered 'brimstone,' (q. d. brennestone, or brinnestone, id est burning-stone,) is always rendered by the LXX. 'sulphur,' and seems to denote a meteorous inflammable matter.

(24) The Lord (Jehovah) rained . . . from the Lord (from Jehovah).--Many commentators, following the Council of Sirmium, see in this repetition of the name of Jehovah an indication of the Holy Trinity, as though God the Son rained down fire from God the Father. More correctly Calvin takes it as an emphatic reiteration of its being Jehovah's act. Jehovah had mysteriously manifested Himself upon earth by the visit of the three angels to Abraham, but His activity on earth is one with His willing in heaven.

Brimstone and fire.--Though God used natural agencies in the destruction of the Ciccar cities, yet what was in itself a catastrophe of nature became miraculous by the circumstances which surrounded it. It was thus made the means not merely of executing the Divine justice, of strengthening Abraham's faith, and of warning Lot, but also of giving moral and religious instruction throughout all time. Seen by its light, events of history, for which sufficient secondary causes may be discovered, are nevertheless shown to be direct manifestations of the Divine justice, and to have moral causes as their real basis. We lose the benefit of the teaching of the Bible if we suppose that the events recorded there were different in kind from those which take place now. A certain limited number of events were so; but of most it is simply the curtain that is drawn back, and we see God's presence no longer veiled, as with us, but openly revealed. As for the catastrophe itself, it was not a mere thunderstorm which set the earth, saturated with naphtha, on fire; but, in a region where earthquakes are still common, there was apparently an outburst of volcanic violence, casting forth blazing bitumen and brimstone. This falling down upon the houses, and upon the soil charged with combustible matter, caused a conflagration so sudden and widespread that few or none could escape. Sulphur and nitre are still found as natural products on the shores of the Dead Sea.

Verse 24. - Then the Lord rained - literally, and Jehovah caused it to rain; καὶ κύριος ἔβρεξε (LXX.), which latter term is adopted by Luke in describing this event (Genesis 17:29) - upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah - and also upon Admah and Zeboim (Deuteronomy 29:23; Hosea 11:8), Bela, or Zoar, of the five cities of the Jordan circle (Genesis 14:2, 8) being exempted - brimstone and fire - גָּפְרִית; properly pitch, though the name was afterwards transferred to other inflammable materials (Gesenius); וָאֵשׁ, and fire, which, though sometimes used of lightning, as in 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10, 12, 14; Job 1:16, may here describe a different sort of igneous agency. Whether this Divinely-sent rain was "burning pitch" (Keil), of lightning which ignited the bituminous soil (Clericus), or a volcanic eruption which overwhelmed all the region (Lynch, Kitto), it was clearly miraculous in its nature, and designed as a solemn punitive infliction on the cities of the plain - from the Lord - i.e. Jehovah (the Son) rained down from Jehovah (the Father), as if suggesting a distinction of persons in the Godhead (Justin Martyr, Tertullian, Athanasius, et alii, Delitzsch, Lunge, Wordsworth); otherwise the phrase is regarded as "an elegancy of speech" (Aben Ezra), "an emphatic repetition" (Calvin), a more exact characterization of the storm (Clericus, Rosenmüller) as being out of heaven. Then the Lord rained upon Sodom, and upon Gomorrah, brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. And not upon those two cities only, but upon Admah and Zeboiim also, see Deuteronomy 29:23; this was not a common storm of thunder and lightning, with which often there is a smell of sulphur or brimstone; but this was a continued shower of sulphurous fire, or of burning flaming brimstone, which at once consumed those cities and the inhabitants of them; and the land adjacent being bituminous, or however some parts of it, full of slimepits, or pits of bitumen, a liquid of a pitchy quality, Genesis 14:10; this flaming sulphur falling thereon, must burn in a most fierce and furious manner; and which utterly consumed not only houses, goods, and everything upon the land, but the land itself, and turned it into a bituminous lake, called to this day, from thence, the Lake Asphaltites, the Greek word for bitumen being "asphaltos". Of this conflagration some Heathen writers speak, as particularly Tacitus (f) who says, some large and famous cities, or, as some copies have it, Jewish ones, not far from Jordan, were struck with thunderbolts, and were fired "igni ceolesti", with fire from heaven, and were consumed; and so Solinus (g) relates, that,"at some distance from Jerusalem, a sorrowful lake appears, which the black ground testifies was stricken by heaven and turned into ashes; where were two towns, the one called Sodomum, the other Gomorrum.''This was a righteous judgment on those cities, and a just retaliation for their sin; their sin was an unnatural one, and nature is inverted to punish them, fire comes down from heaven, or hell from heaven, as Salvian's words are, to consume them; they burned with lusts one against another, and flaming sheets of sulphurous fire fall upon them, burn and destroy them; and, in allusion to this terrible conflagration, hell is called the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, Jde 1:7 Revelation 20:14; and this destruction was brought upon them by Jehovah the Son of God, who had appeared to Abraham in an human form, and gave him notice of it, and heard all he had to plead for those cities, and then departed from him to Sodom, and was the author of this sad catastrophe; this amazing shower of fire and brimstone was rained by him from Jehovah his Father, out of heaven; so the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem both call him, the Word of the Lord.

(f) Hist. l. 5. c. 7. (g) Polyhistor. c. 48. 24. Then the Lord rained … brimstone and fire from … heaven—God, in accomplishing His purposes, acts immediately or mediately through the agency of means; and there are strong grounds for believing that it was in the latter way He effected the overthrow of the cities of the plain—that it was, in fact, by a volcanic eruption. The raining down of fire and brimstone from heaven is perfectly accordant with this idea since those very substances, being raised into the air by the force of the volcano, would fall in a fiery shower on the surrounding region. This view seems countenanced by Job [Job 1:16; 18:15]. Whether it was miraculously produced, or the natural operation employed by God, it is not of much consequence to determine: it was a divine judgment, foretold and designed for the punishment of those who were sinners exceedingly.19:1-29 Lot was good, but there was not one more of the same character in the city. All the people of Sodom were very wicked and vile. Care was therefore taken for saving Lot and his family. Lot lingered; he trifled. Thus many who are under convictions about their spiritual state, and the necessity of a change, defer that needful work. The salvation of the most righteous men is of God's mercy, not by their own merit. We are saved by grace. God's power also must be acknowledged in bringing souls out of a sinful state If God had not been merciful to us, our lingering had been our ruin. Lot must flee for his life. He must not hanker after Sodom. Such commands as these are given to those who, through grace, are delivered out of a sinful state and condition. Return not to sin and Satan. Rest not in self and the world. Reach toward Christ and heaven, for that is escaping to the mountain, short of which we must not stop. Concerning this destruction, observe that it is a revelation of the wrath of God against sin and sinners of all ages. Let us learn from hence the evil of sin, and its hurtful nature; it leads to ruin.
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