Psalm 139:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You hem me in behind and before, and you lay your hand upon me.

New Living Translation
You go before me and follow me. You place your hand of blessing on my head.

English Standard Version
You hem me in, behind and before, and lay your hand upon me.

New American Standard Bible
You have enclosed me behind and before, And laid Your hand upon me.

King James Bible
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have encircled me; You have placed Your hand on me.

International Standard Version
You encircle me from back to front, placing your hand upon me.

NET Bible
You squeeze me in from behind and in front; you place your hand on me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For from the beginning to the end you have formed me, and you have set your hand upon me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You are all around me-in front of me and in back of me. You lay your hand on me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hast formed my face and my insides and laid thine hand upon me.

King James 2000 Bible
You have hedged me behind and before, and laid your hand upon me.

American King James Version
You have beset me behind and before, and laid your hand on me.

American Standard Version
Thou hast beset me behind and before, And laid thy hand upon me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold, O Lord, thou hast known all things, the last and those of old: thou hast formed me, and hast laid thy hand upon me.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thy hand upon me.

English Revised Version
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thy hand upon me.

World English Bible
You hem me in behind and before. You laid your hand on me.

Young's Literal Translation
Behind and before Thou hast besieged me, And Thou dost place on me Thy hand.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

139:1-6 God has perfect knowledge of us, and all our thoughts and actions are open before him. It is more profitable to meditate on Divine truths, applying them to our own cases, and with hearts lifted to God in prayer, than with a curious or disputing frame of mind. That God knows all things, is omniscient; that he is every where, is omnipresent; are truths acknowledged by all, yet they are seldom rightly believed in by mankind. God takes strict notice of every step we take, every right step and every by step. He knows what rule we walk by, what end we walk toward, what company we walk with. When I am withdrawn from all company, thou knowest what I have in my heart. There is not a vain word, not a good word, but thou knowest from what thought it came, and with what design it was uttered. Wherever we are, we are under the eye and hand of God. We cannot by searching find how God searches us out; nor do we know how we are known. Such thoughts should restrain us from sin.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Thou hast beset me behind and before; i.e. "thou art ever close to me, and therefore hast complete knowledge of me. Thine omniscience arises out of thy omnipresence." And laid thine hand upon me. To uphold me, and at the same time to restrain me (comp. ver. 10).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou hast beset me behind and before,.... Art on every side of me, all around me, like one besieged in a strait place; so that there is nothing I can think, say, or do, but what is known unto thee. The two Kimchis, father and son, render the word, "thou hast formed me": and interpret it of the formation of his body, of which, in Psalm 139:14; see Job 10:8 but it denotes how God compasses men with his presence and providence, so that nothing escapes his knowledge;

and laid thine hand upon me; not his afflicting hand, which sometimes presses hard; though the Targum thus paraphrases it,

"and stirred against me the stroke of thine hand:''

but rather his hand of power and providence, to preserve, protect, and defend him. Or it signifies that he was so near to him that his hand was upon him, and he was perfectly known; as anything is that is before a man, and he has his hand upon.



Psalm 139:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
You have Searched Me and Know Me
4Even before there is a word on my tongue, Behold, O LORD, You know it all. 5You have enclosed me behind and before, And laid Your hand upon me. 6Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; It is too high, I cannot attain to it.…
Cross References
Job 9:33
If only there were someone to mediate between us, someone to bring us together,

Psalm 34:7
The angel of the LORD encamps around those who fear him, and he delivers them.

Psalm 125:2
As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people both now and forevermore.
Treasury of Scripture

You have beset me behind and before, and laid your hand on me.

beset me

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting …

Job 23:8,9 Behold, I go forward, but he is not there; and backward, but I cannot …

and laid

Exodus 24:11 And on the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: …

Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right …

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