Genesis 4:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The LORD said, "What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground.

New Living Translation
But the LORD said, "What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground!

English Standard Version
And the LORD said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying to me from the ground.

New American Standard Bible
He said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground.

King James Bible
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He said, "What have you done? Your brother's blood cries out to Me from the ground!

International Standard Version
"What did you do?" God asked. "Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground.

NET Bible
But the LORD said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying out to me from the ground!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD asked, "What have you done? Your brother's blood is crying out to me from the ground.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said, What hast thou done? The voice of thy brother's blood cries unto me from the ground.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries unto me from the ground.

American King James Version
And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

American Standard Version
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to him: What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood is crying to me from the ground.

English Revised Version
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the ground.

World English Bible
Yahweh said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

Young's Literal Translation
And He saith, 'What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood is crying unto Me from the ground;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:8-15 Malice in the heart ends in murder by the hands. Cain slew Abel, his own brother, his own mother's son, whom he ought to have loved; his younger brother, whom he ought to have protected; a good brother, who had never done him any wrong. What fatal effects were these of our first parents' sin, and how must their hearts have been filled with anguish! Observe the pride, unbelief, and impenitence of Cain. He denies the crime, as if he could conceal it from God. He tries to cover a deliberate murder with a deliberate lie. Murder is a crying sin. Blood calls for blood, the blood of the murdered for the blood of the murderer. Who knows the extent and weight of a Divine curse, how far it reaches, how deep it pierces? Only in Christ are believers saved from it, and inherit the blessing. Cain was cursed from the earth. He found his punishment there where he chose his portion, and set his heart. Every creature is to us what God makes it, a comfort or a cross, a blessing or a curse. The wickedness of the wicked brings a curse upon all they do, and all they have. Cain complains not of his sin, but of his punishment. It shows great hardness of heart to be more concerned about our sufferings than our sins. God has wise and holy ends in prolonging the lives even of very wicked men. It is in vain to inquire what was the mark set upon Cain. It was doubtless known, both as a brand of infamy on Cain, and a token from God that they should not kill him. Abel, being dead, yet speaketh. He tells the heinous guilt of murder, and warns us to stifle the first risings of wrath, and teaches us that persecution must be expected by the righteous. Also, that there is a future state, and an eternal recompence to be enjoyed, through faith in Christ and his atoning sacrifice. And he tells us the excellency of faith in the atoning sacrifice and blood of the Lamb of God. Cain slew his brother, because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous, 1Jo 3:12. In consequence of the enmity put between the Seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, the war broke out, which has been waged ever since. In this war we are all concerned, none are neuter; our Captain has declared, He that is not with me is against me. Let us decidedly, yet in meekness, support the cause of truth and righteousness against Satan.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - Satisfied that the guilty fratricide is resolved to make no acknowledgment of his deed, the omniscient Judge proceeds to charge him with his sin. And he - i.e. Jehovah - said, What hast thou done? Thus intimating his perfect cognizance of the fact which his prisoner was attempting to deny. What a revelation it must have been to the inwardly trembling culprit of the impossibility of eluding the besetting God! (Psalm 139:5). The voice of thy brother's blood (literally, bloods, i.e. of this and all subsequent martyrs - Chald. Par.) crieth unto me. A common Scriptural expression concerning murder and other crimes (Genesis 18:20, 21; Genesis 19:13; Exodus 3:9; Hebrews 12:24; James 5:4). The blood crying is a symbol of the soul crying for its right to live (Lange). In this instance the cry was a demand for the punishment of the murderer; and that cry has reverberated through all lands and down through all ages, proclaiming vengeance against the shedder of innocent blood (cf. Genesis 9:5). "Hence the prayer that the earth may net drink in the blood shed upon it, in order that it may not thereby become invisible and inaudible" (Knobel). Cf. Job 16:18; Isaiah 26:21; Ezekiel 24:7; also Eschylus, 'Chaephorae,' 310, 398 (quoted by T. Lewis in Lange). From the ground. Into which it had disappeared, but not, as the murderer hoped, to become for. gotten.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he said,.... Not Cain, the last speaker, but the Lord God:

what hast thou done? what an heinous crime hast thou committed! how aggravated is it! I know what thou hast done; thou hast slain thy brother, thine own, thine only brother, a holy, righteous, and good man, who never gave thee any offence, or any just occasion of shedding his innocent blood: this he said as knowing what he had done, and to impress his mind with a sense of the evil, and to bring him to a confession of it, before the sentence was passed, that it might appear to all to be just, and of which there was full proof and evidence, as follows:

the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground; where it was split, and in which it was covered and hid, and where perhaps Cain had buried his body, that it might not be seen, and the murder not discovered; but God saw what was done, and the voice of innocent blood came into his ears, and cried for vengeance at his hands: it is in the original, "the voice of thy brother's bloods" (s), in the plural; which the Jews generally understood of the posterity that would have descended from Abel, had he not been murdered: the Targum of Onkelos is,"the voice of the blood of the seeds or generations that should come from thy brother;''see 2 Kings 9:26 or it may respect the blood of the seed of the woman, of all the righteous ones that should be slain in like manner. The Jerusalem Targum is,"the voice of the bloods of the multitude of the righteous that shall spring from Abel thy brother,''or succeed him; see Matthew 23:35. Jarchi thinks it has reference to the many wounds which Cain gave him, from whence blood sprung; and every wound and every drop of blood, as it were, cried for vengeance on the murderer.

(s) "vox Sanguinum", Pagninus, Montanus, &c.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me—Cain, to lull suspicion, had probably been engaging in the solemnities of religion when he was challenged directly from the Shekinah itself.

Genesis 4:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Cain Murders Abel
9Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where is Abel your brother?" And he said, "I do not know. Am I my brother's keeper?" 10He said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground. 11"Now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.…
Cross References
Hebrews 12:24
to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

Revelation 6:9
When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had maintained.

Revelation 6:10
They called out in a loud voice, "How long, Sovereign Lord, holy and true, until you judge the inhabitants of the earth and avenge our blood?"

Numbers 35:33
"'Do not pollute the land where you are. Bloodshed pollutes the land, and atonement cannot be made for the land on which blood has been shed, except by the blood of the one who shed it.

Deuteronomy 21:1
If someone is found slain, lying in a field in the land the LORD your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who the killer was,
Treasury of Scripture

And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

What.

Genesis 3:13 And the LORD God said to the woman, What is this that you have done? …

Joshua 7:19 And Joshua said to Achan, My son, give, I pray you, glory to the …

Psalm 50:21 These things have you done, and I kept silence; you thought that …

blood. Heb. bloods. crieth.

Genesis 18:20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, …

Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people …

2 Kings 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of …

Job 16:18 O earth, cover not you my blood, and let my cry have no place.

Job 24:12 Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded cries …

Job 31:38,39 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain…

Psalm 9:12 When he makes inquisition for blood, he remembers them: he forgets …

Psalm 72:14 He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious …

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

Acts 5:3,9 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to …

Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, …

Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of …

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true…

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