2 Peter 2:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
These people are springs without water and mists driven by a storm. Blackest darkness is reserved for them.

New Living Translation
These people are as useless as dried-up springs or as mist blown away by the wind. They are doomed to blackest darkness.

English Standard Version
These are waterless springs and mists driven by a storm. For them the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved.

Berean Study Bible
These men are springs without water and mists driven by a storm. Blackest darkness is reserved for them.

Berean Literal Bible
These are springs without water and mists being driven by storm, for whom gloom of darkness has been reserved.

New American Standard Bible
These are springs without water and mists driven by a storm, for whom the black darkness has been reserved.

King James Bible
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These people are springs without water, mists driven by a whirlwind. The gloom of darkness has been reserved for them.

International Standard Version
These men are dried-up springs, mere clouds driven by a storm. Gloomy darkness is reserved for them.

NET Bible
These men are waterless springs and mists driven by a storm, for whom the utter depths of darkness have been reserved.

New Heart English Bible
These are wells without water, and mists driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are fountains without water, clouds which are driven by a hurricane, for whom the gloom of darkness is reserved.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These false teachers are dried-up springs. They are a mist blown around by a storm. Gloomy darkness has been kept for them.

New American Standard 1977
These are springs without water, and mists driven by a storm, for whom the black darkness has been reserved.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are wells without water, clouds that are brought by a whirlwind, to whom gross darkness is reserved for ever.

King James 2000 Bible
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved forever.

American King James Version
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

American Standard Version
These are springs without water, and mists driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness hath been reserved.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are fountains without water, and clouds tossed with whirlwinds, to whom the mist of darkness is reserved.

Darby Bible Translation
These are springs without water, and mists driven by storm, to whom the gloom of darkness is reserved [for ever].

English Revised Version
These are springs without water, and mists driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness hath been reserved.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

Weymouth New Testament
These people are wells without water, mists driven along by a storm, men for whom the dense darkness has been reserved.

World English Bible
These are wells without water, clouds driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved forever.

Young's Literal Translation
These are wells without water, and clouds by a tempest driven, to whom the thick gloom of the darkness to the age hath been kept;
Study Bible
Deliverance from False Prophets
16But he was rebuked for his transgression by a donkey, otherwise without speech, that spoke with a man’s voice and restrained the prophet’s madness. 17These men are springs without water and mists driven by a storm. Blackest darkness is reserved for them. 18With lofty but empty words, they appeal to the sensual passions of the flesh and entice the ones who are just escaping from those who live in error. …
Cross References
Hebrews 12:18
For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom, and storm;

Jude 1:12
These men are the hidden reefs in your love feasts, shamelessly feasting with you but shepherding only themselves. They are clouds without water, carried along by the wind; fruitless trees in autumn, twice dead after being uprooted.

Jude 1:13
They are wild waves of the sea, foaming up their own shame; wandering stars, for whom blackest darkness has been reserved forever.
Treasury of Scripture

These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

are wells.

Job 6:14-17 To him that is afflicted pity should be showed from his friend; but …

Jeremiah 14:3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they …

Hosea 6:4 O Ephraim, what shall I do to you? O Judah, what shall I do to you? …

Jude 1:12,13 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, …

clouds.

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried …

mist. 'The blackness, [zophos,] of darkness itself, says Leigh.

darkness.

2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down …

Matthew 8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: …

Matthew 22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take …

Matthew 25:30 And cast you the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there …

Jude 1:6,13 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their …

(17) These are wells.--Or, springs; same word as John 4:6. These men are like dried-up watering-places in the desert, which entice and mock the thirsty traveller; perhaps leading him into danger also by drawing him from places where there is water. (Comp. Jeremiah 2:13; Jeremiah 14:3.) The parallel passage, Jude 1:12-13, is much more full than the one before us, and is more like an amplification of this than this a condensation of that--e.g., would a simile so admirably suitable to false guides as "wandering stars" have been neglected by the writer of our Epistle? A Hebrew word which occurs only twice in the Old Testament is translated by the LXX. in the one place (Genesis 2:6) by the word here used for "well," and in the other (Job 36:27) by the word used in Jude 1:12, for "cloud." Thus the same Hebrew might have produced "wells without water" here and "clouds without water" in Jude. This is one of the arguments used in favour of a Hebrew original of both these Epistles. Coincidences of this kind, which may easily be mere accidents of language, must be shown to be numerous before a solid argument can be based upon them. Moreover, we must remember that the writers in both cases were Jews, writing in Greek, while thinking probably in Hebrew, so that the same Hebrew thought might suggest a different Greek expression in the two cases. When we have deducted all that might easily be accounted for in this way, and also all that is perhaps purely accidental, from the not very numerous instances of a similar kind that have been collected, we shall not find much on which to build the hypothesis of these Epistles being translations from Hebrew originals. (See Introduction to Jude, II.)

Clouds that are carried with a tempest.--Better, mists driven by the storm-wind. Wiclif has "myistis." The words for "clouds" and "carried about" in Jude 1:12, are quite different, so that our version creates a false impression of great similarity. The idea is not very different from that of the "wells without water." These mists promise refreshment to the thirsty soil (Genesis 2:6), and are so flimsy that they are blown away before they do any good. So these false teachers deceived those who were thirsting for the knowledge and liberty promised them by raising hopes which they could not satisfy.

To whom the mist of darkness.--Better, for whom the gloom of darkness. (See Note on Jude 1:6.) "For ever" is wanting in authority; the words have probably been inserted from the parallel passage in Jude.

Verse 17. - These are wells without water. St. Peter has spoken of the vices of the false teachers; he goes on to describe the unprofitableness of their teaching. They are like wells without water; they deceive men with a promise which they do not fulfill. In Jude 1:12 there is a slight difference - "clouds without water" (comp. Jeremiah 2:13). Clouds that are carried with a tempest; better, mists driven by a tempest. The best manuscripts have ὁμίχλαι, mists, instead of νεφέλαι, clouds; they are driven along by the tempest; they give no water to the thirsty land, but only bring darkness and obscurity. The Greek word for "tempest" (λαῖλαψ) is used by St. Mark and St. Luke in their account of the tempest on the Sea of Galilee. To whom the mist of darkness is reserved for over; rather, as in the Revised Version, the blackness of darkness. The words are the same as those of Jude 1:13 (comp. verse 4 of this chapter; also 2 Peter 3:7; and 1 Peter 1:4, where the same verb is used of the inheritance reserved in heaven for the saints). The words "for ever" are omitted in the Vatican and Sinaitic Manuscripts; it is possible that they may have been inserted from the parallel passage in St. Jude; but they are well supported here. These are wells without water,.... Which look large and deep, promise much, and have nothing in them; so these men looked like angels of light, transformed themselves as ministers of righteousness, had a form of godliness, and boasted of their great knowledge; promised great advantages to their followers, but were like deceitful brooks, or dry wells, and so disappointed those that came to them, and attended on them; having nothing but the filth and slime of error and iniquity, being destitute both of the grace of God, comparable to water, and of the truth of heavenly doctrine, which is like the rain that fills the wells, pools, and fountains.

Clouds that are carried with a tempest; these false teachers may be compared to clouds for their number, for many antichrists and false prophets soon came into the world; and for their sudden rise in the churches, into which they crept privily and unawares; and because of the general darkness they spread, for when errors and heresies prevail it is a dark and cloudy day with the churches, a day of gloominess and darkness, of thick darkness, a day of trouble, rebuke, and blasphemy; and because of the height of them, especially light clouds, as these are compared to, who are high in their own conceits and imaginations, and think, and give out themselves to be some great persons; and also because of their sudden destruction, which lingers and slumbers not, but comes upon them in a moment, and their glory passes away like the morning cloud: and these may be said to be as clouds "carried with a tempest": of their own lusts and passions, by which they are governed, and are led, and carried away with the force of them, and have no power to resist them, being under the dominion of them, and captives to them; and of Satan's temptations, who works effectually in them, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness, and being taken in his snare, are led captive by him at his will: Jude says, "carried about of winds", Jde 1:12, with every wind of false doctrine, like meteors in the air; are never at a point, always unsteady and unsettled, and ready to embrace every new and upstart notion:

to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever; the nature of their punishment is expressed by "darkness", the blackest darkness, the mist of darkness, and which Jude calls blackness of darkness, the same with utter darkness; and which signifies a most forlorn and uncomfortable condition, and is a righteous judgment, and just retaliation upon them who studied to darken counsel by words without knowledge; and the certainty of their punishment is signified by its being "reserved", even as the happiness of the saints, and the safety and sureness of it are represented by an inheritance reserved in heaven: and as God has his treasures, magazines, and stores of grace and mercy, felicity and glory, for his people; so he has his wrath and vengeance reserved, laid up in store with him, and sealed up among his treasures, which he will surely bring forth in his own time: and the duration of this punishment is "for ever"; it is a worm that never dies, a fire that is never quenched, Isaiah 66:24 Mark 9:44; it is everlasting fire and burnings, the smoke of which ascends for ever and ever. 17. (Jude 12, 13.)

wells—"clouds" in Jude; both promising (compare 2Pe 2:19) water, but yielding none; so their "great swelling words" are found on trial to be but "vanity" (2Pe 2:18).

clouds—The oldest manuscripts and versions read, "mists," dark, and not transparent and bright as "clouds" often are, whence the latter term is applied sometimes to the saints; fit emblem of the children of darkness. "Clouds" is a transcriber's correction from Jude 12, where it is appropriate, "clouds … without water" (promising what they do not perform); but not here, "mists driven along by a tempest."

mist—blackness; "the chilling horror accompanying darkness" [Bengel].2:17-22 The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. As clouds hinder the light of the sun, so do these darken counsel by words wherein there is no truth. Seeing that these men increase darkness in this world, it is very just that the mist ofdarkness should be their portion in the next. In the midst of their talk of liberty, these men are the vilest slaves; their own lusts gain a complete victory over them, and they are actually in bondage. When men are entangled, they are easily overcome; therefore Christians should keep close to the word of God, and watch against all who seek to bewilder them. A state of apostacy is worse than a state of ignorance. To bring an evil report upon the good way of God, and a false charge against the way of truth, must expose to the heaviest condemnation. How dreadful is the state here described! Yet though such a case is deplorable, it is not utterly hopeless; the leper may be made clean, and even the dead may be raised. Is thy backsliding a grief to thee? Believe in the Lord Jesus, and thou shalt be saved.
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