Genesis 18:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous

New Living Translation
So the LORD told Abraham, "I have heard a great outcry from Sodom and Gomorrah, because their sin is so flagrant.

English Standard Version
Then the LORD said, “Because the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grave,

New American Standard Bible
And the LORD said, "The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave.

King James Bible
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is immense, and their sin is extremely serious.

International Standard Version
The LORD also said, "How great is the disapproval of Sodom and Gomorrah! Their sin is so very serious!

NET Bible
So the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD also said, "Sodom and Gomorrah have many complaints against them, and their sin is very serious.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great and because their sin is very grievous;

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grave;

American King James Version
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorrha is multiplied, and their sin is become exceedingly grievous.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grievous,

English Revised Version
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

World English Bible
Yahweh said, "Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith, 'The cry of Sodom and Gomorrah -- because great; and their sin -- because exceeding grievous:
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

18:16-22 The two who are supposed to have been created angels went toward Sodom. The one who is called Jehovah throughout the chapter, continued with Abraham, and would not hide from him the thing he intended to do. Though God long forbears with sinners, from which they fancy that the Lord does not see, and does not regard; yet when the day of his wrath comes, he will look toward them. The Lord will give Abraham an opportunity to intercede with him, and shows him the reason of his conduct. Consider, as a very bright part of Abraham's character and example, that he not only prayed with his family, but he was very careful to teach and rule them well. Those who expect family blessings must make conscience of family duty. Abraham did not fill their heads with matters of doubtful dispute; but he taught them to be serious and devout in the worship of God, and to be honest in their dealings with all men. Of how few may such a character be given in our days! How little care is taken by masters of families to ground those under them in the principles of religion! Do we watch from sabbath to sabbath whether they go forward or backward?

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 20. - And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great. Literally, the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah (cf. Genesis 4:10), because it is (not, it is indeed, Baumgarten, Keil) multiplied; the place of emphasis being conceded to the subject of discourse, viz., the cry of Sodom s wickedness. And because their sin is very great. Literally, and their sin, because it is heavy, i.e. abundant and heinous.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the Lord said,.... The Targum of Jonathan adds, to the ministering angels, the two angels that were with him in the likeness of men; or to Abraham, at least in his hearing, by which he understood that Sodom and other cities were about to be destroyed for their sins:

because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great; either of Lot in it, whose righteous soul was vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked, and cried to heaven against them; or of the inhabitants that were oppressed by others, either in their bodies, being forced to submit to their unnatural usage of them, or in their estates, of which they wronged them; particularly the cry of the poor among them, whom they suffered to starve, though there were fulness of bread in the midst of them, see Ezekiel 16:49; the Jews (b) say, they appointed false judges, who oppressed all strangers that came to Sodom, and made a law, that whoever relieved a poor person should be burnt with fire: or the cry of their sins, which were many and great, and openly and impudently committed; the cry of which came into the ears of the Lord of hosts, and called for vengeance. Those two cities, which perhaps were the greatest and the most remarkable for their sins, are put for all the five cities of the plain, called Pentapolis.

And because their sin is very grievous; attended with very aggravated circumstances, they enjoyed great plenty of good things; and were not to be bore with, being so exceeding sinful, and so publicly and audaciously committed, especially that sin so frequent among them, which has its name from Sodom, see Genesis 13:13.

(b) Pirke Eliezer, c. 25.



Genesis 18:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
Abraham Begs for Sodom
19"For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing righteousness and justice, so that the LORD may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him." 20And the LORD said, "The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave. 21"I will go down now, and see if they have done entirely according to its outcry, which has come to Me; and if not, I will know."…
Cross References
Genesis 13:13
Now the people of Sodom were wicked and were sinning greatly against the LORD.

Genesis 19:4
Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom--both young and old--surrounded the house.

Genesis 19:13
because we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the LORD against its people is so great that he has sent us to destroy it."

Jeremiah 23:14
And among the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen something horrible: They commit adultery and live a lie. They strengthen the hands of evildoers, so that not one of them turns from their wickedness. They are all like Sodom to me; the people of Jerusalem are like Gomorrah."

Ezekiel 16:46
Your older sister was Samaria, who lived to the north of you with her daughters; and your younger sister, who lived to the south of you with her daughters, was Sodom.

Ezekiel 16:49
"'Now this was the sin of your sister Sodom: She and her daughters were arrogant, overfed and unconcerned; they did not help the poor and needy.

Ezekiel 16:50
They were haughty and did detestable things before me. Therefore I did away with them as you have seen.

Joel 3:13
Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow-- so great is their wickedness!"

Jonah 1:2
"Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before me."
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

the cry.

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood …

Genesis 19:13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen …

Isaiah 3:9 The show of their countenance does witness against them; and they …

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

Jeremiah 14:7 O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do you it for your …

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

sin.

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

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