Genesis 18:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous

New Living Translation
So the LORD told Abraham, "I have heard a great outcry from Sodom and Gomorrah, because their sin is so flagrant.

English Standard Version
Then the LORD said, “Because the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grave,

New American Standard Bible
And the LORD said, "The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave.

King James Bible
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is immense, and their sin is extremely serious.

International Standard Version
The LORD also said, "How great is the disapproval of Sodom and Gomorrah! Their sin is so very serious!

NET Bible
So the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD also said, "Sodom and Gomorrah have many complaints against them, and their sin is very serious.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD said: 'Verily, the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and, verily, their sin is exceeding grievous.

New American Standard 1977
And the LORD said, “The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great and because their sin is very grievous;

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grave;

American King James Version
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorrha is multiplied, and their sin is become exceedingly grievous.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grievous,

English Revised Version
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

World English Bible
Yahweh said, "Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith, 'The cry of Sodom and Gomorrah -- because great; and their sin -- because exceeding grievous:
Study Bible
Abraham Begs for Sodom
19"For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing righteousness and justice, so that the LORD may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him." 20And the LORD said, "The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave. 21"I will go down now, and see if they have done entirely according to its outcry, which has come to Me; and if not, I will know."…
Word Study

And the LORD
Yhovah  (yeh-ho-vaw')
(the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God -- Jehovah, the Lord.

said
'amar  (aw-mar')
to say (used with great latitude)

Because the cry
za`aq  (zah'-ak)
a shriek or outcry -- cry(-ing).

of Sodom
Cdom  (sed-ome')
burnt (i.e. volcanic or bituminous) district; Sedom, a place near the Dead Sea -- Sodom.

and Gomorrah
`Amorah  (am-o-raw')
a (ruined) heap; Amorah, a place in Palestine -- Gomorrah.

is great
rab  (rab)
abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality)

and because their sin
chatta'ah  (khat-taw-aw')
an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender

is very
m`od  (meh-ode')
vehemence, i.e. (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication, wholly, speedily, etc.

grievous
kabad  (kaw-bad')
to be heavy, i.e. in a bad sense (burdensome, severe, dull) or in a good sense (numerous, rich, honorable); causatively, to make weightybe rich, be (go) sore, stop.

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
18:16-22 The two who are supposed to have been created angels went toward Sodom. The one who is called Jehovah throughout the chapter, continued with Abraham, and would not hide from him the thing he intended to do. Though God long forbears with sinners, from which they fancy that the Lord does not see, and does not regard; yet when the day of his wrath comes, he will look toward them. The Lord will give Abraham an opportunity to intercede with him, and shows him the reason of his conduct. Consider, as a very bright part of Abraham's character and example, that he not only prayed with his family, but he was very careful to teach and rule them well. Those who expect family blessings must make conscience of family duty. Abraham did not fill their heads with matters of doubtful dispute; but he taught them to be serious and devout in the worship of God, and to be honest in their dealings with all men. Of how few may such a character be given in our days! How little care is taken by masters of families to ground those under them in the principles of religion! Do we watch from sabbath to sabbath whether they go forward or backward?
Cross References
Genesis 13:13
Now the men of Sodom were wicked exceedingly and sinners against the LORD.

Genesis 19:4
Before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, surrounded the house, both young and old, all the people from every quarter;

Genesis 19:13
for we are about to destroy this place, because their outcry has become so great before the LORD that the LORD has sent us to destroy it."

Jeremiah 23:14
"Also among the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen a horrible thing: The committing of adultery and walking in falsehood; And they strengthen the hands of evildoers, So that no one has turned back from his wickedness. All of them have become to Me like Sodom, And her inhabitants like Gomorrah.

Ezekiel 16:46
"Now your older sister is Samaria, who lives north of you with her daughters; and your younger sister, who lives south of you, is Sodom with her daughters.

Ezekiel 16:49
"Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had arrogance, abundant food and careless ease, but she did not help the poor and needy.

Ezekiel 16:50
"Thus they were haughty and committed abominations before Me. Therefore I removed them when I saw it.

Joel 3:13
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the wine press is full; The vats overflow, for their wickedness is great.

Jonah 1:2
"Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me."
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

the cry.

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood …

Genesis 19:13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen …

Isaiah 3:9 The show of their countenance does witness against them; and they …

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

Jeremiah 14:7 O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do you it for your …

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

sin.

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

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