Genesis 4:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

New Living Translation
Now you are cursed and banished from the ground, which has swallowed your brother's blood.

English Standard Version
And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.

New American Standard Bible
"Now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

King James Bible
And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So now you are cursed, alienated, from the ground that opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood you have shed.

International Standard Version
Now you're more cursed than the ground, which has opened to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

NET Bible
So now, you are banished from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

New Heart English Bible
Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So now you are cursed from the ground, which has received the blood of your brother whom you killed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.

New American Standard 1977
“And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And now thou art cursed from the earth, which has opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

King James 2000 Bible
And now are you cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand;

American King James Version
And now are you cursed from the earth, which has opened her mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand;

American Standard Version
And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now, therefore, cursed shalt thou be upon the earth, which hath opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother at thy hand,

Darby Bible Translation
And now be thou cursed from the ground, which hath opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.

English Revised Version
And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

Webster's Bible Translation
And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;

World English Bible
Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.

Young's Literal Translation
and now, cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive the blood of thy brother from thy hand;
Study Bible
Cain Murders Abel
10He said, "What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground. 11"Now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand. 12"When you cultivate the ground, it will no longer yield its strength to you; you will be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth."…
Cross References
Galatians 3:10
All who rely on works of the Law are under a curse. For it is written: "Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law."

Genesis 3:14
The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, Cursed are you more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you will go, And dust you will eat All the days of your life;

Genesis 5:29
Now he called his name Noah, saying, "This one will give us rest from our work and from the toil of our hands arising from the ground which the LORD has cursed."

Deuteronomy 28:15
"But it shall come about, if you do not obey the LORD your God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes with which I charge you today, that all these curses will come upon you and overtake you:
Treasury of Scripture

And now are you cursed from the earth, which has opened her mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand;

Genesis 4:14 Behold, you have driven me out this day from the face of the earth; …

Genesis 3:14 And the LORD God said to the serpent, Because you have done this, …

Deuteronomy 27:16-26 Cursed be he that sets light by his father or his mother. And all …

Deuteronomy 28:15-20 But it shall come to pass, if you will not listen to the voice of …

Deuteronomy 29:19-21 And it come to pass, when he hears the words of this curse, that …

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for …

opened.

Job 16:18 O earth, cover not you my blood, and let my cry have no place.

Job 31:38-40 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain…

Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD comes out of his place to punish the inhabitants …

Revelation 12:16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and …

(11, 12) And now (because of thy crime) art thou cursed from the earth.--Heb., from the admh, or cultivated ground. Cain was the first human being on whom a curse was inflicted, and it was to rise up from the ground, the portion of the earth won and subdued by man, to punish him. He had polluted man's habitation, and now, when he tilled the soil, it would resist him as an enemy, by refusing "to yield unto him her strength." He had been an unsuccessful man before, and outstripped in the race of life by the younger son; for the future his struggle with the conditions of life will be still harder. The reason for this follows: "a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth." Restless and uneasy, and haunted by the remembrance of his crime, he shall become a wanderer, not merely in the admh, his native soil, but in the earth. Poverty must necessarily be the lot of one thus roaming, not in search of a better lot, but under the compulsion of an evil conscience. Finally, however, we find that Cain's feelings grew more calm, and being comforted by the presence of a wife and children, "he builded a city," and had at last a home.

Verses 11, 12. - Convicted, if not humbled, the culprit is speechless, and can only listen in consternation to the threefold judgment which pronounced him "cursed in his soul, vagabond in his body, and unprosperous in his labors" (Willet). And now - either at this time, already (cf. Joshua 14:11; Hosea 2:10), or for this cause, because thou hast done this (Genesis 3:14; cf. Genesis 19:9; Exodus 18:19) - art thou cursed. The first curse pronounced against a human being. Adam and Eve were not cursed, though the serpent and the devil were. If we may not conclude that Cain was thereby for ever excluded from the hope of salvation if he should repent, still less must we explain the Divine judgment down to a simple sentence of banishment from Eden. The fratricide was henceforth to bear the displeasure and indignation of his Maker, whose image in Abel he had slain; of which indignation and displeasure his expatriation was to be a symbol. Different explanations have been offered of the clause, from the earth, or ground, Ad-hamah, which, however, cannot mean more than the ground, which already had been cursed (Genesis 3:17; Lunge), since "the curse of the soil and the misery of man cannot well be compared with each other" (Kalisch); or simply away from the district, the scene of his crime (Kalisch, Speaker's, Rosenmüller, Tuch, Gerlach, Delitzsch), as if all that the sentence implied was banishment from Eden; but must involve in addition the idea that the curse was to leap upon him from the earth, or ground, in general (Aben Ezra, Kimchi, Knobel, Alford, Murphy). Which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand. The terrible significance of this curse is further opened in the words which follow. The earth was to be against him -

1. In refusing him its substance. When thou tillest (literally, shalt till) the ground, it shall not henceforth yield (literally, add to give) unto thee her strength. Neither a double curse upon the entire earth for man's sake (Alford), nor a doom of sterility inflicted only on the district of Eden (Kalisch); but a judgment on Cain and his descendants with respect to their labors. Their tillage of the ground was not to prosper, which ultimately, Bonar thinks, drove the Cainites to city-building and mechanical invention.

2. In denying him a home. A fugitive and a vagabond - literally, moving and wandering; "groaning and trembling" (LXX., erroneously), "banished and homeless" (Keil) - shalt thou be in the earth. "As robbers are wont to be who have no quiet and secure resting-place" (Calvin); driven on by the agonizing tortures of a remorseful and alarmed conscience, and not simply by "the earth denying to him the expected fruits of his labor" (Delitzsch). The ban of wandering, which David pronounced upon his enemies (Psalm 59:12; Psalm 109:10), in later years fell upon the Jews, who "for shedding the blood of Christ, the most innocent Lamb of God, are vagabonds to this day over the face of the earth" (Willet). Thus the earth was made the minister of God's curse, not a partaker of it, as some have strangely imagined, as if by drinking up the blood of Abel it had become a participant of Cain's crime (Delitzsch). And now art thou cursed from the earth,.... From receiving benefit by it, and enjoying the fruits of it as before, and from having a settled dwelling in it, as is afterwards explained:

which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; the blood of his brother, which was shed by his own hand, was received and sucked into the earth, where it was spilt, through the pores of it, and drank up and covered, so as not to be seen; in which it was as it were more humane to Abel, and as it were more ashamed of the crime, and shuddered more, and expressed more horror at it, than Cain. 11, 12. now art thou cursed from the earth—a curse superadded to the general one denounced on the ground for Adam's sin.4:8-15 Malice in the heart ends in murder by the hands. Cain slew Abel, his own brother, his own mother's son, whom he ought to have loved; his younger brother, whom he ought to have protected; a good brother, who had never done him any wrong. What fatal effects were these of our first parents' sin, and how must their hearts have been filled with anguish! Observe the pride, unbelief, and impenitence of Cain. He denies the crime, as if he could conceal it from God. He tries to cover a deliberate murder with a deliberate lie. Murder is a crying sin. Blood calls for blood, the blood of the murdered for the blood of the murderer. Who knows the extent and weight of a Divine curse, how far it reaches, how deep it pierces? Only in Christ are believers saved from it, and inherit the blessing. Cain was cursed from the earth. He found his punishment there where he chose his portion, and set his heart. Every creature is to us what God makes it, a comfort or a cross, a blessing or a curse. The wickedness of the wicked brings a curse upon all they do, and all they have. Cain complains not of his sin, but of his punishment. It shows great hardness of heart to be more concerned about our sufferings than our sins. God has wise and holy ends in prolonging the lives even of very wicked men. It is in vain to inquire what was the mark set upon Cain. It was doubtless known, both as a brand of infamy on Cain, and a token from God that they should not kill him. Abel, being dead, yet speaketh. He tells the heinous guilt of murder, and warns us to stifle the first risings of wrath, and teaches us that persecution must be expected by the righteous. Also, that there is a future state, and an eternal recompence to be enjoyed, through faith in Christ and his atoning sacrifice. And he tells us the excellency of faith in the atoning sacrifice and blood of the Lamb of God. Cain slew his brother, because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous, 1Jo 3:12. In consequence of the enmity put between the Seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, the war broke out, which has been waged ever since. In this war we are all concerned, none are neuter; our Captain has declared, He that is not with me is against me. Let us decidedly, yet in meekness, support the cause of truth and righteousness against Satan.
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